Thorgal

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Thorgal
Thorgal Le Barbare.jpg
Cover of Le Barbare (2002 Lombard Editions)

Art by Grzegorz Rosiński
Created by Jean Van Hamme
Grzegorz Rosiński
Publication information
Publisher Lombard Editions (French)
Cinebook Ltd (English)
FormatsOriginal material for the series has been published as a strip in the comics anthology(s) Tintin magazine and a set of graphic novels.
Original language French
Genre
Publication date 1977  – present
Reprints
Title(s)See: Collected editions
The series has been reprinted, at least in part, in Danish, Dutch, English, Finnish, German, Greek, Norwegian, Polish, Swedish, and Turkish.

Thorgal is a Franco-Belgian fantasy comic book series by the Belgian writer Jean Van Hamme and the Polish graphic artist Grzegorz Rosiński. It combines several themes and legends, ranging from Norse mythology and Atlantean fantasy to science fiction, and such genres as dark drama, horror and adventure stories.

Jean Van Hamme Belgian author

Jean, Ridder Van Hamme is a Belgian novelist and comic book writer. He has written scripts for a number of Belgian/French comic series, including Histoire sans héros, Thorgal, XIII and Largo Winch.

Grzegorz Rosiński artist

Grzegorz Rosiński is a Polish comic book artist. He is best known for providing the artwork for the series Thorgal.

Norse mythology body of mythology of the North Germanic people stemming from Norse paganism and continuing after the Christianization of Scandinavia and into the Scandinavian folklore of the modern period

Norse mythology is the body of myths of the North Germanic peoples, stemming from Norse paganism and continuing after the Christianization of Scandinavia, and into the Scandinavian folklore of the modern period. The northernmost extension of Germanic mythology, Norse mythology consists of tales of various deities, beings, and heroes derived from numerous sources from both before and after the pagan period, including medieval manuscripts, archaeological representations, and folk tradition.

Contents

The comic first appeared in serial form in Tintin magazine in 1977, and has been published in hardcover volumes by Le Lombard from 1980 on. Translations exist in English and many other languages. In 2002, it was adapted as a adventure video game, Thorgal: Curse of Atlantis , by Cryo Interactive Entertainment. Thorgal is critically acclaimed [1] and one of the most popular French language comics, with more than 11 million Thorgal books in print. [2] There are presently three ongoing successful spin-off series, in addition to the continuation of the main Thorgal adventures.

<i>Tintin</i> (magazine) Comic magazine from Belgium

Tintin was a weekly Franco-Belgian comics magazine of the second half of the 20th century. Subtitled "The Magazine for the Youth from 7 to 77", it was one of the major publications of the Franco-Belgian comics scene and published such notable series as Blake and Mortimer, Alix, and the principal title The Adventures of Tintin. Originally published by Le Lombard, the first issue was released in 1946, and it ceased publication in 1993.

Le Lombard, known as Les Éditions du Lombard until 1989, is a Belgian comic book publisher established in 1946 when Tintin magazine was launched. Le Lombard is now part of Média-Participations, alongside publishers Dargaud and Dupuis, with each entity maintaining its editorial independence.

<i>Thorgal: Curse of Atlantis</i> 2002 video game

Thorgal: Curse of Atlantis is an adventure video game released in 2002. It was developed by Cryo Interactive Entertainment and published by Le Lombard.

Main characters

Byzantium ancient Greek city

Byzantium was an ancient Greek colony in early antiquity that later became Constantinople, and then Istanbul. The Greek term Byzantium continued to be used as a name of Constantinople during the Byzantine Empire, even though it only referred to the empire's capital. Byzantium was colonized by the Greeks from Megara in 657 BC, and remained primarily Greek-speaking until its conquest by the Ottoman Empire in 1453 AD.

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Xargos (Tanatloc)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Vilnia
 
Kahaniel de Valnor
 
Olgava
 
Varth (Ogotai)
 
Haynee
 
 
 
Gandalf the Mad
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Manthor
 
Kriss de Valnor
 
 
 
 
 
Thorgal Aegirsson
 
 
 
Aaricia
 
Bjorn Gandalfson
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Aniel de Valnor
 
Jolan
 
 
 
Louve
 

Other characters

Girdle narrow belt, cord, sash, or the like, usually decorative and worn around the waist or hips to fasten or confine garments

The term girdle, meaning "belt", commonly refers to the liturgical attire that normally closes a cassock in many Christian denominations, including the Anglican Communion, Methodist Church and Lutheran Church. The girdle, in the 8th or 9th century, was said to resemble an ancient Levitical Jewish vestment, and in that era, was not visible. In 800 AD, the girdle began to be worn by Christian deacons in the Eastern Church.

In Germanic cosmology, Midgard is the name for Earth inhabited by and known to humans in early Germanic cosmology. The Old Norse form plays a notable role in Norse cosmology.

Atlantis Fictional island in Platos works, now a synonym for supposed prehistoric lost civilizations

Atlantis is a fictional island mentioned within an allegory on the hubris of nations in Plato's works Timaeus and Critias, where it represents the antagonist naval power that besieges "Ancient Athens", the pseudo-historic embodiment of Plato's ideal state in The Republic. In the story, Athens repels the Atlantean attack unlike any other nation of the known world, supposedly giving testament to the superiority of Plato's concept of a state. The story concludes with Atlantis falling out of favor with the deities and submerging into the Atlantic Ocean.

Fictional character biography

After of being lost at sea, the ship of Viking leader Leif Haraldson suddenly finds its way home, guided by a mysterious light in the fog. To the supersticious Vikings, the light is seen as a sign from the gods. Once on shore, they find a sort of capsule, which appears to be the source of the mysterious light. Leif opens the capsule and finds a newborn baby boy. He names the child Thor-gal Aegirs-son, after Thor, the Norse God of Thunder, and Aegir, the ruler of the sea, because he considers Thorgal to be a gift from the Gods. Leif takes Thorgal under his care as his adoptive son.

As Thorgal grows up, he is curious about his origins and often ostracized by his peers for not being a "real" Viking. On his sixth birthday, Leif gives him two strange artifacts taken from the capsule he was found in. One is a jewel made from "the metal that doesn't exist". The jewel brings Thorgal on his first adventure, and binds his fate forever with that of Aaricia (his future wife). When Thorgal is twelve, the other gift prompts him to visit an old wiseman, who reveals to Thorgal his origins and true identity. He tells him that he's one of the last survivors of a group of technologically advanced space-farers who came to the planet in search of new energy sources. His people have great supernatural powers like changing the molecular composition of matter with their mind; powers that Thorgal himself seems not to have. Thorgal learns about his real parents and grandfather, and the events that preceded his birth. The old man decides to erase Thorgal's memory of their encounter and the knowledge he just learned, believing that it will be better for Thorgal to grow up as a "normal" Viking boy with no supernatural powers. Thorgal, however, continues to grow up as curious and conflicted about his true identity as ever.

Soon after this event Leif Haraldson dies and Gandalf the Mad is chosen as his successor. Gandalf repeatedly tries to get rid of Thorgal, because - as he constantly reminds everyone - Thorgal is an outsider and not of Viking blood. In reality, Gandalf feels threatened because Thorgal is Leif's heir. In the meantime, Thorgal's relationship with Aaricia, Gandalf's daughter, develops and strengthens. While her wishes do not have much influence on her father, she is able to save Thorgal from certain death (by her father's hand) through her determination and ingenuity.

The first album of the series starts some years later, when Thorgal is already an adult, and Gandalf devises a plan to kill him after realizing how deep the love his daughter has for Thorgal really is.

Collected editions

The albums consist of several story arcs and many stand-alone stories.

Jean Van Hamme (story) and Grzegorz Rosiński (art)

The Sorceress Betrayed comic book album

The Sorceress Betrayed is the first album of European comic book series Thorgal, written by Belgian writer Jean Van Hamme and drawn by Polish graphic artist Grzegorz Rosiński. It was first published in 1980 by Le Lombard under the title La Magicienne Trahie. It introduces the characters of Thorgal Aegirsson, Aaricia, Gandalf the Mad, and Slive.

The Island of Frozen Seas

The Island of Frozen Seas is the second album of Thorgal, a European comic book series, written by a Belgian writer Jean Van Hamme and the Polish graphic artist Grzegorz Rosiński. It was first published in 1980 by Le Lombard under the title L'lle des Mers Gelees. It continues the story characters of Thorgal Aegirsson, Aaricia, Gandalf the Mad, and Slivia.

The 29th volume - "Sacrifice" - was the last one written by Jean Van Hamme. This episode centers around Thorgal escaping the curse of Odin and finding peace in the only home he knows: the Viking village of his adopted father. In order to save his father's life, however, Jolan must strike a bargain with a half-God and enter his services upon his family's return to Midgard. The story ends with a somber but understanding farewell between Thorgal and Jolan which Thorgal simply defines as the inevitable way a grown child must take: to set out on his own path in life.

In the Danish version of the series, the albums were released in a different order, starting with the albums of Thorgals youth. [3] The first album in the series La Magicienne Trahie is number 22 in the Danish series. [3]

In Denmark number 22-23 (1-2) were first published by the publisher Interpresse with the special name 'Cormak', probably to imitate the popular series Conan . Soon the name were changed back to "Thorgal" because Carlsen Comics took over the series. [3]

Subsequent volumes were written by Yves Sente. These albums initially focus on Jolan rather than Thorgal. [4]

Yves Sente (story) and Grzegorz Rosiński (art)

Xavier Dorison (story) and Grzegorz Rosiński (art)

Yann (story) and Grzegorz Rosinski (art)

Yann (story) and Fred Vignaux (art)

Spin-off Les Mondes de Thorgal - Kriss de Valnor (Thorgal - Kriss of Valnor)

Yves Sente (story) and Giulio De Vita (art)

Xavier Dorison and Mathieu Mariolle (story) and Roman Surzhenko (art)

Xavier Dorison and Mathieu Mariolle (story) and Fred Vignaux (art)

Spin-off Les Mondes de Thorgal - Louve (Thorgal - Louve)

Yann Le Pennetier (story) and Roman Surzhenko (art)

Spin-off Les Mondes de Thorgal - La Jeunesse de Thorgal (Thorgal - The Youth of Thorgal)

Yann Le Pennetier (story) and Roman Surzhenko (art)

Besides series

English version

Thorgal, Child of the Stars was published by Donning Company Publishers in 1986 with ISBN   0-89865-501-3.

Cinebook Ltd has begun reprinting the series [5] starting with Child of the Stars and Aaricia in 2007.
0. The Betrayed Sorceress ( ISBN   9781849184434) - Collects La Magicienne Trahie and L'Ile des Mers gelées [1 and 2])

  1. Child of the Stars ( ISBN   9781905460236) - (collects Child of the Stars and Aaricia [7 and 14])
  2. The Three Elders of Aran ( ISBN   9781905460311) - (collects The Three Elders of Aran and The Black Galley [3 and 4])
  3. Beyond the Shadows ( ISBN   9781905460458) - (collects Beyond the Shadows and The Fall of Brek Zarith [5 and 6])
  4. The Archers ( ISBN   9781905460670) - (collects Alinoë and Les Archers [8 and 9])
  5. The Land of Qa ( ISBN   9781905460809) - (collects Le Pays Qâ and Les Yeux de Tanatloc [10 and 11])
  6. City of the Lost God ( ISBN   9781849180016) - (collects La Cité du Dieu Perdu and Entre Terre et Lumière [12 and 13])
  7. The Master of the Mountains ( ISBN   9781849180238) - (contains Le Maître des Montagnes [15])
  8. Wolf Cub ( ISBN   9781849180351) - (contains Louve [16])
  9. The Guardian of the Keys ( ISBN   9781849180504) - (contains La Gardienne des Clés [17])
  10. The Sun Sword ( ISBN   9781849180573) - (contains L'épée-soleil [18])
  11. The Invisible Fortress ( ISBN   9781849181037) - (contains La Forteresse Invisible [19])
  12. The Brand of the Exiles ( ISBN   9781849181365) - (contains La Marque des Bannis [20])
  13. Ogotai's Crown ( ISBN   9781849181426) - (contains La Couronne d'Ogotaï [21])
  14. Giants ( ISBN   9781849181563) - (Contains Géants [22])
  15. The Cage ( ISBN   9781849181860) - (Contains La Cage [23])
  16. Arachnea ( ISBN   9781849182478) - (Contains Arachnéa [24])
  17. The Blue Plague ( ISBN   9781849182904) - (Contains The Blue Plague [25])
  18. The Kingdom Beneath the Sand ( ISBN   9781849183451) - (Contains The Kingdom Beneath the Sand [26])
  19. The Barbarian ( ISBN   9781849183994) - (Contains The Barbarian [27])
  20. Kriss of Valnor ( ISBN   9781849184229) - (Contains Kriss de Valnor [28])
  21. The Sacrifice ( ISBN   9781849184267) - (Contains Le Sacrifice [29])
  22. I, Jolan ( ISBN   9791032807309) - (Contains Moi, Jolan [30])
  23. Thor's Shield ( ISBN   9791032807835) - (Contains Le Bouclier de Thor [31])

The 2008 Cinebook edition of The Land of Qa was edited to remove a woman's naked breast (page 27).

Other media

In 2002 Le Lombard published a video game for Microsoft Windows, entitled Thorgal: Curse of Atlantis and developed by Cryo Interactive Entertainment.

In 2016 there is announced that comic is going to be a series directed by Florian Henckel von Donnersmarck. The script was started in 2017 and it stands as in development in 2018 on imdb.

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References

  1. Rosinski. Books.google.com. Retrieved 2014-02-24.
  2. "Les ventes - Thorgal". www.thorgal.com. Retrieved 31 October 2018.
  3. 1 2 3 "Thorgal - ComicWiki" (in Danish). Comicwiki.dk. Retrieved 2014-02-24.
  4. Miaśkiewicz, Waldemar (2007). "Rola pierwszych żon (A review of I, Jolan)". Nowa Fantastyka (in Polish) (12). p. 76.
  5. Thorgal at Cinebook