Thrust stage

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A thrust stage at the Pasant Theatre Pasant Theatre from seats.JPG
A thrust stage at the Pasant Theatre

In theatre, a thrust stage (also known as a platform stage or open stage) [1] is one that extends into the audience on three sides and is connected to the backstage area by its upstage end. A thrust has the benefit of greater intimacy between performers and the audience than a proscenium, while retaining the utility of a backstage area. Entrances onto a thrust are most readily made from backstage, although some theatres provide for performers to enter through the audience using vomitory entrances. A theatre in the round, exposed on all sides to the audience, is without a backstage and relies entirely on entrances in the auditorium or from under the stage.


As with an arena, the audience in a thrust stage theatre may view the stage from three or more sides. Because the audience can view the performance from a variety of perspectives, it is usual for the blocking, props and scenery to receive thorough consideration to ensure that no perspective is blocked from view. A high backed chair, for instance, when placed stage right, could create a blind spot in the stage left action.


The thrust stage is the earliest stage type in western theatre, first appearing in Greek theatres, and its arrangement was continued by the pageant wagon. As pageant wagons evolved into Elizabethan theatre, many of that era's works, including those of Shakespeare, were performed on theatre with an open thrust stage, such as those of the Globe Theatre.

A production of Godspell performed on a 3/4 thrust stage Godthrust.JPG
A production of Godspell performed on a 3/4 thrust stage

The thrust stage concept was generally out of use for centuries, and was resurrected in 1953 by the Stratford Shakespeare Festival of Canada. [2] Their Festival Theatre was originally under a tent, until a permanent thrust stage theatre facility was constructed in 1957. Since that time dozens of other thrust stage venues have been built using the concept.


North America


United States


Waldbuhne Berlin Bundesarchiv B 145 Bild-P019137, Berlin, Reichssportfeld, Dietrich Eckart-Freilichtbuhne.jpg
Waldbühne Berlin



United Kingdom





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  1. "Open stage | theatre". Encyclopedia Britannica. Retrieved Sep 15, 2019.
  2. "Maps and Guides | Stratford Festival Official Website | Stratford Festival". Retrieved 2019-09-15.
  3. "Playcrafters Barn Theatre". Retrieved Sep 15, 2019.