Permanent Representative of Switzerland to the United Nations

Last updated

Permanent Representative of Switzerland
to the United Nations
Incumbent
Pascale Baeriswyl

since 2020
Reports to Federal Department of Foreign Affairs
Seat 633 Third Avenue
New York, New York, U.S.
Appointer Federal Council
Formation2002
First holder Jenö Staehelin

The Ambassador and Permanent Representative of Switzerland to the United Nations office was established in 2002, after Switzerland joined the United Nations. It is located at 633 Third Avenue in New York. [1]

Contents

The current Permanent Representative is Pascale Baeriswyl, who will also assume a non-permanent seat on the United Nations Security Council on 1 January 2023.

History

Switzerland held observer status in several United Nations (UN) organs since 1948, but did not join the UN over neutrality concerns [2] and was a full member only of the International Criminal Court (ICC) in The Hague. [2] In March 2002 the people of Switzerland voted to join the UN, and Switzerland became a member in September of that year. [3] Since then, an ambassador has represented Switzerland at the UN. [4]

Representatives

Neutrality continued to be an issue but, according to the first ambassador, Jenö Staehelin, Switzerland's role as a neutral country was accepted by fellow member states. [3] Peter Maurer succeeded Staehelin in 2004 and served as the head of the budget commission of the United Nations General Assembly for the term 2009–2010. [5] Switzerland aimed to assist the United Nations to evolve into a more democratic body or to strengthen the ICC. [6] In terms of transparency, its third representative, Paul Seger, equated the election of the Secretary-General of the United Nations to the election of the Pope. [6] During the tenure of the next ambassador, Jürg Lauber, the UN celebrated its 75th anniversary and had to cope with the effects of the COVID-19 pandemic. [7]

Seat on the United Nations Security Council

In 2011 the Federal Council decided to campaign for a seat on the United Nations Security Council for the term 2023–2024. [8] Its campaign slogan was "A plus for Peace". [9] In 2020 Jenö Staehelin voiced concern about the Federal Council's goal to aim for a seat on the Security Council. [8] Recalling Switzerland's tradition of neutrality, he assumed the superpowers would eventually exert more pressure than Switzerland would be able to withstand. [8] In March 2022 the Swiss People's Party entered a motion to withdraw the candidacy. [10] Federal Councilor Ignazio Cassis stated that withdrawing from a decision taken eleven years earlier was not an option for the Federal Council and the motion did not succeed. [10] Switzerland and Malta were the only two eligible countries and it was assumed that the election would be a formality. [10] In June 2022 Switzerland was elected a non-permanent member of the Security Council, with 187 votes. [11]

Representatives

NameStart of termEnd of term
Jenö Staehelin 20022004
Peter Maurer 20042010 [12]
Paul Seger  [ de ]20102015 [6]
Jürg Lauber 20152020 [13]
Pascale Baeriswyl 2020

Related Research Articles

The foreign relations of Switzerland are the primary responsibility of the Federal Department of Foreign Affairs (FDFA). Some international relations of Switzerland are handled by other departments of the federal administration of Switzerland.

Kaspar Villiger 83rd President of the Swiss Confederation

Kaspar Villiger is a Swiss businessman, politician and former member of the Swiss Federal Council (1989–2003).

Swiss Broadcasting Corporation Public broadcasting agency of Switzerland

The Swiss Broadcasting Corporation is the Swiss public broadcasting association, founded in 1931, the holding company of 26 radio and television channels. Headquartered in Bern, the Swiss Broadcasting Corporation is a non-profit organisation, funded mainly through radio and television licence fees (70%) and making the remaining income from advertising and sponsorship.

Schweizer Fernsehen Former Swiss German-language public television broadcaster

Schweizer Fernsehen is the German-language division of SRG SSR, in charge of production and distribution of television programmes in Switzerland for German-speaking Switzerland. It has its head office in Zürich. Its most viewed programme is Tagesschau (news), daily at 7:30 pm.

LGBT rights in Switzerland

Lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender (LGBT) rights in Switzerland are fairly progressive by European standards. Their history is one of liberalisation at an increasing pace since the 1940s, in parallel to the legal situation in Europe and the Western world more generally. Legislation providing for same-sex marriage, same-sex adoption, and IVF access was accepted by 64% of voters in a referendum on 26 September 2021, and will enter into force on 1 July 2022.

Aerial incidents in Switzerland in World War II Allied bombings of Switzerland during the Second World War

Bombings of Switzerland in World War II consisted of initially sporadic bombing and aerial combat events that became more frequent during the later stage of World War II.

Swiss neutrality is one of the main principles of Switzerland's foreign policy which dictates that Switzerland is not to be involved in armed or political conflicts between other states. This policy is self-imposed and designed to ensure external security and promote peace.

Ueli Maurer 93rd President of the Swiss Confederation

Ulrich "Ueli" Maurer is a Swiss politician who has served as a Member of the Swiss Federal Council since 2009. A member of the Swiss People's Party (SVP/UDC), he was President of the Swiss Confederation in 2013 and 2019. Formerly head of the Federal Department of Defence, Civil Protection and Sports (2009–2015), Maurer has headed the Federal Department of Finance since 2016. He has been the longest-serving current member of the Federal Council since Doris Leuthard's resignation in 2018.

Kurds in Switzerland are residents in Switzerland of full or partial Kurds origin. The Kurds in Switzerland mainly reside in the Cantons of Zurich, Aargau and Basel-Stadt and are descendants of migrants of refugees from the regions around Pazarcık, Kahraranmaraş or Erzincan.

Peter Maurer President of the International Committee of the Red Cross since 2012

Peter Maurer is a Swiss diplomat who has been serving as the President of the International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC) since 1 July 2012. Maurer was born in Thun, Switzerland.

Dübendorf Air Base Military airfield in Switzerland

Militärflugplatz Dübendorf is a military airfield northeast of Dübendorf in Switzerland, located east of Zürich.

Martin Dahinden Swiss diplomat

Martin Dahinden is a Swiss diplomat who has served as ambassador of Switzerland to the United States of America from 2014 to 2019. Dahinden presented his credentials to the President of the United States of America, Barack Obama, on November 18, 2014 at the White House in Washington, D.C. He retired in 2019.

Switzerland and weapons of mass destruction Overview of Switzerland and their planned weapons of mass destruction

Switzerland made detailed plans to acquire and test nuclear weapons during the Cold War. Less than two weeks after the nuclear bombings of Hiroshima and Nagasaki, the Swiss government started studying the possibility of building nuclear weapons, and continued its military nuclear program for 43 years until 1988. It has since signed and ratified the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons. Switzerland never possessed biological weapons, but did have a program of the Swiss Army high command to develop and test chemical weapons.

Christine Schraner Burgener Swiss diplomat

Christine Schraner Burgener is a Swiss diplomat currently serving as the United Nations Special Envoy on Myanmar. She previously served as an ambassador to Germany and Thailand.

Tamara Funiciello Swiss politician

Tamara Funiciello is a Swiss politician of the Social Democratic Party (SP).

Gret Haller

Gret Haller is a jurist and a former Swiss politician of the Social Democratic Party of Switzerland (SP). From 1993 until 1994 she presided over the National Council of Switzerland.

2022 Swiss referendums

Federal referendums were held in Switzerland on 13 February and 15 May 2022, with future votes scheduled for 25 September and 27 November. Swiss referendums take three forms: popular initiatives, which are citizen proposals to create a new law and require 100,000 valid signatures on a petition to get on the ballot; facultative or optional referendums, which are citizen proposals to approve or reject a piece of existing law and require 50,000 valid signatures on a petition to get on the ballot; and mandatory referendums, which are required to revise the constitution, join an international organization or introduce emergency federal legislation for over a year.

Events in the year 1985 in Switzerland.

Pascale Baeriswyl is a Swiss judge, diplomat and a politician of the Social Democratic Party (SP). She was the first woman State Secretary of State of the Swiss Federal Department of Foreign Affairs (EDA) and the current Ambassador to the United Nations (UN) and since June 2022 the Swiss representative to the Security Council of the United Nations.

References

  1. "Mission of Switzerland to the UN in New York". www.eda.admin.ch. Retrieved 2022-06-11.
  2. 1 2 Wildhaber, Luzius (1970). "Switzerland, Neutrality and the United Nations". Malaya Law Review. 12 (1): 140–159. ISSN   0542-335X. JSTOR   24862646 via JSTOR.
  3. 1 2 "Die Schweiz beginnt ihr zweites Jahr als UNO-Mitglied". Swissinfo (in German). Retrieved 2022-06-11.
  4. "Erster Schweizer UNO-Botschafter "kein Fan" einer Kandidatur der Schweiz". SWI swissinfo.ch (in German). Retrieved 2022-06-11.
  5. "Botschafter Peter Maurer zum Vorsitzenden des Budgetausschusses der UNO-Generalversammlung gewählt". www.admin.ch. Retrieved 2022-06-11.
  6. 1 2 3 "Schweiz - Botschafter Seger: Bereit für neue Herausforderung in Burma". Schweizer Radio und Fernsehen (in German). 2015-06-23. Retrieved 2022-06-11.
  7. "«Tagesgespräch»: Uno-Botschafter Jürg Lauber - Rendez-vous - SRF". Schweizer Radio und Fernsehen (SRF) (in German). Retrieved 2022-06-23.
  8. 1 2 3 "Ex-diplomat warns Switzerland about UN Security Council bid". Swissinfo . 2020. Retrieved 2022-06-11.
  9. "Switzerland, a plus for..." Switzerland – Candidature to the UN Security Council 2023/24. Retrieved 2022-06-11.
  10. 1 2 3 "Trotz Krieg in der Ukraine - Die Schweiz kandidiert definitiv für den UNO-Sicherheitsrat". Schweizer Radio und Fernsehen (SRF) (in German). 2022-03-14. Retrieved 2022-06-11.
  11. "Wahl der Schweiz in den UNO-Sicherheitsrat". www.admin.ch. Retrieved 2022-06-11.
  12. "Peter Maurer neuer Staatssekretär im EDA". www.admin.ch. Retrieved 2022-06-11.
  13. "schweiz-uno Jürg Lauber – Im Einsatz für den Multilateralismus" (in German). Retrieved 2022-06-11.