Thomond deeds

Last updated
Thomond deeds
Trinity College Library
Also known asAncient Irish Deeds and Writings, Chiefly Relating to Landed Property, from the Twelfth to the Seventeenth Century, with Translations, Notes, and a Preliminary Essay
Date12th century — 1619
Place of originIreland
Language(s) Middle Irish, Early Modern Irish
Location of the Kingdom of Thomond Kingdom of Thomond.png
Location of the Kingdom of Thomond

The Thomond deeds are Irish deeds relating to lands and property in Thomond, County Clare, preserved in the Library of Trinity College, Dublin. The collection, written in Irish [1] and mainly consisting of "deeds and instruments related to property", [2] has undated documents from the 12th through the 14th centuries; for the most part, however, the documents are dated, between 1419 and 1619. [1] It provides an important background for later legal writing in Ireland. [3]


Hardiman, 1826, says of these deeds

The abolition of the ancient tenures of Ireland, ... during the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries, rendered deeds and writings in the Irish language, ... in a great degree useless. Other combining circumstances, but chiefly the policy and care of successive English grantees to destroy all evidence of previous rights and possession of the natives, caused those domestic documents to become so scarce, that the few which escaped the general wreck are, at the present day, esteemed valuable rarities, ... [4]


  1. 1 2 Hardiman 1826, p. 6.
  2. Hardiman 1826, p. 4.
  3. Russell & 18661869, p. 494.
  4. Hardiman 1826, p. 2.

Reference bibliography

  • Hardiman, James; Thomond, Conor; Grace, Edmund; O'Daly, Donogh; O'Davoren, Hugh; O'Finne, Hugh; O'Davoren, Nehemias; Mac Gernasdir, Donald (1826). Hardiman, James (ed.). "Ancient Irish Deeds and writings, chiefly relating to landed property, from the twelfth to the seventeenth century; with translations, notes and a preliminary essay". Transactions of the Royal Irish Academy. XV: 1–95. JSTOR   30078910.
  • Russell, C. W. (1866–1869). "On the "Duties upon Irishmen" in the Kildare Rental Book, as Illustrated by the Mac Rannall Agreement". Proceedings of the Royal Irish Academy . 10: 490–96. JSTOR   20489010.

Further reading

Related Research Articles

James Hardiman (1782–1855), also known as Séamus Ó hArgadáin, was a librarian at Queen's College, Galway.

The Conmhaícne Mara or Conmaicne Mara, were an early people of Ireland. Their tuath was located in the extreme west of County Galway, Republic of Ireland, giving their name to Connemara, an anglicised form of Conmhaicne Mara.

Leonard Grey, Lord Deputy of Ireland, known as Lord Leonard Grey prior to 1536, served as Lord Deputy of Ireland from 1536 to 1540.

Fiach Mac Aodha Ó Broin was Lord of Ranelagh and sometime leader of the Clann Uí Bhroin, or the O'Byrne clan, during the Elizabethan conquest of Ireland.

John ODonovan (scholar) Irish language scholar

John O'Donovan, from Atateemore, in the parish of Kilcolumb, County Kilkenny, and educated at Hunt's Academy, Waterford, was an Irish language scholar from Ireland.


The O'Davoren family were a scholarly clan of Corcomroe, Thomond, Ireland active since medieval times.

Carrigogunnell Medieval Irish fortification, County Limerick, Ireland

Carrigogunnell Castle is a medieval Irish fortification near the village of Clarina, on the banks of the River Shannon in County Limerick.

Connor O'Brien, King of Thomond was the second to last King of Thomond.

Muintir Eolais

The Muintir Eolais of Conmaicne Réin, were nobles of Gaelic Ireland. For seven hundred years from the 8th century, they lived and ruled an area roughly conterminous to present-day south County Leitrim. Their territory comprised the lands named Maigh Nissi and Maigh Rein, today the baronies of Leitrim and Mohill respectively.

Ballyhannon Castle

Ballyhannon Castle is a medieval Irish castle dating back to the 15th century, located near the village of Quin in County Clare, on the west coast of Ireland. It is fully intact and in the Irish Governmental records it is registered as a National Monument and "Listed/Protected" structure, intended to protect its historic, architectural and aesthetic significance.

Thomas FitzMaurice FitzGerald

Thomas FitzMaurice, Lord OConnello, of Shanid, was the eldest son of Maurice FitzGerald, Lord of Lanstephan by his wife, Alice. Thomas was the progenitor of the Geraldine House of Desmond, and brother of Gerald FitzMaurice, 1st Lord of Offaly, progenitor of the Geraldine House's of Kildare and Leinster.

Carrigallen (barony) Barony in Connacht, Republic of Ireland

Carrigallen is a barony in County Leitrim, Republic of Ireland.

Maigh Rein Barony in Connacht, Republic of Ireland

The barony of Mohill is an ancient barony in County Leitrim, Republic of Ireland.

Maigh Nissi Barony in Connacht, Republic of Ireland

The baronly of Leitrim is a barony in County Leitrim, Republic of Ireland.

St. Johns Lough

St. John's Lough, also known as St. John's Lake, is an irregularly shaped freshwater lake located in south County Leitrim, in northwest of Ireland. The lake forms part of the wider Shannon–Erne Waterway tourist attraction. The ecology of John's Lough, and the Shannon-system, is threatened by pollution and invasive species such as curly waterweed, zebra mussel, and freshwater clam.

Archdeacon of Kells

The Archdeacon of Kells, alias the Archdeacon of Nobber, was a medieval ecclesiastical post in the Diocese of Meath in the Kingdom of Meath, Ireland. The Archdeaconry was officially established sometime between the 11th and 13th centuries, and was annexed to the Rectory of Nobber. In the 16th Century, the office was briefly united to the Bishopric of Meath, but afterwards separated again. As a consequence of the Reformation, the Archbishop of Armagh held the "Archdeacony of Kells, in commendam 1569 to 1584". Sometime before 1622, the Archdeacon of Kells and Rectory of Nobber were permanently united to the bishopric of Meath.

Eolaismac Biobhsach was a chieftain of 10th century Gaelic Ireland. He is noted as the first "full chieftain of the Conmaicne" of present-day south county Leitrim, and parts of west County Longford. His descendants are known as "the Muintir Eolais".

Monastery of Mohill-Manchan

The monastery of Mohill-Manchan was anciently located at Mohill, in county Leitrim. The earliest church was founded by Manchán of Mohill in the 6th century. Little is known about the former monastic community here. About the year 1216, the monastery became a religious house of the Canons Regular of Saint Augustine dedicated to the Saint Mary until suppression c. 1550 – c. 1590. The Priory of Mohill was briefly revived during Confederate Ireland rule but suppressed again by Cromwellian forces c. 1649–1653. From the ruins St. Mary's Church, Mohill, of Protestant denomination, was established in the 18th century.

The Conmhaícne Luacháin or Cenel Luchain, were an early people of Ireland, whose tuath comprised the parishes of Oughteragh and Drumreilly, barony of Carrigallen, in southern County Leitrim.

The Conmhaícne Cúile or Conmaicne Cuile Tolad were an early people of Ireland. Their tuath comprised, at minimum, most of the barony of Kilmaine, in County Mayo.