Eyerly Aircraft Company

Last updated
Eyerly Aircraft Company
Industry Manufacturing and design
Founded1930 (1930)
Founder Lee Eyerly
Defunct1990 (1990)
Headquarters,
United States
Area served
Worldwide
Products Aircraft, amusement rides

Eyerly Aircraft Company was an amusement ride manufacturing company in Salem, Oregon, founded by Lee Eyerly in 1930. The company originally intended to design flight simulators for the aircraft industry but shifted to amusement rides after an early simulator, called Orientator, became a popular pay-per-ride attraction with the public. The company manufactured rides until 1985 and went bankrupt in 1990, following a fatal accident in 1988 that occurred on a ride built by the company.

Contents

Aircraft manufacturing

Lee Eyerly founded Eyerly Aircraft Company in 1930 to manufacture two inexpensive ways to train pilots which he devised when the Great Depression hit. The first was the Whiffle Hen, [1] a plane which only burned two US gallons (8 L) of fuel per hour of flight. The second was a ground-based flight training device patented under the name "Orientator". The Orientator consisted of a small airplane suspended in what looked like the tines of a giant tuning fork. Air from the electrically driven propeller passed over the wings and rudder, and the operator controlled the movements of the plane in a manner similar to a real aircraft. [2] The Orientator was produced commercially and eventually renamed the Acroplane.

Amusement rides

A salesman approached Eyerly about selling them to carnivals and parks as an amusement ride after noticing several Acroplanes stored on the lot outside Eyerly's shop. While Eyerly was initially skeptical, he agreed to a deal which led to selling about 50 Acroplanes as an amusement ride. The following year, Eyerly changed the company's focus from aircraft to amusement rides based on the successful sales. [2] Eyerly developed and patented numerous amusement rides which would become staples of carnival midways, including The Loop-O-Plane (1933), [2] [3] the Roll-O-Plane, [4] the Fly-O-Plane and the Rock-O-Plane (1947). [5] [6] Perhaps their most popular design was the Octopus, [4] which resulted in later variations: the Spider and the Monster. Two of the company's kiddie carousel rides were the Midge-O-Racer and Bulgy the Whale. [7]

Although Eyerly's manufacturing business became amusement rides, the name of the company remained Eyerly Aircraft Company. [7]

A partial list of the Eyerly Aircraft Company rides and their locations follows.

NameModelParkOpenClosedDetails
MonsterUnknown 1962 Seattle World's Fair UnknownClosedAppears similar to a Monster, but only had 5 arms instead of the typical 6.
Rock-O-PlaneRock-O-PlaneAll Star Adventures (Wichita, Kansas)UnknownOpen [8] [9]
SpiderSpiderAll Star Adventures (Wichita, Kansas)UnknownOpen [10] [8]
SpiderSpiderAll Star Amusements (Showman)UnknownUnknown
Freddie the FishBulgy the Whale Arnolds Park UnknownOpen [11]
Rock-O-PlaneRock-O-Plane Arnolds Park UnknownOpen [12]
Roll-O-PlaneRoll-O-Plane Arnolds Park UnknownOpen [13]
SpiderSpider Arnolds Park UnknownClosed [14]
Rock-O-PlaneRock-O-PlaneBig Amusements (Showman)UnknownOpen
Monster!Monster Blackpool Pleasure Beach 19681995 [15]
Dragon LoopsLoop-O-PlaneBlue Sky Amusements (Showman)UnknownOpen [16]
Killer WhalesBulgy the WhaleBoardwalk Amusements (Daytona Beach, Florida)2017ClosedTrailer mounted; new whale vehicles. [17]
Monstrous MambaMonster Busch Gardens Tampa 19761995After removal the ride was sold for scrap. [18]
OctopusOctopusC&L Shows (Showman)UnknownOpen [19]
LobsterMonster California's Great America 1976Closed [20]
SpiderSpider Camden Park Unknown2011Removed after incident hospitalized three riders. [21]
FuryMonster Canada's Wonderland 19812003Originally named Shiva's Fury. Sat in storage after removal. Ultimately sent to Kings Island for spare part usage on their similar Monster. [22]
Black WidowMonster Carowinds 19731987Originally named The Witch Doctor. Relocated within park in 1977. Replaced with Cinema 180. [23]
SpiderSpider Castle Park UnknownOpen [24]
MonsterMonster Cedar Point 1970OpenRefurbished in 2014 alongside renovated Gemini Midway. [25] [26]
MonsterMonster Coney Island (Cincinnati) 19681971Relocated to Kings Island after park closure. [27]
Rock-O-PlanesRock-O-Plane Coney Island (Cincinnati) 20072019Relocated from LeSourdsville Lake Amusement Park. Following removal, listed for sale on Rides4U for $19,000.
Clown FishBulgy the WhaleDeggeller Attractions, Inc. (Showman)UnknownOpen [28]
WhalesBulgy the Whale DelGrosso's Amusement Park UnknownOpen [29]
MonsterMonster Dorney Park & Wildwater Kingdom 1995OpenRemoved for addition of Dominator in 1998, but refurbished and returned to operation in 2000. [30]
MonsterMonster EsselWorld (India)UnknownOpen [31] [32]
OctopusOctopusFantasy Farm (Middletown, Ohio)19871991Purchased by Nolan Amusements for $17,500 after park closed. [33] [34]
SpiderSpider Fun Spot America Theme Parks (Atlanta) UnknownOpen [35]
Black SquidSpider Geauga Lake 19702007Relocated to Kings Dominion; sat in storage but never operated.
MonsterMonster Ghost Town Village 19922000Ride did not reopen with park in 2007.
Bulgy the GoldfishBulgy the Whale Gilroy Gardens UnknownOpen [36]
OctopusOctopusHammerl Amusements (Showman)UnknownOpen [37]
MonsterMonster Hersheypark 19721982Replaced by Tilt-A-Whirl. [38]
Dancer's FishBulgy the Whale Holiday World & Splashin' Safari UnknownOpenPreviously named Salmon Run. Relocated within park for 2014 season. [39]
Paul Revere's Midnight RideSpider Holiday World & Splashin' Safari 19782011Originally named Spider Ride. Removed due to dependability issues. [40]
Green MachineLoop-O-PlaneHydro Free Fair1980sOpen [41]
Loop-O-PlaneLoop-O-Plane Idora Park 1936Closed [42]
MonsterMonster Idora Park 1972Closed [42]
Flying OcotpusOctopus Idora Park 1938ClosedAcquired from Great Lakes Exposition in Cleveland. [42]
Rock-O-PlaneRock-O-Plane Idora Park 19761984 [42]
SpiderSpider Idora Park 1973Closed [42]
Clown FishBulgy the WhaleJames H. Drew Exposition (Showman)UnknownOpen [43]
UnknownSpiderJolly Roger at 30th StreetUnknownUnknown
UnknownLoop-O-PlaneKeansburg Amusement ParkUnknownUnknown [44]
Loop-O-PlaneLoop-O-Plane Kennywood Unknown1950 [45]
Monongahela MonsterMonster Kennywood 19791989
Roll-O-PlaneRoll-O-Plane Kennywood 19502003
MonsterMonster Kings Dominion 19751988Originally named Bad Apple. [46]
MonsterMonster Kings Island 1972OpenRelocated from Coney Island after park closure. Maintained with parts from The Fury at Canada's Wonderland. [22] [47]
Rock-O-PlanesRock-O-PlaneKissel Entertainment (Showman)UnknownUnknown
SatelliteRoll-O-Plane Knoebels Amusement Resort UnknownOpen [48]
Bulgy the WhaleBulgy the Whale Lagoon 1956Open [49]
Rock-O-PlanesRock-O-Plane Lagoon 8 May 1954Open
OctopusOctopus Lagoon 8 May 19541979
Loop-O-PlaneLoop-O-Plane Lagoon 19721987
1st. Flying Jets

Current Name

Flying Aces

Fly-O-Plane Lagoon Open
Roll-O-PlaneRoll-O-Plane Lagoon 30 Mar 1947ClosedBurned Down in fire of 53
Roll-O-PlaneRoll-O-Plane Lagoon 8 May 19541971
Roll-O-PlaneSuper Roll-O-Plane Lagoon 1 Apr 19722002metal fatigue caused the arm to bend during the ride cycle when it was rotating horizontally. No one on the ride was injured.
Fly-O-PlaneFly-O-Plane Lake Winnepesaukah 2000ClosedEjected two riders in 2016. [50] [51]
MonsterMonster Lakemont Park UnknownClosed [52]
OctopusOctopus Lakemont Park UnknownClosed [53]
Loop-O-PlaneLoop-O-Plane Lakeside Amusement Park UnknownOpen
Giant OctopusOctopus LeSourdsville Lake Amusement Park 1944Closed
Rock-O-PlanesRock-O-Plane LeSourdsville Lake Amusement Park 1949ClosedReceived new cars in 1990. Relocated to Coney Island after park closure.
MustekalaMonster Linnanmäki 19791984After removal the ride was scrapped and replaced with a similar, more efficient model.
SpiderSpider Luna Park, Melbourne 1983OpenHead on top of Spider designed by children's book author Leigh Hobbs in 2001. Ride modified to enable all the arms to load and unload simultaneously. [54]
Willie the WhaleBulgy the WhaleMichael's Amusements (Showman)UnknownOpen [55]
BulletLoop-O-Plane Miracle Strip Amusement Park Unknown2004This ride was sold to Sylvan Beach, New York's Amusement Park after Miracle Strip permanently closed, but later transformed into a Rock-O-Plane . [44]
SpiderMonsterModern Midways (Showman)UnknownOpen
Rock-O-PlaneRock-O-Plane Oaks Amusement Park UnknownOpen
SpiderSpider Oaks Amusement Park UnknownOpen
Ahuna Thrill Ride, TheOctopus Pacific Ocean Park UnknownClosedOriginally named Mrs. Squid. Dual Tub Octopus with a squid decor in the center. [56]
Mr. OctopusOctopus Pacific Ocean Park UnknownClosed [56]
UnknownSpiderRace City PCBUnknownUnknown
Bulgy the WhaleBulgy the Whale Santa Cruz Beach Boardwalk UnknownOpen [57]
MonsterMonster Silverwood UnknownClosedReplaced by Trabant.
Black DragonMonster Six Flags AstroWorld 19681977 [58]
Jolly MonsterMonster Six Flags Magic Mountain 19731981 [59]
SpiderSpider Six Flags New England 19682006
Crazy LegsMonster Six Flags Over Texas 19731982 [60]
MoMo the MonsterMonster Six Flags St. Louis 19731994Replaced by River View Racer. [61]
Bulgy the WhaleBulgy the WhaleSkerbeck Family Carnival (Showman)UnknownOpen [62]
MonsterMonsterSunshine Amusements (Showman)Unknown1988Crashed during 1988 Broward County Fair, causing a fatality. After the incident, the U.S. Consumer Product Safety Commission asked all owners and operators of Monster attractions to perform metallurgical inspection of their rides. [63] [64]
Rock-O-PlaneRock-O-PlaneSylvan Beach Amusement ParkUnknownOpen [65]
BomberRoll-O-PlaneSylvan Beach Amusement ParkUnknownOpen [65]
Bulgy the WhaleBulgy the WhaleTinkertown Family Fun ParkUnknownOpen [66]
Rock-O-PlanesRock-O-Plane Upper Clements Parks Unknown2019 [67]
MonsterMonster Valleyfair 1977OpenUsing the former Octopus at Worlds of Fun for spare parts. [68] [69]
Bulgy the WhaleBulgy the WhaleWade Shows (Showman)UnknownOpen [70]
OctopusOctopus Whalom Park UnknownClosed
Funnel WebSpider Wonderland Sydney 19851989Removed and placed in storage; current whereabouts unknown.
OctopusMonster Worlds of Fun 19732014Originally named Oriental Octopus, then later Tailspinner. Ride was absent from park for 1997 season, but returned in 1998 with new cars. Its pieces are currently used for Monster at Valleyfair. [69]
GuppiesBulgy the Whale Wyandot Lake Unknown2006
BarracudaRock-O-Plane Wyandot Lake Unknown1999
Black SquidSpider Wyandot Lake Unknown2006
Little RacersMidge-O-RacerPlayland, Fresno, CA1955OpenRide was one of the originals when Rotary Playland opened in 1955 on the SW corner of Roeding Park in Fresno, CA. It was called "Midge-O-Racer" but the name was changed to "Little Racers" after a generous donationby a local car dealership. It is one of only two rides made by Eyerly that are known to be still running.[ citation needed ]
Rock-O-PlaneRock-O-PlaneThomas Amusements (Newfoundland and Labrador, Canada)UnknownSeasonal [71]

Closure

Eyerly Aircraft Company continued to produce amusement rides until 1985. [72] A fatal accident occurred at a Florida fair in 1988, where an arm of an Octopus ride snapped along an existing crack that was paint-covered and missed in inspections. [73] A 17-year-old female died of head injuries when the basket she was riding in collided with another as it fell to the ground. [73] [74] A wrongful death lawsuit was brought against the ride's owner and county fair operator for failure to properly inspect and reinforce the ride. [75] [74] In the wake of the lawsuit, Eyerly Aircraft filed for bankruptcy and closed its doors permanently in 1990. [72] The intellectual property rights to their rides were later purchased by Oregon Rides Inc. [6]

See also

Related Research Articles

Lee Ulrich Eyerly was an American civil aviation pioneer and amusement ride manufacturer.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Pacific Ocean Park</span> 1958-1967 amusement park in California

Pacific Ocean Park was a 28-acre (11-hectare) nautical-themed amusement park built on a pier at Pier Avenue in the Ocean Park section of Santa Monica, California in 1958. Intended to compete with Disneyland, it replaced Ocean Park Pier (1926-1956). After it closed and fell into disrepair, the park and pier anchored the Dogtown area of Santa Monica.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Luna Park, Melbourne</span>

Luna Park Melbourne is a historic amusement park located on the foreshore of Port Phillip Bay in St Kilda, Melbourne, Victoria. It opened on 13 December 1912, with a formal opening a week later, and has been operating almost continuously ever since.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Tilt-A-Whirl</span> Amusement park ride

Tilt-A-Whirl is a flat ride similar to the Waltzer in Europe, designed for commercial use at amusement parks, fairs, and carnivals, in which it is commonly found. The rides are manufactured by Larson International of Plainview, Texas.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Lake Winnepesaukah</span> Amusement Park in Georgia, U.S.

Lake Winnepesaukah, commonly known as Lake Winnie, is an amusement park located in Rossville, Georgia, just south of Chattanooga, Tennessee. Carl and Minette Dixon opened the park to over 5,000 guests on June 1, 1925. They named it after the Native American word Winnepesaukah, meaning "bountiful waters" or "beautiful lake of the highlands". The park originally featured the largest swimming pool in the southeastern United States, which debuted in 1926 and was later removed. Its Boat Chute attraction, designed by Carl Dixon and opened in 1927, is the oldest mill chute water ride of its kind still in operation in the United States.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">The Amazing Adventures of Spider-Man</span> Motion-based 3D dark ride at universal parks

The Amazing Adventures of Spider-Man is a motion-based 3D dark ride at the Islands of Adventure, Orlando and Universal Studios Japan, Osaka theme parks, based on the Marvel Comics superhero Spider-Man. Built for Islands of Adventure's opening in 1999, it is a hybrid ride combining special roving motion vehicles with 3D projection, elaborate physical sets, and practical and tactile effects.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Monster (ride)</span> Amusement ride

The Monster is an amusement ride manufactured by Eyerly Aircraft Company. The ride spins while moving up and down at a slow pace. Each car spins while giant arms move up and down in a circular motion. Riders may experience the feeling of weightlessness when going in the air and coming back down to ground level.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Octopus (ride)</span> Amusement ride shaped like an octopus

The Octopus is a type of amusement ride in the shape of an octopus. Five to eight arms attached to a central axis of rotation and move up and down in a wavelike motion, while cars at the end of the arms, either attached directly to the arm or fixed on spinning crosses, spin freely or stay in place, depending on the exact type of ride. Each Octopus ride has the arms attached the middle of the ride. The middle or centric of the ride will move somehow. Most octopus rides require guests to be at least 42 inches to ride without an adult; smaller children must have an adult with them. This is a regular at the annual AGS and AHS fairs in Ateneo de Manila University

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Fun Spot Amusement Park & Zoo</span>

Fun Spot Amusement Park & Zoo was an amusement park located in Angola, Indiana. Although it was small in comparison to parks in neighboring states, such as Cedar Point and Michigan's Adventure, it remained one of the largest parks in the region. It also once boasted the only operating roller coaster (Afterburner) with an inversion in the state of Indiana, until Steel Hawg at Indiana Beach opened in 2008. The park closed in 2008.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Scrambler (ride)</span> Type of amusement ride

The Scrambler, Twist, Twister, Cha Cha, Sizzler, or Merry Mixer, is an amusement ride in which suspended riders spinning in cars experience centrifugal force, while spinning along two separate axes. Riders are seated in small carriages clustered together and connected by beams at the top to a central point. The clustered vehicles are spun in one direction, while the ride as a whole spins in the opposite direction. There are a number of variations of the design.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Troika (ride)</span> Amusement ride

The Troika is an amusement park ride designed and manufactured by HUSS Park Attractions in the mid-1970s. The name Troika means "group of three" in Russian, a reference to its three armed design. There are several variations on the design.

Fabbri Group is an Italian amusement rides manufacturer based in Calto, Italy. They are known for producing a number staple attractions for both amusement parks and funfairs, such as the Booster and the Kamikaze Explorer.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Rock-O-Plane</span> Amusement park ride

The Rock-O-Plane is an amusement park ride designed by Lee Eyerly in 1948 and manufactured by the Eyerly Aircraft Company of Salem, Oregon.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Loop-O-Plane</span> Amusement ride

The Loop-O-Plane is an amusement park ride that originated in America. It was invented by Lee Eyerly and manufactured by the Eyerly Aircraft Company of Salem, Oregon, in 1933. The ride was immediately popular with customers and became a staple of amusement parks.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Flying Scooters</span> Amusement ride

Flying Scooters, also known simply as Flyers, is an amusement ride consisting of a center post with ride vehicles suspended from arms attached to the center post. The ride dates back to the 1930s and 1940s when Bisch-Rocco manufactured the ride. In the early 2000s, Larson International revived the concept. In the early 2010s, Larson partnered with Majestic Manufacturing, Inc. to create a portable version of the ride.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Roll-O-Plane</span> Amusement park ride

The Roll-O-Plane also known as the Bullet is an amusement park ride that originated in America. It was invented by the Eyerly Aircraft Company of Salem, Oregon, as an updated and more exciting version of the Loop-O-Plane. The ride is commonly nicknamed the "Salt and Pepper Shakers".

Frank Hrubetz & Co., Inc. was an American manufacturer of amusement park flat rides. Established in 1939, the company was located near the Salem, Oregon airport. It sold both trailer-mounted and permanent model rides to theme parks throughout the world. Models included the Meteor, Paratrooper, Round Up, and Tip Top. In 1968, the company's estimated business brought in over $1.5 million and its plant space was 25,000 square feet. By the early 1970s, Hrubetz was selling 60 rides each year, making it the second largest manufacturer of amusement rides in the United States. They closed their manufacturing doors in 1992.

North American Midway Entertainment, LLC (NAME) is an American provider of midway services based in Farmland, Indiana that describes itself as "the world's largest traveling outdoor amusement park." NAME provides rides, games and food to over 15 million fairgoers every year in 20 states and 4 Canadian provinces. In 2018, NAME was recognized as the leading midway provider to the top 50 fairs in North America.

Bulgy the Whale is a children's amusement ride manufactured by Eyerly Aircraft Company. It consists of eight whale-shaped ride vehicles traveling in a counter-clockwise rotation, similar to a carousel, while traveling up and down small hills. Although the Eyerly Aircraft Company ceased operation in the 1980s, there are still several Bulgy the Whale rides in operation. Some have had their whales repainted to resemble fish instead of whales, and others have had thematic pieces added, but the general operation and idea remains the same.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Monster (Gröna Lund)</span> Steel inverted roller coaster at Gröna Lund

Monster is a steel inverted roller coaster at Gröna Lund in Stockholm, Sweden. The coaster was manufactured by Bolliger & Mabillard and is the park's largest investment to date, which a price tag of 450 million Swedish krona. Development and construction of the coaster took several years, and a third of the park was redesigned to accommodate it. Monster opened to the public on June 2, 2021.

References

  1. "Oregon Aviation Hall of Fame". Oregon Aviation Historical Society. Retrieved 2015-07-12.
  2. 1 2 3 Abbott, Sam (June 30, 1951). "Eyerlys Keep Eyes in Air for Well-Grounded Ideas". The Billboard: 91. Retrieved 2015-07-12.
  3. "Eyerly Invents "Loop-O-Plane"". Western Flying Magazine. Occidental Publishing Company. 13: 24. 1933.
  4. 1 2 "Loop-o-Plane, Octopus and Rolloplane". Daily Capital Journal. May 6, 1939. p. 12. Retrieved July 12, 2015 via Newspapers.com. Open Access logo PLoS transparent.svg
  5. "Rock O Plane". ride-extravaganza.com. Amusement Ride Extravaganza. Retrieved 2015-07-12.
  6. 1 2 "Rock-O-Plane". lewellenamusements.com. Lewellen Amusements. Archived from the original on March 24, 2010. Retrieved 2015-07-12.
  7. 1 2 "Amusement & Carnival Rides by Manufacturer". flatrides.com. The Flat Joint. Retrieved 2015-07-12.
  8. 1 2 "Go-Karts, Miniature Golf, Bumper Boats, Video and Redemption Games and more! - All Star Adventures". www.allstarwichita.com. Retrieved 2020-04-12.
  9. "All Star Adventures - Rock-o-Plane". www.themeparkreview.com. Retrieved 2020-04-12.
  10. "All Star Adventures - Spider". www.themeparkreview.com. Retrieved 2020-04-12.
  11. "Freddie The Fish". Arnolds Park. Retrieved 2020-04-09.
  12. "Rock-O-Plane". Arnolds Park. Retrieved 2020-04-23.
  13. "Roll-O-Plane". Arnolds Park. Retrieved 2020-04-23.
  14. "Arnolds Park - Spider". www.themeparkreview.com. Retrieved 2020-04-23.
  15. Blackpool monster ride (long version) , retrieved 2020-04-12
  16. www.mwdwebdesign.com, Matt's Web Design-. "Blue Sky Amusements - NY & NJ Carnival Rides - View Ride Details: Dragon Loops". Blue Sky Amusements. Retrieved 2019-11-16.
  17. Zaffiro-Kean, Eileen. "New rides open on Daytona Boardwalk". Daytona Beach News-Journal Online. Retrieved 2020-04-12.
  18. Albright, Mark (September 7, 2007). "Ferocious fun, Busch-style". Tamba Bay Times. Retrieved November 16, 2019.
  19. "Rides and Attractions". www.clshows.com. Retrieved 2020-07-07.
  20. "The Lobster". Great America Parks. Retrieved April 11, 2020.
  21. Herald-DispatchHerald-Dispatch.com, 2011/The. "Three hospitalized after Spider ride collapses at Camden Park". The Herald-Dispatch. Retrieved 2019-12-03.
  22. 1 2 "The aviation pioneer that invented Kings Island's Monster - Kings Island". www.visitkingsisland.com. Retrieved 2020-04-09.
  23. "Carowinds: The Early Years". carowindsearlyyears.com. Retrieved 2019-11-16.
  24. "Castle Park - Rides & Attractions". Castle Park. Retrieved 2019-11-13.
  25. "A new Gemini Midway highlights a new season at Cedar Point". Theme Park Insider. Retrieved 2020-04-16.
  26. "Monster | Cedar Point". www.cedarpoint.com. Retrieved 2019-11-16.
  27. "Coney Island 'All Set' for Decoration Day Crowds". The Cincinnati Enquirer. May 26, 1968. Retrieved November 16, 2019.
  28. www.mwdwebdesign.com, Matt's Web Design-. "Deggeller Attractions - Clown Fish". Deggeller Attractions. Retrieved 2020-04-09.
  29. "Whales Kids' Ride - DelGrosso's Amusement Park PA". www.mydelgrossopark.com. Retrieved 2019-11-17.
  30. "Monster | Dorney Park". www.dorneypark.com. Retrieved 2020-04-12.
  31. "Ride Attractions at EsselWorld". EsselWorld. Retrieved April 11, 2020.
  32. "EsselWorld - Monster". www.themeparkreview.com. Retrieved 2020-04-12.
  33. Findsen, Owen (May 17, 1987). "Tristate boasts coaster to coaster thrills this year". The Cincinnati Enquirer. Retrieved November 7, 2020.
  34. Futrell, James. "Ohio's Fantasy Farm Auctioned After Twenty-Eight Years". Fantasy Farm Memorial Website. Archived from the original on February 22, 2007. Retrieved November 7, 2020.
  35. "Spider". Fun Spot America Atlanta. 2017-08-01. Retrieved 2019-11-16.
  36. "Bulgy the Goldfish | Gilroy Gardens". www.gilroygardens.org. Retrieved 2020-04-09.
  37. "Hammerl Amusements - Buffalo, NY - Rides Gallery". www.hammerlamusements.com. Retrieved 2019-11-16.
  38. Michelson, Harry (2016-07-28). "Monster [Hersheypark] | 1972-1982". The Amusement Parkives. Retrieved 2020-04-12.
  39. "Dancer's Fish". Holiday World. Retrieved 2019-12-20.
  40. "Holiday World & Splashin' Safari". www.facebook.com. Retrieved 2019-12-20.
  41. "History". Hydro Free Fair. Retrieved 2019-11-16.
  42. 1 2 3 4 5 Shale, Rick; Jacques, Charles Jr. (1999). Idora Park: The Last Ride of Summer. Amusement Park Journal. ISBN   0961439262.
  43. "Drew Expositions - Kiddie Amusement Rides". www.drewexpo.com. Retrieved 2019-11-15.
  44. 1 2 "Eyerly Loop-O-Plane". www.flatrides.com. Retrieved 2019-11-16.
  45. "In photos: Kennywood Park then and now". WTAE. 2019-05-03. Retrieved 2019-11-16.
  46. Rutherford, Scott (2015). Kings Dominion. Charleston, South Carolina: Arcadia Publishing. p. 30. ISBN   978-1-4671-2301-3.
  47. "Monster | Kings Island". www.visitkingsisland.com. Retrieved 2019-11-16.
  48. "Satellite". www.knoebels.com. Retrieved 2021-11-05.
  49. "Bulgy | Lagoon". www.lagoonpark.com. Retrieved 2020-04-09.
  50. Sneed, Calvin (2016-07-20). "Lake Winnepesaukah ride victim's family speaks to NewsChannel 9 about ordeal". WTVC. Retrieved 2020-04-09.
  51. "Eyerly Fly-O-Plane". www.flatrides.com. Retrieved 2019-11-16.
  52. "Lakemont Park - Monster". www.themeparkreview.com. Retrieved 2020-04-11.
  53. "Lakemont Park - Octopus". www.themeparkreview.com. Retrieved 2020-04-11.
  54. Mitty Theme Parks (March 29, 2015). "Spider - Luna Park Melbourne - Offride". YouTube. Retrieved May 1, 2020.
  55. www.mwdwebdesign.com, Matt's Web Design-. "Willie the Whale". Michael's Amusements - Providing Carnival Rides, Games & Food from North Carolina to Florida. Retrieved 2020-06-19.
  56. 1 2 Shaw, Scott (Spring 2019). "P.O.P Go the Bubbles at... Pacific Ocean Park!". Retro Fan. Retrieved November 15, 2019.
  57. "Kiddie Rides". Santa Cruz Beach Boardwalk. Retrieved April 9, 2020.
  58. "Vintage photos: Remembering Houston's Six Flags AstroWorld on National Roller Coaster Day". HoustonChronicle.com. 2017-08-16. Retrieved 2020-04-12.
  59. Magic Mountain's Jolly Monster Ride , retrieved 2019-11-16
  60. "Past Attractions | Six Flags Over Texas". SFOT Source. Retrieved 2019-11-16.
  61. "Jet Scream, MoMo the Monster, Mule-Go-Round and more: Six Flags attractions of yore". stltoday.com. Retrieved 2019-11-16.
  62. "Bulgy the Whale". www.skerbeckcarnival.com. Retrieved 2020-04-09.
  63. "CPSC Wants "Monster" Ride Inspected For Defects". U.S. Consumer Product Safety Commission. 4 July 2016. Retrieved 2020-04-12.
  64. "Paint-covered crack at joint caused fatal rise mishap". News-Press. November 26, 1988. Retrieved November 16, 2019.
  65. 1 2 "Midway Rides at Sylvan Beach Amusement Park". sylvan-beach-park. Retrieved 2019-11-16.
  66. "Tinkertown Family Fun Park | Winnipeg, Manitoba Amusement Rides and Games – Rides & Attractions" . Retrieved 2020-04-09.
  67. "Upper Clements 1989-2019". NAPHA Chronicle. V41 N1: 25. Spring 2020.
  68. "Monster | Valleyfair". www.valleyfair.com. Retrieved 2019-11-16.
  69. 1 2 "Worlds of Fun Gone but Not Forgotten". www.worldsoffun.org. Retrieved 2019-11-16.
  70. www.mwdwebdesign.com, Matt's Web Design-. "Wade Shows, Inc". Wade Shows, Inc. Retrieved 2019-11-15.
  71. "ABOUT US - Thomas Amusements | amusement park | rides |family activities | Newfoundland".
  72. 1 2 Lynn, Capi (August 31, 2008). "Salem man built carnival ride empire". Argus Observer . Retrieved June 14, 2017.
  73. 1 2 Walker, Donn (November 25, 1988). "Fracture Found in Ride That Killed Broward Teen". The Orlando Sentinel. Retrieved April 8, 2020.
  74. 1 2 Banker, Dana (May 24, 1989). "U.S. Says Ride Owner Knew of Danger". Sun Sentinel. Retrieved April 8, 2020.
  75. "Family of girl killed at youth fair sues for $10 million". UPI Archives. December 8, 1988. Retrieved April 6, 2020.