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The Tiburon Peninsula (French : Péninsule de Tiburon), or simply "the Tiburon" (le Tiburon), is a region of Haiti encompassing most of Haiti's southern coast. It starts roughly at the southernmost of the Haiti-Dominican Republic border and extends westward near Cuba, forming a large headland. Three of Haiti's ten departments are located entirely within the region. They are the departments of Grand'Anse, Nippes and Sud. A large part of Ouest department is also located in the region, with the capital, Port-au-Prince serving as the line of demarcation between central Haiti and the south. Half of Sud-Est is also located within the Tiburon Peninsula. The biological hot-spot of the Massif de la Hotte is located in the region (the extreme southwest) in which various endemic species on the island originate.
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The Dominican Republic is a country in the West Indies that occupies the eastern five-eighths of Hispaniola. It has an area of 48,670 km², including offshore islands. The land border shared with Haiti, which occupies the western three-eighths of the island, is 376 km long. The maximum length, east to west, is 390 km from Punta de Agua to Las Lajas, on the border with Haiti. The maximum width, north to south, is 265 km from Cape Isabela to Cape Beata. The capital, Santo Domingo, is located on the south coast.
The Republic of Haiti comprises the western three-eighths of the island of Hispaniola, west of the Dominican Republic. Haiti is positioned east of the neighboring island of Cuba, between the Caribbean Sea and the North Atlantic Ocean. Haiti's geographic coordinates are at a longitude of 72° 25′ west and a latitude of 19° 00′ north.
Sud is one of the ten departments of Haiti. It has an area of 2,653.60 square kilometres (1,024.56 sq mi) and a population of 774,976. Its capital is Les Cayes.
Tiburon may refer to:
Nippes is one of the ten departments of Haiti. It is the most recently created department, having been split from Grand'Anse in 2003. The capital of the department is Miragoâne.
Cavaellon or Cavaillon, is a commune and a rural town located in the Aquin Arrondissement of the Sud department of Haiti.
Aquin is an arrondissement in the Sud Department of Haiti. As of 2015, the population was 217,827 inhabitants. Postal codes in the Aquin Arrondissement start with the number 83.
Port-Salut is a coastal commune in the Sud department of Haiti.
The Massif de la Hotte is a mountain range in southwestern Haiti, on the far-western end of the Tiburon Peninsula. The region is relatively remote and is one of the most biologically diverse and significant areas of all of Hispaniola. It also supports some of the last stands of Haiti's dense cloud forest on its peaks. About 2.5 million years ago, the Massif de la Hotte was separated from the rest of the country by a deep, wide sea channel, which resulted in a hotbed of endemism in its bird, plant, and reptile communities.
Aquin is a commune in the Aquin Arrondissement, in the Sud department of Haiti. It is a port on the south coast of the Tiburon Peninsula. It had 104,216 inhabitants in 2015, up from 1,799 in 1950.
Tiburon is a commune in the Chardonnières Arrondissement, in the Sud department of Haiti. It has 21,170 inhabitants.
Anse-à-Veau is an arrondissement in the Nippes Department of Haiti. As of 2015, the population was 153,639 inhabitants. Postal codes in the Anse-à-Veau Arrondissement start with the number 75.
Chardonnières is an arrondissement in the Sud department of Haiti. As of 2015, the population was 78,410 inhabitants. Postal codes in the Chardonnières Arrondissement start with the number 85.
Les Cayes, often referred to as Aux Cayes is an arrondissement in the Sud department of Haiti. As of 2015, the population was 346,276 inhabitants. Postal codes in the Les Cayes Arrondissement start with the number 81.
Port-Salut is an arrondissement in the Sud department of Haiti. As of 2015, the population was 73,845 inhabitants. Postal codes in the Port-Salut Arrondissement start with the number 82.
In early July 2005, Hurricane Dennis brushed the southern coast of Haiti and produced deadly flash flooding across the nation. Forming from a tropical depression on July 4, Dennis began impacting Haiti two days later with heavy rains. Civil authorities and international agencies acted quickly to protect lives, ordering evacuations—approximately 1,000 people complied—and prepositioning emergency supplies. Over the subsequent two days, the hurricane's outer bands continued to impact the nation before effects abated. Widespread flash floods and landslides caused substantial damage, with areas along the Tiburon Peninsula taking the brunt of the impact. A bridge collapse near Grand-Goâve left 15 people dead or missing.
Grand Bois National Park is a national park in Haiti that was established on September 23, 2015 by Haitian president, Michel Martelly. The park is located in southwest Haiti, northwest of Les Anglais in the Sud department. Morne Grand Bois is an isolated bowl-shaped mountain with remnant original (primary) rainforest. Its highest peak is 1262 meters in elevation.
Deux Mamelles National Park is a national park in Haiti established on September 23, 2015 with an area of 2,265 hectares. It is located on the Tiburon Peninsula of Haiti, just west of a line connecting Les Anglais to the south and Jérémie to the north. The park circumscribes a U-shaped mountain, Morne Deux Mamelles, reaching 1,276 meters in elevation and is the highest mountain at the western end of the Tiburon Peninsula. Patches of the original (primary) forest remain at elevations above 1,000 meters, growing on highly dissected limestone rock.
Hurricane Matthew struck southwestern Haiti near Les Anglais on October 4, 2016, leaving widespread damage in the impoverished nation. Matthew was a late-season Category 5 hurricane on the Saffir–Simpson scale, having formed in the southeastern Caribbean on September 28. The hurricane weakened to Category 4 before making landfall near Les Anglais on October 4, at which time the National Hurricane Center estimated maximum sustained winds of 240 km/h (150 mph). This made it the strongest storm to hit the nation since Hurricane Cleo in 1964, and the third strongest Haitian landfall on record. Hurricane-force winds – 119 km/h (74 mph) or greater – affected about 1.125 million people in the country. The Haitian government assessed the death toll at 546, although other sources reported more than three times that figure.