Mizengo Pinda

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Mizengo Pinda
Mizengo Pinda, Prime Minister of Tanzania.jpg
9th Prime Minister of Tanzania
In office
9 February 2008 5 November 2015
President Jakaya Kikwete
Preceded by Edward Lowassa
Succeeded by Kassim Majaliwa
The Minister of State for Regional Administration and Local Government
In office
6 January 2006 9 February 2008
Prime Minister Edward Lowassa
Preceded by Hassan Ngwilizi
Succeeded by Stephen Wassira
The Deputy State Minister for Regional Administration & Local Government
In office
2000–2005
President Benjamin Mkapa
The Member of Parliament
for Katavi
In office
October 2000 2015
Personal details
Born (1948-08-12) 12 August 1948 (age 70)
Rukwa, Tanganyika
NationalityTanzanian
Political party CCM
Spouse(s)Tunu Rehani
Children4
Alma mater University of Dar es Salaam

Mizengo Kayanza Peter Pinda (born 12 August 1948) is a Tanzanian CCM politician who was Prime Minister of Tanzania from 2008 to 2015. He was a Member of Parliament from 2000 to 2015. [1]

Tanzania Country in Africa

Tanzania officially the United Republic of Tanzania, is a country in eastern Africa within the African Great Lakes region. It borders Uganda to the north; Kenya to the northeast; Comoro Islands at the Indian Ocean to the east; Mozambique and Malawi to the south; Zambia to the southwest; and Rwanda, Burundi, and the Democratic Republic of the Congo to the west. Mount Kilimanjaro, Africa's highest mountain, is in north-eastern Tanzania.

Chama Cha Mapinduzi political party in Tanzania

The Chama Cha Mapinduzi is the dominant ruling party in Tanzania and the second longest-ruling party in Africa, only after National Party of South Africa. It was formed in 1977, following the merger of the Tanganyika African National Union (TANU) and the Afro-Shirazi Party (ASP), which were the sole operating parties in mainland Tanzania and the semi-autonomous islands of Zanzibar respectively.

Prime Minister of Tanzania

The Prime Minister of the United Republic of Tanzania is the leader of government business in the National Assembly. The position is subordinated to the President, the head of government.

Life and career

Pinda was born in the Rukwa Region. [2] He holds a degree in law from the University of Dar es Salaam, which he earned in 1974. [2] [3]

Rukwa Region Region in Southern Highlands, Tanzania

Rukwa Region is one of Tanzania's 31 administrative regions with a postcode number 55000. The regional capital is the municipality of Sumbawanga. According to the 2012 national census, the region had a population of 1,004,539. For 2002-2012, the region's 3.2 percent average annual population growth rate was tied for the third highest in the country. It was also the twentieth most densely populated region with 44 people per square kilometer.

University of Dar es Salaam university in Tanzania

The University of Dar es Salaam (UDSM) is a public university in Dar es Salaam, Tanzania. It was established in 1961 as an affiliate college of the University of London. The university became an affiliate of the University of East Africa (UEA) in 1963, shortly after Tanzania gained its independence from the United Kingdom. In 1970, UEA split into three independent universities: Makerere University in Uganda, the University of Nairobi in Kenya, and the University of Dar es Salaam.

He was Assistant Private Secretary to the President from 1982 to 1992 and Clerk to the Cabinet from 1996 to 2000. He was elected as a Member of Parliament for Mpanda East constituency in the 2000 general election, and he also became Deputy Minister in the Prime Minister's Office for Regional Administration and Local Governments in 2000. [3] He was promoted to the rank of Minister in the Prime Minister's Office, while remaining in charge of regional administration and local governments, in the Cabinet named on January 4, 2006. [4]

President Kikwete shares a light moment with Prime Minister Pinda Kikwete and Pinda.jpg
President Kikwete shares a light moment with Prime Minister Pinda

Pinda was nominated as Prime Minister by President Jakaya Kikwete on February 8, 2008, after the resignation of Edward Lowassa over allegations of corruption. He was confirmed nearly unanimously by the Tanzanian parliament on the same day, with 279 votes in favor, two opposed, and one spoiled vote. [5] Pinda was sworn in as Prime Minister at Chamwino State House in Dodoma on February 9. [6] Kikwete announced the new Cabinet headed by Pinda on February 12; it was notably smaller than the previous Cabinet, with 26 ministers, as opposed to 29 in the previous Cabinet, and 21 deputy ministers, as opposed to 31 in the previous Cabinet. [7]

Jakaya Kikwete Tanzanian politician and president

Jakaya Mrisho Kikwete was the fourth president of Tanzania, in office from 2005 to 2015. Prior to his election as president, he was the Minister for Foreign Affairs from 1995 to 2005 under his predecessor, Benjamin Mkapa. He has also served as the chairperson of the African Union in 2008–2009 and the chairman of the Southern African Development Community Troika on Peace, Defence and Security in 2012–2013.

Edward Lowassa Tanzanian politician

Edward Ngoyai Lowassa is a Tanzanian politician who was Prime Minister of Tanzania from 2005 to 2008, serving under President Jakaya Kikwete. Lowassa has gone into record as the first Prime Minister to have been forced to resign by a fraud scandal in the history of Tanzania. Following his resignation President Kikwete was obliged to dissolve his cabinet as required by the Constitution and with minimum delay, constituted a new one under a new Prime Minister, Mizengo Pinda.

Dodoma Capital of Tanzania

Dodoma, officially Dodoma City, is the national capital of Tanzania and the capital of Dodoma Region, with a population of 410,956.

Amidst criticism and international concern about high levels of corruption in Tanzania, Pinda declared his assets on January 14, 2010. He said that he had "three small houses [and] no shares in any company", and that in his bank accounts he kept less than $20,000. Pinda also stated that his only car was "the one loaned to me as a Member of Parliament". [8]

On November 27, 2014, Pinda was pressured to resign over alleged fraudulent payments worth $120 million (£76m) to an energy firm and top officials. [9]

In 2015, he unsuccessfully sought to be nominated as the CCM's presidential candidate. He announced in July 2015 that he would not seek re-election as MP for Katavi. [10]

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The Tanzanian general election of 2015 was the 5th quinquennial election to be held since the restoration of the multi-party system in 1992. Voters elected the president, members of Parliament, and local government councillors. By convention, the election was held on the last Sunday of October and was supervised by the National Electoral Commission (NEC). Political campaigns commenced on 22 August and ceased a day before the polling day.

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The Tanzanian parliamentary election of 2015 was held concurrently with the general election on 25 October 2015. Voting took place in all the 265 constituencies in order to elect Members of Parliament (MPs) to seats in the National Assembly.

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The Chama Cha Mapinduzi (CCM) presidential primaries, 2015 took place in July 2015 to determine CCM's nominee for the Presidency of Tanzania for the 2015 election. The Chama Cha Mapinduzi is the country's dominant ruling party, and the longest reigning ruling party in Africa.

References

  1. "Member of Parliament CV". Parliament of Tanzania. Archived from the original on 1 July 2014. Retrieved 6 September 2013.
  2. 1 2 "Mizengo Kayanza Peter Pinda becomes new Tanzanian premier" [ permanent dead link ], African Press Agency, February 8, 2008.
  3. 1 2 Angel Navuri, "The new premier", Guardian, February 9, 2008.
  4. Hassan Muhiddin, "JK’s beefed up team", Guardian, January 5, 2006.
  5. "It is Pinda", Guardian, February 9, 2008.
  6. Bilham Kimati and Angel Navuri, "Pinda sworn-in as PM", Sunday Observer, February 10, 2008.
  7. Angel Navuri, "JK trims cabinet size", Guardian, February 13, 2008.
  8. Fumbuka Ng'wanakilala, "Tanzanian leader declares assets", Reuters, 15 January 2010.
  9. "Tanzania PM Mizengo Pinda caught in corruption row". BBC News. 27 November 2014.
  10. "I won't contest for Katavi seat - Pinda", Tanzania Daily News, 20 July 2015.
Political offices
Preceded by
Edward Lowassa
Prime Minister of Tanzania
2008–2015
Succeeded by
Majaliwa K. Majaliwa