|Jurisdiction||England, Wales and Northern Ireland|
|Governing body||College of Arms|
Richmond Herald of Arms in Ordinary is an officer of arms of the College of Arms in England. From 1421 to 1485, Richmond was a herald to John, Duke of Bedford, George, Duke of Clarence, and Henry, Earl of Richmond, all of whom held the Honour (estate) of Richmond. However, on the accession of Henry as Henry VII of England in 1485, Richmond became a king of arms and remained so until 1510, when the office became that of a herald in ordinary of the Crown. The badge of office is a red rose of Lancaster dimidiating the white rose en soleil of York, ensigned by the royal crown. Although this device has all the characteristics of a Tudor invention, it is likely to be of fairly recent derivation.
The current Richmond Herald of Arms in Ordinary is Clive Cheesman.
|Arms||Name||Date of appointment||Ref|
|Herald of John of Lancaster, 1st Duke of Bedford|
|Peter Bouchard, Esq.||(1430)|
|Thomas More, Esq.||(Henry VI)|
|Herald of George Plantagenet, 1st Duke of Clarence|
|William Brereton, Esq.||(Edward IV)|
|Thomas Griffin, Esq.||(1473)|
|Herald of Henry Tudor, 2nd Earl of Richmond|
|Roger Machado, Esq.||(1485)|
|Lancaster Herald of Arms in Ordinary|
|Robert Browne, Esq.||1498–1510|
|John Joyner, Esq.||1511–1522|
|Christopher Barker, Esq.||1522–1536|
|John Narboone, Esq.||1536–1540|
|Gilbert Dethick, Esq.||1540–1547|
|Lawrence Dalton, Esq.||1547–1557|
|Nicholas Narboone, Esq.||1557–1566|
|Hugh Cotgrave, Esq.||1566–1585|
|Richard Lee, Esq.||1585–1597|
|William Camden, Esq.||1597–1597|
|John Raven, Esq.||1597–1615|
|Sir Henry St George||1615–1635|
|George Mainwaring, Esq.||1635–1660|
|Henry St George||1660–1677|
|Henry Dethick, Esq.||1677–1704|
|John Hare, Esq., FSA||1704–1707|
|Peter Le Neve, Esq.||1707–1721|
|Robert Dale, Esq.||1721–1722|||
|Charles Whinyates, Esq.||1722–1737|||
|James Lane, Esq.||1738–1755|||
|Francis Grose, FSA||1755–1763|
|Henry Pujolas, Jun., Esq.||1763–1764|||
|Peter Dore, Esq.||1764–1780|
|Ralph Bigland Esq.||1780–1803|||
|Joseph Hawker, Esq.||1803–1838|||
|James Pulman, Esq.||1838–1846|||
|Matthew Charles Howard-Gibbon, Esq.||1846–1873|||
|Henry Harrington Molyneux-Seel, Esq.||1873–1882|||
|Arthur Staunton Larken, Esq.||1882–1889|||
|Charles Harold Athill, Esq., MVO, FSA||1889–1919|||
|Sir Gerald Woods Wollaston, KCB, KCVO||1919–1928|||
|Henry Robert Charles Martin, Esq., FSA||1928–1942|||
|Sir Anthony Richard Wagner, KCB, KCVO, DLitt, FSA||1943–1961|
|Robin Ian Evelyn Milne Stuart de la Lanne-Mirrlees, Esq.||1962–1967|||
|John Philip Brooke Brooke-Little, Esq., CVO, FSA||1967–1980|||
|Michael Maclagan, Esq., CVO, FSA, FRHistS||1980–1989|||
|Patric Dickinson, Esq., LVO||1989–2010|||
|Clive Edwin Alexander Cheesman, Esq., PhD, FSA||2010–Present|||
The Most Honourable Order of the Bath is a British order of chivalry founded by George I on 18 May 1725. The name derives from the elaborate medieval ceremony for appointing a knight, which involved bathing as one of its elements. The knights so created were known as "Knights of the Bath". George I "erected the Knights of the Bath into a regular Military Order". He did not revive the Order of the Bath, since it had never previously existed as an Order, in the sense of a body of knights who were governed by a set of statutes and whose numbers were replenished when vacancies occurred.
The College of Arms, or Heralds' College, is a royal corporation consisting of professional officers of arms, with jurisdiction over England, Wales, Northern Ireland and some Commonwealth realms. The heralds are appointed by the British Sovereign and are delegated authority to act on behalf of the Crown in all matters of heraldry, the granting of new coats of arms, genealogical research and the recording of pedigrees. The College is also the official body responsible for matters relating to the flying of flags on land, and it maintains the official registers of flags and other national symbols. Though a part of the Royal Household of the United Kingdom, the College is self-financed, unsupported by any public funds.
Norroy and Ulster King of Arms is the Provincial King of Arms at the College of Heralds with jurisdiction over England north of the Trent and Northern Ireland. The two offices of Norroy and Ulster were formerly separate. Norroy King of Arms is the older office, there being a reference as early as 1276 to a "King of Heralds beyond the Trent in the North". The name Norroy is derived from the French nort roi meaning 'north king'. The office of Ulster Principal King of Arms for All-Ireland was established in 1552 by King Edward VI to replace the older post of Ireland King of Arms, which had lapsed in 1487.
Chester Herald of Arms in Ordinary is an officer of arms at the College of Arms in London. The office of Chester Herald dates from the 14th century, and it is reputed that the holder was herald to Edward, Prince of Wales, also known as the Black Prince. In the reign of King Richard II the officer was attached to the Principality of Chester, which was a perquisite of the then Prince of Wales. In the reign of King Henry VIII the title lapsed for a time but, since 1525, the office of Chester has been one of unbroken succession, as a herald in ordinary. The badge of office is taken from the arms of the Earl of Chester and in blazoned as A Garb ensigned of the Royal Crown Or.
Lancaster Herald of Arms in Ordinary is an English officer of arms at the College of Arms in London. The title of Lancaster Herald first occurs in 1347 at Calais, and to begin with this officer was a servant to the noble house of Lancaster. As a retainer of John of Gaunt (1377–1399) Lancaster was advanced to the rank of King of Arms, and was later promoted to the royal household of Henry IV, and made king of the northern province. This arrangement continued until 1464, when Lancaster reverted to the rank of herald. Since the reign of King Henry VII (1485–1509) Lancaster has been a herald in ordinary. The badge of office is a red rose of Lancaster, royally crowned.
York Herald of Arms in Ordinary is an officer of arms at the College of Arms. The first York Herald is believed to have been an officer to Edmund of Langley, Duke of York around the year 1385, but the first completely reliable reference to such a herald is in February 1484, when John Water alias Yorke, herald was granted certain fees by Richard III. These fees included the Manor of Bayhall in Pembury, Kent, and 8 pounds, 6 shillings, and 8 pence a year from the Lordship of Huntingfield in Kent. The badge of office is the White Rose of York en soleil ensigned by the Royal Crown.
Somerset Herald of Arms in Ordinary is an officer of arms at the College of Arms in London. In the year 1448 Somerset Herald is known to have served the Duke of Somerset, but by the time of the coronation of King Henry VII in 1485 his successor appears to have been raised to the rank of a royal officer, when he was the only herald to receive coronation liveries.
Windsor Herald of Arms in Ordinary is an officer of arms at the College of Arms in London.
Rouge Dragon Pursuivant of Arms in Ordinary is a junior officer of arms of the College of Arms, named after the red dragon of Wales.
Portcullis Pursuivant of Arms in Ordinary is a junior officer of arms at the College of Arms in London. The office is named after the Portcullis chained Or badge of the Beauforts, which was a favourite device of King Henry VII. King Henry's mother was Lady Margaret Beaufort. The office was instituted around 1485, probably at the time of Henry's coronation. The badge of office is very similar to that of Somerset Herald of Arms in Ordinary, the latter being ensigned with the Royal Crown. The earliest recorded Portcullis Pursuivant was James or Jacques Videt, who was the plaintiff in a Common Pleas case in 1498 and again in 1500.
Sir Gilbert Dethick, FSA was a long-serving English officer of arms at the College of Arms in London. He would eventually rise to the highest heraldic office in England and serve as Garter Principal King of Arms.
Ross Herald of Arms Extraordinary is a Scottish herald of arms Extraordinary of the Court of the Lord Lyon. The office is however held in Extraordinary after the retirement of the last holder in Ordinary.
Patric Laurence Dickinson is an English genealogist. He served as Clarenceux King of Arms from 2010 until 2021. He has worked at the College of Arms in London since 1968.
Sir Henry Farnham Burke, (1859–1930) was a long-serving Anglo-Irish officer of arms at the College of Arms in London.
Sir Gerald Woods Wollaston was a long-serving officer of arms at the College of Arms in London. Wollaston's family had a firm tradition at the College of Arms. Wollaston's great-grandfather was Sir William Woods, Garter Principal King of Arms from 1838 until his death in 1842. His grandfather was Sir Albert William Woods who held the same post from 1869 to 1904.
Timothy Hugh Stewart Duke, FSA is an officer of arms at the College of Arms in London.
Henry Robert Charles Martin was a long-serving officer of arms at the College of Arms in London and a male English international badminton player.
Clive Edwin Alexander Cheesman is a British officer of arms at the College of Arms in London. He is currently Richmond Herald, having been appointed to that position on 7 April 2010. Cheesman was formerly a curator in the Department of Coins and Medals in the British Museum. He served as Rouge Dragon Pursuivant-of-Arms in Ordinary from 17 November 1998 to 7 April 2010.
Blanche Lyon Pursuivant of Arms in Ordinary was an English office of arms created during the reign of King Edward IV.
Sir Thomas Wriothesley was a long serving officer of arms at the College of Arms in London. He was the son of Garter King of Arms, John Writhe, and he succeeded his father in this office.