|Literal meaning||Heavenly Empress Palace|
|Kaitai Tianhou Temple|
|Traditional Chinese||開臺 天后 宮|
|Simplified Chinese||开台 天后 宫|
The Tianhou Temple,also known as the Kaitai Tianhou or Mazu Temple, is a temple to the Chinese sea goddess Mazu, the deified form of the medieval Fujianese shamaness Lin Moniang, located in the Anping District of Tainan on Taiwan.
It is open to the public from 4:30 am to 10 pm 7 days a week.
The temple was erected at the Anping Ferry in 1668, on the site that is now occupied by Anping District's Shih-Men Primary School. c. 1880) and from presidents Li Denghui and Chen Shuibian of the Republic of China. It was demolished by the Japanese and has been rebuilt several times, most recently in 1976 and 1994.Erected soon after Koxinga's successful invasion of Dutch Taiwan in the name of the Southern Ming resistance to the Qing Empire, it is thought to be the oldest extant Mazu temple on Taiwan Island. It housed statues of the Deities brought by Koxinga from Meizhou off the Fujian coast, the site of Mazuism's chief temple. The chief idol of Mazu is soft-bodied, with jointed feet, hands, and fingers and bound feet. It holds a fan in its right hand and a handkerchief in its left. It has tablets from the Guangxu Emperor of the Qing (
The primary idol is said to be more than a thousand years old.It is sometimes said to have been one of three personally brought to Taiwan by Koxinga, although the temple itself claims that a "Cheng Cheng-kung" brought it to Taiwan years earlier in 1661. Mazu is credited with various miracles around the temple, including appearing to lead Anping's initial settlers, protecting it from bombing during World War II, producing miraculous sweat, and protecting her idol during the temple's 1990 fire.
Zheng Chenggong, Prince of Yanping, better known internationally by his Dutch-Romanised Hokkien honorific Koxinga or Coxinga, was a Chinese Ming loyalist who resisted the Qing conquest of China in the 17th century, fighting them on China's southeastern coast.
Mazu is a Chinese sea goddess also known by several other names and titles. She is the deified form of the purported historical Lin Mo or Lin Moniang, a Fujianese shamaness whose life span is traditionally dated from 960 to 987. Revered after her death as a tutelary deity of seafarers, including fishermen and sailors, her worship spread throughout China's coastal regions and overseas Chinese communities throughout Southeast Asia. She was thought to roam the seas, protecting her believers through miraculous interventions. She is now generally regarded by her believers as a powerful and benevolent Queen of Heaven. Mazuism is popular in Taiwan as large numbers of early immigrants to Taiwan were Fujianese; her temple festival is a major event in the country, with the largest celebrations around her temples at Dajia and Beigang.
Fort Zeelandia was a fortress built over ten years from 1624 to 1634 by the Dutch East India Company (VOC), in the town of Anping on the island of Formosa, the former name of Taiwan Island in Taiwan, during their 38-year rule over the western part of the island. The site had been renamed several times as Orange City (奧倫治城), Anping City (安平城), and Taiwan City (臺灣城); the current name of the site in Chinese is 安平古堡(lit. 'Anping Old Fort').
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The Taiwan Confucian Temple, also called Tainan Confucian Temple or Quan Tai Shou Xue, is a Confucian temple on Nanmen Road (南門路) in West Central District, Tainan, Taiwan.
Tainan, officially Tainan City, is a city in southern Taiwan. The city proper is a special municipality facing the Formosan Strait or Taiwan Strait in the west and south. Tainan is the oldest city on the island of Taiwan and also commonly known as the "Capital City" for its over 200 years of history as the capital of Taiwan under Koxinga and later Qing rule. Tainan's complex history of comebacks, redefinitions and renewals inspired its popular nickname "the Phoenix City".
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Tainan Prefecture was a prefecture of Taiwan under Qing rule. The prefecture was established by the Qing dynasty government in 1887, when Fokien-Taiwan Province was established. The prefecture included the districts/counties of Anping, Kagi, Fengshan, and Hengchun, and the sub-prefecture of Penghu.
The Dajia Jenn Lann Temple, also known as the Zhenlan or Mazu Temple, is a temple to the Chinese sea goddess Mazu, the deified form of the medieval Fujianese shamaness Lin Moniang, located in the Dajia District of Taichung, Taiwan.
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The Tianfei Palace, officially the Mazu Cultural Palace and also known as the Tianhou Palace, is a restored temple of the Chinese sea-goddess Mazu, the deified form of the medieval Fujianese shamaness Lin Moniang, located in Fangta Park in Songjiang, Shanghai, in eastern China. Officially classified as a museum, the Tianfei Palace conducts Mazuist rites twice a year, on the traditional anniversaries of Lin Moniang's birth and death. It is also used as the site for an annual commemoration of Songjiang's city god Li Daiwen.
The Tianhou or Mazu Temple is a temple to the Chinese sea goddess Mazu, the deified form of Lin Moniang, a medieval Fujianese shamaness. It is located in Xinwu District, Taoyuan City, Taiwan.
The Grand Matsu Temple, also known as the Datianhou or Great Queen of Heaven Temple, is a temple to the Chinese sea goddess Mazu, the deified form of the medieval Fujianese shamaness Lin Moniang, located in the West Central District of Tainan on Taiwan.
The Chi Jin Mazu Temple, also known as the Cijin or Cihou Tianhou Temple, is a Chinese temple to the Chinese sea goddess Mazu, the deified form of the medieval Fujianese shamaness Lin Moniang, located at 93 Miaocian Road (廟前路93號) on Cijin District, Kaohsiung, Taiwan.
The Lugang Mazu Temple, also known as the Lukang TianhouTemple, is a Chinese temple dedicated to the Chinese sea goddess Mazu, the deified form of the medieval Fujianese shamaness Lin Moniang, located at 430 Zhongshan Road in Lukang Township, Changhua County, Taiwan. It is one of the island's most famous and popular Mazu temples.
The architecture of Taiwan can be traced back to stilt housing of the aborigines in prehistoric times; to the building of fortresses and churches in the north and south used to colonize and convert the inhabitants during the Dutch and Spanish period; the Tungning period when Taiwan was a base of anti-Qing sentiment and Minnan-style architecture was introduced; in Qing dynasty period, a mix of Chinese and Western architecture appeared and artillery battery flourished during Qing's Self-Strengthening Movement; During the Japanese rule of Taiwan, the Minnan, Japanese and Western culture were main influencers in architectural designs and saw the introduction and use of reinforced concrete. Due to excessive Westernization as a colony, after the retrocession of Taiwan to the Republic of China in 1945 from Japan at the end of World War II, Chinese classical style became popular and entered into international mainstream as a postmodern design style. Today, Taiwanese architecture has undergone much diversification, every style of architecture can be seen.
Events from the year 1683 in China.
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