Playback singer

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Indian playback singer Lata Mangeshkar has recorded thousands of songs Lata Mangeshkar at an event.jpg
Indian playback singer Lata Mangeshkar has recorded thousands of songs
Pakistani playback singer Ahmed Rushdi performing live on stage in 1954 Ahmed Rushdi playback singer 1954.jpg
Pakistani playback singer Ahmed Rushdi performing live on stage in 1954

A playback singer is a singer whose singing is pre-recorded for use in films. Playback singers record songs for soundtracks, and actors or actresses lip-sync the songs for cameras; the actual singer does not appear on the screen.

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South Asia

South Asian films produced in the Indian subcontinent are particularly known for using this technique. A majority of Indian films as well as Pakistani films typically include six or seven songs. After Alam Ara (1931), the first Indian talkie film, for many years singers made dual recordings for a film, one during the shoot, and later in the recording studio, until 1952 or 1953. Popular playback singers in India enjoy the same status as popular actors, and music directors, [1] [2] [3] and they also receive wide public admiration. Most of the playback singers are initially trained in classical music, but they later often expand their range. [4] Mohammed Rafi and Ahmed Rushdi [5] are regarded as two of the most influential playback singers in South Asia. [6] The sisters Lata Mangeshkar and Asha Bhosle, who have mainly worked in Hindi films, are often referred to as two of the best-known and prolific playback singers in India. [7] [8] In 2011, Guinness officially acknowledged Bhosle as the most recorded artist in music history. [9]

Hollywood

Playback singing is a well-known component of Hollywood musicals though less frequent in other genres. Notable Hollywood performances include Anita Ellis as the voice of Rita Hayworth's Gilda. Both Anita Ellis's and Rita Hayworth's performances were so impressive that audiences did not know that Rita's voice had been dubbed. Called "the sexiest voice of 1946", Ellis's identity was not publicized. Rita Hayworth was instead credited on the soundtrack despite being sung by Ellis. This led audiences to believe for years that her voice belonged to Hayworth. There have been other uses of playback singing throughout Hollywood, including Marni Nixon in West Side Story for Natalie Wood's portrayal of Maria, in The King and I for Deborah Kerr's Anna Leonowens, and for Audrey Hepburn's Eliza in My Fair Lady ; Bill Lee singing for John Kerr's Lieutenant Cable in South Pacific and for Christopher Plummer's Captain von Trapp in The Sound of Music , [10] Lindsay Ridgeway for Ashley Peldon's character as Darla Dimple in the animated film Cats Don't Dance , Claudia Brücken providing the singing voice for Erika Heynatz's character as Elsa Lichtmann in L.A. Noire , and Betty Noyes singing for Debbie Reynolds in Singin' in the Rain , [11] a film in which playback singing is a major plot point.

See also

Related Research Articles

Lata Mangeshkar Indian singer

Lata Mangeshkar ([ləˈtaː məŋˈɡeːʃkər] is an Indian playback singer and music director. She is one of the best-known and most respected playback singers in India. She has recorded songs in over a thousand Hindi films and has sung songs in over thirty-six Indian languages and foreign languages, though primarily in Marathi, Urdu, Hindi and Bengali.

Asha Bhosle Indian singer

Asha Bhosle(néeMangeshkar; born 8 September 1933) is an Indian playback singer and entrepreneur. She is best known for her playback singing in Hindi cinema, although she has a wider repertoire. Bhosle's career started in 1943 and has spanned over seven decades. She has done playback singing for over a thousand movies. In addition, she has recorded several private albums and participated in numerous solo concerts in India and abroad. In 2006, Asha Bhosle stated that she had sung over 12,000 songs, a figure repeated by several other sources. In 2011, she was officially acknowledged by the Guinness Book of World Records as the most recorded artist in music history. The Government of India honoured her with the Dadasaheb Phalke Award in 2000 and the Padma Vibhushan in 2008. Bhosle is the sister of playback singer Lata Mangeshkar and belongs to the prominent Mangeshkar family.

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Mohammed Rafi Indian singer

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Noor Jehan Pakistani singer and actress

Noor Jehan, also known by her honorific title Malika-e-Tarannum, was a Pakistani playback singer and actress who worked first in British India and then in the cinema of Pakistan. Her career spanned more than six decades. She was renowned as one of the greatest and most influential singers of all time especially throughout South Asia and was given the honorific title of Malika-e-Tarannum in Pakistan. She had a command of Hindustani classical music as well as other music genres.

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Alka Yagnik Indian playback singer

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Udit Narayan Indian playback singer

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O. P. Nayyar Indian film music composer, singer-songwriter, music producer, and musician

Omkar Prasad Nayyar was an Indian film music composer, singer-songwriter, music producer, and musician. He is considered to be one of the most rhythmic and melodious music directors of the Hindi film industry. He won the 1958 Filmfare Award for Best Music Director for Naya Daur. Nayyar worked extensively with singers Geeta Dutt, Asha Bhosle and Mohammed Rafi, though not with leading Bollywood female singer Lata Mangeshkar.

Kumar Sanu Indian singer

Kedarnath Bhattacharaya, better known as Kumar Sanu, is an Indian playback singer. He is popularly known as King of melody in bollywood. He is famous for singing thousands of bollywood Hindi song. Apart from Hindi, he has also sang in other languages including Marathi, Nepali, Assamese, Bhojpuri, Gujarati, Telugu, Malayalam, Kannada, Tamil, Punjabi, Odia, Chhattisgarhi, Urdu, Pali, English and his native language Bengali, both in West Bengal and Bangladesh. He holds the record for winning five consecutive Filmfare Award for Best Male Playback Singer (1990-1994) along with Arijit Singh. For his contribution to Indian cinema and music, he was awarded the Padma Shri in 2009 by the Government of India. Many of his tracks feature in BBC's "Top 40 Bollywood Soundtracks of all time".

Runa Laila Bangladeshi singer

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Madan Mohan Kohli, better known as Madan Mohan, was a popular and unparalleled Indian music director of the 1950s, 1960s, and 1970s. He is considered one of the most melodious and skilled music directors of the Hindi film industry. He is particularly remembered for the immortal ghazals he composed for Hindi films. Some of his best works are with singers Mohammed Rafi, Talat Mahmood, Lata Mangeshkar and Asha Bhosle.

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Ahmed Rushdi

Ahmed Rushdi, SI, PP was a versatile Pakistani playback singer and was "an important contributor to the golden age of Pakistani film music." Regarded as one of the greatest singers in South Asia who could sing high tenor notes with ease, he is best known for his versatility and distinctive voice, with complex and dark emotional expressions. Considered as the first pop singer of South Asia, he sang South Asia's first pop song, Ko Ko Korina, in the 1966 film Armaan.

Sharda Rajan Iyengar, or Sharda, is an Indian playback singer in the 1960s and 1970s. She won the Filmfare Award for Best Female Playback Singer for the cabaret "Baat Zara Hai Aapas Ki" in Jahan Pyar Miley (1970), though she is most remembered for her song "Titli Udi" in Suraj (1966). In 2007, she released the album Andaaz-e-Bayan Aur, featuring her own compositions based on Mirza Ghalib's ghazals.

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A ghost singer is a professional singer who dubs the singing parts officially credited, or billed, to another person, usually the star or co-star of a musical or film, especially those whose specialty is dancing, acting or for non-musical performers such as celebrities cast in musicals.

The Mangeshkar family is a prominent Indian family, headed by Deenanath Mangeshkar. The family is of Goan origin from paternal side and Gujarati origin from maternal side. Many members of the family have been successful singers/music composers in the Hindi film industry.

References

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  4. Rajamani, Radhika (17 February 2003). "Realising a dream". The Hindu . Archived from the original on 1 July 2003. Retrieved 22 July 2009.
  5. "Rushdi remembered as magician of voice". The Nation . Retrieved 8 March 2019.
  6. Gangadhar, v. (18 May 2001). "Only the best preferred". The Hindu . Archived from the original on 23 August 2003. Retrieved 22 July 2009.
  7. Banerjee, Soumyadipta (22 October 2011). "It's a world record for Asha Bhosle". DNA India . Retrieved 23 October 2011.
  8. "The Sound of Music full credits". IMDb. Retrieved 15 April 2013.
  9. Earl J. Hess and Pratibha A. Dabholkar, Singin' in the Rain: The Making of an American Masterpiece (Lawrence, Kansas: University Press of Kansas, 2009), p145.