Mujahida Hussain Bibi
Mujahida Hussain Bibi
|Died||7 October 1947|
Thorar, Azad Kashmir, Pakistan
|Unit||Azad Kashmir Regular Force (Pakistan Army)|
|Battles/wars||Indo-Pakistani War of 1947|
Mujahida Hussain Bibi usually known as Bibi Sahiba or Shaheeda Mai Hussain Bibi [ unreliable source? ] registered as a regular soldier in the Pakistan Army, fighting in the 1947 war which was fought against India in Kashmir. Bibi Sahiba received Pakistan's third highest award for valor, the Sitara-e-Jurat, becoming the first female recipient of the award. [ unreliable source? ]
Bibi Sahiba came from a Muslim Rajput family, growing up in Thorar, District Poonch, Rawalkot (Azad Kashmir). She joined the Pakistan Army, registering as a soldier in the 5th Battalion of the Azad Kashmir Regular Force, commanded by Captain Sher Khan in the Himalayan foothills.
Before the Partition of India, Hari Singh, was appointed the Maharajah of Jammu and Kashmir, and he subsequently stationed a strong force in the Poonch–Azad Kashmir region. The Muslim majority who lived in the area were alarmed by the Maharajah's policies, and in August 1947, the Poonch Rebellion broke out, subsequently leading to the Indo-Pakistani War of 1947. Bibi Sahiba was a part of the charging group (5 AKRF) during fighting around the Chirikot-Degear defile. [ citation needed ]She fought bravely, supplying ammunition to Pakistani soldiers fighting in the region. While undertaking this duty, she received a bullet wound and subsequently died at 0500 hours on October 7, 1947. The Pakistanis subsequently pursued the enemy all the way to Poonch and part of Kashmir, which is now called as Azad Kashmir, became independent.
Mujahida Hussain Bibi was awarded Pakistan's third highest military award (Sitara-e-Jurat) for her exemplary courage and bravery.
Azad Jammu and Kashmir, abbreviated as AJK and commonly known as Azad Kashmir, is a region administered by Pakistan as a nominally self-governing jurisdiction, and constituting the western portion of the larger Kashmir region which has been the subject of a dispute between India and Pakistan since 1947, and between India and China since 1962. The territory shares a border with Gilgit-Baltistan, together with which it is referred to by the United Nations and other international organisations as "Pakistan administered Kashmir". Azad Kashmir is one-sixth of the size of Gilgit-Baltistan. The territory also borders Pakistan's Punjab province to the south and Khyber Pakhtunkhwa province to the west. To the east, Azad Kashmir is separated from the Indian administered Kashmir by the Line of Control, the de facto border between India and Pakistan. Azad Kashmir has a total area of 13,297 square kilometres (5,134 sq mi), and a total population of 4,045,366 as per the 2017 Census.
The Indo-Pakistani War of 1947–1948, sometimes known as the First Kashmir War, was fought between India and Pakistan over the princely state of Jammu and Kashmir from 1947 to 1948. It was the first of four Indo-Pakistan Wars fought between the two newly independent nations. Pakistan precipitated the war a few weeks after independence by launching tribal lashkar (militia) from Waziristan, in an effort to capture Kashmir, the future of which hung in the balance. The inconclusive result of the war still affects the geopolitics of both countries.
Bagh City is the chief town and district headquarters of Bagh District, in Azad Kashmir, Pakistan. The town is situated on the confluence of two nullahs (streams), Malwani and Mahl at the distance of 93 km from Muzaffarabad. City played a role in freedom of Azad Kashmir.
Sardar Muhammad Ibrahim Khan, also known as Bani-e-Kashmir and Ghazi-e-Millat, was the founder and first President of Azad Kashmir. He played a pivotal role in Operation Gulmarg .In British India of 1946, he won the Jammu and Kashmir State Assembly election as a member of the Muslim Conference party and became a member of the Praja Sabha under Maharajah Hari Singh. Jammu and Kashmir signed a stand still agreement with Pakistan as a result of the India Independence Act. In 1947, he instigated and organised the Poonch rebellion, with the help of Pakistan Army and the Muslim League, the invasion of Jammu and Kashmir. He belonged to Sudhan tribe. This Pakistani sponsored tribal invasion, despite the stand still agreement was a rude shock to the King. He signed the Instrument of Accession with India and requested the help of Indian troops to liberate the region. The Prime Minister of India, Nehru also took the dispute to the United Nations as he could not stop the plunder and partial occupation by the invading militia.
Sudhans is one of the major tribes from the districts of Poonch, Sudhanoti, Bagh and Kotli in Azad Kashmir, allegedly originating from Pashtun areas.
Thorar is a town in Poonch District in Azad Kashmir. It is located about 20 miles from Rawalakot city, the capital of Poonch district.
Sitara-e-Jurat is the third highest military award of Pakistan. It was established in 1957 after Pakistan became a Republic; however, it was instituted retrospectively back to 1947. It is awarded for gallantry or distinguished service in combat; and can be bestowed upon officers, junior commissioned officers, petty officers, warrant officers, soldiers, sailors, airmen, and equivalents in the Pakistan Army, Navy, Air Force, and various paramilitary forces under federal control, such as the Frontier Corps, the Frontier Constabulary, and the Pakistan Rangers. It may be considered to be roughly equivalent to the Military Cross and the Silver Star.
For people with the surname, see Satti (surname).
The Azad Kashmir Regiment, also known as AK Regt, is one of the six Infantry Regiments of the Pakistan Army. As per the order of seniority, it is the Fourth regiment, but first to be raised after the Independence of country from the British Colonial rule of India. Its Regimental Centre is located at Mansar camp in Attock District on the border of Punjab and KPK province. The Regiment has participated in all major and minor operations and wars fought by the army and displayed high standards of valour. Notable commanders of the regiment include including Lieutenant-General Haroon Aslam, ex commander of Pakistan Special Services Group who led the SSG operation in Swat in 2009 and Lieutenant General Hidayat ur Rehman, who commanded successful operations in FATA from 2014 to 2016.
Colonel Khan Muhammad Khan was a prominent Sudhan soldier and politician in Poonch, serving in the Legislative Assembly of the princely state of Jammu & Kashmir until 1947. Later he served as the Chairman of the War Council during the 1947 Poonch Rebellion.
Military operations took place in Poonch district, then part of the princely state of Jammu and Kashmir, in 1948 during the conflict in Jammu and Kashmir between the Indian Army and Pakistani and Azad Kashmir rebel forces. Poonch withstood a siege by these forces from November 1947 until relieved by an Indian offensive, Operation Easy on 20 November 1948. The besieged garrison, commanded by Brig. Pritam Singh, was maintained by air supply. Military operations ended with Poonch town and the eastern part of Poonch district in Indian hands and western part of the Poonch district in Pakistani hands.
Colonel Sher Ahmed Khan, was one of the guerrilla commanders of the Azad Kashmir Movement and also served as the President of Azad Kashmir. He was awarded known as Sher-e-Jang and awarded the Fakhr-i-Kashmir, which is equivalent to Hilal-i-Jurat.
The history of Pakistan administered Kashmir, a part of the Kashmir region [|administered]] by Pakistan, is related to the history of over all Kashmir region during the Dogra rule. Pakistan administered Kashmir borders the Pakistani provinces of Punjab and Khyber Pakhtunkhwa to the south and west respectively, Gilgit–Baltistan to the north and the Indian-administered state of Jammu and Kashmir to the east.
Mirza Hassan Khan was a Captain of the 6th Infantry of the Jammu and Kashmir State Forces. Placed at Bunji in the Gilgit wazarat, Khan rebelled against the Maharaja's regime after his accession to India and participated in the overthrow of the Governor of Gilgit in November 1947. He later fought in the First Kashmir War as part of Gilgit rebel forces under the command of Colonel Aslam Khan and rose to become a Colonel in the Pakistan Army. After leaving the Army, he founded the Gilgit League to protest against the Pakistan's ad hoc administration of Gilgit-Baltistan.
Maqbool Hussain was a Pakistani veteran who had spent four decades in Indian prisons. He was wounded in the Indo-Pakistani War of 1965 and subsequently was taken prisoner by Indian troops. He was released in 2005 after spending 40 years in Indian prisons during a prisoner exchange at the Wagha border. Sepoy Maqbool Hussain of Azad Kashmir Regiment was awarded Sitara-i-Jurrat for his gallantry services. Hussain died on August 28, 2018 in Attock. He was native of Tarar Khal, Sudhanoti District, Azad Kashmir.
Captain Bilal Zafar Abbasi (1982-2009) was a Pakistan Army officer who received Sitara-e-Basalat on the 62nd Independence Day of Pakistan. He was a Captain in the 42 Baloch Regiment(MIB).
Malik Munawar Khan Awan was a Major rank officer in the Pakistan Army, whose career had begun in the British Indian Army and included spells in the Imperial Japanese Army and the revolutionary Indian National Army that fought against the Allies in World War II where he commanded 2nd INA Guerrilla Battalion during famous Battle of Imphal. He received a gallantry award for his work during Operation Gibraltar in 1965.
Azad Kashmir Regular Force (AKRF) was the predecessor of Azad Kashmir Regiment of Pakistan Army. As AKRF it was part of the Paramilitary Forces of the State of Azad Kashmir. It was merged into Pakistan Army after Indo-Pakistani War 1971 as one of the Infantry Regiments and named as Azad Kashmir Regiment or AK Regiment.
The Poonch revolt, also translated as the Poonch uprising, was a Civil revolt in Azad Kashmir against the State of Pakistan. The uprising broke out in 1955. It took 1 year until the uprising was suppressed in 1956.
In Spring 1947, an uprising against the Maharaja Hari Singh of Jammu and Kashmir broke out in the Poonch jagir, an area bordering the Rawalpindi district of West Punjab and the Hazara district of the North-West Frontier Province in the future Pakistan. The leader of the rebellion, Sardar Muhammad Ibrahim Khan escaped to Lahore by the end of August 1947 and persuaded the Pakistani authorities to back the rebellion. In addition to the backing, Prime Minister Liaquat Ali Khan authorised an invasion of the state, by the ex-Indian National Army personnel in the south and a force led by Major Khurshid Anwar in the north. These invasions eventually led to the First Kashmir War fought between India and Pakistan, and the formation of Azad Kashmir. The Poonch jagir has since been divided across Azad Kashmir, administered by Pakistan and the state of Jammu and Kashmir, administered by India.