Thomas Wharton Phillips

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Thomas Wharton Phillips
ThomasWhartonPhillips.jpg
Member of the U.S.HouseofRepresentatives
from Pennsylvania's 25th district
In office
1893–1897
Preceded by Eugene P. Gillespie
Succeeded by Joseph B. Showalter
Personal details
Born(1835-02-23)February 23, 1835
Mount Jackson, Pennsylvania, U.S.
DiedJuly 12, 1912(1912-07-12) (aged 77)
New Castle, Pennsylvania, U.S.
Spouse(s)
Clarinda Hardman
(m. 1862;her death 1866)

Pamphila Hardman
(m. 1871;his death 1912)
Children Thomas Wharton Phillips Jr.

Thomas Wharton Phillips (February 23, 1835 – July 21, 1912) was a Republican member of the U.S. House of Representatives from Pennsylvania.

Republican Party (United States) Major political party in the United States

The Republican Party, also referred to as the GOP, is one of the two major political parties in the United States; the other is its historic rival, the Democratic Party.

Pennsylvania State of the United States of America

Pennsylvania, officially the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania, is a state located in the northeastern, Great Lakes and Mid-Atlantic regions of the United States. The Appalachian Mountains run through its middle. The Commonwealth is bordered by Delaware to the southeast, Maryland to the south, West Virginia to the southwest, Ohio to the west, Lake Erie and the Canadian province of Ontario to the northwest, New York to the north, and New Jersey to the east.

Contents

Early life

Phillips was born near Mount Jackson, Pennsylvania, in that section of Beaver County, Pennsylvania, now included in Lawrence County, Pennsylvania. He was the son of Ephram Phillips (1795–1835) and Ann Phillips (1796–1866). [1]

Mount Jackson, Pennsylvania human settlement in Pennsylvania, United States of America

Mount Jackson is a small village in Lawrence County, Pennsylvania. The population is about 1000. The North Beaver Fire Department, municipal buildings, Mount Jackson Presbyterian Church, and a recycling center are located there.

Beaver County, Pennsylvania County in the United States

Beaver County is a county in the U.S. state of Pennsylvania. As of the 2010 census, the population was 170,539. Its county seat is Beaver. The county was created on March 12, 1800, from parts of Allegheny and Washington Counties. It took its name from the Beaver River.

Lawrence County, Pennsylvania County in the United States

Lawrence County is a county located in the U.S. state of Pennsylvania, United States. As of the 2010 census, the population was 91,108. The county seat is New Castle.

He attended the common schools and was also privately instructed. [2]

Career

He engaged in the production of oil, and served as president of the Producers’ Protective Association from 1887 to 1890. He was president of the Citizens’ National Bank of New Castle, Pennsylvania, and a member of the board of trustees of Bethany College, West Virginia, and of Hiram College, Ohio. [2]

An oil is any nonpolar chemical substance that is a viscous liquid at ambient temperatures and is both hydrophobic and lipophilic. Oils have a high carbon and hydrogen content and are usually flammable and surface active.

New Castle, Pennsylvania City in Pennsylvania, United States

New Castle is a city in and the county seat of Lawrence County, Pennsylvania, United States, 50 miles (80 km) northwest of Pittsburgh and near the Pennsylvania–Ohio border just 18 miles (29 km) east of Youngstown, Ohio. The population was 23,128 as of the 2010 census. It is the commercial center of a fertile agricultural region.

Bethany College (West Virginia) private liberal arts college located in Bethany, West Virginia

Bethany College is a private, liberal arts college in Bethany, West Virginia, United States. Founded in 1840 by Alexander Campbell of the Restoration Movement, who gained support by the Virginia legislature, Bethany College was the first institution of higher education in what is now West Virginia.

Phillips was elected as a Republican to the Fifty-third and Fifty-fourth Congresses. He was the Chairman of the United States House Committee on Labor during the Fifty-fourth Congress. He did not seek renomination in 1896. He resumed his former pursuits, and was appointed a member of the United States Industrial Commission by President William McKinley and served until its dissolution. He was a delegate to the Republican National Convention in 1908. [2]

53rd United States Congress

The Fifty-third United States Congress was a meeting of the legislative branch of the United States federal government, consisting of the United States Senate and the United States House of Representatives. It met in Washington, D.C. from March 4, 1893, to March 4, 1895, during the first two years of Grover Cleveland's second presidency. The apportionment of seats in the House of Representatives was based on the Eleventh Census of the United States in 1890. Both chambers had a Democratic majority.

54th United States Congress

The Fifty-fourth United States Congress was a meeting of the legislative branch of the United States federal government, consisting of the United States Senate and the United States House of Representatives. It met in Washington, D.C. from March 4, 1895, to March 4, 1897, during the last two years of Grover Cleveland's presidency. The apportionment of seats in the House of Representatives was based on the Eleventh Census of the United States in 1890. The House had a Republican majority, and the Republicans were the largest party in the Senate.

William McKinley 25th president of the United States

William McKinley Jr. was the 25th president of the United States, serving from March 4, 1897, until his assassination six months into his second term. During his presidency, McKinley led the nation to victory in the Spanish–American War, raised protective tariffs to promote American industry and kept the nation on the gold standard in a rejection of free silver.

In 1906, Phillips was approached by his friend, Dr. Ely Zollars, for held in establishing a bible college in what was then the Oklahoma Territory. Mr. Phillips agreed to pay Dr. Zollars salary for one year while his friend sought to secure a location for the school. Phillips became a long time benefactor of the school which was initially called Oklahoma Christian University. [3]

Oklahoma Territory territory of the USA between 1890-1907

The Territory of Oklahoma was an organized incorporated territory of the United States that existed from May 2, 1890, until November 16, 1907, when it was joined with the Indian Territory under a new constitution and admitted to the Union as the State of Oklahoma.

Personal life

Phillips was twice married. His first marriage was in 1862 to Clarinda Hardman (1837–1866), the daughter of David Hardman and Nancy Rebecca (née Arter) Hardman. Together, they were the parents of: [1]

After the death of his first wife, he remarried in 1871 to his late wife's younger sister, Pamphila Hardman (1844–1933). Together, they were the parents of: [1]

Phillips died in New Castle on July 21, 1912. [9] He was buried in Oak Park Cemetery, New Castle, Pennsylvania. [2]

Legacy

Upon Phillips' death the trustees voted to change the name of the school to Phillips University in his honor. [10] The university closed in 1998, but Phillips Theological Seminary which separated from the university in 1987, continues to exist as of 2016. [11]

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References

  1. 1 2 3 4 Phillips, Alexander Van Cleve (1942). The Lott family in America, including the allied families: Cassell, Davis, Graybeal, Haring, Hegeman, Hogg, Kerley, Phillips, Thompson, Walter and others. Edwards Brothers. Retrieved 14 May 2019.
  2. 1 2 3 4 "PHILLIPS, Thomas Wharton - Biographical Information". bioguide.congress.gov. Biographical Directory of the United States Congress . Retrieved 11 May 2019.
  3. University, Oklahoma Christian; Okla.), Phillips University (Enid (1909). Catalogue and Announcements. Oklahoma Christian University. Retrieved 14 May 2019.
  4. General Catalogue of Officers and Students, 1837-1901. University of Michigan. 1902. p. 290. Retrieved 14 May 2019.
  5. "SUDDEN DEATH OF VICTOR K. PHILLIPS -- He Was Believed to Be Recovering From Grip, When a Relapse Occurred". New Castle Weekly Herald. 20 Mar 1901. Retrieved 14 May 2019.
  6. "Oil Leader, Ex-Lawmaker -- Funeral Tomorrow for T. W. Phillips". The Pittsburgh Press . 3 Jan 1956. Retrieved 11 May 2019.
  7. "PHILLIPS, Thomas Wharton, Jr. - Biographical Information". bioguide.congress.gov. Biographical Directory of the United States Congress.
  8. "Phillips kin dies in Butler". New Castle News . 24 Oct 1968. Retrieved 14 May 2019.
  9. "PROMINENT OIL AND GAS MAN DEAD -- Hon. Thomas W. Phillips of New Castle Passed Away at His Late Residence Sunday". Butler Citizen. 22 Jul 1912. Retrieved 14 May 2019.
  10. "DR. ELY VAUGHN ZOLLARS, PRESIDENT 1907-1916". Phillips University Legacy Foundation.
  11. "About Phillips". Phillips Theological Seminary.

Sources

U.S. House of Representatives
Preceded by
Eugene P. Gillespie
Member of the  U.S. House of Representatives
from Pennsylvania's 25th congressional district

18931897
Succeeded by
Joseph B. Showalter