Six Flags Over Texas

Last updated
Six Flags Over Texas
Six Flags Over Texas (logo), circa 2019.png
SFOT Main Park Entrance.JPG
The park's main entrance in 2011
Location Arlington, Texas, U.S.
Coordinates 32°45′20.52″N97°4′12.80″W / 32.7557000°N 97.0702222°W / 32.7557000; -97.0702222
OpenedAugust 5, 1961;62 years ago (1961-08-05)
OwnerTexas Flags, Ltd. [1] (51%)
Operated by Six Flags
SloganThe Thrill Capital of Texas
Operating seasonYear-round
Area212 acres (0.331 sq mi) (0.86 km²)
Roller coasters13
Water rides3
Website Official website

Six Flags Over Texas is a 212-acre (86 ha) amusement park, in Arlington, Texas, east of Fort Worth and west of Dallas. It is the first amusement park in the Six Flags chain, and features themed areas and attractions. The park opened on August 5, 1961, after a year of construction and an initial investment of US$10 million by real estate developer Angus G. Wynne Jr. [2]


The park is managed by the Six Flags Entertainment Corp., which owns a 54% interest of the Texas Limited Partnership that owns the park. Six Flags Over Texas Fund, Ltd, a private-equity and asset-management firm, headed by Dallas businessman Jack Knox, bought the park in 1969. Over the years, the various companies that managed the park exercised options to purchase interest in the fund. Six Flags Entertainment has an option to purchase the remaining 46% in 2028. [3] [4] [5] In 1991, Time Warner Entertainment began managing park operations. In 1998, Time Warner sold its interests in the Six Flags parks to Premier Parks, of Oklahoma City, which later changed its name to Six Flags Theme Parks, Inc.


The original logo for Six Flags Over Texas Six Flags over Texas Original Logo.jpg
The original logo for Six Flags Over Texas

After a visit to Disneyland in Anaheim, California, shortly after its opening, a wealthy real estate developer, Angus G. Wynne Jr., concluded that his home state, Texas, should have a similar park. [6] Planning for such a place began in 1959, under the leadership of Wynne and the Great Southwest Corporation, along with the backing of various New York City investors. Construction of the park began in August 1960. [7]

The name "Six Flags Over Texas" refers to the flags of the six nations that have governed Texas: Spain, France, Mexico, the Republic of Texas, the United States of America, and the Confederate States of America. [8] Wynne originally intended to name the park "Texas Under Six Flags". Various legends have attributed the name change to his wife, Joann; to the Daughters of the Republic of Texas, of which his wife may have been a member; and to his entertainment director, Charles Meeker, who is said to have stated "Texas isn't 'under' anything." [9] The original park was divided into six themed areas for each of the six entities that had ruled Texas. Other themed areas have since been added.

Six Flags Over Texas opened its gates from July 29 to August 4, 1961, to several local corporations that Wynne had invited as part of a "soft-test opening". The park held its grand-opening ceremonies on Saturday, August 5, 1961. Dignitaries included the mayors of Arlington, Dallas, Fort Worth, Grand Prairie, and Irving. [9] Park attendance reached 8,374. Admission cost $2.75 (equivalent to $27in 2022) for adults and $2.25 (equivalent to $22in 2022) for children; parking cost 50 cents (equivalent to $5in 2022); hamburgers, 35 cents (equivalent to $3in 2022); soft drinks, 10 cents (equivalent to $1in 2022). [10] On opening day, guests could visit the six original themed sections: Mexico, Spain, France, The Confederacy, Texas, and Modern (representing the United States). According to the 1961 Park Map [11] there were 46 "major attractions". The park's first season, lasting 45 days and ending on November 25, 1961, was a success, with over 550,000 visitors.

The 1960s were a decade of growth for Six Flags Over Texas. The park added numerous attractions, including two new sections: Boomtown, named after the boomtowns that sprang up rather quickly during Texas' oil boom era and the "Tower Section", named after the Oil Derrick observation tower built in 1969. [12] [13] The park also witnessed the birth of two classic theme park attractions: El Aserradero in 1963 and the Runaway Mine Train roller coaster in 1966. Attendance reached close to 2 million visitors a year by the end of the decade. For 1974, Six Flags Over Texas announced attendance had reached 2,184,000. [14]

For the 50th anniversary (2011), Six Flags Over Texas introduced the first I-Box roller coaster track with a transformation of Texas Giant. The reception from the conversion led the manufacturer to bring the new technology all over the world. [15] During this time, Six Flags (the company) began the company-wide process of removing licensed theming across its theme parks from attractions that the park had built in previous years. For example, Six Flags Over Texas had to rename and retheme Tony Hawk's Big Spin to Pandemonium. [16] [17]

In 2020, the park began, for the first time in its history, operating at a year-round schedule. [18] Before 2020, Six Flags Over Texas ran seasons from March to the end of that specific year. Within three months into the longer season (March 13, 2020), Six Flags suspended all operations across all of its properties due to concerns of the COVID-19 pandemic in Texas. [19] During the time of closure, the park donated food and supplies to local charities. [20] The park reopened to members and season pass holders on June 19 and to the general public on June 22. [21] [22]


The entrance of Six Flags over Texas welcomes visitors while the Oil Derrick observation tower looms in the background. Six Flags over Texas (Entrance).JPG
The entrance of Six Flags over Texas welcomes visitors while the Oil Derrick observation tower looms in the background.

First-of-their-kind and/or world's only features or attractions




Six Flags Over Texas hosts a number of events for different holidays all throughout the operating season that often draw thousands of visitors to the park.


The Confederacy was one of the original themed areas and it showcased Civil War re-enactments and displayed the Confederate Battle Flag. In the 1990s it was rethemed to "Old South" and all Confederate Battle Flags were removed. The land drew little attention as there were no high-profile rides in that area. [27] However, the Confederate "stars and bars" remained one of the six flags that was flown at the park entrance. [27] In August 2017, in response to the controversial Unite the Right rally that was held in Charlottesville, Virginia, the park replaced its six flags (which had included the first Confederate flag, a Republic of Texas flag, a 19th-century Spanish flag, an 18th-century French flag, a 19th-century United States flag, and a 19th-century Mexican flag) with six American flags. A representative of the park told KXAS-TV, "We always choose to focus on celebrating the things that unite us versus those that divide us. As such, we have changed the flag displays in our park to feature American flags." [28] [29]

Related Research Articles

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Amusement park</span> Park with rides and attractions

An amusement park is a park that features various attractions, such as rides and games, as well as other events for entertainment purposes. A theme park is a type of amusement park that bases its structures and attractions around a central theme, often featuring multiple areas with different themes. Unlike temporary and mobile funfairs and carnivals, amusement parks are stationary and built for long-lasting operation. They are more elaborate than city parks and playgrounds, usually providing attractions that cater to a variety of age groups. While amusement parks often contain themed areas, theme parks place a heavier focus with more intricately-designed themes that revolve around a particular subject or group of subjects.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Six Flags</span> American entertainment company based in Arlington, Texas

Six Flags Entertainment Corporation, formerly Six Flags Theme Parks, Inc., is an American amusement park corporation, headquartered in Arlington, Texas. It has properties in Canada, Mexico, and the United States. Six Flags owns the most theme parks and waterparks combined of any amusement-park company and has the seventh highest attendance in the world. The company operates 27 properties throughout North America, including theme parks, amusement parks, water parks, and a family entertainment center. In 2019, Six Flags properties hosted 32.8 million guests.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Six Flags Great Adventure</span> Theme park in Jackson, New Jersey

Six Flags Great Adventure is an amusement park located approximately 20 miles southeast of Trenton in Jackson, New Jersey. Owned and operated by Six Flags, the park complex is situated between New York City and Philadelphia and includes a water park named Hurricane Harbor. It first opened to the public as simply Great Adventure in 1974 under the direction of restaurateur Warner LeRoy. Six Flags acquired the park in 1977. The park is located right off of Interstate 195 and is along Monmouth Road.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Six Flags AstroWorld</span> Defunct theme park in Houston, Texas, U.S.

Six Flags AstroWorld, also known simply as AstroWorld, was a seasonally operated amusement park in Houston, Texas. Owned and operated by Six Flags, the park was situated between Kirby Drive and Fannin Street, directly south of I-610. The park opened on June 1, 1968, and was developed originally and constructed as part of the Astrodomain, the brainchild of local philanthropist and former Houston mayor Roy Hofheinz, who intended it to complement the Astrodome. The Hofheinz family sold AstroWorld to Six Flags in 1978.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Six Flags St. Louis</span> Theme park in Eureka, Missouri

Six Flags St. Louis, originally known as Six Flags Over Mid-America, is an amusement park featuring characters and rides from many Warner Bros. films and TV shows such as Looney Tunes, DC Comics, and formerly Scooby-Doo. It is located in Eureka, Missouri, which is a suburb of St. Louis, Missouri. Owned and operated by Six Flags, the park opened on June 5, 1971, as the third of the company's three original theme parks. It is the only one of the original three Six Flags parks to be both owned and operated by Six Flags. The park was conceived by Six Flags founder Angus G. Wynne in the 1960s, although unlike the previous two Six Flags parks, it was designed by the Six Flags company itself rather than architect Randall Duell, who was preoccupied with designing AstroWorld at the time. Its layout consists of six themed areas, each of which contain numerous attractions, dining locations and live entertainment.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Six Flags Darien Lake</span> Amusement park in Corfu, New York

Six Flags Darien Lake is a 1,200-acre (4.86 km2) amusement park and resort located in Corfu, New York, off of Interstate 90 between Buffalo and Rochester. Six Flags Darien Lake features a theme park, water park, campground and lodging. It is owned by EPR Properties and operated by Six Flags.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Six Flags Over Georgia</span> Theme park in Austell, Georgia

Six Flags Over Georgia is a 290-acre (1.2 km2) theme park located in Austell. Opened in 1967, it is the second park in the Six Flags chain following the original Six Flags Over Texas, which opened in 1961.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Six Flags Fiesta Texas</span> Theme park in San Antonio, Texas

Six Flags Fiesta Texas, formerly known simply as Fiesta Texas, is a theme park located in Northwest San Antonio. It opened on March 14, 1992, in the La Cantera master-planned development and district as the first business in that development. Spanning 200 acres (81 ha), the park was originally built to become a destination musical show park with its focus on the musical culture of the state of Texas. The park was purchased by Time Warner in 1995, and branded as a Six Flags park for the 1996 season.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Six Flags Great America</span> Amusement park in Gurnee, Illinois

Six Flags Great America is a 304-acre (123 ha) amusement park located in Gurnee, Illinois, within the northern Chicago metropolitan area. The amusement park originally opened as Marriott's Great America on May 29, 1976, as one of two theme parks built by the Marriott Corporation. Six Flags acquired the amusement park in 1984 after the theme park division was an earnings disappointment for Marriott. The sale gave Six Flags rights to the Looney Tunes intellectual properties.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Batman: The Ride</span> Roller coasters at seven Six Flags parks

Batman: The Ride is an inverted roller coaster based on the DC Comics character Batman and found at seven Six Flags theme parks in the United States. Built by consulting engineers Bolliger & Mabillard, it rises to a height of between 100 and 105 feet and reaches top speeds of 50 mph (80 km/h). The original roller coaster at Six Flags Great America was partially devised by the park's general manager Jim Wintrode. Batman: The Ride was the world's first inverted roller coaster when it opened in 1992, and has since been awarded Coaster Landmark status by the American Coaster Enthusiasts. Clones of the ride exist at amusement parks around the world.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Iron Rattler</span> Steel roller coaster in San Antonio

Iron Rattler is a steel roller coaster located at Six Flags Fiesta Texas in San Antonio. Originally opening as a wooden coaster called Rattler in 1992, it was converted to steel and renamed Iron Rattler in 2013. Designed by Alan Schilke and built by Rocky Mountain Construction (RMC), the ride features a zero-g-roll inversion, which was a first among hybrid coasters made of wood and steel.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Shock Wave (Six Flags Over Texas)</span> Steel roller coaster

Shock Wave is a steel roller coaster located at Six Flags Over Texas in Arlington, Texas. Built right at the edge of the park, Shock Wave is easily seen by passers-by on Interstate Highway 30. Its unique four-sided tube truss track system is similar to The Riddler Mindbender roller coaster at Six Flags Over Georgia which was constructed at the same time.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">New Texas Giant</span> Roller coaster at Six Flags Over Texas

New Texas Giant is a steel roller coaster located at Six Flags Over Texas in Arlington, Texas. It originally opened as Texas Giant, which was the tallest wooden coaster in the world when it debuted in 1990. Manufactured by Dinn Corporation and designed by Curtis D. Summers, Texas Giant operated for nearly two decades and was highly-ranked in Amusement Today magazine's annual Golden Ticket Awards. The ride's popularity declined over the years as it gained a negative reputation for increasing roughness.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">The Jester (roller coaster)</span> Defunct roller coaster

The Jester is a steel roller coaster located at the abandoned Six Flags New Orleans amusement park in New Orleans. Built and designed by Vekoma, the ride originally opened at Six Flags Fiesta Texas in 1996 as The Joker's Revenge. After its closure in 2001, the coaster was sent to Six Flags New Orleans where it became The Jester. The ride opened to the public at Six Flags New Orleans on April 13, 2003. Following the devastation to the amusement park in August 2005 by Hurricane Katrina, the roller coaster ceased operation following the park's closure but remains standing.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Six Flags Discovery Kingdom</span> Zoological theme park in Vallejo, California

Six Flags Discovery Kingdom is a 135-acre (55 ha) animal theme park located in Vallejo, California, off of Interstate 80 between San Francisco and Sacramento. The park includes a variety of roller coasters and other amusement rides. Six Flags Discovery Kingdom has been part of the Six Flags chain of amusement parks since 1999.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Six Flags Fright Fest</span> Annual Halloween-oriented haunt event

Fright Fest is a Halloween-oriented haunt event held annually at Six Flags theme parks in the United States, Canada, and Mexico. It mainly features haunted attractions, themed areas named Scare Zones, and live entertainment.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Mr. Freeze (roller coaster)</span> Roller coasters at two Six Flags parks

Mr. Freeze is a launched shuttle roller coaster located at Six Flags Over Texas in Arlington, Texas, with another installation known as Mr. Freeze: Reverse Blast at Six Flags St. Louis in Eureka, Missouri. The steel coasters feature a linear induction motor (LIM) launch system that accelerate riders from 0–70 mph (0–113 km/h) in 3.8 seconds. The two installations are mirror images of one another and are themed to the famous Batman villain Mr. Freeze. Originally, they were themed after the 1997 film Batman & Robin prior to a conversion in 2012 to operate backward. The Over Texas version returned to forward operation in 2022, but in July 2023 started operating with one train launching backward and one train launching forward to offer different experiences.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Rocky Mountain Construction</span> Roller coaster manufacturer

Rocky Mountain Construction (RMC) is a manufacturing and construction company based in Hayden, Idaho, United States. The company is best known for its I-Box track and Topper Track for wooden roller coasters. Established in 2001, the company was founded by Fred Grubb and Suanne Dedmon. The company has built over 20 roller coasters. In 2023, amusement ride manufacturer Larson International merged with Rocky Mountain Construction.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Six Flags Great Escape and Hurricane Harbor</span> Amusement and water park

Six Flags Great Escape and Hurricane Harbor is an amusement and water park owned and operated by Six Flags. It is located approximately 60 miles (97 km) north of Albany, in Queensbury, New York. It was one of three Six Flags parks not to be officially branded with the "Six Flags" name until 2022, with La Ronde in Montreal, Quebec, Canada, and Frontier City in Oklahoma City, Oklahoma, being the last two without the Six Flags branding.


  1. "". Archived from the original on 2007-10-29. Retrieved 2009-08-27.
  2. "The first Six Flags opens in Texas". Archived from the original on December 30, 2019. Retrieved May 2, 2020.
  3. "2021 Six Flags Entertainment Corporation Annual Report" (pdf). Retrieved April 1, 2022.
  4. "Success, Accidentally". Arlington Today. July 30, 2016. Archived from the original on February 12, 2017. Retrieved February 8, 2017.
  5. "Six Flags Over Texas Fund Ltd". Bloomberg L.P. Archived from the original on February 11, 2017. Retrieved February 8, 2017.
  6. "Wayback Wednesday: Six Flags over Texas opens its gates". Retrieved May 2, 2020.
  7. "Flags Fly For New Six Flags Book". November 10, 2016. Retrieved May 2, 2020.
  8. Victoria W. Wolcott (16 August 2012). Race, Riots, and Roller Coasters: The Struggle Over Segregated Recreation in America. University of Pennsylvania Press. p. 158. ISBN   978-0-8122-0759-0. Archived from the original on 23 June 2016. Retrieved 16 October 2016.
  9. 1 2 3 Seifert, Jeffrey (2011). "Six Flags Over Five Decades". RollerCoaster! Magazine. 32 (3): 4–23. ISSN   0896-7261.
  10. 1634–1699: McCusker, J. J. (1997). How Much Is That in Real Money? A Historical Price Index for Use as a Deflator of Money Values in the Economy of the United States: Addenda et Corrigenda (PDF). American Antiquarian Society. 1700–1799: McCusker, J. J. (1992). How Much Is That in Real Money? A Historical Price Index for Use as a Deflator of Money Values in the Economy of the United States (PDF). American Antiquarian Society. 1800–present: Federal Reserve Bank of Minneapolis. "Consumer Price Index (estimate) 1800–" . Retrieved May 28, 2023.
  11. "1961 Park Map" Archived 2012-03-01 at the Wayback Machine ,
  12. Baker, Evelyn (2018). Historic Tales of Arlington, Texas. The History Press. p. 75. ISBN   9781625858955 . Retrieved May 17, 2020.
  13. Larry, Luck. "THE SIX FLAGS OIL DERRICK CELEBRATES ITS 50TH BIRTHDAY". Archived from the original on October 1, 2019. Retrieved May 17, 2020.
  14. "Park attendance". Atlanta Constitution . January 28, 1975. p. 5.
  15. "Texas Giant Opening April 22". Archived from the original on 2011-03-13. Retrieved 2011-03-15.
  16. MacDonald, Brady (November 25, 2010). "Six Flags amusement parks prepare for thematic makeovers". LA Times. Retrieved November 27, 2010.
  17. "Themed Areas: Six Flags Fiesta Texas". Retrieved March 17, 2013.
  18. "Six Flags Over Texas Changing To Year-Round Weekend & Holiday Operation". August 29, 2019. Retrieved July 27, 2020.
  19. "Six Flags Over Texas, Six Flags Fiesta Texas suspend operations through the end of March". March 13, 2020. Retrieved May 6, 2020.
  20. "Six Flags Over Texas Donates Food To Arlington Charity". April 20, 2020. Retrieved July 27, 2020.
  21. "Opening dates announced for Six Flags over Texas, Hurricane Harbor, Hawaiian Falls". June 4, 2020. Retrieved July 27, 2020.
  22. "Six Flags Over Texas, Hurricane Harbor to reopen June 22 with new safety protocols". June 4, 2020. Retrieved July 27, 2020.
  23. 1 2 Seifert, Jeffrey; Slade, Gary (2011). "Six Flags Over Texas Celebrates 50th Anniversary". Amusement Today. 15 (5): 1B–23B.
  24. "Guide to Six Flags Over Texas". Archived from the original on 2013-12-22. Retrieved 2014-06-24.
  25. Ahles, Andrea (September 24, 2007). "Six Flags to add Tony Hawk rollercoaster". Archived from the original on October 11, 2007. Retrieved February 21, 2019.
  26. "Six Flags announces a reimagined haunt season with Hallowfest". August 18, 2020. Retrieved October 28, 2020.
  27. 1 2 "Six Flags Over Texas started distancing from the Confederate battle flag decades ago". August 18, 2015. Retrieved July 27, 2020.
  28. Morris, David Z. (August 18, 2017). "Six Flags Pulls Down Confederate Flags". Fortune. Archived from the original on August 18, 2017. Retrieved August 19, 2017.
  29. "Six Flags Over Texas removes Confederate flag, reversing earlier decision | Fox News". August 18, 2017. Archived from the original on August 26, 2017. Retrieved August 26, 2017.