Popular Socialist Party (Cuba)

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Popular Socialist Party

Partido Socialista Popular
General Secretary Blas Roca Calderio (last)
Founded1925 (1925)
Dissolved1961 (1961)
Succeeded by Integrated Revolutionary Organizations
Headquarters Havana
NewspaperHoy
Labor Union wing Confederación Nacional Obrera de Cuba
Ideology Communism
Marxism–Leninism
National affiliation Democratic Socialist Coalition (1939–1944)
Colors Red
Party flag
Flag of the Popular Socialist Party.svg

The Popular Socialist Party (Spanish : Partido Socialista Popular, PSP) was a communist party in Cuba. Originally called the Communist Party of Cuba (Spanish : Partido Comunista de Cuba), it was formed in 1925 by a group including Blas Roca, Anibal Escalante, Fabio Grobart, Alfonso Bernal del Riesgo and Julio Antonio Mella, who acted as its leader until his assassination in Mexico in 1929. It was later renamed the "Communist Revolutionary Union". After the electoral victory of the Partido Auténtico in the 1944 elections, the party went into decline, and eventually adopted the name "Popular Socialist Party" for electoral reasons.

Spanish language Romance language

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Communist party Political party that promotes communist philosophy and values

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In the 1944 general elections it formed an alliance with the Orthodox Party, but was defeated by the Auténtico-Republican alliance, winning only four seats in the House of Representatives. They went on to win five seats in the 1946 mid-term elections. [1]

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In the 1948 general election the party put forward Juan Marinello as its presidential candidate. Whilst he finished fourth, the party won five seats in the House elections. They won four in the 1950 mid-term elections. [1]

The party was initially critical of Fidel Castro. In 1961 the party merged into the Integrated Revolutionary Organizations (ORI), the precursor of the current Communist Party of Cuba.

Fidel Castro Former First Secretary of the Communist Party and President of Cuba

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Communist Party of Cuba ruling party of Cuba

The Communist Party of Cuba is the ruling political party in the Republic of Cuba. It is a communist party of the Marxist–Leninist model. The Cuban constitution ascribes the role of the party to be the "leading force of society and of the state". Since April 2011, the First Secretary of the Central Committee has been Raúl Castro, younger brother of the previous First Secretary Fidel Castro, who died on 25 November 2016. The Second Secretary has been José Ramón Machado Ventura.

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References

  1. 1 2 Nohlen, D (2005) Elections in the Americas: A data handbook, Volume I, p211 ISBN   978-0-19-928357-6