The Diocese of Satrianum (Latin) or Satriano (Italian) is now a Roman Catholic titular see, that is, an episcopal see that is no longer a geographical diocese.It takes its name from a now destroyed town situated in Lucania and was a suffragan of the metropolitan see of Salerno. The adjectival form of the Latin name of the diocese is Satrianensis. The current titular archbishop is Patrick Coveney.
The word diocese is derived from the Greek term dioikesis (διοίκησις) meaning "administration". Today, when used in an ecclesiastical sense, it refers to the ecclesiastical district under the jurisdiction of a bishop.
Latin is a classical language belonging to the Italic branch of the Indo-European languages. The Latin alphabet is derived from the Etruscan and Greek alphabets, and ultimately from the Phoenician alphabet.
Italian is a Romance language. Italian, together with Sardinian, is by most measures the closest language to Vulgar Latin of the Romance languages. Italian is an official language in Italy, Switzerland, San Marino and Vatican City. It has an official minority status in western Istria. It formerly had official status in Albania, Malta, Monaco, Montenegro (Kotor) and Greece, and is generally understood in Corsica and Savoie. It also used to be an official language in the former Italian East Africa and Italian North Africa, where it plays a significant role in various sectors. Italian is also spoken by large expatriate communities in the Americas and Australia. In spite of not existing any Italian community in their respective national territories and of not being spoken at any level, Italian is included de jure, but not de facto, between the recognized minority languages of Bosnia-Herzegovina and Romania. Many speakers of Italian are native bilinguals of both standardized Italian and other regional languages.
The diocese was set up by Pope Urban II on 20 July 1098, and continued to exist even after the destruction of the town in 1430. On 19 July 1525 the diocese of Campagna was set up and was united with that of Satriano. In 1818 the diocese was suppressed and its territory was united with that of Conza.
Pope Urban II, born Odo of Châtillon or Otho de Lagery, was Pope from 12 March 1088 to his death in 1099.
Records remain of the following Bishops of Satriano:
After the death of Marco De Leone, the see remained vacant until suppressed in 1818.
Ramon Iglesias i Navarri was the Bishop of Urgell and Episcopal Co-Prince of Andorra from 4 April 1943, until 29 April 1969. During World War II, he helped to keep Andorra neutral and strongly promoted a Spanish influence in the principality. It is during his time that tourism was developed. Navarri was ordained priest on 14 July 1912, at the age of 23.
Paul Augustin Mayer, OSB was a German Cardinal of the Roman Catholic Church. He held various positions in the Roman Curia from 1971 to 1991.
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Satriano (called Satrianum in Latin) was originally a Lucanian town. Excavations have brought to light traces of a small rectangular temple with a banqueting hall, an area for religious ceremonies and a portico.
Lucania was an ancient area of Southern Italy. It was the land of the Lucani, an Oscan people. It extended from the Tyrrhenian Sea to the Gulf of Taranto. It bordered with Samnium and Campania in the north, Apulia in the east, and Bruttium in the south-west, at the tip of the peninsula which is now called Calabria. It thus comprised almost all the modern region of Basilicata, the southern part of the Province of Salerno and a northern portion of the Province of Cosenza. The precise limits were the river Silarus in the north-west, which separated it from Campania, and the Bradanus, which flows into the Gulf of Taranto, in the east. The lower tract of the river Laus, which flows from a ridge of the Apennine Mountains to the Tyrrhenian Sea in an east-west direction, marked part of the border with Bruttium.
The town was situated at 950 metres above sea level on the top of a hill overlooking the modern town that since 1887 is called Satriano di Lucania (not to be confused with another town called Satriano in Calabria), and which, before taking the name of the destroyed city, was called Pietrafesa and, earlier, Petrafixa.
Satriano di Lucania is a town and comune in the province of Potenza, in the Southern Italian region of Basilicata. It was formerly known as Pietrafesa for the painter Pietrafesa. The village is very famous for its murals; several times it has been nominated as the "italian murals' capital".
Satriano is a town and comune in the province of Catanzaro in the Calabria region of southern Italy.
Calabria, known in antiquity as Bruttium, is a region in Southern Italy.
Documents from the ninth century AD onward mention Satriano, which was definitively destroyed in 1430 by order of Queen Joan II of Naples. It is recounted that the queen ordered that it be burned to the ground because of the abduction there of a lady in waiting of the court who was passing through. The inhabitants moved to Pietrafesa.
All that remains are some ruins, including those of the cathedral, which was dedicated to Saint Stephen, and a better preserved 12th-century tower.
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The Italian Catholic Diocese of Vallo della Lucania, in Campania, has existed under this name since 1945. It is a suffragan of the Archdiocese of Salerno-Campagna-Acerno.
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