Thomond deeds

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Thomond deeds
Trinity College Library
Also known asAncient Irish Deeds and Writings, Chiefly Relating to Landed Property, from the Twelfth to the Seventeenth Century, with Translations, Notes, and a Preliminary Essay
Date12th century — 1619
Place of originIreland
Language(s) Middle Irish, Early Modern Irish
Location of the Kingdom of Thomond Kingdom of Thomond.png
Location of the Kingdom of Thomond

The Thomond deeds are Irish deeds relating to lands and property in Thomond, County Clare, preserved in the Library of Trinity College, Dublin. The collection, written in Irish [1] and mainly consisting of "deeds and instruments related to property", [2] has undated documents from the 12th through the 14th centuries; for the most part, however, the documents are dated, between 1419 and 1619. [1] It provides an important background for later legal writing in Ireland. [3]

A deed is any legal instrument in writing which passes, affirms or confirms an interest, right, or property and that is signed, attested, delivered, and in some jurisdictions, sealed. It is commonly associated with transferring (conveyancing) title to property. The deed has a greater presumption of validity and is less rebuttable than an instrument signed by the party to the deed. A deed can be unilateral or bilateral. Deeds include conveyances, commissions, licenses, patents, diplomas, and conditionally powers of attorney if executed as deeds. The deed is the modern descendant of the medieval charter, and delivery is thought to symbolically replace the ancient ceremony of livery of seisin.

Thomond kingdom in south Ireland

Thomond was a kingdom of Gaelic Ireland, associated geographically with present-day County Clare and County Limerick, as well as parts of County Tipperary around Nenagh and its hinterland. The kingdom represented the core homeland of the Dál gCais people, although there were other Gaels in the area such as the Éile and Eóganachta, and even the Norse of Limerick. It existed from the collapse of the Kingdom of Munster in the 12th century as competition between the Ó Briain and the Mac Cárthaigh led to the schism between Thomond and Desmond. It continued to exist outside of the Anglo-Norman controlled Lordship of Ireland until the 16th century.

County Clare County in the Republic of Ireland

County Clare is a county in Ireland, in the Mid-West Region and the province of Munster, bordered on the West by the Atlantic Ocean. There is debate whether it should be historically considered a part of Connacht. Clare County Council is the local authority. The county had a population of 118,817 at the 2016 census. The county town and largest settlement is Ennis.


Hardiman, 1826, says of these deeds

The abolition of the ancient tenures of Ireland, ... during the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries, rendered deeds and writings in the Irish language, ... in a great degree useless. Other combining circumstances, but chiefly the policy and care of successive English grantees to destroy all evidence of previous rights and possession of the natives, caused those domestic documents to become so scarce, that the few which escaped the general wreck are, at the present day, esteemed valuable rarities, ... [4]


Reference bibliography

  • Hardiman, James; Thomond, Conor; Grace, Edmund; O'Daly, Donogh; O'Davoren, Hugh; O'Finne, Hugh; O'Davoren, Nehemias; Mac Gernasdir, Donald (1826). Hardiman, James, ed. "Ancient Irish Deeds and writings, chiefly relating to landed property, from the twelfth to the seventeenth century; with translations, notes and a preliminary essay". Transactions of the Royal Irish Academy. XV: 1–95. JSTOR   30078910.
  • Russell, C. W. (1866–1869). "On the "Duties upon Irishmen" in the Kildare Rental Book, as Illustrated by the Mac Rannall Agreement". Proceedings of the Royal Irish Academy . 10: 490–96. JSTOR   20489010.
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