Proximity of blood

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Proximity of blood, or proximity by degree of kinship, is one of the ways to determine hereditary succession based on genealogy. In effect, the application of this rule is a refusal to recognize the right of representation, a component of primogeniture. [1]


Proximity of blood diagram Proximity of blood diagram.svg
Proximity of blood diagram

In some feudal entities, proximity of blood was a generally accepted principle. For example, according to the "ancient custom" (French : ancienne coutume) in the Duchy of Burgundy, a grandson could not take precedence over a son, and it was not even clear whether the ruler's grandson could claim precedence over the ruler's brother. [2]


Proximity of blood and primogeniture were at loggerheads in numerous medieval succession disputes.

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  1. 1 2 3 Kidd 2014, p. 88.
  2. 1 2 3 Chattaway 2006, p. 92.
  3. Barlow 1999, p. 305.
  4. Previté-Orton 1975, p. 831.
  5. Wood 1966, p. 60.
  6. Hatton 1968, p. 132, 393.
  7. Hatton 1968, p. 371.
  8. Hatton 1968.
  9. Runciman 1987, p. 328-329.
  10. Duncan 2002, p. 166-169.
  11. 1 2 Stevenson 2014.


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