The Schwetzingen Festival (German: Schwetzinger Festspiele, now Schwetzinger SWR Festspiele) is an early summer festival of opera and other classical music presented each year from May to early June in Schwetzingen, Germany.
Opera is a form of theatre in which music has a leading role and the parts are taken by singers, but is distinct from musical theater. Such a "work" is typically a collaboration between a composer and a librettist and incorporates a number of the performing arts, such as acting, scenery, costume, and sometimes dance or ballet. The performance is typically given in an opera house, accompanied by an orchestra or smaller musical ensemble, which since the early 19th century has been led by a conductor.
Schwetzingen is a German town situated in the northwest of Baden-Württemberg, around 10 km (6.2 mi) southwest of Heidelberg and 15 km (9.3 mi) southeast of Mannheim. Schwetzingen is one of the five biggest cities of the Rhein-Neckar-Kreis district and a medium-sized centre near the higher ranked city of Mannheim.
In 1952 the broadcaster Süddeutscher Rundfunk founded the festival in the Schwetzingen area. It is located in a beautiful 250-year-old palace and park, Schwetzingen Castle, near the famous city of Heidelberg. The main venue is the historic Schlosstheater Schwetzingen. Nowadays, the successor organization is the Südwestrundfunk (SWR) and it organises a large number of international concerts and music theatre events every year.
Schlosstheater Schwetzingen is a court theater in Schwetzingen, Baden-Württemberg, Germany. The historic building, opened in 1753, is part of Schloss Schwetzingen and since 1952 the principal venue of the Schwetzingen Festival. It is also called Hoftheater, Hofoper, and Comoedienhaus. The frequently applied name Rokokotheater is misleading, because it shows also neoclassical elements, added in 1762.
Südwestrundfunk is a regional public broadcasting corporation serving the southwest of Germany, specifically the federal states of Baden-Württemberg and Rhineland-Palatinate. The corporation has main offices in three cities: Stuttgart, Baden-Baden and Mainz, with the director's office being in Stuttgart. It is a part of the ARD consortium. It broadcasts on two television channels and six radio channels, with its main television and radio office in Baden-Baden and regional offices in Stuttgart and Mainz. It is the second largest broadcasting organization in Germany. SWR, with a coverage of 55,600 km2, and an audience reach estimated to be 14.7 million. SWR employs 3,700 people in its various offices and facilities.
One of the festival's characteristics is the world premiere of a new opera, as well as at least one rediscovered opera from former centuries, performed on period instruments.
|Year||World premieres||Early rarities|
|2000||Kurz K Karl-Wieland Kurz: gute miene böses spiel||Legrenzi Giovanni Legrenzi: La divisione del mondo|
|2001||Hidalgo Manuel Hidalgo: Bacon 1561–1992||Haydn Joseph Haydn: L'anima del filosofo|
|2002||Sciarrino Salvatore Sciarrino: Macbeth||Benda Georg Benda: Il buon marito|
|2003||Zeller F Frederik Zeller: Irma Vep||Holzbauer Ignaz Holzbauer: Il figlio delle selve|
|2004||Holszky Adriana Hölszky: Der gute Gott von Manhattan||Paisiello Giovanni Paisiello: Il re Teodoro in Venezia|
|2005||Zeller F Frederik Zeller: Zaubern||Scarlatti Alessandro Scarlatti: Telemaco|
|2006||Sciarrino Salvatore Sciarrino: Kälte (Da gelo a gelo)||Kraus Joseph Martin Kraus: Proserpina in German|
|2007||Lang B Bernhard Lang: Der Alte vom Berge||Legrenzi Giovanni Legrenzi: Il Giustino|
|2008||Holszky Adriana Hölszky: Hybris/Niobe||Steffani Agostino Steffani: Niobe, regina di Tebe|
|2009||Rihm Wolfgang Rihm: Proserpina||Handel George Frideric Handel: Ezio|
|2010||Jarrell Michael Jarrell: Le Père||Gretry André Grétry: Andromaque|
|2011||Haas G Georg Friedrich Haas: Bluthaus||Gluck Christoph Willibald Gluck: Telemaco|
|2012||Poppe Enno Poppe: IQ. Testbatterie||Schweitzer Anton Schweitzer: Rosamunde|
|2013||Georg Friedrich Haas: Thomas||Tommaso Traetta: Ifigenia in Tauride|
|2014||Bernhard Lang: Reigen||Johann Adolph Hasse: Leucippo 1747|
|2015||Hèctor Parra: Wilde||Leonardo Vinci: Didone abbandonata , (pasticcio by Handel)|
|2016||Georg Friedrich Haas: Koma||Francesco Cavalli: Veremonda, l’amazzone di aragona 1652|
|2017||Annette Schlünz: Tre Volti - Drei Blicke auf Liebe und Krieg||Nicola Porpora: Mitridate|
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