Strickland (surname)

Last updated

Strickland is an English toponymic surname derived from the manor of Strickland in historical county of Westmorland, now Cumbria, England, represented geographically by the modern villages of Great Strickland and Little Strickland. The surname dates as far back as the 12th century in Westmorland, and is also found at an early date in the Scottish counties of Ayrshire and Lanarkshire.[ citation needed ]



The surname Strickland (early forms including Stirkeland) is derived from the place-name Stercaland, given to a manor in the former county of Westmorland near Penrith, Cumbria. [1] The place-name is Old English, from stirc, styr(i}c or steorc bullock, and land, a piece of land or pasture. [2]


Sizergh Castle, built c. 1350, is the Strickland family seat Sizergh Castle.jpg
Sizergh Castle, built c. 1350, is the Strickland family seat
Coat of Arms of Strickland of Gilsland: Sable, three escallops argent Strickland of Westmorland arms.svg
Coat of Arms of Strickland of Gilsland: Sable, three escallops argent

The earliest known Strickland was a late-12th century landholder named Walter of Castlecarrock, who married Christian of Letheringham, an heiress to the landed estate that covered the area where the villages of Great Strickland and Little Strickland are now. After this marriage Walter became known as Walter de Strickland, spelt in various ways. [3]

When Sir William de Stirkeland (1242–1305) married Elizabeth Deincourt (or d'Eyncourt), [4] Sizergh Castle became the seat of this Strickland gentry family. A descendant, Thomas Strykeland is said to have carried the banner of St. George at the Battle of Agincourt in 1415. [4] They also had a family chapel in the Kendal Parish Church (Holy Trinity), [5] and both Kendal and Penrith have main roads called Stricklandgate (The 'gate' element is from Old Norse gata , street). Other local landmarks include Strickland Wood, Warton near Carnforth.

They also gave their name to one of their properties, a settlement that first appeared on the west side of present-day Kendal with a Motte and Bailey fortification on it that became known as Kirkbie Strickland (Kirkbie is from Old Norse Kirkju, church, and by, village. [6] ).

A Strickland gentry family seated at Gilsland was granted a coat of arms blazoned: Sable, three escallops argent , meaning "three white scallops on a black field".[ citation needed ]

List of persons with the surname Strickland

See also

Related Research Articles

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Cumbria</span> Ceremonial county of England

Cumbria is a ceremonial and non-metropolitan county in North West England, bordering Scotland. The county and Cumbria County Council, its local government, came into existence in 1974 after the passage of the Local Government Act 1972. Cumbria's county town is Carlisle, in the north of the county. The only other major urban area is Barrow-in-Furness on the south-western tip of the county.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Sizergh Castle and Garden</span> Stately home in Cumbria, England

Sizergh Castle and Garden is a stately home and garden at Helsington in the English county of Cumbria, about 4 miles (6 km) south of Kendal. Located in historic Westmorland, the castle is a grade I listed building. While remaining the home of the Hornyold-Strickland family, the castle with its garden and estate is in the care of the National Trust.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Westmorland</span> Historic county of England

Westmorland is a historic county in North West England. It formed an administrative county between 1889 and 1974, after which the whole county was administered by the new administrative and ceremonial county of Cumbria. The people of Westmorland are known as Westmerians. In April 2023, it is planned that local government in Cumbria will be reorganised into two unitary authorities, one of which is to be named Westmorland and Furness and would cover all of the historic county along with parts of historic Yorkshire, Lancashire and Cumberland.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Kendal</span> Cumbrian town in England

Kendal, once Kirkby in Kendal or Kirkby Kendal, is a market town and civil parish in the South Lakeland district of Cumbria, England, 8 miles (13 km) south-east of Windermere and 19 miles (31 km) north of Lancaster. Historically in Westmorland, it lies within the dale of the River Kent, from which its name is derived. At the 2011 Census, the town had a population of 28,586, making it the third largest town in Cumbria after Carlisle and Barrow-in-Furness. It is renowned today mainly as a centre for shopping, for its festivals and historic sights, including Kendal Castle, and as the home of Kendal Mint Cake. The town's grey limestone buildings have earned it the sobriquet "Auld Grey Town".

Gordon is a surname with numerous origins. The masculine given name Gordon is derived from the surname.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Penrith, Cumbria</span> Market town in Cumbria, England

Penrith is a market town and civil parish in the county of Cumbria, England, about 17 miles (27 km) south of Carlisle. It is less than 3 miles (5 km) outside the Lake District National Park, in between the Rivers Petteril and Eamont and just north of the River Lowther. It had a population of 15,181 at the 2011 Census.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Barony of Kendal</span> Subdivision of the English historic county of Westmorland

The Barony of Kendal is a subdivision of the English historic county of Westmorland. It is one of two ancient baronies that make up the county, the other being the Barony of Westmorland. In 1974, the entire county became part of the modern county of Cumbria and ceased to have an administrative function. At the same time, Kendal borough along with some other rural and urban districts in Westmorland was merged with the neighbouring parts of Lancashire, Furness and Cartmel, and also the Sedbergh Rural District of the West Riding of Yorkshire into the new South Lakeland district of the new county.

Kirkbie Kendal School is an academy school and known as a Business and Enterprise College in Kendal, Cumbria, Northern England, and serves the area around the town and rural countryside. Kirkbie Kendal School operates as a Foundation school, and has been regularly oversubscribed, accepting students based on a designated hierarchy. The school has 1048 pupils on roll, ages 11–18.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Natland</span> Human settlement in England

Natland is a village and civil parish about two miles (3 km) south of Kendal in the South Lakeland district of Cumbria, England, close to the village of Oxenholme. In the 2001 census the parish had a population of 747, increasing at the 2011 census to 796.

Braithwaite, Brathwaite, or Brathwait is an English surname of Old Norse origin. At the time of the British Census of 1881, the relative frequency of the surname Braithwaite was highest in Westmorland, followed by Cumberland, Yorkshire, Linlithgowshire, Lancashire, County Durham, Nottinghamshire, Leicestershire, Anglesey and Flintshire. Notable people with the surname include:

Westmorland in North West England was abolished in 1974 following Ted Heath's Local Government Act 1972. Westmorland became a part of Cumbria along with Cumberland, parts of Yorkshire and Lancashire, including the Furness peninsular. In 2022 Westmorland was reconstituted as Westmorland and Furness following the abolition of Cumbria County Council. Westmorland and Furness have no High Sheriff as Cumbria has remained the ceremonial county.

Stapleton is an English surname dating back to the times of Anglo-Saxon tribes of Britain. It is a habitation name; examples of habitations are found in Cumbria, Gloucestershire, Herefordshire, Leicestershire, Shropshire, Somerset, and Yorkshire, and is from the Old English word stapol meaning post and ton meaning settlement.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Thomas de Strickland</span>

Sir Thomas de Strickland was an English soldier. He is best known for carrying the banner of St. George at the battle of Agincourt.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Thomas Strickland (Cavalier)</span>

Sir Thomas Strickland was an English politician and soldier. He supported the Royalist cause in the English Civil War, being knighted for his gallantry at the Battle of Edgehill.

Sir Robert Strickland of Sizergh was an English landowner and politician who sat in the House of Commons in the Parliament of 1624. He supported King Charles I during the Wars of the Three Kingdoms.

Osborne, along with Osbourne, Osbern, Osborn and Ausburn is an English name cognate with and possibly influenced by the Old Norse Ásbjørn. The English Os and the Norse Ás mean God, while bjørn means bear in Norse. Italian forms of the surname are Sberna and Sberno.

Bond is a surname of English origin. which comes from the Anglo-Saxon name Bonde or Bonda, which was brought from the Old Norse Bóndi meaning 'farmer'. Notable people with the surname include:

Acton is an English surname. Notable people with the surname include:

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Kentrigg</span> Human settlement in England

Kentrigg is a northern suburb of Kendal, Cumbria, England. By road, Kentrigg is located 1.2 miles (1.9 km) north of the centre of Kendal and 1.4 miles (2.3 km) southeast of Burneside. It contains the Carus Green Golf Club, which separates it from Burneside just to the northwest. Across the River Kent to the east is the Shap Road Industrial Estate, north of the district of Mintsfeet and the Mintsfeet Industrial Estate which marks the southeastern side of Kentrigg.

Musgrave is a surname originating in the former county of Westmorland, now part of Cumbria in Northern England, where there are two villages called Great Musgrave and Little Musgrave. Notable people with the surname include:


  1. Reaney, P. H. (1997). A Dictionary of English Surnames. Oxford. p.  431. ISBN   978-0198600923.
  2. Mills, A. D. (1993). A Dictionary of English Place-Names. Oxford. p. 314. ISBN   0192831313.
  3. "Surname Database: Strickland Last Name Origin". The Internet Surname Database.
  4. 1 2 "Meet Henry Hornyold-Strickland, Sizergh". National Trust. Archived from the original on 2014-02-05.
  5. "History of 12th century English church". Archived from the original on 2008-05-13. Retrieved 2008-09-18.
  6. Mills, A. D. (1993). A Dictionary of English Place-Names. Oxford. p. 199. ISBN   0192831313.