Dark ride

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Kyopelinvuoren hotelli (literally "Hotel of the Phantom Mountain"), a dark ride at the Linnanmaki amusement park in Helsinki, Finland KyopelinvuorenHotelli lintsi.jpg
Kyöpelinvuoren hotelli (literally "Hotel of the Phantom Mountain"), a dark ride at the Linnanmäki amusement park in Helsinki, Finland

A dark ride or ghost train is an indoor amusement ride on which passengers aboard guided vehicles travel through specially lit scenes that typically contain animation, sound, music and special effects. [1] Appearing as early as the 19th century, such exhibits include tunnels of love, scary themes and interactive stories.

Contents

Terminology

A dark ride on the Munich's Oktoberfest Ghost train Oktoberfest Muenchen.JPG
A dark ride on the Munich's Oktoberfest

In its most traditional form, the term dark ride refers to ride-through attractions with scenes that use black lights, whereby visible light is prevented from entering the space, and only show elements that fluoresce under ultraviolet radiation are seen by the riders. The size of each room containing a scene or scenes is thus concealed, and the set designer can use forced perspective, Pepper's ghost and other visual tricks to create the illusion of distance. Typically, these experiences also use a series of opaque doors between scenes to further control riders' views within a space-constrained building. Prominent examples include Disneyland's Snow White's Scary Adventures, Pinocchio's Daring Journey, Peter Pan's Flight, Mr. Toad's Wild Ride and Alice in Wonderland, which all rely on the use of blacklights in almost every scene. [2]

History

The first dark rides appeared in the late 19th century and were called "scenic railways" and "pleasure railways". [3] A popular type of dark ride commonly referred to as an old mill or tunnel of love used small boats to carry riders through water-filled canals. A Trip to the Moon began operation at the 1901 Pan-American Exposition. Marvin Rempfer and Leon Cassidy of the Pretzel Amusement Ride Company patented the first single-rail electric dark ride in 1928. Historically notable dark rides include Futurama at the 1939 New York World's Fair, and Pirates of the Caribbean and The Haunted Mansion at Disneyland.

Modern attractions in this genre vary widely in technical sophistication. Smaller-scale rides often feature the same sorts of simple animation and sounds used since the genre's early days, while more ambitious projects feature complex animatronics, special effects and ride vehicles utilizing cutting-edge technology. [4]

To improve the effect and give a sense of journey, passages in dark rides frequently change direction. Sudden curves give a sense of disorientation and allow new scenes to surprise the rider. The rides may also feature sudden ascents or descents to further the excitement.

Empirical research

Although ever increasing investments are made in dark rides, empirical research in this area is relatively scarce. Based on a systematic literature review, a team of researchers from the University of Liechtenstein developed a model that illustrates the underlying effect mechanism that attendees of Dark Rides experience. The model suggests that "Storytelling" in Dark Rides influences an attendee's "emotional attachment" to the ride through the mediator of "Immersion". It is assumed that a person's prior knowledge about the ride's story and a person's cultural background have moderating effects on the relationship between "storytelling" and "immersion". [5]

Variations

Dark rides have a number of variations that are not necessarily mutually exclusive.

Ghost train

Ghost train Ghost train.jpg
Ghost train

In the United Kingdom, the United States, the Republic of Ireland, New Zealand, China and Australia, dark rides with a scary theme are called ghost trains.[ citation needed ]

The first ride to use the name "Ghost Train" was that of Blackpool Pleasure Beach. [6] The ride was imported in 1930 and originally called The Pretzel (due to the curving shape of its track layout); but as pretzels were little-known in Britain, it was soon renamed after The Ghost Train , a play which ran for a year in London, a film adaptation of which was showing in 1931. [7] It was rebuilt in 1936 and has remained unchanged since. Blackpool Pleasure Beach is also home to Valhalla, the world's largest indoor dark ride, [8] known for its many complex effects.

Prolific designers of dark rides in the UK include Keith Sparks and John Wardley between the 1970s and 1990s. Notable UK dark rides include Phantom Fantasia at Thorpe Park; The 5th Dimension, Terror Tomb, The Gruffalo River Ride Adventure and Professor Burp's Bubbleworks at Chessington World of Adventures; Around The World in 80 Days, The Haunted House, Toyland Tours and Hex – The Legend of the Towers at Alton Towers; and Valhalla at Blackpool Pleasure Beach. (Not a ghost train per se, Derren Brown's Ghost Train at Thorpe Park is a motion simulation and virtual reality attraction.)

In Australia, a dark ride is named The Ghost Train at Luna Park, Melbourne, [9] and a similarly-named ride was destroyed by fire in 1979 at Luna Park Sydney.

The concept is also popular in the United States. One notable ghost train from the country is The Haunted Mansion, first opened in Disneyland in Anaheim, California on August 9, 1969. [10]

Interactive dark ride

Interactive dark rides feature a component that allows riders to be involved in the attraction's story. The first interactive dark ride ever built is El Paso at the Belgium theme park Bobbejaanland. [11] [12]

The vast majority of interactive dark rides are shooting dark rides, [13] which require riders to aim and shoot at targets throughout the ride using handheld or vehicle-mounted light guns. Successfully shooting a target usually triggers special animation, such as flashing lights or moving the target. The more targets riders hit, the higher their scores at the end of the ride. The use of light guns varies between rides, from killing aliens on Men in Black: Alien Attack at Universal Studios Florida to calling turkeys on Gobbler Getaway at Holiday World & Splashin' Safari. [14] [15] The ride systems of conventional dark rides can be easily converted into shooting dark rides. Such conversions include Duel: The Haunted House Strikes Back! at Alton Towers and Buzz Lightyear's Space Ranger Spin at Disney's Magic Kingdom. The latter uses facilities that previously housed If You Had Wings, Delta Dreamflight, and Take Flight. A recent dark ride, Wonder Mountain's Guardian at Canada's Wonderland, has the world's longest interactive screen at over 500 feet (150 m).

Among non-shooting interactive dark rides, Etnaland's [16] award-winning [17] Haunted School [18] is described by Park World magazine as "one of the most idiosyncratic dark rides". It is themed to a school exam, with riders individually answering multiple-choice questions throughout it. Riders are graded on their responses, and each receives a school report at the end of the ride. [13] While technically a coaster, the Gekion Live coaster at Joypolis had elements of a dark ride. It used to have a shooting element, only for it to be refurbished with a dance element (tapping buttons on the restraints) later.

Trackless dark ride

Mystic Manor at Hong Kong Disneyland Hong Kong Disneyland (23916541509).jpg
Mystic Manor at Hong Kong Disneyland

Trackless dark rides utilize automated guided vehicles that do not require guide rails, and thus are able to cross existing paths, reverse, and rotate. Some trackless dark rides, such as the Big Red Car Ride at Dreamworld, rely on a buried wire for navigation. Others, such as Star Wars: Rise of the Resistance at Disney's Hollywood Studios and Disneyland Park, Mystic Manor at Hong Kong Disneyland or Ratatouille: L’Aventure Totalement Toquée de Rémy at Disneyland Paris and Epcot, use Wi-Fi and RFID-based local positioning systems. [19]

Enclosed roller coaster

While some roller coasters may be indoors, simply enclosing a roller coaster does not make it a dark ride. Dark coasters are roller coasters that feature heavily themed layouts, special effects (such as animated characters, fire, smoke, and sound/lighting effects), and a dark ride portion that abruptly transitions into a roller coaster-style layout with heavily banked turns, sharp turns, steep drops, and helices. Some of them include backward motion, and many have launch mechanisms rather than lifts. Examples include:

Test Track at Epcot, Journey to the Center of the Earth at Tokyo DisneySea, and Radiator Springs Racers at Disney California Adventure each use a slot car track rather than that of a roller coaster, but they provide a similar pairing of dark ride scenes with a high-speed thrill ride.

Saw – The Ride at Thorpe Park features an enclosed dark section with strobe lighting and special effects, before the car enters the outdoor section of the ride.

Other attractions incorporating dark ride elements

Particularly in Disney-built or -influenced parks, a number of attractions use traditional dark-ride features, such as animatronics and theatrical lighting, but are not "dark rides" in that patrons do not board vehicles. Examples include the walk-through dioramas in Disneyland's Sleeping Beauty Castle, and theater-based Disney attractions like Great Moments with Mr. Lincoln, The Hall of Presidents, The American Adventure and Walt Disney's Enchanted Tiki Room. Walt Disney's Carousel of Progress (and its now-closed Disneyland replacement America Sings) had four auditoriums that rotated audiences around a stationary core with show scenes.

The Tomorrowland Transit Authority PeopleMover in the Magic Kingdom at Walt Disney World and the Disneyland Railroad both include brief dark-ride scenes, but for the most part transport guests outdoors. Expedition Everest at Disney's Animal Kingdom, Matterhorn Bobsleds at Disneyland, Big Thunder Mountain Railroad and Space Mountain at several Disney parks, and Big Grizzly Mountain Runaway Mine Cars at Hong Kong Disneyland likewise include some dark-ride elements, but function primarily as indoor/outdoor roller coasters.

List of dark rides

List of dark rides
TitleOpenLocationNotes
20,000 Leagues Under the Sea: Submarine Voyage 1971−1994
2001
Magic Kingdom
Tokyo DisneySea
Adventure Thru Inner Space 1967−1985 Disneyland Park (Disneyland Resort)Replaced in 1985 by Star Tours
Alice in Wonderland1961 Blackpool Pleasure Beach
Alice in Wonderland 1958Disneyland Park (Disneyland Resort)
Animal Crisis2014 Quancheng Euro Park
Apiland2000Parc du Bocasse
Apirama1979−1999 Meli Park 8-min. water dark ride with one drop; Transformed by new owner into Het Bos van Plop (Plopsaland)
Atlantis Adventure2007 Europa-Park
Antarctica: Empire of the Penguin 2013 SeaWorld Orlando A first-of-its-kind motion-based trackless dark ride developed by Oceaneering International
Bermuda Triangle 1994−2010 Sea World Replaced by Storm Coaster
Big Red Car Ride 2005-2020 Dreamworld
Blå Tåget1935 Gröna Lund Renovated 2011
Boo Blasters on Boo Hill 2010 Canada's Wonderland
Carowinds
Kings Island
Kings Dominion
Formerly a Scooby-Doo-themed ride, rebranded after the parks did not renew the licence
Bubbleworks 1990−2016 Chessington World of Adventures Water dark ride, originally Prof. Burp's Bubble Works, later called Imperial Leather Bubbleworks.
Buzz Lightyear Astro Blasters 2005
2005−2017
Disneyland Park (Disneyland Resort)
Hong Kong Disneyland
Hong Kong Disneyland version closed to make way for Ant-Man and The Wasp: Nano Battle!
Buzz Lightyear's Astro Blasters 2004Tokyo Disneyland
Buzz Lightyear Laser Blast 2006Disneyland Park (Disneyland Paris)
Buzz Lightyear Planet Rescue 2016Shanghai Disneyland Park
Buzz Lightyear's Space Ranger Spin 1998Magic Kingdom
Calico Mine Ride1960 Knott's Berry Farm
Capitán Balas2007 Isla Mágica
Carnaval Festival 1984 Efteling
Castillo del Terror Tivoli World
Cave Train1961 Santa Cruz Beach Boardwalk
Challenge of Mondor2008 Enchanted Forest
Challenge of Tutankhamon2001 Walibi Belgium
Charlie and the Chocolate Factory: The Ride 2006−2015 Alton Towers Formerly Around The World In 80 Days (1981-1993), then Toyland Tours (1994-2005). Currently closed
Chocolate Tour at Hershey's Chocolate World 1973 Hersheypark
Crush's Coaster 2007 Walt Disney Studios Park This attraction is also a roller coaster
Cueva de las Tarántulas2006 Parque de Atracciones de Madrid Replacing The Old Mine 1910
Cueva del HorrorParque de Atracciones de Zaragoza
Curse of DarKastle 2005−2017 Busch Gardens Williamsburg
Den Flyvende Kuffert1993 Tivoli Gardens
The Den of Lost Thieves1998 Indiana Beach Previously opened in 1969 as the Mystery Mansion
Derren Brown's Ghost Train 2016 Thorpe Park An attraction that incorporates virtual reality headsets and motion simulation
Devil's Den1968 Conneaut Lake Park Haunted house-style dark ride with illusions, stunts, and spooky murals. One of only five Pretzel rides still operating.
Dinolandia Tivoli World
Dinosaur 1998 Disney's Animal Kingdom
Dracula's Castle1974 Lagoon Amusement Park Refurbished with new scenes in 2007; featured in episode 27 ("Blind Luck") of the 1987-88 television series Werewolf
Dream River2019Parque de Atracciones de ZaragozaFormerly Río Misterioso
Droomvlucht 1993Efteling
Duel - The Haunted House Strikes Back! 1992Alton TowersFormerly The Haunted House, refurbished with new scenes and laser-gun game system in 2003
Dwarf City1975Europa-Park
El Laberinto del Minotauro2000 Terra Mítica
El Rescate de Ulises2001 Terra Mítica Boat ride. The longest dark ride in Europe[ citation needed ]
El Rio del Tiempo 1982−2007EpcotChanged to Gran Fiesta Tour Starring The Three Caballeros
El Último Minuto2006 Dinópolis
Elf Ride1979Europa-Park
Escape from Pompeii 1996Busch Gardens Williamsburg
E.T. Adventure 1990
1991−2003
2001−2009
Universal Studios Florida
Universal Studios Hollywood
Universal Studios Japan
Fantasía1999−2016Parque de Atracciones de Madrid
Fata Morgana 1986Efteling
Finding Nemo Submarine Voyage 2007 Disneyland Park Re-theming of the Submarine Voyage
Fire in the Hole 1972 Silver Dollar City
Frozen Ever After 2016 Walt Disney World Replaced Maelstrom
Ghost Train 1930 Blackpool Pleasure Beach
Ghostwood Estate2008 Kennywood
Gobbler Getaway 2006 Holiday World
Gran Fiesta Tour Starring The Three Caballeros 2007EpcotFormerly El Rio del Tiempo dark ride (1982)
The Great Movie Ride 1989−2017Disney's Hollywood Studios
The Great Pistolero Roundup1999 Family Kingdom Amusement Park
Harry Potter and the Forbidden Journey 2010
2014
2016
Universal's Islands of Adventure
Universal Studios Japan
Universal Studios Hollywood
The Haunted Mansion 1969
1971
1983
Disneyland Park (Disneyland Resort)
Magic Kingdom
Tokyo Disneyland
Haunted Mansion1973Knoebels Amusement Park
Het Bos van Plop1999 Plopsaland 8-minute boat dark ride with one drop, on track of former Apirama
High Dive1994 Wakayama Marina City | Porto Europa Arrow Dynamics flume ride
I Corsari: la Vendetta del Fantasma1992 Gardaland Opened as I Corsari in 1992, in 2018 was renovated and changed the name
If You Had Wings 1972−1989Magic Kingdom
Indiana Jones Adventure: Temple of the Crystal Skull 2001 Tokyo DisneySea
Indiana Jones Adventure: Temple of the Forbidden Eye 1995Disneyland Park (Disneyland Resort)
It's a Small World 1964
1966
1971
1983
1992
2008
1964 New York World's Fair
Disneyland Park (Disneyland Resort)
Magic Kingdom
Tokyo Disneyland
Disneyland Park (Disneyland Paris)
Hong Kong Disneyland
Jocco's Mardi Gras Madness2000−2005 Six Flags New Orleans
Journey to Atlantis 1998
2004
2007
SeaWorld Orlando
SeaWorld San Diego
Refurbished in Orlando in 2017; elevator segment in San Diego version
Jumanji - The Adventure2022 Gardaland
Justice League: Alien Invasion 3D 2012 Warner Bros. Movie World
Justice League: Battle for Metropolis 2015
2015
2016
2017
2017
2017
Six Flags Over Texas
Six Flags St. Louis
Six Flags Great America
Six Flags Over Georgia
Six Flags Great Adventure
Six Flags Magic Mountain
Six Flags Over Texas installation replaced Adventure Theater; Six Flags St. Louis installation replaced Scooby-Doo! Ghostblasters: The Mystery of the Scary Swamp; Six Flags Great America installation replaced Southwest Amphitheater and was converted into a 2D interactive ride in the 2020s
Kärlekstunneln1917Gröna LundRefurbished in 1987
Kingdom of the Dinosaurs1987−2004 Knott's Berry Farm Replaced by Voyage to the Iron Reef
Knott's Bear-y Tales1975−1987Knott's Berry FarmReplaced by Kingdom of the Dinosaurs
KosmikarMount Igueldo Amusement Park
Kyöpelinvuoren Hotelli2013 Linnanmäki
La Aventura de Scooby-Doo 2005 Parque Warner Madrid
La Furia de los Dioses1999−2010Isla Mágica
The Little Mermaid ~ Ariel's Undersea Adventure 2011
2012
Disney California Adventure Park
Magic Kingdom
Magic Kingdom installation opened as “Under the Sea ~ Journey of the Little Mermaid”.
Living with the Land 1982Epcot
Looney Tunes River Ride 1991−2011
1996−2004
Warner Bros. Movie World
Warner Bros. Movie World Germany
Los Piratas1984−1996Parque de Atracciones de MadridReplaced by The Old Mine 1910
Madame Freudenreich Curiosités2018Europa-ParkReplaced Universe of Energy, being a retheme of that ride
Maelstrom 1988−2014EpcotClosed for conversion to Frozen Ever After
Magical Powder2002 Lagunasia
The Many Adventures of Winnie the Pooh 1999
2003
2005
Magic Kingdom
Disneyland Park (Disneyland Resort)
Hong Kong Disneyland
Magic Kingdom installation replaced Mr. Toad's Wild Ride, Disneyland Park (Disneyland Resort) installation replaced Country Bear Jamboree
Monsters, Inc. Mike & Sulley to the Rescue! 2006Disney California Adventure Park
Monsters, Inc. Ride & Go Seek 2009Tokyo Disneyland
Men in Black: Alien Attack 2000Universal Studios Florida
Mickey & Minnie's Runaway Railway 2020
2022
Disney's Hollywood Studios
Disneyland Park
The Mine of Lost Souls1985 Canobie Lake Park Refurbished in 1992 by the Sally Corporation
Minen2003 Tivoli Gardens
Monster Mansion 2009 Six Flags Over Georgia Tales of the Okefenokee 1967-1980; Monster Plantation 1981-2009
Mr. Toad's Wild Ride 1955
1971−1998
Disneyland Park (Disneyland Resort)
Magic Kingdom
Magic Kingdom installation replaced by The Many Adventures of Winnie the Pooh
Mysterious RiverMonte Igueldo Amusement Park
Mystic Manor 2013Hong Kong Disneyland
Mystic Motel 2013 Ladera Ranch Notable for being homemade, Mystic Motel contains a small walkthrough section as well as the 60-ft ride
The Old Mine 19101997−2004Parque de Atracciones de MadridReplaced by Cueva de las Tarántulas
Peter Pan's Flight 1955
1971
1983
1992
2016
Disneyland Park (Disneyland Resort)
Magic Kingdom
Tokyo Disneyland
Disneyland Park (Disneyland Paris)
Shanghai Disneyland Park
Phantasmagoria1973−2007Bell's Amusement ParkWas one of the largest and longest haunted amusements in the country with a two-story track and 27 tricks and surprises, ride was demolished June 19, 2007 when Bell's Amusement Park was permanently closed
Phantom Fantasia 1983−2000Thorpe ParkLater Wicked Witches Haunt; closed in 2000 by fire.
Phantom Manor 1992Disneyland Park (Disneyland Paris)
Phantom Theater 1972−2002Kings IslandReplaced with Scooby-Doo's Haunted Mansion and later with Boo Blasters on Boo Hill
Piccolo Mondo1982 Europa-Park Before 2011 refurbishment was called Ciao Bambini
Pinocchio Tivoli World
Pinocchio's Daring Journey 1983
1983
1992
Tokyo Disneyland
Disneyland Park (Disneyland Resort)
Disneyland Park (Disneyland Paris)
Pirates in Batavia 1987−2018Europa-ParkBoat ride with one big drop
Pirates Cove 1972 Waldameer Park
Pirates of the Caribbean 1967
1973
1983
1992
Disneyland Park (Disneyland Resort)
Magic Kingdom
Tokyo Disneyland
Disneyland Park (Disneyland Paris)
Pooh's Hunny Hunt 2000Tokyo Disneyland
Popcorn Revenge2019 Walibi Belgium
Puppet Boat Ride1992Europa-Park
Ratatouille: L'Aventure Totalement Toquée de Rémy 2014
2020
Walt Disney Studios Park
Epcot
Reese's Xtreme Cup Challenge 2006-2018Hersheypark
Río Misterioso1978-2018Parque de Atracciones de ZaragozaReopened as Dream River
River Caves 1905 Blackpool Pleasure Beach
Rock 'n' Roller Coaster Starring Aerosmith 1999
2002—2019
Disney's Hollywood Studios
Walt Disney Studios Park
This attraction is also a roller coaster. This attraction also existed at Walt Disney Studios Park, in Paris. The roller coaster closed for the construction of the new Marvel theme area Avengers Campus
Roger Rabbit's Car Toon Spin 1994
1996
Disneyland Park (Disneyland Resort)
Tokyo Disneyland
Scooby-Doo's Haunted Mansion 2000−2009
2001−2009
2002−2018
2003−2014
2004−2009
2005−2009
Canada's Wonderland*
Carowinds*
Six Flags Fiesta Texas***
Six Flags St. Louis**
Kings Island*
Kings Dominion*
* indicates replaced by Boo Blasters on Boo Hill
** indicates replaced by Justice League: Battle for Metropolis
*** indicates replaced by Pirates of the Deep Sea
Shootout at the Flooded Mine1968Silver Dollar City
Sinbad's Storybook Voyage 2001Tokyo DisneySea
Snow White's Scary Adventures 1955
1971−2012
1983
1992
Disneyland Park (Disneyland Resort)
Magic Kingdom
Tokyo Disneyland
Disneyland Park (Disneyland Paris)
Magic Kingdom installation replaced by Princess Fairytale Hall
Snowflake Sleigh Ride1998Europa-Park
Spaceship Earth 1982Epcot
Spectacolo2005 Wiener Prater Free-fall dark ride
Splash Mountain 1989
1992
1992
Disneyland Park (Disneyland Resort)
Magic Kingdom
Tokyo Disneyland
Star Wars: Rise of the Resistance 2019
2020
Disney's Hollywood Studios
Disneyland Park
Submarine Voyage 1959−1998Disneyland Park (Disneyland Resort)Reopened as Finding Nemo Submarine Voyage in 2007
The Swiss Chocolate Adventure [20] 2014Swiss Museum of Transport (Verkehrshaus), LucerneCovers an area of 700 square metres (7,500 sq ft)
Symbolica2017EftelingDark ride about Efteling's mascot, Pardoes; system delivered by Dutch company ETF, developed from cancelled project Hartenhof
Terroride1967 Lagoon Amusement Park Refurbished with all-new scenes and updated animatronics in 2017. Temporarily renamed Terroride: A Classic Reimagined for its 50th season operating.
Timber Mountain Log Ride 1969Knott's Berry Farm
Tomb Blaster 2002Chessington World of AdventuresFormerly Terror Tomb, refurbished in 2002 with new scenes and laser-gun game system; replaced The 5th Dimension in 1994
Toy Story Midway Mania! 2008
2008
2012
Disney California Adventure Park
Disney's Hollywood Studios
Tokyo DisneySea
Transformers: The Ride 3D 2011
2012
2013
2021
Universal Studios Singapore
Universal Studios Hollywood
Universal Studios Florida
Universal Studios Beijing
TV's Family Favourites1995−1998Crinkley Bottom at Cricket St Thomas
The Twilight Zone Tower of Terror 1994 Walt Disney World
Universe of Energy1994−2017Europa-ParkRethemed as Madame Freudenreich Curiosités
Valhalla 2000Blackpool Pleasure Beach
Viaje al Centro de la Tierra1970−1979Parque de Atracciones de Madrid
Viaje en el Tiempo2001Dinópolis
Viaje Galáctico1970−1986Parque de Atracciones de MadridReplaced by Los Piratas
Voyage to the Iron Reef 2015Knott's Berry Farm
Wacky Factory2010 Lake Winnepesaukah Formerly Castle
Wallace & Gromit's Thrill-O-Matic 2013 Blackpool Pleasure Beach
The Whacky Shack1982 Joyland Amusement Park
The Whacky Shack1970 Waldameer Park
Wild West Adventure2000 Attractiepark Slagharen
Wonder Mountain's Guardian 2014 Canada's Wonderland

See also

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An old mill is a type of amusement park ride with unaccompanied boats floated on guideways through dark tunnels. These themed dark rides originated in the late 19th century and are known by a variety of names, including tunnel of love and river cave. While generally considered a gentle ride, a variation that ends with a climactic splashdown, similar to the modern-day log flume, is known as a mill chute.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Crush's Coaster</span> Amusement ride

Crush's Coaster is a spinning roller coaster at Walt Disney Studios Park in Disneyland Paris. The attraction officially opened on June 9, 2007 as part of an expansion project in Toon Studio, an area within Walt Disney Studios Park formerly known as Animation Courtyard. It is themed to the Disney-Pixar film Finding Nemo and named after Crush, a green sea turtle voiced by Andrew Stanton from the film. Most of the roller coaster is enclosed and features dark ride special effects.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Space Mountain (Magic Kingdom)</span> Outer space-themed indoor roller coaster

Space Mountain is an outer space-themed, indoor roller coaster in Tomorrowland located at Walt Disney World's Magic Kingdom theme park in Bay Lake, Florida, near Orlando. The dark ride, which opened on January 15, 1975, is the original version of the iconic attraction that has since been replicated at other Disney theme park locations worldwide, with the exception of Shanghai Disneyland Resort. Space Mountain is also the oldest operating roller coaster in the state of Florida. RCA helped fund construction and sponsored the ride from 1975 to 1993. FedEx assumed sponsorship from 1994 to 2004.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Space Mountain (Disneyland)</span> Indoor space-themed roller coaster

Space Mountain is an indoor, space-themed roller coaster in Tomorrowland at Disneyland in Anaheim, California. Opened on May 27, 1977, it was the second roller coaster built at Disneyland, and was the second of the five versions of Space Mountain built by The Walt Disney Company. Its exterior façade is one of Disneyland's four "mountain" structures that serve as park landmarks.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Blackpool Pleasure Beach</span> Amusement park in England

Blackpool Pleasure Beach is an amusement park situated on Blackpool's South Shore, in the county of Lancashire, North West England. It operates as a secure facility, and has introduced epayments via smartphones for admission charges, replacing wristbands and Pleasure Beach Passes, and removing the need to attend the Ticket Centre.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Big Grizzly Mountain Runaway Mine Cars</span>

Big Grizzly Mountain Runaway Mine Cars is a steel roller coaster in the Grizzly Gulch section of Hong Kong Disneyland. The attraction features Audio-Animatronic bears as well as a backwards section. Big Grizzly Mountain is the second mountain and third roller coaster attraction at Hong Kong Disneyland.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Wonder Mountain's Guardian</span> 4D interactive dark ride roller coaster at Canadas Wonderland amusement park

Wonder Mountain's Guardian is a 4D, interactive dark ride roller coaster at the Canada's Wonderland amusement park located in Vaughan, Ontario, Canada. Park management first proposed a dark ride located inside Wonder Mountain around 2004. Technology and budget limitations at the time delayed the project's planning and design stages until 2011. The steel track was manufactured by Art Engineering; it is approximately 304.8 metres (1,000 ft) long and has a maximum height of about 18.3 metres (60 ft). The ride also features one of the largest drop tracks in the world reaching a height of 9.1 metres (30 ft).

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Marvel Super Hero Island</span> Themed area at Islands of Adventure

Marvel Super Hero Island is an area at Universal Orlando's Islands of Adventure park in Orlando, Florida that is themed after popular Marvel Comics superheroes. The area opened in 1999, ten years prior to Universal competitor The Walt Disney Company acquiring Marvel Entertainment in 2009. The island is home to four attractions, including The Incredible Hulk and The Amazing Adventures of Spider-Man. Marvel Super Hero Island’s architecture and theming is modeled after a Marvel comic book, with a comic book color scheme, amplified angles, and cutouts of many of the most popular Marvel characters.

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