Carousel

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French old-fashioned carousel with stairs in La Rochelle ManegeLR1.jpg
French old-fashioned carousel with stairs in La Rochelle

A carousel (American English), [1] merry-go-round (British English), [2] or hurdy-gurdy (Australian English, esp. SA) [3] is a type of amusement ride consisting of a rotating circular platform with seats for riders. The "seats" are traditionally in the form of rows of wooden horses or other animals mounted on posts, many of which are moved up and down by gears to simulate galloping, to the accompaniment of looped circus music.

Contents

Carousels are commonly populated with horses, each horse weighing roughly 100 lbs (45 kg), but may include a variety of mounts, [4] for example pigs, zebras, tigers, or mythological creatures such as dragons or unicorns. Sometimes, chair-like or bench-like seats are used, and occasionally mounts can be shaped like aeroplanes or cars.

The names carousel and merry-go-round are also used, in varying dialects, to refer to a distinct piece of playground equipment.

History

Early carousels

Carousel feast at the Grand Place in Brussels in 1565 to mark the wedding of the Duke of Parma Floris Carousel.jpg
Carousel feast at the Grand Place in Brussels in 1565 to mark the wedding of the Duke of Parma
The "Carousel" organised in the courtyard of the Tuileries Palace by Louis XIV in June, 1662 to celebrate the birth of his son and heir, the future Louis XV Carrousel-LouisXIV-1662.jpg
The "Carousel" organised in the courtyard of the Tuileries Palace by Louis XIV in June, 1662 to celebrate the birth of his son and heir, the future Louis XV

The modern carousel emerged from early jousting traditions in Europe and the Middle East. Knights would gallop in a circle while tossing balls from one to another; an activity that required great skill and horsemanship. [ citation needed ] This game was introduced to Europe at the time of the Crusades from earlier Byzantine and Arab traditions. The word carousel originated from the Italian Carosella and Spanish Carosella ("little battle", used by crusaders to describe a combat preparation exercise and game played by Turkish and Arabian horsemen in the 12th century). [5] This early device was essentially a cavalry training mechanism; it prepared and strengthened the riders for actual combat as they wielded their swords at the mock enemies.

By the 17th century, the balls had been dispensed with, and instead, the riders had to spear small rings that were hanging from poles overhead and rip them off. Cavalry spectacles that replaced medieval jousting, such as the ring-tilt, were popular in Italy and France. The game began to be played by commoners, and carousels soon sprung up at fairgrounds across Europe. At the Place du Carrousel in Paris, an early make believe carousel was set up with wooden horses for the children. [6]

Another kind of carousel emerged in the 17th century in Belgium and France to celebrate special events. This was a ceremonial parade of knights and noblemen on horseback around a courtyard, accompanied by tournaments and various equestrian demonstrations and games, including the spearing of cardboard heads of "Moors" and "Saracens". The most famous carousel of this kind was held by Louis XIV in June, 1662, in the courtyard of the Tuileries Palace, to celebrate the birth of his son and heir. The site of the event, next to the Louvre, is still known as "the Carrousel". [7]

By the early 18th century carousels were being built and operated at various fairs and gatherings in central Europe and England. Animals and mechanisms would be crafted during the winter months and the family and workers would go touring in their wagon train through the region, operating their large menagerie carousel at various venues. Makers included Heyn in Germany and Bayol in France. These early carousels had no platforms; the animals would hang from chains and fly out from the centrifugal force of the spinning mechanism. They were often powered by animals walking in a circle or people pulling a rope or cranking.

By 1803 John Joseph Merlin had a carousel in his Mechanical Museum in London, where gentry and nobility liked to gather on winter evenings. The horses "floated free over a pole". It was connected to a "big musical instrument that played a fully orchestrated concerto" and from the first note, the carousel would start turning while each horse would make a galloping movement with a visitor riding on its back. Merlin did not patent his inventions and engineers were allowed to come to create their own models of his creations. [8]

Direction of rotation

A carousel in Bunkyo, Japan

Viewed from above, in the United Kingdom, merry-go-rounds, called ‘gallopers’ by the showmen community when populated by model horses, usually turn clockwise (from the outside, animals face to the left), while in North America and Mainland Europe, carousels typically go counterclockwise (animals face to the right). [9]

Modern carousels

By the mid-19th century the platform carousel was developed; the animals and chariots were fixed to a circular floor that would suspend from a centre pole and rotate around. These carousels were called dobbies and were operated manually by the operator or by ponies.

In mid-19th-century England, the carousel became a popular fixture at fairs. The first steam-powered mechanical roundabout, invented by Thomas Bradshaw, appeared at the Aylsham Fair in about 1861. It was described by a Halifax Courier journalist as "a roundabout of huge proportions, driven by a steam engine which whirled around with such impetuousity, that the wonder is the daring riders are not shot off like cannon- ball, and driven half into the middle of next month." [10]

Savage's amusement ride, Sea-On-Land, where the riders would pitch up and down as if they were on the sea. His "galloping horse" innovation is seen on carousels today. Sea-On-Land.jpg
Savage's amusement ride, Sea-On-Land, where the riders would pitch up and down as if they were on the sea. His "galloping horse" innovation is seen on carousels today.

Soon afterwards, English engineer Frederick Savage began to branch out of agricultural machinery production into the construction of fairground machines, swiftly becoming the chief innovator in the field. Savage's fairground machinery was exported all over the world. [11] By 1870, he was manufacturing carousels with Velocipedes (an early type of bicycle) and he soon began experimenting with other possibilities, including a roundabout with boats that would pitch and roll on cranks with a circular motion, a ride he called 'Sea-on-Land'. [12]

Savage applied a similar innovation to the more traditional mount of the horse; he installed gears and offset cranks on the platform carousels, thus giving the animals their well-known up-and-down motion as they travelled around the center pole – the galloping horse. [11] The platform served as a position guide for the bottom of the pole and as a place for people to walk or other stationary animals or chariots to be placed. He called this ride the 'Platform Gallopers'. He also developed the 'platform-slide' which allowed the mounts to swing out concentrically as the carousel built up speed. Fairground organs (band organs) were often present (if not built in) when these machines operated. Eventually electric motors were installed and electric lights added, giving the carousel its classic look.

Carousel built in 1905 by Gustav Dentzel which is still operational in Rochester, New York. Rochester NY Dentzel Carousel Summer 2001.jpg
Carousel built in 1905 by Gustav Dentzel which is still operational in Rochester, New York.

These mechanical innovations came at a crucial time, when increased prosperity meant that more people had time for leisure and spare money to spend on entertainment. It was in this historical context that the modern fairground ride was born, with Savage supplying this new market demand. In his 1902 Catalogue for Roundabouts he claimed to have "... patented and placed upon the market all the principal novelties that have delighted the many thousands of pleasure seekers at home and abroad." [13]

In the United States, the carousel industry was developed by immigrants, notably Gustav Dentzel of Germany and Charles W.F. Dare from England, from the late 19th century. Several centers and styles for the construction of carousels emerged in the United States: Coney Island style – characterized by elaborate, and sometimes faux-jeweled, saddles [14] – with Charles I. D. Looff; Philadelphia style – known for more realistically painted saddles – with Dentzel and the Philadelphia Toboggan Company; and Country Fair style – often with no saddles at all – with Allan Herschell and Edward Spillman of western New York, and Charles W. Parker of Kansas. The golden age of the carousel in America was the early 20th century[ citation needed ], with large machines and elaborate animals, chariots, and decorations being built.

Antique and notable carousels

The National Carousel Association maintains a list of Historic Carousel Award winners, primarily focused on carousels in Canada and America. [15]

Pre-1869

Notable carousels built Pre-1869
NameYearLocationBuilder Brass ring NotesImageReferences
Hanau Carousel1780Wilhelmsbad, Hanau The oldest stationary carousel in the world. It was built in 1780 in Hanau and has four chariots and twelve horses. The horses and coaches date from 1896. In 1970, twelve of the 16 wooden horses were stolen. [16] [17]

1870–1879

Notable carousels built 1870–1879
NameYearLocationBuilder Brass ring NotesImageReferences
Charles Looff Carroussel1875 Coney Island, New York Looff First carousel and amusement ride at Coney Island. Installed at Mrs. Lucy Vanderveer's Bathing Pavilion in 1876. It was probably burned during the devastating fire on Coney Island in 1911. [18] The first carousel and amusement ride at Coney Island was hand-carved and built by Danish carver, Charles I. D. Looff and installed at Mrs. Lucy Vanderveer's Bathing Pavilion in 1876.jpg [ citation needed ]
Flying Horses Carousel 1876 Oak Bluffs, Massachusetts Charles Dare Yes check.svg The nation's oldest platform carousel has been designated by the U.S. Department of the Interior as a national landmark. Constructed in 1876 by Charles Dare, it is one of only two Dare carousels still in existence. Originally operated at a Coney Island, NY amusement park, it was moved to Oak Bluffs in 1884, where it has lived in its red barn, delighting generations of Island residents and visitors ever since. The carousel was acquired by the Martha's Vineyard Preservation Trust in 1986 to prevent it from being dismantled and sold piecemeal to collectors of antique carved horses. THE ARCADE.jpg [ citation needed ]
Flying Horse Carousel 1876 Watch Hill, Westerly, Rhode Island Charles Dare Yes check.svg Built in 1876 and listed as a National Historic Landmark. It is one of two Charles Dare carousels in existence. It is considered the oldest of its type "in which the horses are suspended from a center frame," as opposed to being mounted on a wooden platform, which causes the horses to "fly" as the carousel gains speed. Flying Horse Carousel.jpg [19]
Melbourne Zoo Carousel1878 Royal Melbourne Zoological Gardens, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia Built in 1878 in England and imported to Australia in the 1880s by John Briggs, an ancestor of Dorrie Freeman. The carousel traveled the show circuit until 1963, when it finally arrived at Melbourne Zoo. Restoration completed 2005. [20] [21]

1880–1889

Notable carousels built 1880–1889
NameYearLocationBuilder Brass ring NotesImageReferences
Le Galopant1885 La Ronde, Montreal The oldest galloping carousel in the world. Built in 1885 in Bressoux by Belgian craftsmen, it stayed there until 1964, when it moved to New York for their World's Fair. For Expo 67 it came to Montreal as part of the rides featured in La Ronde. In 2003, the Carousel underwent a meticulous restoration under the current park ownership, Six Flags. More than $1 million was spent to refurbish the ride, which reopened in a new specially landscaped garden in 2007. The carousel remains intact but has been out of operation since 2019. La Ronde - Le Galopant.jpg [22] [23]

1890–1899

Notable carousels built 1890–1899
NameYearLocationBuilder Brass ring NotesImageReferences
Gallopers, Hobart, Tasmaniacirca 1890 or earlier (other sources say 1885 or 1882) Hobart, Tasmania Howcrofts of Hartlepool / Savage's of Kings Lynn (conversion)Originally constructed with "leaping hounds" by Howcrofts of Hartlepool and operated for 40 years around the north of England by the showman family of Emerson & Hazard; hounds replaced with horses and cockerels by Savage's of Kings Lynn, Norfolk, prior to 1920; subsequently at Dreamland, Margate, UK, circa 1940s-1980. Purchased in 1990 by Mark Money of Kingston, Tasmania and subsequently restored to full working order, with what is stated to be the original steam engine operating it, and operated around Tasmania, including the Hobart waterfront and the Royal Tasmanian Botanical Gardens, circa 2009-2013. This photograph taken in 2013; the ride was offered for sale in 2016 but whether or not it was sold at that time is not presently known. See also additional notes accompanying this image, https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Gallopers-Tasmania-2013-01.jpg Gallopers-Tasmania-2013-01.jpg [24] [25] [26]
Letná Carousel1892 Letná Park, Prague The oldest preserved carousel in Europe. Has been renovated recently (2022). The carousel is still located in the original wooden pavilion and the interior is furnished in its almost original form from 1892. It features 21 horses covered with real horse skin and four cars. Letensky kolotoc.JPG [27]
Darling Harbor Carouselc.1890sTumbalong Park, Darling Harbour, Sydney A New South Wales Heritage listed attraction. It is an example of an old Edwardian Carousel which are very rare nowadays. It is operated by a classic steam engine which has been retained. The Carousel dates back to the 'Golden Age' of Carousels between the 1890s to the 1920s. First imported to Australia in 1894. Darling Harbour (2177745416).jpg [28]
The Flotillac.1894 High Park, CNE grounds, Munro Park O. L. Hicks Miniature boats (replicas of Columbus' ships) travelled in a circular trough. Chains pulled the boats.
Location is CNE grounds which was second site. Water Merry Go Round installed at CNE.jpg
Location is CNE grounds which was second site.
Name Pinta is visible on bow of right hand boat. Location is Munro Park, Toronto which was third site where this attraction was installed. Water Merry Go Round Installed at Munro Park.jpg
Name Pinta is visible on bow of right hand boat. Location is Munro Park, Toronto which was third site where this attraction was installed.
[29] [30]
Stoomcarrouselc.1895–1903Efteling. Kaatsheuvel. Brabant. The NetherlandsHendrik JanvierThis carousel was built between 1895 and 1903 by designer Hendrik Janvier (1868–1932). Janvier was the progenitor of the famous Dutch funfair family Janvier and is seen as the founder of the Stoormcarrousel tradition. He used tools from different manufacturers, because there did not yet exist a dedicated stoomcarrousel manufacturer yet. Upgrades and renovations were made in the years after 1903.

Today this old stoomcarrousel is located in the Efteling (Themepark). In 1955 the Efteling bought the ride for ƒ 15.475,-. (Gulden) from the Janvier family. It reopened in 1956. Originally, the price for a ticket to make a ride, was only 5 cents.

Before the purchase by the Efteling, the Stoomcarrousel was named is 'Stoomcaroussel' . (1 r & 2 s')

Contains: 22 Horses, 4 Coaching's, 2 Pigs & 2 clowns.

Music played by: 1 Gavioli organ

Engine: Fam. König, Swalmen,

Stoomcarrousel.JPG
None
Steam Gallopers1895 Carters Steam Fair (traveling)Robert Tidman & Sons of NorwichRun on steam to this day Carters3.jpg [31]
Crescent Park Looff Carousel 1895 Crescent Park, East Providence, Rhode Island Looff Yes check.svg Still operates in its original location. The 61 horses, one camel, and four chariots have been restored and the ride renovated. Charles I. D. Looff used this carousel as a showpiece for prospective customers. This is one of the few carousels that feature a ring-arm with steel rings and a brass ring. The original A. Ruth & Sohn organ still plays music for the patrons. Looff family at Crescent Park mgr c.1905-1910.jpg [ citation needed ]

1900–1909

Notable carousels built 1900–1909
NameYearLocationBuilder Brass ring NotesImageReferences
Forest Park Carousel 1903 Woodhaven section of the New York City borough of Queens Muller BrothersOne of only two surviving Muller brothers carousels, it was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 2004. Forest Park Carousel fall jeh.JPG [32] [33]
Dentzel Menagerie Carousel1905 Ontario Beach Park in Rochester, New YorkDentzelStill in operation, the historic Dentzel Menagerie Carousel is one of only fourteen operating antique menagerie carousels in the United States. [34]
Lakeside Park Carousel 1905Historic Lakeside Park in Port Dalhousie, Ontario, Canada Looff/KremerBrought to St. Catharines in 1921. It continues to provide amusement for young and old alike, at just 5 cents a ride. LakesideParkCarousel.jpg [35]
Children's Creativity Museum Carousel1906 Children's Creativity Museum in Yerba Buena Gardens, San Francisco Looff X mark.svg Sent to Seattle after the 1906 earthquake and returned to serve at Playland-at-the-Beach until that park's demise in 1972. Children's Creativity Museum (was 'Zeum') (24969394294).jpg [36]
Centreville Carousel1907 Centreville Amusement Park, Toronto Islands, Toronto, Ontario, Canada Dentzel Carousel Company Acquired from Bushkill Park in Easton, Pennsylvania in 1966. Although it was sold to Carmel, Indiana in mid-2017, the deal was not approved by Carmel city council and the carousel currently remains in Toronto. Centreville Carousel.jpg [37] [38]
Carousel El Dorado1907 Toshimaen in Tokyo, Japan (1971-current)
Steeplechase Park in New York (1911–1964)
Hugo Haase  [ de ] Mechanical Engineering Heritage (Japan) No.38 El Dorado 1.jpg [39]
Heritage Carousel1908Heritage Museums and Gardens in Sandwich, Massachusetts Looff Electrically powered. Originally built for a park in Meridian, Mississippi; acquired by Josiah K. Lilly III in 1968 and reassembled at Heritage Museums & Gardens in 1972. Carousel - Long Exposure (9234935875) (2).jpg [40]
Riverfront Park Carousel 1909 Riverfront Park in Spokane, Washington Looff Yes check.svg Originally installed at the Natatorium Park in Spokane. Riverfront Park Carousel.JPG [41]
Albany Carousel and Museum1909Downtown Albany, Oregon DentzelDentzel Menagerie Carousel completely rebuilt in the downtown area of Albany, Oregon, completion date set for June 2017. The carousel is housed in a state of the art 22,000-square-foot facility which includes a complete artist studio for the creation of additional animals. Construction used old growth timber that was completely re-manufactured from the previous building that housed the carving studio circa 1920. [42]

1910–1919

Notable carousels built 1910–1919
NameYearLocationBuilder Brass ring NotesImageReferences
Balboa Park Carousel1910 Balboa Park, San Diego, California Herschell-Spillman Yes check.svg Initially shipped to Los Angeles and arrived in the San Diego area in 1915. In Balboa Park since 1922. Balboa Park Carousel Building DSCF1859.jpg [43]
Santa Cruz Looff Carousel1911 Santa Cruz Beach Boardwalk, Santa Cruz, California Looff Yes check.svg One of the few carousels still in its original location for more than 100 years. It is a "pure carousel" meaning all of the horses were provided by the same company that built the carousel. It is also one of the few with the rare combination of a working ring dispenser and outside row jumping horses. The carousel features three band organs including a rare Ruth & Sohn 96-key organ with 342 pipes. The Looff carousel was designated a national historic landmark in 1987. Santa Cruz Looff Carousel and Roller Coaster.jpg [44]
Tilden Park Carousel1911 Tilden Park in Berkeley, California Herschell-Spillman X mark.svg Built in 1911 by the Herschell-Spillman Company and is one of the few carousels from its day still in operation. In 1976 it was listed on the National Register of Historic Places. 0399 Ceiling Detail (29622931445).jpg [45] [46]
Pullen Park Carousel 1912 Pullen Park, Raleigh, North Carolina Dentzel52 wooden animals carved by Salvatore Cernigliaro. Added to National Register of Historic Places in 1976. Pullen Park carousel building.jpg [47]
Merry-Go-Round Steam Gallopers1912 Hollycombe Steam Collection (traveling)Tidman of NorwichA working steam driven Merry-Go-Round with 3-abreast Steam Gallopers. It has 24 horses, six cockerels and two chariots (for those who don't relish the galloping motion). It is driven by a steam centre engine, also Tidman, and has revolving pillars, which are believed to be the only ones still operating. Musical accompaniment is driven by a slotted card Tidman organ engine. Tidman, Norwich 3-abreast steam gallopers (c1912) Hollycombe, Liphook 3.8.2004 P8030032 (10353792564).jpg [48]
Nunley's Carousel1912Cradle of Aviation Museum, Garden City, New YorkStein and Goldstein Artistic Carousel Co. Yes check.svg Operated at Nunley's Amusement Park, Baldwin, N.Y. until that park's closure in 1995. Subsequently, purchased by Nassau County and placed in storage. It was fully restored and opened in 2009 at the Cradle of Aviation Museum in Garden City, N.Y. Nunleys carousel 06.jpg [49]
Cafesjian's Carousel 1914 Como Park, Saint Paul, Minnesota A mainstay at the Minnesota State Fair from 1914 to 1988, when it was saved from the auction block by a non-profit group organized to save the landmark. The carousel is now located in Como Park in Saint Paul, Minnesota. Como Regional Park 34.jpg [50]
Grand Ole Carousel 1915 Six Flags St. Louis, Eureka, Missouri Philadelphia Toboggan Company #35 X mark.svg Built by Philadelphia Toboggan Company in 1915 for Cleveland's Luna Park. Relocated to Puritas Springs, Cleveland, from 1930 to 1958 then Indian Lake Park, Russell's Point, Ohio, 1959 to 1971. Acquired by Six Flags St. Louis in 1972 where it opened in the park's England themed section (now Britannia) as "Carousel." It was renamed "Grand Ole Carousel" in 1984, then "Enchanted Carousel" in 1995. In 1998, its name reverted to "Grand Ole Carousel." [51]
Santa Monica Looff Hippodrome 1916 Santa Monica Pier, Santa Monica, California Philadelphia Toboggan CompanyHoused a carousel by Looff until it was sold in 1939. It was replaced by Philadelphia Toboggan Company Carousel No. 62, which was moved from the Ocean Park Pier. Since 1977, the carousel has been owned by the city. The building remains a rare example of structures that used to be on the amusement pier. It was restored from 1977 through 1981. It was declared a National Historic Landmark in 1987. Santa Monica pier edit1.jpg [52] [53]
Herschell Carrousel Factory Museum 1916 Herschell Carrousel Factory Museum, North Tonawanda, NY Herschell-Spillman Features two working carousels: The largest is a 1916 model that is 40 feet (12.2 m) in diameter, with 36 hand-carved horses and over 580 lights. The second is a small aluminum carousel specifically designed for children. The museum is located in the building complex which housed the Allan Herschell Company and is the only museum in the world housed inside an authentic carousel factory. HerschellCarrouselFactoryOblique.JPG [54]

1920–1929

Notable carousels built 1920–1929
NameYearLocationBuilder Brass ring NotesImageReferences
Grand Carousel 1926 Kennywood Park, West Mifflin, Pennsylvania DentzelA National Historic Landmark. The music on this carousel is provided by a 1916 Wurlitzer Style No. 153 Military Band Organ and over 1500 lights decorate this ride. The carousel features 50 jumping and 14 stationary horses, a magnificent lion and tiger, and Dentzel's signature Jesters and Cherubs. Kennywood Carousel DSCN2823.JPG [55]
Grand Carousel1926 Kings Island, Cincinnati, OhioPhiladelphia Toboggan CompanyBuilt in 1926 for Cincinnati's Coney Island, PTC No. 79 stands 80 feet wide and features 48 horses and two chariots. The carousel is adorned with 37 oil paintings depicting scenes from all over the world, 20,000 sheets of 23-karat gold leaf, 1,000 sheets of sterling silver, over 700 lights and hundreds of mirror accents. Music is proved by a Wurlitzer Duplex Orchestral Organ (#157). The carousel operated for 45 years at Coney Island and was relocated to Kings Island in 1972. [56]
Antique Carousel1928 Canada's Wonderland in Toronto, Ontario Philadelphia Toboggan CompanyOriginally located in Palisades Park, New Jersey the carousel was also used at Happyland Park or Hastings Park, Vancouver, British Columbia, and Palace Playland, Old Orchard Beach, Maine, before it was purchased by Taft Broadcasting in the 1970s and put into storage. It opened in its current location in 1981. Canada's Wonderland 013 (7998189248).jpg [57] [58]
Holyoke Merry-Go-Round 1929 Heritage State Park in Holyoke, Massachusetts Philadelphia Toboggan CompanyOriginally assembled at the now shuttered Mountain Park. The carousel was reassembled and preserved (in full operation) at Heritage State Park with the help of John Hickey and the Holyoke Water Power Company in 1993. Holyoke Merry-Go Round carousel 01 (9383273304).jpg [59]

1930–1939

1940–1949

Unique and record breaking

California's Great America 2.JPG
The Carousel Columbia at California's Great America is the tallest carousel at 101 feet (31 m) tall.
Columbia Carousel at Six Flags Great America (2022).jpg
The Columbia Carousel at Six Flags Great America is the second tallest carousel at 100 feet (30 m) tall.
One of the carousels in Endicott, NY, West Endicott Park Carousel West Endicott Park Carousel.jpg
One of the carousels in Endicott, NY, West Endicott Park Carousel

See also

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The Riverfront Park Carrousel, also known as the Looff Carrousel and the Natatorium Park Carousel, is a carousel in Spokane, Washington built in 1909 by Charles I. D. Looff as a gift for Looff's daughter Emma Vogel and her husband Louis Vogel, who owned Natatorium Park in Spokane. It remained at Natatorium Park until 1968 when the park closed. The carousel was then relocated to its present location at Riverfront Park in 1975 where it continues to operate. It was added to the National Register of Historic Places on September 19, 1977.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Jane's Carousel</span> United States historic place

Jane's Carousel is a carved, wooden, 48-horse carousel that was built in 1922 for the Idora Park amusement park in Youngstown, Ohio by the Philadelphia Toboggan Company. It was carved by John Zalar and Frank Carretta, each of whom are attributed with carvings on carousels constructed by PTC and other carousel companies like Looff. The carousel has 30 "jumpers," 18 "standers," two chariots, and a Gebrüder Bruder Band Organ that provides the carousel’s music. Jane's Carousel was listed on the National Register of Historic Places (NRHP) on February 6, 1975, the first carousel to receive such designation. The merry-go-round is not currently listed in the NRHP database, having been delisted on October 29, 1985.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Flushing Meadows Carousel</span> United States historic place

The Flushing Meadows Carousel is a carousel located in Flushing Meadows-Corona Park in the New York City borough of Queens. It contains four rows of figures, including 64 jumping horses, 7 standing horses, 1 menagerie animal, and 2 chariots. It was created to serve patrons of the 1964 New York World's Fair by combining two earlier carousels, both of which were carved in Coney Island in the first decade of the twentieth century by renowned carver Marcus Illions. During the fair, it stood on a nearby site within the park, and it was moved to its present site in 1968, where it has remained in service ever since.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Gustav Dentzel</span>

Gustav Dentzel was a German immigrant who built some of the earliest carousels in the United States.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Darling Harbour Carousel</span> Historic site in New South Wales, Australia

The Darling Harbour Carousel is a heritage-listed carousel located at the concourse under the Western Distributor at Darling Harbour in the Sydney central business district in the City of Sydney local government area, New South Wales, Australia. It is also known as The Carousel. It was added to the New South Wales State Heritage Register on 28 June 2002.

Lourinda Bray is an American restoration artist and historian with a specialty in carousel animals. She is also the owner of Running Horse Studios, a 7,000-square-foot carousel animal restoration warehouse. Her collection exceeds 400 and spans animals created throughout America, Mexico, and Europe from the mid-19th century to the present day. In addition to carousel figures, she has collected and restored other parts of carousels such as decorative mirrors, placards, base boards, and benches. Her collection also includes carousel-themed toys, postcards, and miniatures. The collection is sourced from numerous carousel carvers from the Golden Age of carousels such as Herschell-Spillman, Charles Carmel, Charles Looff, E. Joy Morris, M.C. Illions & Sons Carousell Works, Philadelphia Toboggan Company, Dentzel Carousel Company, C.W. Parker Amusement Company, W.P. Wilcox, Josef Hübner, D.C. Muller Brothers, J.R. Anderson, Stein & Goldstein, Charles W. Dare, Orton Sons & Spooner, Daniel C. Muller & Bro, Bayol Carousel Company, Limonaire Frères, Carl Müller, and Daniel Hegereda.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Frederick Savage (engineer)</span>

Frederick Savage was an English engineer and inventor.

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