|Jurisdiction||England, Wales and Northern Ireland|
|Governing body||College of Arms|
Chester Herald of Arms in Ordinary is an officer of arms at the College of Arms in London. The office of Chester Herald dates from the 14th century, and it is reputed that the holder was herald to Edward, Prince of Wales, also known as the Black Prince. In the reign of King Richard II the officer was attached to the Principality of Chester, which was a perquisite of the then Prince of Wales. In the reign of King Henry VIII the title lapsed for a time but, since 1525, the office of Chester has been one of unbroken succession, as a herald in ordinary. The badge of office is taken from the arms of the Earl of Chester and in blazoned as A Garb ensigned of the Royal Crown Or.
On 22 September 2017 The Honourable Christopher John Fletcher-Vane was appointed to the office.
|Arms||Name||Date of appointment||Ref|
|John (surname unknown)||(1393)|
|James Billett||( Henry VI )|
|William Tyndale or Tendale||1443–1447|
|William Whiting||(Henry VI)|
|John Water or Walter||(1455)|
|Richard Stanton||(Henry VI/Edward IV )|
|Roger Stamford||(Edward IV)|
|Roger Bromley, Esq.||(1483)|
|Thomas Whiting, Esq.||(1493)|
|Randolph Jackson, Esq.||1533–1540|
|William Flower, Esq.||1540–1561|
|Robert Cooke, Esq.||1562–1566|
|John Hart, Esq.||1566–1574|
|Edmund Knight, Esq.||1574–1592|
|James Thomas, Esq.||1592–1603|
|William Penson, Esq.||1603–1617|
|Thomas Knight, Esq.||1617–1618|
|Henry Chitting, Esq.||1618–1637|
|Edward Walker Esq.||1638–1644|
|William Dugdale, Esq.||1644–1660|
|Thomas Lee, Esq.||1660–1667|
|Thomas May Esq.||1677–1689|
|Charles Mawson, Esq.||1689–1721|
|Edward Stibbs, Esq.||1721–1739|
|Francis Hutchenson, Esq.||1739–1752|
|John Martin Leake, Esq.||1752–1790|||
|George Martin Leake, Esq.||1791–1834|||
|Walter Aston Blount, Esq., FSA||1834–1859|||
|Edward Stephen Dendy, Esq.||1859–1864|||
|Henry Murray Lane, Esq.||1864–1913|||
|Thomas Morgan Joseph-Watkin, Esq.||1913–1915|||
|Sir Arthur William Stuart Cochrane, KCVO||1915–1926|||
|Sir John Dunamace Heaton-Armstrong, MVO||1926–1956|||
|James Arnold Frere, Esq., FSA||1956–1960|||
|Sir Walter John George Verco, KCVO||1960–1971|||
| David Hubert Boothby Chesshyre, Esq., FSA||1978–1995|||
|Timothy Hugh Stewart Duke, Esq.||1995–2014|||
|The Hon. Christopher John Fletcher-Vane||2017–present|||
The College of Arms, or Heralds' College, is a royal corporation consisting of professional officers of arms, with jurisdiction over England, Wales, Northern Ireland and some Commonwealth realms. The heralds are appointed by the British Sovereign and are delegated authority to act on behalf of the Crown in all matters of heraldry, the granting of new coats of arms, genealogical research and the recording of pedigrees. The College is also the official body responsible for matters relating to the flying of flags on land, and it maintains the official registers of flags and other national symbols. Though a part of the Royal Household of the United Kingdom, the College is self-financed, unsupported by any public funds.
Richmond Herald of Arms in Ordinary is an officer of arms of the College of Arms in England. From 1421 to 1485, Richmond was a herald to John, Duke of Bedford, George, Duke of Clarence, and Henry, Earl of Richmond, all of whom held the Honour (estate) of Richmond. However, on the accession of Henry as Henry VII of England in 1485, Richmond became a king of arms and remained so until 1510, when the office became that of a herald in ordinary of the Crown. The badge of office is a red rose of Lancaster dimidiating the white rose en soleil of York, ensigned by the royal crown. Although this device has all the characteristics of a Tudor invention, it is likely to be of fairly recent derivation.
Lancaster Herald of Arms in Ordinary is an English officer of arms at the College of Arms in London. The title of Lancaster Herald first occurs in 1347 at Calais, and to begin with this officer was a servant to the noble house of Lancaster. As a retainer of John of Gaunt (1377–1399) Lancaster was advanced to the rank of King of Arms, and was later promoted to the royal household of Henry IV, and made king of the northern province. This arrangement continued until 1464, when Lancaster reverted to the rank of herald. Since the reign of King Henry VII (1485–1509) Lancaster has been a herald in ordinary. The badge of office is a red rose of Lancaster, royally crowned.
York Herald of Arms in Ordinary is an officer of arms at the College of Arms. The first York Herald is believed to have been an officer to Edmund of Langley, Duke of York around the year 1385, but the first completely reliable reference to such a herald is in February 1484, when John Water alias Yorke, herald was granted certain fees by Richard III. These fees included the Manor of Bayhall in Pembury, Kent, and 8 pounds, 6 shillings, and 8 pence a year from the Lordship of Huntingfield in Kent. The badge of office is the White Rose of York en soleil ensigned by the Royal Crown.
Somerset Herald of Arms in Ordinary is an officer of arms at the College of Arms in London. In the year 1448 Somerset Herald is known to have served the Duke of Somerset, but by the time of the coronation of King Henry VII in 1485 his successor appears to have been raised to the rank of a royal officer, when he was the only herald to receive coronation liveries.
Windsor Herald of Arms in Ordinary is an officer of arms at the College of Arms in London.
Rouge Dragon Pursuivant of Arms in Ordinary is a junior officer of arms of the College of Arms, named after the red dragon of Wales.
Portcullis Pursuivant of Arms in Ordinary is a junior officer of arms at the College of Arms in London. The office is named after the Portcullis chained Or badge of the Beauforts, which was a favourite device of King Henry VII. King Henry's mother was Lady Margaret Beaufort. The office was instituted around 1485, probably at the time of Henry's coronation. The badge of office is very similar to that of Somerset Herald of Arms in Ordinary, the latter being ensigned with the Royal Crown. The earliest recorded Portcullis Pursuivant was James or Jacques Videt, who was the plaintiff in a Common Pleas case in 1498 and again in 1500.
Sir Walter John George Verco was a long-serving officer of arms who served in many capacities at the College of Arms in London.
David Hubert Boothby Chesshyre was a British officer of arms.
Sir Henry Farnham Burke, (1859–1930) was a long-serving Anglo-Irish officer of arms at the College of Arms in London.
Sir Gerald Woods Wollaston was a long-serving officer of arms at the College of Arms in London. Wollaston's family had a firm tradition at the College of Arms. Wollaston's great-grandfather was Sir William Woods, Garter Principal King of Arms from 1838 until his death in 1842. His grandfather was Sir Albert William Woods who held the same post from 1869 to 1904.
Sir John Dunamace Heaton-Armstrong was a long-serving English officer of arms at the College of Arms in London.
John Riddell Bromhead Walker was a soldier and long-serving English officer of arms at the College of Arms in London.
James Arnold Frere was an English herald who was officer of arms at the College of Arms in London.
Timothy Hugh Stewart Duke, FSA is an officer of arms at the College of Arms in London.
Rodney Onslow Dennys, was a British foreign service operative and long-serving officer of arms at the College of Arms in London. During World War II he served in the Intelligence Corps of the British Army.
Theobald David Mathew was an officer of arms at the College of Arms in London.
Letters patent, in the United Kingdom, are legal instruments generally issued by the monarch granting an office, right, title, or status to a person. Letters patent have also been used for the creation of corporations or offices, for granting city status, for granting coat of arms, and for granting royal assent.