Rushton Hall

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Rushton Hall
Rushton Hall - Northamptonshire, England - DSC09511.jpg
Location Rushton, Northamptonshire
Coordinates 52°26′12″N0°46′17″W / 52.4366°N 0.7713°W / 52.4366; -0.7713 Coordinates: 52°26′12″N0°46′17″W / 52.4366°N 0.7713°W / 52.4366; -0.7713
Listed Building – Grade I
Northamptonshire UK location map.svg
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Location of Rushton Hall in Northamptonshire
East front of Rushton Hall Rushton Hall - Northamptonshire, England - DSC09367.jpg
East front of Rushton Hall

Rushton Hall in Rushton, Northamptonshire, England, was the ancestral home of the Tresham family from 1438, when William Tresham bought the estate. In the 20th century the house became a private school and it has now been converted to a luxury hotel. The estate is about 227 acres (92 ha) of which 30 acres (12 ha) are formal gardens. The River Ise flows from west to east south of the Hall. [1]

Rushton, Northamptonshire village and civil parish in Northamptonshire, England

Rushton is a small hamlet and civil parish in Northamptonshire. It is about 2 miles (3.2 km) north-east of Rothwell and 3 miles (4.8 km) north-west of Kettering. The parish covers 3,200 acres (1,300 ha) and is situated on both sides of the River Ise. It contains the sites of three deserted settlements, details of which are set out below.

The Tresham Baronetcy, of Rushton in the County of Northamptonsire, was a title in the Baronetage of England. It was created on 29 June 1611 for Lewis Tresham. He was the son of Sir Thomas Tresham, the great-grandson of Sir Thomas Tresham and the younger brother of Francis Tresham. The title became extinct on the death of the second Baronet in c. 1642.

Sir William Tresham JP was an English lawyer and Speaker of the House of Commons.

Contents

History

Rushton Hall had been the possession of the Catholic Tresham family since the fifteenth century, when William Tresham bought the estate in 1438. He was Attorney General to King Henry V and Speaker of the House of Commons [2] and was murdered in 1450. Sir Thomas Tresham (1500–59) was MP for Northamptonshire and three times High Sheriff of Northamptonshire. The latter's grandson Thomas (1534-1605), also a High Sheriff in 1573, built the Triangular Lodge in the grounds of the hall in 1592. His son, Francis Tresham, was involved in the Gunpowder Plot and died in the Tower of London in 1605. The estate then passed to his brother Lewis.

Speaker of the House of Commons (United Kingdom) presiding officer of the United Kingdoms lower chamber of Parliament

The Speaker of the House of Commons is the presiding officer of the House of Commons, the United Kingdom's lower chamber of Parliament. The office is currently held by John Bercow, who was initially elected on 22 June 2009, following the resignation of Michael Martin. He has since been re-elected (unopposed) three times, following the general elections in 2010, 2015 and 2017.

Sir Thomas Tresham was a leading Catholic politician during the middle of the Tudor dynasty in England.

This is a list of the High Sheriffs of Northamptonshire.

The Hall was sold in 1619 to Sir William Cockayne, Lord Mayor of London who was the first Governor of Londonderry, Ireland. [2] and on his death in 1626 passed to his eldest son Charles, later Viscount Cullen, who was appointed High Sheriff of Northamptonshire for 1636–37. The 2nd Viscount, Bryen, married Elizabeth Trentham, heiress to the Trentham estates including both Rocester Abbey and Castle Hedingham. Those estates would later be sold to fund the couple's extravagant lifestyle.

Sir William Cockayne (Cokayne) was a seventeenth-century merchant, alderman, and Lord Mayor of the City of London.

Lord Mayor of London Mayor of the City of London and leader of the City of London Corporation

The Lord Mayor of London is the City of London's mayor and leader of the City of London Corporation. Within the City, the Lord Mayor is accorded precedence over all individuals except the sovereign and retains various traditional powers, rights and privileges, including the title and style The Right Honourable the Lord Mayor of London.

The Governor of Londonderry and Culmore was a British military appointment. The Governor was the officer who commanded the garrison and fortifications of the city of Derry and of Culmore fort. The Governor was paid by The Honourable The Irish Society.

In 1828 the Hall was sold to William Williams Hope, the family of Thomas Hope (1769–1831), a Dutch banker. After his death in 1854 the estate was sold to Clara Thornhill (later Clarke-Thornhill). Charles Dickens was a great friend of Clara and visited Rushton several times. The fictitious Haversham Hall in Great Expectations was conceived from the Hall.[ citation needed ] The Clarke-Thornhills owned the hall until 1934. After the death of William Clarke-Thornhill, the Hall was let to an array of tenants including American socialite James J. Van Alen who reinstated much Tudor and Jacobean architectural detail. [3]

Netherlands Constituent country of the Kingdom of the Netherlands in Europe

The Netherlands is a country located mainly in Northwestern Europe. The European portion of the Netherlands consists of twelve separate provinces that border Germany to the east, Belgium to the south, and the North Sea to the northwest, with maritime borders in the North Sea with Belgium, Germany and the United Kingdom. Including three island territories in the Caribbean Sea—Bonaire, Sint Eustatius and Saba— it forms a constituent country of the Kingdom of the Netherlands. The official language is Dutch, but a secondary official language in the province of Friesland is West Frisian.

Charles Dickens English writer and social critic

Charles John Huffam Dickens was an English writer and social critic. He created some of the world's best-known fictional characters and is regarded by many as the greatest novelist of the Victorian era. His works enjoyed unprecedented popularity during his lifetime, and by the 20th century critics and scholars had recognised him as a literary genius. His novels and short stories are still widely read today.

It became a Grade I listed building in 1951. [4]

In 1957 it became a school for blind children run by the RNIB; the school moved to Coventry in 2002. [5]

RNIB Pears Centre for Specialist Learning is a school and children’s home for young people who are blind or partially sighted and who also have multiple disabilities or complex needs such as severe or profound learning disabilities, physical disabilities, additional sensory impairment, healthcare needs and autistic spectrum disorders.

Coventry City and Metropolitan borough in England

Coventry is a city and metropolitan borough in the West Midlands, England.

The Hazelton family bought the hall in August 2003, [6] and restored it to open as a 4 star hotel and spa.

Estate

The estate has early 20th century formal terraced gardens designed by Thomas Mawson between 1905-1909. The rest of the estate has separate ownership to the hotel with features dating back to the 16th century and before. The 16th-century Triangular Lodge in the former parkland is owned by English Heritage and is open to the public. [1]

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References

  1. 1 2 Parks and Gardens UK website Archived 2010-12-31 at the Wayback Machine ., accessed 25 March 2012
  2. 1 2 Pevsner, Nikolaus; Cherry, Bridget (revision) (1961). The Buildings of England Northamptonshire. London and New Haven: Yale University Press. pp. 397 et seq. ISBN   978-0-300-09632-3.
  3. "History - Rushton Hall". Rushtonhall.com. Retrieved 24 August 2017.
  4. Stuff, Good. "Rushton Hall School, Rushton, Northamptonshire". Britishlistedbuildings.co.uk. Retrieved 24 August 2017.
  5. "RNIB Pears Centre for Specialist Learning". Rnib.org.uk. 20 February 2014. Retrieved 24 August 2017.
  6. "Blog - Rushton Hall". Rushton Hall. Retrieved 24 August 2017.