Prince Richard, Duke of Gloucester

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Prince Richard
Duke of Gloucester (more)
The Duke of Gloucester (cropped).jpg
Born (1944-08-26) 26 August 1944 (age 74)
St. Matthew's Nursing Home, Northampton, England [1]
Spouse
Birgitte van Deurs (m. 1972)
Issue
Full name
Richard Alexander Walter George [2]
House Windsor
Father Prince Henry, Duke of Gloucester
Mother Lady Alice Montagu Douglas Scott

Prince Richard, Duke of Gloucester, KG , GCVO , GCStJ (Richard Alexander Walter George; born 26 August 1944) is the youngest grandchild of King George V and Queen Mary. He practised as an architect until the death of his elder brother placed him in direct line to inherit his father's dukedom of Gloucester, which he inherited, as the second duke, in 1974. He is a paternal cousin of Queen Elizabeth II, and currently 27th in the line of succession to the British throne as well as the first in line not descended from King George VI. He is also the senior male line descendant of three British monarchs: Victoria, Edward VII and George V.

Descendants of George V and Mary of Teck Wikimedia list article

This is a complete list of every known descendant of George V, the founder of the House of Windsor, and his queen Mary of Teck. The list includes deceased members, members who have become Catholic, royal and non-royal, legitimate and illegitimate members openly acknowledged by their parents. The table includes generational data and birthdays and image data. The list is more comprehensive than the line of succession to the British throne which is a list of living non-Catholic descendants of George V's sons.

Mary of Teck 20th-century queen consort of the United Kingdom and Empress of India

Mary of Teck was Queen of the United Kingdom and the British Dominions and Empress of India as the wife of King George V.

Prince William of Gloucester British prince

Prince William of Gloucester was a grandson of King George V and paternal cousin of Elizabeth II. At the time of his birth he was the fourth in line to the throne.

Contents

Early life

Prince Richard was born at St. Matthew's Nursing Home in Northampton on 26 August 1944. [1] His father was Prince Henry, Duke of Gloucester, the third son of George V and Queen Mary. His mother was Princess Alice, Duchess of Gloucester (née Lady Alice Montagu Douglas Scott), a daughter of the 7th Duke of Buccleuch and Lady Margaret Bridgeman. He was baptised at the Royal Chapel of All Saints in Windsor Great Park on 20 October 1944 by the retired Archbishop of Canterbury, Cosmo Gordon Lang. [6] When Richard was four months old, he accompanied his parents to Australia, where his father served as Governor-General from 1945 to 1947. The family returned to Barnwell Manor in 1947, where Richard was largely raised.

Northampton county town of Northamptonshire, England

Northampton is the county town of Northamptonshire in the East Midlands of England. It lies on the River Nene, about 60 miles (97 km) north-west of London and 45 miles (72 km) south-east of Birmingham. It is one of the largest towns in the UK. Northampton had a population of 212,100 in the 2011 census.

Prince Henry, Duke of Gloucester British soldier and Governor-General of Australia

Prince Henry, Duke of Gloucester, was the third son and fourth child of King George V and Queen Mary. He served as Governor-General of Australia from 1945 to 1947, the only member of the British royal family to hold the post.

George V King of the United Kingdom and the British Dominions, and Emperor of India

George V was King of the United Kingdom and the British Dominions, and Emperor of India, from 6 May 1910 until his death in 1936.

At the time of his birth, he was fifth in the line of succession to the throne and second in line to his father's dukedom, behind his brother, Prince William of Gloucester. He is 27th in line to the throne as of May 2019. William died in 1972 when the plane he was piloting crashed at Halfpenny Green near Wolverhampton. Richard then became heir apparent to his father's dukedom and inherited it two years later upon the death of the first duke.

Succession to the British throne Law governing who can become British monarch

Succession to the British throne is determined by descent, sex, legitimacy, and religion. Under common law, the Crown is inherited by a sovereign's children or by a childless sovereign's nearest collateral line. The Bill of Rights 1689 and the Act of Settlement 1701 restrict succession to the throne to the legitimate Protestant descendants of Sophia of Hanover who are in "communion with the Church of England". Spouses of Roman Catholics were disqualified from 1689 until the law was amended in 2015. Protestant descendants of those excluded for being Roman Catholics are eligible.

A duke (male) or duchess (female) can either be a monarch ruling over a duchy or a member of royalty or nobility, historically of highest rank below the monarch. The title comes from French duc, itself from the Latin dux, 'leader', a term used in republican Rome to refer to a military commander without an official rank, and later coming to mean the leading military commander of a province.

Education and career

The Duke in 1989, by Allan Warren HRH The Duke of Gloucester Allan Warren.jpg
The Duke in 1989, by Allan Warren

Prince Richard's early education took place at home, under the instruction of Rosamund Ramirez, who had also tutored young King Faisal II of Iraq; later, he attended Wellesley House School at Broadstairs and Eton College. [7] In 1963, he matriculated at Magdalene College, Cambridge where he read Architecture, [7] graduating with the degree of Bachelor of Arts in June 1966; he proceeded as MA (Cantab) in 1971.

Faisal II of Iraq King of Iraq from 4 April 1939 until July 1958

Faisal II was the last King of Iraq. He reigned from 4 April 1939 until July 1958, when he was executed during the 14 July Revolution together with numerous members of his family. This regicide marked the end of the thirty-seven-year-old Hashemite monarchy in Iraq, which then became a republic.

Wellesley House School is an independent day and boarding preparatory school in the coastal town of Broadstairs in the English county of Kent. Founded in 1866, it educates boys and girls aged 6 to 13.

Broadstairs coastal town on the Isle of Thanet in the Thanet district of east Kent, England

Broadstairs is a coastal town on the Isle of Thanet in the Thanet district of east Kent, England, about 80 miles (130 km) east of London. It is part of the civil parish of Broadstairs and St Peter's, which includes St Peter's, and had a population in 2011 of about 25,000. Situated between Margate and Ramsgate, Broadstairs is one of Thanet's seaside resorts, known as the "jewel in Thanet's crown". The town's crest's Latin motto is Stella Maris. The name derives from a former flight of steps in the chalk cliff, which led from the sands up to the 11th-century shrine of St Mary on the cliff's summit.

Later in 1966, straight after university, Prince Richard joined the Offices Development Group in the Ministry of Public Building and Works for a year of practical work. He returned to Cambridge in 1967, completing both parts of the Diploma in Architecture degree in June 1969. Upon passing his exams, he became a practising partner in Hunt Thompson Associates in London, an architectural firm. [8]

Ministry of Works (United Kingdom) former department of the UK government

The Ministry of Works was a department of the UK Government formed in 1940, during World War II, to organise the requisitioning of property for wartime use. After the war, the Ministry retained responsibility for Government building projects.

University of Cambridge University in Cambridge, United Kingdom

The University of Cambridge is a collegiate public research university in Cambridge, United Kingdom. Founded in 1209 and granted a Royal Charter by King Henry III in 1231, Cambridge is the second-oldest university in the English-speaking world and the world's fourth-oldest surviving university. The university grew out of an association of scholars who left the University of Oxford after a dispute with the townspeople. The two 'ancient universities' share many common features and are often referred to jointly as 'Oxbridge'. The history and influence of the University of Cambridge has made it one of the most prestigious universities in the world.

A master's degree is an academic degree awarded by universities or colleges upon completion of a course of study demonstrating mastery or a high-order overview of a specific field of study or area of professional practice. A master's degree normally requires previous study at the bachelor's level, either as a separate degree or as part of an integrated course. Within the area studied, master's graduates are expected to possess advanced knowledge of a specialized body of theoretical and applied topics; high order skills in analysis, critical evaluation, or professional application; and the ability to solve complex problems and think rigorously and independently.

Career

Richard intended to practise full-time as an architect, but took on other responsibilities in 1972, after the death of his elder brother Prince William, who crashed his plane in a flying competition. Richard became heir apparent to his father's dukedom and had to take on additional family obligations and royal duties. He resigned his partnership and began representing his cousin, Elizabeth II, on royal duties.

Architect person trained to plan and design buildings, and oversee their construction

An architect is a person who plans, designs and reviews the construction of buildings. To practice architecture means to provide services in connection with the design of buildings and the space within the site surrounding the buildings that have human occupancy or use as their principal purpose. Etymologically, architect derives from the Latin architectus, which derives from the Greek, i.e., chief builder.

An heir apparent or heiress apparent is a person who is first in a line of succession and cannot be displaced from inheriting by the birth of another person. An heir presumptive, by contrast, is someone who is first in line to inherit a title but who can be displaced by the birth of a more eligible heir.

On 10 June 1974, Prince Richard succeeded to his father's titles as Duke of Gloucester, Earl of Ulster, and Baron Culloden . He was elected as a corporate member of the Royal Institute of British Architects (and FRIBA) in 1972. He is President of the Society of Architect Artists. [8] He serves as a Commissioner of the Historic Building and Monuments Commission for England (English Heritage).

The Duke has been Patron of construction charity Construction Youth Trust [9] for many years. With his background in architecture, the Duke of Gloucester takes interest in the work of the Trust and frequently visits their projects, in addition to giving his name to their long standing Duke of Gloucester Young Achiever's Scheme Awards. The Duke is also patron of the Architects Benevolent Society. [10]

He is Royal Patron of the UK branch of the charity Habitat for Humanity, [11] Royal Patron of the St. George's Society of New York, [12] and President of The London Society.

A keen motorist, Prince Richard passed the Advanced Driving Test of the Institute of Advanced Motorists, of which he was president for more than 32 years. On his appointment in 1971, [13] it was recorded that the new President was "currently [driving] an Austin 1300", reflecting the modest image with which he has always been identified. He stood down as President in January 2005. [14]

On 10 April 2008, the Duke was installed as Founding Chancellor of the University of Worcester in a ceremony at Worcester Cathedral. A former teacher training college, the institution was raised to university status in 2006. [8]

Marriage and family

The Duke and Duchess of Gloucester Duke and Duchess of Glocstrer.jpg
The Duke and Duchess of Gloucester

On 8 July 1972, Prince Richard married the Danish-born Birgitte van Deurs in St Andrew's Church at Barnwell, Northamptonshire; they have three children:

The Duke and Duchess of Gloucester's official residence is at Kensington Palace in London. [15] They have leased their private home, Barnwell Manor, since 1994.

Activities

The Duke of Gloucester, accompanied by the Duchess, represented his cousin Elizabeth II at the Solomon Islands independence celebrations on 7 July 1978. [16] [17]

On 10 April 2008, the Duke of Gloucester was officially installed as inaugural Chancellor of the University of Worcester at a ceremony in Worcester Cathedral. In this role, the Prince officiates at degree ceremonies and major events, as well as promoting the University overseas. [18] The Duke carried out the first of these duties on 5 and 6 November 2008 at the Graduation Award Ceremonies.

The Duke is also patron of the Severn Valley Railway and the Pestalozzi International Village Trust. He is also a patron of the British Homeopathic Association, a charity dedicated to the study, research and promotion of homeopathy. [19] He shares a name with another Duke of Gloucester, Richard III, and is the patron of the Richard III Society. [20] He is also a member of the International Advisory Board of the Royal United Services Institute. [21] [22] Since 1972, the Duke has been a corporate member of the Royal Institute of British Architects. [23] He is also an honorary fellow of the Institution of Structural Engineers. [24]

During 2009, the Duke became patron of the De Havilland Aircraft Heritage Centre [25] in support of its bid to raise funds through private means and through a bid for Heritage Lottery Funding. Other patronages include: British Society of Soil Science, [26] the International Council on Monuments and Sites, [27] Action on Smoking and Health, [28] British Association of Friends of Museums, [29] British Mexican Society, [30] St Bartholomew's Hospital, [31] as well as numerous other organisations and charities. [7]

In July 2011, the Duke visited the Isle of Man to meet with the representative of Manx National Heritage and the Council of Cancer Charities. [23] On 8 November 2011, he opened the new Law School Building at the University of Hertfordshire on the de Havilland campus site of the former de Havilland Aircraft factory. [32]

On 19 March 2013, the Duke represented Elizabeth II at the Vatican for the inauguration of Pope Francis. [33]

On 11 March 2015, the Duke visited the Royal School Dungannon in Dungannon, County Tyrone, Northern Ireland to celebrate their 400th anniversary since James I opened the school; presenting a commemorative plaque and raising an anniversary flag on the grounds. [34] On 22 and 26 March 2015, the Duke represented the Queen at the ceremonies marking the reburial and commemorations of Richard III in Leicester Cathedral. Richard III had held the title Duke of Gloucester himself before his ascension to the English throne. [35]

In March 2018, the Duke travelled to Malawi to attend the Commonwealth Day celebrations, and visited projects related to health services, wildlife, and climate change. [36] [37]

Titles, styles, honours and arms

Titles and styles

His Royal Highness Prince Richard Alexander Walter George, Duke of Gloucester, Earl of Ulster and Baron Culloden, Knight of the Most Noble Order of the Garter, Knight Grand Cross of the Royal Victorian Order, Grand Prior of the Most Venerable Order of the Hospital of Saint John of Jerusalem.

Honours

See also: List of honours of the British Royal Family by country

Commonwealth

Foreign

Honorary military appointments

Flag of Australia (converted).svg Australia
Flag of New Zealand.svg New Zealand
Flag of the United Kingdom.svg United Kingdom

Arms

Issue

NameBirthMarriageIssue
Alexander Windsor, Earl of Ulster 24 October 197422 June 2002Claire BoothXan Windsor, Lord Culloden
Lady Cosima Windsor
Lady Davina Windsor 19 November 197731 July 2004
Divorced 2018
Gary LewisSenna Lewis
Tāne Lewis
Lady Rose Gilman1 March 198019 July 2008George GilmanLyla Gilman
Rufus Gilman

Ancestry

See also

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References

  1. 1 2 "No. 36678". The London Gazette . 29 August 1944. p. 4017.
  2. As a titled royal, Richard needs no surname, but, when one is used, it is Windsor.
  3. The Times, 21 October 1944
  4. The Times, 5 August 1942
  5. "Yvonne's Royalty Home Page – Royal Christenings". users.uniserve.com. Retrieved 30 April 2011.
  6. His godparents were his paternal aunt, Queen Elizabeth, Princess Marie Louise (his cousin), the Countess of Athlone (his cousin, for whom her daughter, Lady May Abel Smith stood proxy), the Duke of Buccleuch (his maternal uncle), the Marquess of Cambridge (his cousin), Lady Sybil Phipps (his maternal aunt), and General the Earl Alexander of Tunis (for whom his wife, then Lady Margaret Alexander, stood proxy). Because of the War, newspapers did not identify the precise location of the christening, saying only that it took place at "a private chapel in the country". [3] [4] [5]
  7. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 "HRH The Duke of Gloucester KG GCVO" (PDF). Gov.mt. Retrieved 25 May 2018.
  8. 1 2 3 "HRH Prince Richard The Duke of Gloucester". University of Worcester. 2008. Retrieved 21 April 2016.
  9. "Our Patron". Construction Youth Trust. Retrieved 26 September 2016.
  10. "Royal Patron for ABS". www.architectsjournal.co.uk. Architects Journal. 6 March 2003. Retrieved 24 March 2018.
  11. "Royal Patron visits HFH Hale County". Habitat for Humanity GB. Retrieved 12 July 2016.
  12. "Board of Directors". St. George's Society of New York. Archived from the original on 24 March 2018. Retrieved 12 July 2016.
  13. "Appointments Register". Motor. 9 October 1971. p. 57.
  14. Resignation Press Release Archived 17 May 2005 at the Wayback Machine
  15. "Royal residences: Kensington Palace". Official website of the Royal Family. Archived from the original on 26 July 2013.
  16. Gloucester, Duke and Duchess of, Solomon Islands Historical Encyclopaedia 1893-1978, Retrieved 2019-02-06.
  17. "Solomon Islands to Get a Royal Visit'". Solomon Islands Times. 17 June 2008. Retrieved 6 February 2019.
  18. "HRH Prince Richard The Duke of Gloucester". University of Worcester. Retrieved 25 May 2018.
  19. "Royal support for homeopathy". British Homeopathic Association. Retrieved 25 May 2018.
  20. Walker, Tim (2 March 2013). "Duke of Gloucester's concern for Richard III's 'dignity'". The Telegraph. Retrieved 24 March 2018.
  21. "Charities and Patronages". The Royal Family. Retrieved 24 March 2018.
  22. "The Duke of Gloucester Lecture Series: Flooding and the British Armed Forces". RUSI. 12 November 2014. Retrieved 24 March 2018.
  23. 1 2 "Duke of Gloucester to visit Isle of Man". BBC. 29 June 2011. Retrieved 25 May 2018.
  24. "History of the Institution of Structural Engineers" (PDF). Institution of Structural Engineers. Retrieved 25 May 2018.
  25. "Court Circular: May 16". The Times. 15 May 2009. Retrieved 24 March 2018.
  26. "Patron". British Society of Soil Science. Retrieved 25 May 2018.
  27. "ICOMOS-UK Launches Cultural Heritage Manifesto in 50th Anniversary Year". ICOMOS-UK. Retrieved 25 May 2018.
  28. "ASH Spokespeople". ASH. Retrieved 25 May 2018.
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  30. "BMS Organisation". British Mexican Society. Retrieved 25 May 2018.
  31. "A Royal visit for St Bartholomew's". Barts Health NHS Trust. 3 October 2017. Retrieved 25 May 2018.
  32. Lennon, Chris (9 November 2011). "Royal opening of University of Hertfordshire law court". Welwyn Hatfield Times. WGC. Retrieved 24 March 2018.
  33. "Cousin stands in for Queen at Pope Francis 'crowning'". Evening Standard. 15 March 2013. Retrieved 24 March 2018.
  34. Murrison, Andrew (11 March 2015). "Duke of Gloucester visits Northern Ireland". gov.uk. Retrieved 24 March 2018.
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  38. As a patrilineal grandson of the British monarch, he was styled His Royal Highness Prince Richard of Gloucester from birth.
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Prince Richard, Duke of Gloucester
Born: 26 August 1944
Lines of succession
Preceded by
Arthur Chatto
Line of succession to the British throne
son of Henry, son of George V
Succeeded by
Earl of Ulster
Peerage of the United Kingdom
Preceded by
The Prince Henry
Duke of Gloucester
5th creation
10 June 1974 – present
Incumbent
Heir apparent:
Earl of Ulster
Orders of precedence in the United Kingdom
Preceded by
The Earl of Snowdon
GentlemenSucceeded by
The Duke of Kent