Royal Masonic Hospital

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Royal Masonic Hospital
Royal Masonic Hospital.jpg
Royal Masonic Hospital
Hammersmith and Fulham London UK location map.svg
Red pog.svg
Location within Hammersmith and Fulham
Geography
LocationRavenscourt Park, London, England, United Kingdom
Coordinates 51°29′47″N0°14′26″W / 51.496333°N 0.240646°W / 51.496333; -0.240646 Coordinates: 51°29′47″N0°14′26″W / 51.496333°N 0.240646°W / 51.496333; -0.240646
Organisation
Care system Private
Affiliated university None
Patron None
Services
Emergency department No Accident & Emergency
Helipad No
History
Founded1920
Closed2006
Links
Lists Hospitals in England

The Royal Masonic Hospital was a hospital in the Ravenscourt Park area of Hammersmith, west London, built and opened in 1933. [1] The grade II* listed building [2] became the Ravenscourt Park Hospital in 2002, but this closed in 2006. [3] In ay 2015 the hospital was expected to reopen in 2017 as the 150-bed London International Hospital, a centre for medical tourism. [4] However, London International Hospital Limited commenced winding up proceedings on 30 March 2017, and was dissolved on 28 March 2018, owing £15 million to the Imperial College Healthcare Trust. [5]

Ravenscourt Park park in Hammersmith, London

Ravenscourt Park or RCP is an 8.3 hectare public park and garden located in the London Borough of Hammersmith and Fulham. It is one of the Borough's flagship parks, having won a Green Flag Award. Stamford Brook and Ravenscourt Park tube stations are close by.

Hammersmith district in west London, England

Hammersmith is a district of west London, England, located 4.3 miles (6.9 km) west-southwest of Charing Cross. It is the administrative centre of the London Borough of Hammersmith and Fulham, and identified in the London Plan as one of 35 major centres in Greater London.

Listed building Protected historic structure in the United Kingdom

A listed building, or listed structure, is one that has been placed on one of the four statutory lists maintained by Historic England in England, Historic Environment Scotland in Scotland, Cadw in Wales, and the Northern Ireland Environment Agency in Northern Ireland.

Contents

History

The Freemasons' War Hospital, was opened by London Freemasons with support from lodges in Gloucestershire (Royal York Lodge, Stroud) and around England during the First World War in Fulham Road, London, in the premises of the former Chelsea Hospital for Women, and treated over 4,000 servicemen by the end of the war. In 1920 it opened as the Freemason's Hospital and Nursing Home, but outgrew its premises. The new hospital was opened by King George V and Queen Mary, and the king gave permission for the hospital to be renamed as the Royal Masonic Hospital. [1]

Freemasonry group of fraternal organizations

Freemasonry or Masonry consists of fraternal organisations that trace their origins to the local fraternities of stonemasons that from the end of the fourteenth century regulated the qualifications of stonemasons and their interaction with authorities and clients. The degrees of Freemasonry retain the three grades of medieval craft guilds, those of Apprentice, Journeyman or fellow, and Master Mason. The candidate of these three degrees is progressively taught the meanings of the symbols of Freemasonry, and entrusted with grips, signs and words to signify to other members that he has been so initiated. The degrees are part allegorical morality play and part lecture. Three degrees are offered by Craft Freemasonry, and members of any of these degrees are known as Freemasons or Masons. There are additional degrees, which vary with locality and jurisdiction, and are usually administered by their own bodies.

World War I 1914–1918 global war starting in Europe

World War I, also known as the First World War or the Great War, was a global war originating in Europe that lasted from 28 July 1914 to 11 November 1918. Contemporaneously described as "the war to end all wars", it led to the mobilisation of more than 70 million military personnel, including 60 million Europeans, making it one of the largest wars in history. It is also one of the deadliest conflicts in history, with an estimated nine million combatants and seven million civilian deaths as a direct result of the war, while resulting genocides and the resulting 1918 influenza pandemic caused another 50 to 100 million deaths worldwide.

Queen Charlottes and Chelsea Hospital Hospital in Du Cane Road, London

Queen Charlotte's and Chelsea Hospital is one of the oldest maternity hospitals in Europe, founded in 1739 in London. Until October 2000, it occupied a site at 339–351 Goldhawk Road, Hammersmith, but is now located between East Acton and White City, adjacent to the Hammersmith Hospital. It is managed by the Imperial College Healthcare NHS Trust. Today, the hospital is very active in both maternal medicine and research.

The hospital was re-built in 1933. The architect was Thomas S. Tait, and the building was awarded the RIBA Gold Medal for the best building of the year in 1933. [6] The red-brick building "combines straight lines with spectacular curved balconies", and has large concrete relief figures of Hebe and Aesculapius by sculptor Gilbert Bayes. [2] The adjacent nurses' home is grade II listed. [7] It was re-opened by King George V. [8]

Thomas S. Tait British architect

Thomas Smith Tait (1882–1954) was a prominent Scottish modernist architect. He designed a number of buildings around the world in Art Deco and Streamline Moderne styles, notably St. Andrew's House on Calton Hill, Edinburgh, and the pylons for Sydney Harbour Bridge.

Hebe (mythology) Ancient Greek goddess of youth

Hebe in ancient Greek religion, is the goddess of youth or the prime of life. She is the daughter of Zeus and Hera. Hebe was the cupbearer for the gods and goddesses of Mount Olympus, serving their nectar and ambrosia until she married Heracles ; her successor was the divine hero Ganymede. Another title of hers for this reason is Ganymeda, meaning "Gladdening Princess". Hebe was worshipped as the goddess of forgiveness or mercy at Sicyon.

Gilbert Bayes British artist

Gilbert William Bayes was an English sculptor.

The hospital treated over 8,600 servicemen during the Second World War, and remained independent when the National Health Service was founded in 1948. [1] The Wakefield Wing, with new physiotherapy and pathology departments, accommodation for nurses, and a chapel, was opened in 1958, and a new surgical wing in 1976. [2] From 1977 it began to accept paying non-Mason patients, but financial pressures led to its closure and acquisition in 1992 by the Hammersmith Hospitals NHS Trust, not without controversy. [1] [9]

World War II 1939–1945, between Axis and Allies

World War II, also known as the Second World War, was a global war that lasted from 1939 to 1945. The vast majority of the world's countries—including all the great powers—eventually formed two opposing military alliances: the Allies and the Axis. A state of total war emerged, directly involving more than 100 million people from more than 30 countries. The major participants threw their entire economic, industrial, and scientific capabilities behind the war effort, blurring the distinction between civilian and military resources. World War II was the deadliest conflict in human history, marked by 70 to 85 million fatalities, most of whom were civilians in the Soviet Union and China. It included massacres, the genocide of the Holocaust, strategic bombing, premeditated death from starvation and disease, and the only use of nuclear weapons in war.

National Health Service publicly funded healthcare systems within the United Kingdom

The National Health Service in the United Kingdom includes NHS England, NHS Scotland, NHS Wales, and the affiliated Health and Social Care (HSC) in Northern Ireland. They were established together in 1948 as one of the major social reforms following the Second World War. The founding principles were that services should be comprehensive, universal and free at the point of delivery. Each service provides a comprehensive range of health services, free at the point of use for people ordinarily resident in the United Kingdom, apart from dental treatment and optical care. The English NHS also requires patients to pay prescription charges with a range of exemptions from these charges.

The hospital reopened in 2002 as the Ravenscourt Park Hospital within the NHS, but closed again in 2006. [3]

In 2012 it was stated that the building was being redeveloped by the C & C Alpha Group to house the London International Hospital, which would specialise in cancer and diseases of the heart and brain. [10] [11] In 2015 it was acquired by VPS Healthcare who proposed to reopen it as the 150-bed London International Hospital in 2017, which would be "the centre for tourists to travel to the capital city for state-of-the-art medical care". [4]

VPS Healthcare Multinational healthcare group

VPS Healthcare is a multinational healthcare group headquartered at Abu Dhabi, United Arab Emirates. The group was founded in 2007 by Indian-born businessman Shamsheer Vayalil. The healthcare group now runs 23 hospitals and about 125 medical centres spread across in the Middle East, Europe and India.

London International Hospital Limited terminated the remaining site service contracts and returned the site to Imperial College Healthcare Trust on 4 July 2016; it commenced winding up proceedings on 30 March 2017, and was dissolved on 28 March 2018, owing £15 million to the Trust. [5] [12]

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London Borough of Hammersmith and Fulham Borough in United Kingdom

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References

  1. 1 2 3 4 "The Royal Masonic Hospital and its Jewels" (PDF). Library and Museum of Freemasonry. Retrieved 26 June 2012.
  2. 1 2 3 Kimber, Jane (17 November 2009). "From the Archives Former Royal Masonic Hospital" (PDF). h&f news (London Borough of Hammersmith and Fulham). p. 70. Archived from the original (PDF) on 16 March 2012. Retrieved 26 June 2012.
  3. 1 2 "Hospital closes after four years". BBC News. 29 August 2006. Retrieved 26 June 2012.
  4. 1 2 "Flagship international hospital to launch in London". Building Better Healthcare. 3 July 2015. Retrieved 2 June 2016.
  5. 1 2 Chris Morris (14 June 2017). "NHS Trust Owed £15 Million After Private Firm Liquidation". Healthcare Times. Retrieved 26 January 2019.
  6. "Thomas Smith Tait". Dictionary of Scottish Architects. Retrieved 26 June 2012.
  7. "Royal Masonic Hospital Nurses' Home". British Listed Buildings. Retrieved 7 July 2018.
  8. "Royal Masonic Hospital". Lost Hospitals of London. Retrieved 8 July 2018.
  9. Victor, Peter (7 May 1995). "Freemason sues leaders for £23m to save hospital". The Independent . Retrieved 26 June 2012.
  10. "London International Hospital". 53K. Retrieved 26 June 2012.
  11. "London International Hospital". C & C Alpha Group. Archived from the original on 15 December 2010. Retrieved 26 June 2012.
  12. "LONDON INTERNATIONAL HOSPITAL LIMITED, Company number 05644554". Companies House. Retrieved 26 January 2019.