Thyrocopa apikia

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Thyrocopa apikia
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Lepidoptera
Family: Xyloryctidae
Genus: Thyrocopa
Species:T. apikia
Binomial name
Thyrocopa apikia
Medeiros, 2009

Thyrocopa apikia is a moth of the Xyloryctidae family. It is endemic to the Hawaiian island of Molokai.

Moth Group of mostly-nocturnal insects in the order Lepidoptera

Moths comprise a group of insects related to butterflies, belonging to the order Lepidoptera. Most lepidopterans are moths, and there are thought to be approximately 160,000 species of moth, many of which have yet to be described. Most species of moth are nocturnal, but there are also crepuscular and diurnal species.

Xyloryctidae family of insects

Xyloryctidae is a family of moths contained within the superfamily Gelechioidea described by Edward Meyrick in 1890. Most genera are found in the Indo-Australian region. While many of these moths are tiny, some members of the family grow to a wingspan of up to 66 mm, making them giants among the micromoths.

Molokai island of the Hawaiian Island Chain

Molokaʻi, nicknamed “The Friendly Isle”, is the fifth largest island of eight major islands that make up the Hawaiian Island Chain in the middle of the Pacific Ocean. It is 38 by 10 miles in size at its extreme length and width with a usable land area of 260 square miles (673.40 km2), making it the fifth-largest of the main Hawaiian Islands and the 27th largest island in the United States. It lies east of Oʻahu across the 25-mile (40 km) wide Kaiwi Channel and north of Lānaʻi, separated from it by the Kalohi Channel.

The length of the forewings is 14–16 mm. The forewing ground color is brown to dark brown to rich purplish-brown. Sometimes there are very faint darker spots visible in the cell. The hindwings are light brown, as is the fringe. Adults are on wing from at least May to September.

Etymology

Apikia is a form of a Hawaiian word meaning "deceptive". The specific epithet refers to the initial confusion of this moth with Thyrocopa subahenea . The two have similar wing patterns and range, but their genitalia are very different.

In zoological nomenclature, the specific name is the second part within the scientific name of a species. The first part of the name of a species is the name of the genus or the generic name. The rules and regulations governing the giving of a new species name are explained in the article species description.

Thyrocopa subahenea is a moth of the family Xyloryctidae. It was first described by Lord Walsingham in 1907. It is endemic to the Hawaiian islands of Molokai and Maui.


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