Intamin

Last updated
Intamin
Industry Manufacturing
Founded1967 [1]
FounderRobert Spieldiener
Reinhold Spieldiener
Alfons Saiko
Headquarters,
Number of locations
7
Area served
Worldwide
Products Amusement rides, roller coasters, transportation
Divisions Intamin Amusement Rides
Intamin Transportation
Subsidiaries ABC Engineering AG
ABC Rides
Website www.intaminworldwide.com

Intamin Amusement Rides is a design and manufacturing company in Schaan, Liechtenstein. It is best known for creating thrill rides and roller coasters worldwide. The Intamin brand name is a portmanteau for "international amusement installations". The company has offices throughout the world including three in Europe, three in Asia and two in the United States.

Contents

Intamin is a major player in the amusement park attractions industry, supplying 17 different styles of roller coasters, 7 different vertical rides, 8 different water rides, 5 different immersive rides, 7 different swing rides and 5 different observation attractions. The company has installed a total of 163 coasters in several countries around the globe. Intamin designed and built the first river rapids ride known as Thunder River based on the idea supplied by Bill Crandall, a past General Manager at the now defunct AstroWorld. Intamin also marketed the first Freefall (developed by Giovanola) experience and the first drop tower.

Products and technologies

Intamin's product range is in two broad categories, Rides and Thrill Rides, and Transportation.

Amusement rides

Roaring Rapids river ride at Six Flags Over Texas (2007) SixFlagsWaterRide-3943.jpg
Roaring Rapids river ride at Six Flags Over Texas (2007)

Roller coasters

Intamin created the first hydraulic launch system (also known as the Accelerator), which is now being used to catapult roller coaster trains from standstill to speeds upward of 240 kilometres per hour (150 mph) in a few seconds before climbing up immense heights. Kingda Ka at Six Flags Great Adventure, for instance, is North America's tallest and fastest coaster, launching riders from 0–128 mph (206 km/h) in 3.5 seconds.

Intamin is also known for its massive Mega and Giga Coasters, Intamin's terms for a hypercoaster. Intamin Giga and Mega Coasters currently occupy three of the top five Golden Ticket Awards with perennial favorites Millennium Force, Superman the Ride and Expedition GeForce. [2]

Intamin uses computerized and industrialized engineering and manufacturing methods for its wooden coasters, rather than traditional on site fabrication. [3] Coasters such as Colossos at Heide Park, Balder at Liseberg and El Toro at Six Flags Great Adventure utilized this manufacturing technique. Unlike other traditional wood coasters, these rides use prefabricated track sections made of a high-strength wooden laminate that can be secured on-site when the superstructure is completed. This design enables the coaster to reach speeds and navigate course elements smoothly, like a steel roller coaster, while retaining the look and some of the traditional feel of common wooden coasters. [3]

Another recent roller coaster development by Intamin is the ZacSpin, a type of 4th Dimension roller coaster that was first seen in 2007. Kirnu at Linnanmäki in Finland was the first ZacSpin in the world and opened on April 27, 2007. [4] It has individual cars, each with 8 seats, arranged in two pods coming off the sides of the car, each with 2 seats facing forward and two facing backward. This car is either lifted to the highest point by a conventional chain lift, or propelled around the course at a constant speed by a Linear Motor system.

Maverick at Cedar Point Maverick hill Cedar Point.jpg
Maverick at Cedar Point
Hyperion at Energylandia Hyperion, Energylandia - 2018 Aug 06.jpg
Hyperion at Energylandia

The company is known for being the original home to the famous (within the coaster world) Bolliger & Mabillard (B&M). The two engineers worked for Giovanola who in turn were frequently contracted by Intamin for their early stand-up roller coasters (Giovanola eventually started producing roller coasters independently). B&M broke away from Giovanola to form their own company which now supplies roller coasters as well. Similarities between the two companies are often obvious, such as the style of track used by B&M, which was used in a number of early Giovanola installations which were contracted by Intamin.

Ferris wheels

Giant Wheel, a double wheel at Hersheypark Giant Wheel.jpg
Giant Wheel, a double wheel at Hersheypark
Sky Whirl, a triple wheel at Six Flags Great America Sky Whirl 2.jpg
Sky Whirl, a triple wheel at Six Flags Great America
Incredicoaster, a Custom Intamin Looper at Disney California Adventure California Screamin' Launch.JPG
Incredicoaster, a Custom Intamin Looper at Disney California Adventure

Intamin brokered a number of rides that were manufactured by Waagner-Biro. These included a series of rides for Marriott Corporation, each comprising a vertical column supporting multiple horizontal arms, with each arm supporting a Ferris wheel. The first was Giant Wheel which operated at Hersheypark in Hershey, Pennsylvania from 1973 until 2004. Similar Intamin supplied Waagner-Biro wheels included Zodiac (Kings Island, Mason, Ohio) and Scorpion (Parque de la Ciudad, Buenos Aires, Argentina). All are now defunct.

Sky Whirl, the world's first triple Ferris wheel, which debuted at both Marriott's Great America parks (now Six Flags Great America, Gurnee, Illinois, and California's Great America, Santa Clara) in 1976, was also manufactured by Waagner-Biro and brokered by Intamin. Also known as a triple Ferris wheel, [5] Triple Giant Wheel, [6] or Triple Tree Wheel, it was 33 metres (108 ft) in height. [7] The Santa Clara ride, renamed Triple Wheel in post-Marriott years, closed on 1 September 1997. The Gurnee ride closed in 2000. [8]

The Orlando Eye, which opened in April 2015, was designed and built by Intamin. [9]

Transportation

Outside the amusement realm, Intamin supplies monorail transportation systems which are used in both public transport networks and at tourist attractions across the world. Intamin was responsible for the design and building of the Moscow Monorail (Russian : Московская Монорельсовая Транспортная Система (ММТС)), which is 4.7 kilometres (2.9 mi) long and is located in the North-Eastern Administrative Okrug of Moscow, Russia, running from the Timiryazevskaya metro station to Sergeya Eisensteina street. Planning of the monorail started in 1998. It has six stations.

In 2016, the Ashgabat Monorail in Turkmenistan was opened using Intamin equipment. [10]

Safety incidents

Intamin has been in the news for a number of safety-related incidents.

Notable Intamin rides

YearAccomplishmentRideLocationNotes
1981First wooden coaster built by Intamin American Eagle Six Flags Great America
  • When opened it featured the longest drop in the world and fastest speed on a wooden coaster.
1985First (and only) Spacediver coaster Z-Force Six Flags Great America, Six Flags Over Georgia, Six Flags Magic Mountain
  • Opened in '85 at Great America, was relocated to Over Georgia in '88, then to Magic Mountain and opened there as Flashback in '92; demolished and scrapped in mid-December 2007 after sitting idle since 2003
  • First coaster to feature four-abreast seating
1997First coaster to go above 300 ft (90 m)
First coaster to go 100 mph (160 km/h)
Tower of Terror II Dreamworld
  • Not a complete circuit; the train does not reach the top of the vertical spike
1997First coaster with a structure to reach beyond 400 ft (120 m) Superman: Escape from Krypton Six Flags Magic Mountain
  • Not a complete circuit; the train does not reach the top of the vertical spike; formerly Superman: the Escape
1998First LIM-launched inverted coaster
First Impulse shuttle coaster
Linear Gale Tokyo Dome City
  • Closed in 2010 and subsequently removed
1998First complete-circuit, LIM-launched inverted coaster Volcano, The Blast Coaster Kings Dominion
  • Fastest inverted coaster at 70 mph (110 km/h) when first opened
2000First Giga Coaster (over 300 ft)
First coaster to drop 300 ft (90 m)
Millennium Force Cedar Point
  • First complete circuit coaster to stand over 300 ft (310 ft)
  • Drop is exactly 300 ft (90 m)
2000First LIM-launched Twisted impulse coaster Possessed Dorney Park
  • Previously operated at Geauga Lake as Superman: Ultimate Escape and Steel Venom
2000First Stand Up Drop Tower Apocalypse Drayton Manor
  • 5 Towers with 3 stand up towers & 2 sit down towers
  • Tower 5 was modified in 2002 to feature the World's First Stand Up Floorless drop tower
2001First coaster to utilize a LIM launch hill California Screamin' Disney California Adventure Park
  • Has a magnetic launch followed by a magnetic non-cable/chain lift hill (this, along with scream tunnels, was done to reduce noise)
  • Currently the longest coaster with inversions
2001First wooden coaster with prefabricated track Colossos Heide Park
2002First coaster to do 10 inversions Colossus Thorpe Park
  • Has 10 inversions - in order: 1 Loop, 1 Cobra Roll (counts as 2), 2 Corkscrews, and 5 heartline rolls
2002First hydraulic catapult launch coaster Xcelerator Knott's Berry Farm
  • Accelerates from 0 to 82 miles per hour, covering 157 feet of launch track, in just 2.3 seconds.
2003First Strata coaster (over 400 ft) Top Thrill Dragster Cedar Point
  • Tallest and fastest coaster in the world when opened at 420 ft (128 m) and 120 mph (190 km/h)
2004First accelerator coaster to feature inversions Storm Runner Hersheypark
  • Reaches a height of 150 ft and catapults riders from 0 to 72 mph in 2 seconds
  • Features a top hat and three inversions
2005World's tallest coaster (2005–present); was world's fastest coaster (2005–2010) Kingda Ka Six Flags Great Adventure
  • 456 feet high; launch speed 128 mph (206 km/h)
2007First 4th Dimension design ZacSpin Coaster by Intamin
First Intamin coaster to include curved hydraulic chain lift hill
Kirnu Linnanmäki
  • First compact 4-D coaster in the world
  • Features redesigned restraints (lap bar with safety belt shoulder harness system) and non-friction magnetic brakes
2007Intamin's first Wing Rider [32] coaster Furius Baco PortAventura Park at PortAventura World
  • Accelerates from 0 to 135 km/h (84 mph) in 3.5 seconds
  • Was fastest coaster in Europe until 2017.
2008At 97 degrees, steepest drop of all Intamin coasters Fahrenheit Hersheypark
  • Ascends chain lift hill at a 90 degree angle
  • Features a 121-foot Norwegian loop and six inversions
2008Record holder at the time for the steepest wooden coaster in the world
Currently the highest, fastest, longest coaster in South Korea
T Express Everland
  • Maximum 77 degrees
  • Height 183.75 ft (56.01m)
  • Top speed 64.6 mph (104 km/h)
  • Length 5383.10 ft (1641m)
  • 12 airtime hills
2010World's first freefall drop coaster Thirteen Alton Towers
  • Horizontal track falls vertically down in the crypt
  • Train is launched into a backward helix after drop.
2010Current record holder for the world's fastest coaster Formula Rossa Ferrari World
  • Top speed 150 mph (241 km/h)
2011First ZacSpin built in the U.S. Green Lantern: First Flight Six Flags Magic Mountain
  • Closed in 2017, subsequently relocated to La Ronde, now known as Vipère.
2014First Special Effects Coaster/Dark Ride Hybrid Harry Potter and the Escape from Gringotts Universal Studios Florida
2014First Drop Tower to tilt riders 90 degrees toward the ground Falcon's Fury Busch Gardens Tampa Bay
  • Currently North America's tallest freestanding drop tower
  • Tilts rider face down and drops them at speeds of 60 miles per hour (27 metres per second)
2016Fastest multi-launch coaster (forward only) Taron Phantasialand
  • Multi-launch coaster
  • Held three world records at opening: Fastest multi-launch coaster, longest multi-launch coaster without inversions, greatest number of intersecting track points at 58 . [33]
2016Fastest multi-launch coaster (bi-directional)Soaring with DragonHefei Wanda Theme Park
  • Fastest multi-launch coaster at 77.7 mph (train is launched three times — forward, backward and forward again). [33]
2017Fastest LSM-launch coaster Red Force Ferrari Land at PortAventura World
  • Currently fastest LSM-launched coaster in the world. [33]
2021First single-rail roller coaster for Intamin, and Australia.Big Dipper Luna Park Sydney * Hot Racer model [34] [35]
2023Tallest, longest, and fastest roller coaster ever builtFalcon's FlightSix Flags Qiddiya
  • Planned to be the tallest, longest, and fastest coaster ever built, with three LSM launch sections, a length 4 km, and speeds reaching 250+kph. Intamin's involvement was confirmed on January 3, 2021. [36]

See also

Related Research Articles

Roller coaster Ride developed for amusement parks

A roller coaster is a type of amusement ride that employs a form of elevated railroad track designed with tight turns, steep slopes, and sometimes inversions. People ride along the track in open cars, and the rides are often found in amusement parks and theme parks around the world. LaMarcus Adna Thompson obtained one of the first known patents for a roller coaster design in 1885, related to the Switchback Railway that opened a year earlier at Coney Island. The track in a coaster design does not necessarily have to be a complete circuit, as shuttle roller coasters demonstrate. Most roller coasters have multiple cars in which passengers sit and are restrained. Two or more cars hooked together are called a train. Some roller coasters, notably Wild Mouse roller coasters, run with single cars.

Inverted roller coaster

An inverted roller coaster is a roller coaster in which the train runs under the track with the seats directly attached to the wheel carriage. This latter attribute is what sets it apart from the older suspended coaster, which runs under the track, but swings via a pivoting bar attached to the wheel carriage. The coaster type's inverted orientation, where the passengers' legs are exposed, distinguishes it from a traditional roller coaster, where the passengers' arms are instead exposed.

Stand-up roller coaster

A stand-up roller coaster is a roller coaster designed to have the passengers stand through the course of the ride.

Top Thrill Dragster Launched roller coaster at Cedar Point

Top Thrill Dragster is a steel accelerator roller coaster located at Cedar Point in Sandusky, Ohio. Manufactured by Intamin, it was the sixteenth roller coaster to be built at the park since Blue Streak in 1964. It opened in 2003 as the tallest roller coaster in the world and the first full-circuit roller coaster to exceed 400 feet (120 m) in height. Its height record was later surpassed by Kingda Ka at Six Flags Great Adventure in 2005. Top Thrill Dragster, along with Kingda Ka, are the only strata coasters in existence. It was the second hydraulically launched roller coaster built by Intamin, following Xcelerator at Knott's Berry Farm. The tagline for Top Thrill Dragster is "Race for the Sky".

Six Flags Magic Mountain Theme park in Valencia, California

Six Flags Magic Mountain, formerly known simply as Magic Mountain, is a 262-acre (106 ha) theme park located in unincorporated Los Angeles County, California, near the Valencia neighborhood of Santa Clarita, 35 miles (56 km) northwest of downtown Los Angeles. It opened on May 29, 1971 as a development of the Newhall Land and Farming Company and Sea World Inc. In 1979, Six Flags purchased the park and added the name "Six Flags" to the park's name.

Kingda Ka Roller coaster at Six Flags Great Adventure

Kingda Ka is a launched roller coaster located at Six Flags Great Adventure in Jackson, New Jersey. Designed by Werner Stengel, Kingda Ka is an Accelerator Coaster model from Intamin that opened as the tallest and fastest roller coaster in the world on May 21, 2005. It is also the second-ever strata coaster, a roller coaster taller than 400 feet (120 m); Top Thrill Dragster was the first and previously held both records. Intamin subcontracted Stakotra to assist with construction.

Bolliger & Mabillard, officially Bolliger & Mabillard Consulting Engineers, Inc. and often abbreviated B&M, is a roller coaster design consultancy based in Monthey, Switzerland. The company was founded in 1988 by Walter Bolliger and Claude Mabillard, both of whom had worked for Giovanola.

Launched roller coaster

The launched roller coaster is a modern form of roller coaster. A launched coaster initiates a ride with high amounts of acceleration via one or a series of linear induction motors (LIM), linear synchronous motors (LSM), catapults, tires, chains, or other mechanisms employing hydraulic or pneumatic power. This mode of acceleration powers many of the fastest rollercoasters in the world.

Millennium Force Steel roller coaster at Cedar Point

Millennium Force is a steel roller coaster located at Cedar Point amusement park in Sandusky, Ohio. Manufactured by Intamin, it was the park's fourteenth roller coaster dating back to the opening of Blue Streak in 1964. Upon completion in 2000, Millennium Force broke six world records and was the world's first giga coaster, a term coined by Intamin and Cedar Point to represent roller coasters that exceed 300 feet (91 m) in height and complete a full circuit. It was briefly the tallest and fastest in the world until Steel Dragon 2000 opened later the same year. The ride is also the third-longest roller coaster in North America following The Beast at Kings Island and Fury 325 at Carowinds.

Giovanola Frères SA was a prominent steel manufacturing company based in Monthey, Switzerland. It was known for building electrical power stations, water storage tanks, pipelines, boilers, highway bridges, submarines, ski lifts and many other steel products. The company started out as a small metal forging shop, founded by Joseph Giovanola in 1888. Joseph Sr. died in 1904, and the company was taken over by his sons, the eldest of which, Joseph Jr., was just 17 years of age. By 1930 the company had grown to the point that it required a new factory which was constructed in Monthey.

Sky Whirl Defunct amusement ride

Sky Whirl was the name of two amusement rides which featured triple Ferris wheels. Both debuted in 1976 at the California's Great America and Six Flags Great America amusement parks. The ride in Santa Clara closed in 1997, and the ride in Gurnee closed in 2000. Two additional triple Ferris wheels were later built for the Seibu-en and Lotte World parks in Japan and South Korea (1989–97), respectively. All four rides were manufactured by Waagner-Biro and brokered by Intamin.

Dominator (roller coaster) Floorless roller coaster at Kings Dominion

Dominator is a floorless roller coaster located at Kings Dominion amusement park in Doswell, Virginia. Built by Bolliger & Mabillard, it originally opened in 2000 as Batman: Knight Flight at Six Flags Ohio in Aurora, Ohio. It obtained its current name when Cedar Fair purchased Geauga Lake in 2004. Following the park's permanent closure in 2007, the roller coaster was relocated to Kings Dominion where it opened in the International Street section of the park on May 24, 2008.

Xcelerator

Xcelerator is a steel launched roller coaster at Knott's Berry Farm in Buena Park, California. It was Intamin's first hydraulically launched coaster, while also the fourth Intamin installation at Knott's, alongside The Sky Cabin, Bigfoot Rapids and Perilous Plunge.

Flashback (Six Flags Magic Mountain)

Flashback was a steel roller coaster made by Intamin of Switzerland. The coaster was located in the Six Flags Plaza area of Six Flags Magic Mountain in Valencia, California. The model of the ride, a Space Diver coaster, was intended to be mass-produced, however, Flashback was the only installation.

The following article is a summary of notable incidents at any of the amusement parks and water parks that are operated by Six Flags Entertainment Corporation. In some cases, these incidents occurred while the park was under different management or ownership.

This is a summary of notable incidents that have taken place at amusement parks, water parks, or theme parks that are currently owned or operated by Cedar Fair Entertainment Company. This list is not intended to be a comprehensive list of every such event, but only those that had a significant impact on the parks or park operations, or are otherwise significantly newsworthy. The term incidents refers to major accidents, injuries, or deaths that occur at a park. These incidents were required to be reported to regulatory authorities due to where they occurred. They usually fall into one of the following categories:

  1. Negligence on the part of the guest, such as refusal to follow specific ride safety instructions.
  2. A guest deliberately breaking park rules.
  3. A guest's known, or unknown, health issues.
  4. Negligence on the part of the park, either by a ride operator or maintenance staff.
  5. An Act of God or a generic accident that is not a direct result of an action or inaction on anybody's part.
Possessed (roller coaster)

Possessed is an Inverted Impulse launched roller coaster located at Dorney Park & Wildwater Kingdom in Allentown, Pennsylvania. Manufactured by Intamin and designed by Werner Stengel, the roller coaster originally debuted at Geauga Lake amusement park as Superman: Ultimate Escape on May 5, 2000. After Cedar Fair purchased Geauga Lake in early 2004, the coaster was immediately renamed Steel Venom. The ride closed in 2006 and was moved to Dorney Park. It reopened in 2008 briefly under the name Voodoo, and was renamed Possessed for the 2009 season. The model is identical to five other impulse coaster installations at other amusement parks, and a larger version called Wicked Twister is located at Cedar Point.

Superman The Ride Steel rollercoaster

Superman The Ride is a steel roller coaster at Six Flags New England in Agawam, Massachusetts. Built by Swiss manufacturer Intamin, the hypercoaster opened to the public as Superman – Ride of Steel in 2000. It features a 208-foot (63 m) lift hill, a 221-foot (67 m) drop, and a maximum speed of 77 mph (124 km/h). In 2009, the park changed the name to Bizarro, named after a DC Comics character portrayed as the antithesis of Superman. In accordance with the theme change, the coaster's track and supports were repainted with a purple and dark blue color scheme, and other special effects were added. In 2016, the Six Flags reverted to the original theme, but instead of restoring the name, it was changed to Superman The Ride. A virtual reality feature was added the same year, which created an optional 3D experience for passengers, but was removed prior to the 2017 season.

Wing Coaster

Wing Coaster is engineering firm Bolliger & Mabillard’s designation for its winged roller coaster designs. Winged roller coasters are a type of steel roller coaster where pairs of riders sit on either side of a roller coaster track in which nothing is above or below the riders. B&M began development on the first Wing Coaster between 2007 and 2008 leading to the opening of Raptor at Gardaland on 1 April 2011. There are currently sixteen B&M-designed Wing Coasters either under construction or operating worldwide as of December 2020.

References

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