Thor's Hammer (Tusenfryd)

Last updated
Thor's Hammer
Thor's Hammer logo.png
Tusenfryd
StatusOperating
Cost $8.5 million
Opening date June 22, 2013 (2013-06-22) [1]
Replaced Vikingtoktet
General statistics
Attraction type Track-based
motion-based 3D dark ride
Manufacturer ETF Ride Systems
Designer P&P Projects
Bjørn Solli Havard
Model Multi Mover with Motion Platform
Theme Thor, Norse mythology
Length 200 m (660 ft)
Site area 1,200 m2 (13,000 sq ft)
Capacity 1080 riders per hour
Vehicles 11 vehicles. Riders are arranged 3 across in 2 rows for a total of 6 riders per vehicle.
Duration 4 minutes
Height restriction 120 cm (3 ft 11 in)
Projectors 10
CGI P&P Projects
Theming P&P Projects
Scenes 11

Thor's Hammer is a motion-based 3D dark ride at the Tusenfryd theme park in Norway. Themed after Norse mythology, the ride combines motion-based ride vehicles by ETF Ride Systems with 3D projections and physical scenery by P&P Projects.

Motion simulator

A motion simulator or motion platform is a mechanism that creates the feelings of being in a real motion environment. In a simulator, the movement is synchronised with a visual display of the outside world (OTW) scene. Motion platforms can provide movement in all of the six degrees of freedom (DOF) that can be experienced by an object that is free to move, such as an aircraft or spacecraft:. These are the three rotational degrees of freedom and three translational or linear degrees of freedom.

A three-dimensional stereoscopic film is a motion picture that enhances the illusion of depth perception, hence adding a third dimension. The most common approach to the production of 3D films is derived from stereoscopic photography. In this approach, a regular motion picture camera system is used to record the images as seen from two perspectives, and special projection hardware or eyewear is used to limit the visibility of each image to the viewer's left or right eye only. 3D films are not limited to theatrical releases; television broadcasts and direct-to-video films have also incorporated similar methods, especially since the advent of 3D television and Blu-ray 3D.

Dark ride indoor amusement ride

A dark ride or ghost train is an indoor amusement ride on which passengers aboard guided vehicles travel through specially lit scenes that typically contain animation, sound, music and special effects. Appearing as early as the 19th century, exhibits such as tunnels of love, scary themes and interactive stories have been the subject of rides under the original definition.

Contents

The ride opened in June 2013 as a replacement for the Vikingtoktet motion simulator attraction which closed five years prior. Aside from a 3D cinema, Thor's Hammer is the only dark ride at Tusenfryd. It was nominated for a European Star Award in 2013.

History

In late 2008, Tusenfryd closed its Vikingtoktet motion simulator attraction which was located inside a cave. With a 1,200 square metres (13,000 sq ft) indoor area now vacant, park officials spent two years planning what a replacement attraction might be. [1] In October 2012, Project Mjølner was announced by the park. [2] Mjølner is the hammer of Thor, the Norse god of thunder. P&P Projects was contracted to design and build the ride, with a motion-based ride system being developed by ETF Ride Systems. [3] [4] After eight months of design and construction, Thor's Hammer officially opened to the public on June 22, 2013. [1] [5] Aside from the park's Alterface 3D Cinema, Nightmare, Thor's Hammer is Tusenfryd's only dark ride. [5]

Mjölnir hammer of the god Thor in Norse mythology

In Norse mythology, Mjölnir is the hammer of Thor, the Norse god associated with thunder. Mjölnir is depicted in Norse mythology as one of the most fearsome and powerful weapons in existence, capable of leveling mountains. In its account of Norse mythology, the Prose Edda relates how the hammer's characteristically short handle was due to a mistake during its manufacture. Similar hammers (Ukonvasara) were a common symbol of the god of thunder in other North European mythologies.

Thor hammer-wielding Nordic god associated with thunder

In Germanic mythology, Thor is a hammer-wielding god associated with thunder, lightning, storms, oak trees, strength, the protection of mankind, and also hallowing and fertility. Besides Old Norse Þórr, extensions of the god occur in Old English as Þunor, and in Old High German as Donar. All forms of the deity stem from a Common Germanic *Þunraz.

P&P Projects is an international company that first started as a one-man business in Asten, Netherlands making space models and that now specializes in projects for the leisure industry. The company has been constructing and decorating projects for several organisations such as theme parks, museums, visitor centres, family entertainment centres, zoos and swimming pools around the world. P&P Projects specializes in theming, scenery, props, inter-actives, exhibits, animatronics, specials, scale models, and high quality interiors.

Experience

Riders enter a cave to join the queue for Thor's Hammer. Once riders have boarded a vehicle it departs the station. It navigates along a 200-metre-long (660 ft) track through eleven scenes consisting of physical scenery and ten 3D screens. Pieces of physical scenery are distributed between the 3D screens to minimise the effects of transitting between the screens. The ride's story is a prequel to the Norwegian mythological story Ragnarök, a battle where Thor and his half-brother Loki are killed. Riders are tasked to retrieve Thor's hammer, which Loki has stolen. Throughout the ride, other mythological beings including Fenrir, a monstrous wolf; Surtr, a giant; and Jörmungandr, a sea serpent make appearances. [5] One cycle of the ride lasts approximately four minutes. [4] [6]

Ragnarök end times in Norse mythology

In Norse mythology, Ragnarök (; is a series of future events, including a great battle, foretold to ultimately result in the death of a number of major figures, the occurrence of various natural disasters, and the subsequent submersion of the world in water. Afterward, the world will resurface anew and fertile, the surviving and returning gods will meet, and the world will be repopulated by two human survivors. Ragnarök is an important event in Norse mythology and has been the subject of scholarly discourse and theory throughout the history of Germanic studies.

Loki Norse god

Loki is a god in Norse mythology. Loki is in some sources the son of Fárbauti and Laufey, and the brother of Helblindi and Býleistr. By the jötunn Angrboða, Loki is the father of Hel, the wolf Fenrir, and the world serpent Jörmungandr. By his wife Sigyn, Loki is the father of Narfi and/or Nari. By the stallion Svaðilfari, Loki is the mother—giving birth in the form of a mare—to the eight-legged horse Sleipnir. In addition, Loki is referred to as the father of Váli in Prose Edda, though this source also refers to Odin as the father of Váli twice, and Váli is found mentioned as a Son of Loki only once.

Fenrir monstrous wolf in Norse mythology

Fenrir or Fenrisúlfr, also referred to as Hróðvitnir ("fame-wolf") and Vánagandr, is a monstrous wolf in Norse mythology. Fenrir is attested in the Poetic Edda, compiled in the 13th century from earlier traditional sources, and the Prose Edda and Heimskringla, written in the 13th century by Snorri Sturluson. In both the Poetic Edda and Prose Edda, Fenrir is the father of the wolves Sköll and Hati Hróðvitnisson, is a son of Loki, and is foretold to kill the god Odin during the events of Ragnarök, but will in turn be killed by Odin's son Víðarr.

Ride system

The ride system used on Thor's Hammer is a first-of-its-kind system developed by ETF Ride Systems. [7] At the 2012 IAAPA Trade Show in Orlando, Florida, ETF showcased a prototype trackless motion-based ride system, confirming a track-based version would be installed at Tusenfryd. [8] The eleven six-seater vehicles on Thor's Hammer each feature two degrees of freedom: pitching and rolling. [5] The vehicles can travel at a top speed of 1.8 metres per second (5.9 ft/s), spin at a rate of 10 revolutions per minute, and tilt plus or minus 8°. [5]

ETF Ride Systems Dutch attractions manufacturer

ETF Ride Systems is a Dutch manufacturer of amusement ride systems. It was founded in 1999 and is owned by the ETF Group. The company has manufactured both tracked and trackless systems for both dark and outdoor rides.

In many scientific fields, the degrees of freedom of a system is the number of parameters of the system that may vary independently. For example, a point in the plane has two degrees of freedom for translation: its two coordinates; a non-infinitesimal object on the plane might have additional degrees of freedoms related to its orientation.

Revolutions per minute is the number of turns in one minute. It is a unit of rotational speed or the frequency of rotation around a fixed axis.

P&P Projects' Philipp van Stratum compares the ride system to that of The Amazing Adventures of Spider-Man . At the time of the ride's installation in 1999, the cost of such a system would be prohibitive for most parks. He states, "the falling price of technology has made these kinds of attractions much more affordable and we can confirm that the budget for Tusenfryd is a fraction of what was paid for Spider-Man all those years ago; however we have still aim to put the bar very high." [3] Ruud Koppens of ETF Ride Systems has echoed this sentiment. [8]

The Amazing Adventures of Spider-Man theme park ride

The Amazing Adventures of Spider-Man is a motion-based 3D dark ride located at the Islands of Adventure, Orlando and Universal Studios Japan, Osaka theme parks. Built for Islands of Adventure's opening in 1999, the attraction is a hybrid ride combining special roving motion vehicles with 3D projection, elaborate physical sets, and both practical and tactile effects.

Reception

In 2013, Thor's Hammer was nominated for an IAAPA-presented European Star Award for best dark ride. [9] The ride got second place after Etnaland's Haunted School won the category. [10] [11]

See also

Related Research Articles

If You Had Wings was an attraction at Walt Disney World. It was a two-person Omnimover dark ride in Tomorrowland in the Magic Kingdom, sponsored by Eastern Air Lines. The ride featured travel destinations throughout the Caribbean and elsewhere, all of which were, in keeping with the ride's sponsorship, serviced by Eastern. The ride had an eponymous theme song by Buddy Baker.

Thor's Hammer is a weapon in Norse mythology.

Poohs Hunny Hunt

Pooh's Hunny Hunt is a unique trackless dark ride located at Tokyo Disneyland. It is based on the adventures of Winnie-the-Pooh, and is Fantasyland's most popular attraction.

<i>The Funtastic World of Hanna-Barbera</i> (ride) 1990 film by David Steinberg

The Funtastic World of Hanna-Barbera was a simulator ride at Universal Studios Florida, and one of the park's original attractions. The story line was that Dick Dastardly and Muttley have kidnapped Elroy Jetson, Yogi Bear and Boo Boo give chase and the audience is in for the ride of their lives.

Men in Black: Alien Attack dark ride

Men in Black: Alien Attack is an shooting interactive dark ride located at Universal Studios Florida in Orlando, Florida. As the name suggests, the ride is based on the 1997 film, Men in Black (MIB). The ride opened in 2000 after a three-year development process. The ride has generally been well received, winning an Outstanding Achievement award from the Themed Entertainment Association.

Alterface Projects is a manufacturer of interactive and media-based attractions across the world. The company initially started as a spin-off project from the Université catholique de Louvain, Belgium, active in the field of creation of interactive systems.

<i>The Simpsons</i> Ride

The Simpsons Ride is a simulator ride featured at the Universal Studios Florida and Universal Studios Hollywood theme parks. The ride is based on the animated television series The Simpsons. It was first announced in 2007 and replaced Back to the Future: The Ride at both locations. The ride at Universal Studios Florida soft opened on April 23, 2008, and the official ceremonies took place on May 15. The ride at Universal Studios Hollywood opened on May 19, 2008. The Simpsons Ride was collaborated on by the producers of The Simpsons, and uses CGI animation, which was provided by Blur Studio and Reel FX. 2D animation was provided by Film Roman, with the exception of AKOM and Rough Draft Studios in South Korea and California. The ride uses state of the art technology, including new projection and hydraulics systems produced for the attraction.

Scooby-Doos Haunted Mansion

Scooby-Doo's Haunted Mansion is a Scooby-Doo-themed interactive dark ride series created by Sally Corporation based on Hanna-Barbera's long-running animated television series. The ride transports guests in a vehicle equipped with light guns that are used to shoot at various targets to collect points throughout the ride. At its peak, the ride model was located at seven amusement parks around the world including Canada's Wonderland, the location of the first installation that debuted in 2000. Initially known under a variety of names, the ride's Scooby-Doo theme has been replaced by Boo Blasters on Boo Hill at several locations and removed from others. The last remaining installation is La Aventura de Scooby-Doo at Parque Warner Madrid in Madrid, Spain.

Tusenfryd amusement park

Tusenfryd is an amusement park at Vinterbro, Norway. The park is located 20 kilometers south of Oslo. Two of the longest motorway corridors in Norway, E6 and E18, meet nearby Tusenfryd and the park is located on the west side near where they meet. SpeedMonster, SuperSplash, ThunderCoaster and SpaceShot make the park visible from the motorway. The park was officially opened on 11 June 1988, after a construction period of 18 months. The park is owned by Parques Reunidos S.A., located in Madrid, Spain. Bjørn Håvard Solli is the parks CEO. The park has 31 attractions and has 500,000 visitors per year.

Transformers: The Ride 3D amusment ride

Transformers: The Ride 3D is a 3D dark ride located at Universal Studios Singapore, Universal Studios Hollywood and Universal Studios Florida. The ride, based on the Transformers film franchise, was designed by Universal Creative, Oceaneering International, and Industrial Light & Magic. Each installation is reported to have cost US$100 million. Universal Studios Singapore was the first to open the ride.

Storm Force Accelatron

Storm Force Accelatron is a teacups ride located in the Islands of Adventure theme park at Universal Orlando Resort. The attraction opened in the Marvel Super Hero Island of the theme park in 2000, a year after the opening of the park. The premise of the attraction is that Magneto, the archenemy of the X-Men, is threatening the world and Storm and Professor Xavier recruit riders into the "Storm Force Accelatron", a device that they hope will stop Magneto.

Triotech

Triotech is a manufacturer in out-of-home multi-sensory interactive attractions. Since 2006, TRIOTECH has operated its own studio to develop custom content for its attractions. TRIOTECH is a privately held company based in Canada with offices in the USA, Europe, and China. with research and development facilities as well as a movie studio in Montreal, Quebec.

Batman Adventure – The Ride 1992 film

Batman Adventure: The Ride is the name for a series of Batman-themed motion simulator rides installed at various Warner Bros.-branded parks around the world. The ride was first installed at Warner Bros. Movie World on the Gold Coast, Australia in 1992, before being installed at Warner Bros. Movie World in Bottrop, Germany and Parque Warner Madrid in Madrid, Spain in 1996 and 2002, respectively. The installations in Germany, Australia and Spain later closed in 2004, 2011 and 2014, respectively.

Antarctica: Empire of the Penguin themed area

Antarctica: Empire of the Penguin is a theme area at SeaWorld Orlando featuring a motion-based, trackless dark ride and a penguinarium. The attraction opened on May 24, 2013 as the largest attraction at any SeaWorld Entertainment theme park. The area was generally well received by critics and the public at its opening.

Wonder Mountains Guardian roller coaster

Wonder Mountain's Guardian is a 4D, interactive dark ride roller coaster at the Canada's Wonderland amusement park located in Vaughan, Ontario, Canada. It is also the first ride part of Cedar Fair's Amusement Dark collection. Park management first proposed a dark ride located inside Wonder Mountain around 2004. Technology and budget limitations at the time delayed the project's planning and design stages until 2011. The steel track was manufactured by Art Engineering; it is approximately 304.8 metres (1,000 ft) long and has a maximum height of about 18.3 metres (60 ft). The ride also has one of the largest drop tracks in the world.

<i>Arthur – The Ride</i>

ARTHUR is an inverted-spinning dark ride roller coaster at Europa-Park in Rust, Germany. The attraction opened in spring 2014 as part of the wider "ARTHUR - In the Minimoys Kingdom" area themed after the Arthur series of books and films by Luc Besson.

RoboCoaster Ltd is an amusement ride design firm based in Warwickshire, England. Through partnerships with KUKA and Dynamic Attractions, RoboCoaster has installed its namesake products at locations across the world.

Justice League: Battle for Metropolis

Justice League: Battle for Metropolis is an Interactive dark ride located at several Six Flags theme parks across North America. The ride is a collaboration between Sally Dark Rides, Alterface, Oceaneering International, and Pure Imagination Studios, and is themed to the Justice League, DC Comics' famous team of superheroes.

References

  1. 1 2 3 "Thor's Hammer - Storyline". Tusenfryd. Archived from the original on 11 October 2013. Retrieved 11 October 2013.
  2. "New in 2013: Project Mjølner". Tusenfryd. Archived from the original on 19 January 2013. Retrieved 11 October 2013.
  3. 1 2 "P&P designs new dark rides". Park World Magazine. 5 October 2012. Retrieved 11 October 2013.
  4. 1 2 MacDonald, Brady (3 April 2013). "Thor's Hammer dark ride set to debut at Norway's Tusenfryd". Los Angeles Times . Tribune Company . Retrieved 11 October 2013.
  5. 1 2 3 4 5 "Thor's Hammer". Park World Magazine: 32. August 2013.
  6. "Thors Hammer - TusenFryd onride". Helix. YouTube. 22 September 2013. Retrieved 12 October 2013.
  7. "Thor's Hammer at Tusenfryd". Park World Magazine: 10. July 2013.
  8. 1 2 Koppens, Ruud (13 November 2012). "ETF Ride System at IAAPA 2012". The Coaster Crew (Interview). Retrieved 11 October 2013.
  9. "P&P Projects: 25 years of themes and dreams". Park World Magazine: 28–29. September 2013.
  10. P&P Projects (19 September 2013). "We just received the 2nd prize..." Twitter. Retrieved 12 October 2013.
  11. "European Star Award 2013". Gosetto. 20 September 2013. Retrieved 12 October 2013.