Saif Ali Janjua

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Saif Ali Janjua

HK
Saif Ali Janjua.jpg
Portrait of Naik Saif Ali HK
Born(1922-04-25)25 April 1922
Nakyal, Kotli District, Kashmir and Jammu, British India
Died26 April 1948(1948-04-26) (aged 26)
Mendhar, Poonch, Jammu and Kashmir, India
AllegianceFlag of Pakistan.svg  Pakistan
Service/branchFlag of the Pakistani Army.svg  Pakistan Army
Years of service1941–1948
Rank Naik
Unit5th Azad Kashmir Regiment (Haider Dil) Battalion
Battles/wars Indo-Pakistani War of 1947
Awards Hilal-e-Kashmir

Naik Saif Ali Janjua Pakistan Army Azad Kashmir Regiment (Haider Dil Battalion) was a platoon commander during the Indo-Pakistani War of 1947. He received the Hilal-e-Kashmir from the government of Azad Kashmir, which is equal to Nishan-e-Haider, the highest military award given by Pakistan, and now declared as Nishan-e-Haider . He fought in the Kashmir sector during the 1948 War and was killed during the siege of Budha Khanna.

Naik is the Indian Army and Pakistan Army rank equivalent to corporal. In Tamil, the word naik was used to indicate a lord or governor prior to its use as an equivalent to corporal in British India.

Pakistan Army Ground warfare branch of Pakistans military

The Pakistan Army is the principal land warfare uniformed service branch of the Pakistan Armed Forces. It came into its modern existence from the British Indian Army that ceased to exist following the partition of British India that resulted in the parliamentary act that established the independence of Pakistan from the United Kingdom on 14 August 1947. According to the estimation provided by the International Institute for Strategic Studies (IISS) in 2017, the Pakistan Army has approximately 550,000 active duty personnel, supported by the Army Reserve and the Army National Guard. This effectively makes it the 6th largest army in world in terms of manpower. In Pakistan, the age of military enlistment is 17–23 years of age for voluntary military service; soldiers cannot be deployed for combat until age 18 according to its nation's constitution.

The Azad Kashmir Regiment, also known as AK Regt, is one of the six Infantry Regiments of the Pakistan Army. As per the order of seniority, it is the Fourth regiment, but first to be raised after the Independence of country from the British Colonial rule of India. Regiment takes sheer pride in the fact that it is to date the only Regiment of Pak Army which was raised on the battlefield. This is why the Regiment is informally known by the adage; "Asli Nasli" meaning "The pure breed". Its Regimental Centre is located at Mansar camp in Attock District on the border of Punjab and KPK province. The Regiment has participated in all major and minor operations and wars fought by the army and displayed high standards of valour. Notable commanders of the regiment include including Lieutenant-General Haroon Aslam, ex commander of Pakistan Special Services Group who led the SSG operation in Swat in 2009 and Lieutenant General Hidayat ur Rehman, who commanded successful operations in FATA from 2014 to 2016.

Contents

Early life

He was born to Janjua Rajput family [1] on 25 April 1922 in Khandbaz(Khandhar) Tehsil Fateh pur thakyala (Azad Jammu and Kashmir).

Rajput member of one of the patrilineal clans of western, central, northern India and some parts of Pakistan and Nepal

Rajput is a large multi-component cluster of castes, kin bodies, and local groups, sharing social status and ideology of genealogical descent originating from the Indian subcontinent. The term Rajput covers various patrilineal clans historically associated with warriorhood: several clans claim Rajput status, although not all claims are universally accepted.

Military career

He was enlisted in the Royal Corps of Engineers in British Indian Army on 18 March 1941. After completing his service in the British Indian Army in 1947, he came back to his native town and started establishing Haidri Force with the support of Sardar Fateh Muhammad Karailvi. On 1 January 1948, Haidri Force was raised as “ [2] ” under the command of Lt. Col. Muhammad Sher Khan. Due to his service, he was given the rank of Naik and was made a platoon commander. He set personal examples of bravery and inflicted heavy losses on the enemy at Bhudha Khanna, where his platoon was given the responsibility to defend Budha Khanna. Whilst deployed at Budha Khanna, he faced never-ending frontal and crossfire from opposition machine guns. He defended his post gallantly, which he had established earlier with the help of a few jawans, and repulsed many aggressive ventures by the enemy and imposed colossal losses on them. The enemy used every mean to capture the post with two companies attack and heavy shelling but still managed to hold onto that post with just a handful of men. During the course of action, despite being hit on his chest by artillery fire, he retained his position and frustrated the Indian assault. He was killed on 26 October 1948. On 14 March 1949, the Defence Council of Azad Jammu & Kashmir adorned him with Hilal-e-Kashmir (posthumous) and on 30 November 1995 Government of Pakistan initiated the gazette notification to declare his Hilal-e-Kashmir equivalent to Nishan-e-Haider and it was declared as Nishan-e-Haider.

British Indian Army 1858–1947 land warfare branch of British Indias military, distinct from the British Army in India

The Indian Army (IA), often known since 1947 as the British Indian Army to distinguish it from the current Indian Army, was the principal military of the British Indian Empire before its decommissioning in 1947. It was responsible for the defence of both the British Indian Empire and the princely states, which could also have their own armies. The Indian Army was an important part of the British Empire's forces, both in India and abroad, particularly during the First World War and the Second World War.

Hilal-e-Kashmir

Hilal-e-Kashmir is the highest military gallantry award of Azad Jammu & Kashmir.

Government of Pakistan National government

The Government of Pakistan is a federal government established by the Constitution of Pakistan as a constituted governing authority of the four provinces of a proclaimed and established by the parliamentary democratic republic, constitutionally called the Islamic Republic of Pakistan.

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References

  1. "Naik Saif Ali Janjua Shaheed (Hilal-e-Kashmir)". Explore Pakistan. Retrieved 2014-07-26.
  2. Sher-e-Riasti Battalion