List of amusement rides

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Early pleasure wheel in Russia, 1807 Unknown. Russian swing. 1807.jpg
Early pleasure wheel in Russia, 1807

Amusement rides, sometimes called carnival rides, are mechanical devices or structures that move people to create fun and enjoyment.

Contents

Rides are often perceived by many as being scary or more dangerous than they actually are. This could be due to the design, having a phobia of heights, or from hearing about accidents involving rides that are similar. [1] For some, the adrenaline associated with riding amusement rides is part of the experience. [2]

They are expected at most annual events such as fairs, traveling carnivals, and circuses around the world. Sometimes music festivals and concerts also host amusement park rides.

Types of rides

Specific themes

List of amusement rides

YearName(s)ImageTypeNotes
Ali Baba Jambore.JPG Pendulum ride The Ali Baba is a type of amusement ride consisting of a stationary horizontal gondola with a 360 degree swinging pendulum.
Alpine slide Alpine Slide in Golden.jpg
Balloon Race Pallokaruselli Linnanmaki Helsinki.JPG
1965 Bayern Kurve Bayern Kurve Day 1.jpg
Booster (Fabbri) Hydro Max.JPG Pendulum ride
1998 Booster (HUSS) Kieppi Linnanmaki Helsinki.JPG
1985 Breakdance Breakdance-Mueller Corny.jpg
1972 Bumper boats Bumper boats (2).jpg Water ride
1920s Bumper cars BumperCar.jpg Dodgems
1700s Carousel ManegeLR1.jpg Merry-Go-Round
1925 Caterpillar Canobie Lake Park Caterpillar from overhead.jpg
Cliffhanger SantaCruz BeachBoardwalk CliffhangerInFlight DSCN9414.JPG
1984 Condor Bounty Tower.JPG
2003 Disk'O Cavalerie Disk'O Zamperla Fraispertuis City.JPG
Devil's wheel Oktoberfest 2011 Teufelsrad.JPG
Double Shot 16-doubleshot.jpg Drop tower
1972 Enterprise Enterprise pa TusenFryd.jpg
1992 Evolution FabbrGroup Evolution.jpg
1893 Ferris wheel London Eye Twilight April 2006.jpg
Fireball Spring Fling Festival 2013 35.JPG
1930s Flying Scooters Flyers-IndianaBeach.jpg
Freak out Freak Out, pendulum.jpg Pendulum ride
1982 Freefall Freefall at SFOG.jpg Drop tower
1994 Frisbee SpinSpider.JPG Pendulum ride
Fun Slide Astroglide slide.jpg
1983 Gravitron Gravitron At Night.jpg
Gyro tower Aussichtsturm im Heide-Park.jpg
Hayride Hayride.jpg
1905 Helter skelter Helter skelter.jpg
1940s Hurricane Hurricaneride.jpg
Infinity Bonn-puetzchens-markt-2016-03.jpg Pendulum ride
Inversion Rock It - panoramio - Corey Coyle.jpg Pendulum ride
Jump and Smile Jumpin Frog, night.jpg
1984 Kamikaze Kamikase.jpg Pendulum ride
Kiddie ride Kiddyride.jpg
1963 Log flume PirateFalls.JPG Water ride
1982 Looping Starship PhoenixBGA.jpg Pendulum ride
Loop Fighter Pendulum ride
1933 Loop-O-Plane Feature. Belmont Park BAnQ P48S1P09132.jpg
Loop-the-Loop [5] Loop the Loop, Luna Park, Coney Island.jpg
Madhouse Efteling VillaVolta inside.jpg Dark ride
Matterhorn Terminator and Paratrooper, night.jpg
1930s Mechanical bull Woman riding mechanical bull.jpg
1982 [6] Miami Trip New Brighton outdoor funfair - Miami Trip ride-by-Duncan-Grant.jpg Thrill ride
Monster Monster-ride.JPG
1986 Motion simulator Motion simulator.JPG
Music Express Musikexpress.JPG
Octopus Mustelaka linnanmaki.JPG
Old Mill At the Pleasure Beach, Blackpool - geograph.org.uk - 522803.jpg Water ride
1968 Omnimover Doombuggies, Haunted Mansion, Disneyland.jpg
1976 Orbiter Extreme - Orbiter, spinning night.jpg
1957 Paratrooper ParatrooperRide2013.jpg
Pirate Ship Viikinki Linnanmaki Helsinki.JPG Pendulum ride
1999 Power Surge Power Surge cr.png
1983 Rainbow Sateenkaari (Rainbow).JPG
1981 Ranger Hansa-Park Fliegender Hai.jpg Pendulum ride
Red Baron Amusement ride in Gagarina park.jpg
Reverse bungee Power Shot - Reverse Bungee 02.jpg
River caves River Caves from Blackpool 2012.jpg Water ride
1980 River rapids ride Efteling Pirana.jpg Water ride
1978 Rockin' Tug Rockin' Tug at DippieDoe.JPG
1948 Rock-O-Plane Amusement park ride.jpg
Rockstar Pendulum ride
1700s Roller coaster Luna Park Melbourne scenic railway.jpg The roller coaster is an amusement ride developed for amusement parks and modern theme parks. LaMarcus Adna Thompson obtained a patent regarding roller coasters on January 20, 1885, which were made out of wood, but this patent is considerably later than the "Russian mountains" described in the article.
2013Rollglider Rollglider.jpg The Rollglider is a type of a thrill amusement ride that has a steel pipe track designed with turns, dips and loops, using gravity-propelled trolleys to slide down the track.
Roll-O-Plane Roll-O-Plane - panoramio.jpg
1940s Rotor Rotormidcyclelunapraksyd.JPG
Round Up Roundupride.jpg
1938 Scrambler ChaChaBBayBellsFair.jpg Flat ride
2004 Screamin' Swing Xtreme Swing.jpg Pendulum ride
1884 Shoot the Chute Snake River Falls-Cedar Point.jpg Water ride
2003 Sky Swatter Slammer at Thorpe Park.jpg
1992 Skycoaster Xtreme Skyflyer (Arch Tower).JPG
1965 Skydiver Lakemontparkrides.jpg
1996 Space Shot Space Shot.jpg Drop tower
Speed Speed ride crop.jpg Pendulum ride
Star Flyer VolksfestStarFlyer.jpg Swing ride
Super Shot Drop tower
1996 Super Star Super Star Ride.jpg
1960 Swing Around Ricochet (Six Flags Great America) 1.jpg
Swing boat Carter's Steam Fair, Prospect Park - geograph.org.uk - 1002180.jpg Pendulum ride
Tagada Picswiss BS-55-96.jpg
Teacups Kahvikupit Linnanmaki Helsinki.JPG
1914 The Whip Fatty at Coney Island.jpg
1926 Tilt-A-Whirl Tilt-A-Whirl in Saskatchewan.jpg
1996 Top Scan Samurai Thorpe Park.jpg
1990 Top Spin Kieputin on Linnanmaki amusement park Helsinki Finland.JPG
2002 Topple Tower Toppletower.jpg Pendulum ride
Tornado (Mondial) ShakeAachen.JPG
Tornado (Wisdom) Tornado Ride.jpg
Tow boat ride Luisenpark Mannheim Gondolettas.JPG Water ride
1970s Troika Troika Cedar Point.jpg
Tumble Bug Kennywood Turtle DSCN2732.JPG
Turbo Drop Down Time.jpg Drop tower
Twist Twister, sunset.jpg
1978 UFO UFOHalflift.jpg
UltraMax Oktoberfest Schaugeschaeft 2007 Richard Bartz.jpg
1933 Waltzer Mannings Supreme Waltzer, spinning 02.jpg
1963 Wipeout Trabant Valleyfair.jpg
1968 Zipper Zipper Ride From Paradise Amusements.jpg

Literature

Related Research Articles

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Amusement park</span> Park with rides and attractions

An amusement park is a park that features various attractions, such as rides and games, as well as other events for entertainment purposes. A theme park is a type of amusement park that bases its structures and attractions around a central theme, often featuring multiple areas with different themes. Unlike temporary and mobile funfairs and carnivals, amusement parks are stationary and built for long-lasting operation. They are more elaborate than city parks and playgrounds, usually providing attractions that cater to a variety of age groups. While amusement parks often contain themed areas, theme parks place a heavier focus with more intricately-designed themes that revolve around a particular subject or group of subjects.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Roller coaster</span> Rail-based amusement park ride

A roller coaster, or rollercoaster, is a type of amusement ride that employs a form of elevated railroad track designed with tight turns, steep slopes, and sometimes inversions. Passengers ride along the track in open cars, and the rides are often found in amusement parks and theme parks around the world. LaMarcus Adna Thompson obtained one of the first known patents for a roller coaster design in 1885, related to the Switchback Railway that opened a year earlier at Coney Island. The track in a coaster design does not necessarily have to be a complete circuit, as shuttle roller coasters demonstrate. Most roller coasters have multiple cars in which passengers sit and are restrained. Two or more cars hooked together are called a train. Some roller coasters, notably Wild Mouse roller coasters, run with single cars.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Vekoma</span> Dutch amusement ride manufacturer

Vekoma Rides Manufacturing is a Dutch amusement ride manufacturer. Vekoma is syllabic abbreviation of Veld Koning Machinefabriek which was established in 1926 by Hendrik op het Veld.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Roller coaster inversion</span> Roller coaster element

A roller coaster inversion is a roller coaster element in which the track turns riders upside-down and then returns them to an upright position. Early forms of inversions were circular in nature and date back to 1848 on the Centrifugal railway in Paris. These vertical loops produced massive g-force that was often dangerous to riders. As a result, the element eventually became non-existent with the last rides to feature the looping inversions being dismantled during the Great Depression. In 1975, designers from Arrow Development created the corkscrew, reviving interest in the inversion during the modern age of steel roller coasters. Elements have since evolved from simple corkscrews and vertical loops to more complex inversions such as Immelmann loops and cobra rolls. The Smiler at Alton Towers holds the world record for the number of inversions on a roller coaster with 14.

Anton Schwarzkopf was a German engineer who founded Schwarzkopf Industries GmbH, a German manufacturer of roller coasters and other amusement rides that were sold to amusement parks and travelling funfairs around the world.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Roller coaster train</span> Vehicle for roller coasters

A roller coaster train is a vehicle made up of two or more cars connected by specialized joints which transports passengers around a roller coaster's circuit. Roller coasters usually have various safety features, including specialized wheels and restraints.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Sky Whirl</span> Defunct amusement rides

Sky Whirl was the name of two amusement rides which featured triple Ferris wheels. Both debuted in 1976 at the California's Great America and Six Flags Great America amusement parks. The ride in Santa Clara closed in 1997, and the ride in Gurnee closed in 2000. Two additional triple Ferris wheels were later built for the Seibu-en and Lotte World parks in Japan and South Korea (1989–97), respectively. All four rides were manufactured by Waagner-Biro and brokered by Intamin.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Zipper (ride)</span> Amusement ride invented by Joseph Brown

The Zipper is an amusement ride invented by Joseph Brown under Chance Rides in 1968. Popular at carnivals and amusement parks in the United States, Canada, Australia, Mexico and New Zealand, it features strong vertical G-forces, numerous spins, and a noted sense of unpredictability. Chance Rides has manufactured more than 200 units since the ride's debut.

Ocean View Amusement Park was an amusement park at the end of Granby Street at Ocean View Avenue in Norfolk, Virginia, USA, opened on April 13, 1957 and operated by Jack L. Greenspoon and Dudley Cooper. The amusement park and its wooden coaster, the Rocket, appeared in the 1977 movie Rollercoaster but closed on September 4, 1978. The Rocket was destroyed as part of the making of the television program The Death of Ocean View Park in 1979.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Chance Rides</span> Ride manufacturer

Chance Rides Manufacturing is a roller coaster and amusement ride manufacturer. The company was formed on May 16, 2002, when the former Chance Industries Inc. emerged from bankruptcy. The main office and manufacturing facility are located in Wichita, Kansas.

Castle Park, formerly Castle Amusement Park, is a 25-acre amusement park and family amusement center located in Riverside, California. The park utilizes a medieval "castle" theme and includes attractions such as a miniature golf course, arcade, and 22 amusement rides including two roller coasters such as Merlin's Revenge, a junior rollercoaster, and Screamin' Demon, a spinning Wild Mouse rollercoaster. The main "castle" themed building, houses the arcade as well as its only dark ride, "Ghost Blasters", an interactive attraction, designed by Sally Corporation, which can also be found at other amusement parks throughout North America. The park was designed, built and operated by Bud Hurlbut, who designed several rides at Knott's Berry Farm. Castle Park is currently owned and operated by Palace Entertainment.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Traveling carnival</span> Moveable amusement park

A traveling carnival, usually simply called a carnival, or travelling funfair, is an amusement show that may be made up of amusement rides, food vendors, merchandise vendors, games of chance and skill, thrill acts, and animal acts. A traveling carnival is not set up at a permanent location, like an amusement park or funfair, but is moved from place to place. Its roots are similar to the 19th century circus with both being fitted-up in open fields near or in town and moving to a new location after a period of time. In fact, many carnivals have circuses while others have a clown aesthetic in their decor. Unlike traditional carnival celebrations, the North American traveling carnival is not tied to a religious observance.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">History of the roller coaster</span>

Roller coaster amusement rides have origins back to ice slides constructed in 18th-century Russia. Early technology featured sleds or wheeled carts that were sent down hills of snow reinforced by wooden supports. The technology evolved in the 19th century to feature railroad track using wheeled cars that were securely locked to the track. Newer innovations emerged in the early 20th century with side friction and underfriction technologies to allow for greater speeds and sharper turns. By the mid-to-late 20th century, these elements intensified with the introduction of steel roller coaster designs and the ability to invert riders.

The physics of roller coasters comprises the mechanics that affect the design and operation of roller coasters, a machine that uses gravity and inertia to send a train of cars along a winding track. Gravity, inertia, g-forces, and centripetal acceleration give riders constantly changing forces which create certain sensations as the coaster travels around the track.

Technical Park is an Italian amusement ride manufacturer based in Melara, Rovigo, Veneto, northern Italy.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Fiesta Shows</span> Amusement park traveling throughout the New England region of the U.S.

Fiesta Shows is a travelling amusement park that entertains and visits over 60 communities throughout the New England region. It is New England's largest carnival.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Jolly Roger Amusement Park</span> Ocean City, Maryland, United States

Jolly Roger Amusement Park is an amusement park located in Ocean City, Maryland. The park features two locations in Ocean City: one at the pier on the Ocean City boardwalk and one further uptown at 30th Street. Both locations feature numerous thrill rides, including a looping roller coaster at the pier, bumper cars, a ferris wheel, a carousel, and kiddie rides, among others. The parks also contain typical carnival-like games and eateries. The 30th Street location additionally features two eighteen-hole mini-golf courses, Splash Mountain, a full-service waterpark with many slides and activity pools, and 10 go-kart tracks.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Vild-Svinet</span>

Vild-Svinet is a steel roller coaster at BonBon-Land in southern Zealand, Denmark, approximately 100 kilometres (62 mi) from Copenhagen. Vild-Svinet is the prototype for the Gerstlauer Euro-Fighter roller coaster model. At 97 degrees, the coaster is the steepest roller coaster in Denmark.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Huracan (Belantis)</span> Steel roller coaster at Belantis

Huracan is a steel roller coaster at Belantis amusement park in Leipzig, Germany. Huracan is one of two Gerstlauer Euro-Fighter model roller coasters in Germany, the other being Fluch von Novgorod.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Fun Spot America Theme Parks</span> Amusement park in Orlando, Florida

Fun Spot America Theme Parks is a group of amusement parks. Since 1979, the group has owned and operated a number of small amusement parks over the years and currently has three locations in Orlando, Florida, Kissimmee, Florida, and Fayetteville, Georgia.

References