Tifatul Sembiring

Last updated
Tifatul Sembiring
Tifatul-sembiring.jpg
Member of People's Representative Council
Assumed office
1 October 2014
In office
1 October 2009 22 October 2009
ConstituencyNorth Sumatra I
Minister of Communication and Information of Indonesia
In office
22 October 2009 27 October 2014
President Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono
Preceded by Muhammad Nuh
Succeeded by Rudiantara
President of Prosperous Justice Party
In office
11 October 2004 22 October 2009
Preceded by Hidayat Nur Wahid
Succeeded by Luthfi Hasan Ishaaq
Personal details
Born (1961-09-28) September 28, 1961 (age 58)
Bukittinggi, West Sumatra, Indonesia
NationalityIndonesian
Children7

Tifatul Sembiring (born 28 September 1961 in Bukitinggi, West Sumatra) is an Indonesian politician. He was chairman of the Islamic Prosperous Justice Party and Minister of Communication and Information in the Second United Indonesia Cabinet. He has a degree in computer engineering from the Information and Computing Management School (Indonesian : Sekolah Tinggi Ilmu Manajemen Informatika dan Komputer), Jakarta, and was active in a number of Indonesian Islamic organisations from his student days, such as PII, the Indonesian Student's Association [1] [2]

West Sumatra Province in Indonesia

West Sumatra is a province of Indonesia. It is located on the west coast of the island of Sumatra. It had a population of 4,846,909 at the 2010 Census and of 5,190,577 at the 2015 Intermediate Census; the latest official estimate for mid 2019 shows a population of 5,479,491. West Sumatra is sub-divided administratively into twelve regencies and seven cities. It has relatively more cities than other provinces in Indonesia, except Java province. Its capital is Padang.

Indonesia Republic in Southeast Asia

Indonesia, officially the Republic of Indonesia, is a country in Southeast Asia, between the Indian and Pacific oceans. It is the world's largest island country, with more than seventeen thousand islands, and at 1,904,569 square kilometres, the 14th largest by land area and 7th in the combined sea and land area. With over 261 million people, it is the world's 4th most populous country as well as the most populous Muslim-majority country. Java, the world's most populous island, is home to more than half of the country's population.

Prosperous Justice Party political party in Indonesia

The Prosperous Justice Party, frequently abbreviated to PKS, is an Islam-based political party in Indonesia.

Contents

Biography

Life and Family

His father is Karo and moved to Bukittinggi where he married a Minangkabau woman. [3] Tifatul is the head of the big family in Guguak Tabek Sarojo, Agam, West Sumatra by the title Datuk Tumangguang. [4] He is married to Sri Rahayu and has seven children: Sabriana, Fathan, Ibrahim, Yusuf, Fatimah, Muhammad and Abdurrahman Sembiring.

Karo people (Indonesia) ethnic group

The Karo, or Karonese, are a people of the 'tanah Karo' of North Sumatra and a small part of neighboring Aceh. The Karo lands consist of Karo Regency, plus neighboring areas in East Aceh Regency, Langkat Regency, Dairi Regency, Simalungun Regency and Deli Serdang Regency. In addition, the cities of Binjai and Medan, both bordered by Deli Serdang Regency, contain significant Karo populations, particularly in the Padang Bulan area of Medan. The town of Sibolangit, Deli Serdang Regency in the foothills on the road from Medan to Berastagi is also a significant Karo town.

Bukittinggi City in West Sumatra, Indonesia

Bukittinggi, is the third largest city in West Sumatra, Indonesia, with a population of over 124,000 people and an area of 25.24 km². It is in the Minangkabau Highlands, 90 km by road from the West Sumatran capital city of Padang. The whole area is directly adjacent to the Agam Regency, and is located at 0°18′20″S100°22′9″E, near the volcanoes Mount Singgalang (inactive) and Mount Marapi. At 930 m above sea level, the city has a cool climate with temperatures between 16.1° to 24.9°C.

Minangkabau people West Sumatran matrilineal ethnic group

Minangkabau people, also known as Minang, are an ethnic group indigenous to the Minangkabau Highlands of West Sumatra, Indonesia. The Minangkabau's West Sumatran homelands was the seat of the Pagaruyung Kingdom, believed by early orientalists to have been the cradle of the Malay race, and the location of the Padri War.

Controversy

In 2009, he blamed immorality for a Sumatra earthquake and other natural disasters. As he addressed a Friday prayer meeting in Padang, Sumatra, the minister said "there were many television programmes that destroyed morals. Therefore, natural disasters would continue to occur." [5]

2009 Sumatra earthquakes earthquake

The September 2009 Sumatra earthquake occurred on 30 September off the coast of Sumatra, Indonesia with a moment magnitude of 7.6 at 17:16:10 local time. The epicenter was 45 kilometres (28 mi) west-northwest of Padang, Sumatra, and 220 kilometres (140 mi) southwest of Pekanbaru, Sumatra. Government and authorities confirmed 1,115 dead, 1,214 severely injured and 1,688 slightly injured. The most deaths occurred in the areas of Padang Pariaman (675), Padang (313), Agam (80) and Pariaman (37). In addition, around 135,000 houses were severely damaged, 65,000 houses were moderately damaged and 79,000 houses were slightly damaged. An estimated 250,000 families have been affected by the earthquake through the total or partial loss of their homes and livelihoods.

Padang City in West Sumatra, Indonesia

Padang is the capital of the province of West Sumatra in Indonesia. With an area of 695 square kilometres (268 sq mi) and a population of 914,970 in 2016, it is the 10th-most populated urban centres in Indonesia, the most populated city on Sumatra's western coast, and fourth-most populated city on Sumatra.

His ambition to filter the internet for 'negative' content, shelved in early 2010 in the face of broad opposition, may be revived after a celebrity sex scandal centred on Ariel (Nazril Irham), which Sembiring controversially linked to the crucifixion of Jesus Christ. [6] The move apparently has the backing of then-president Dr Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono and would involve a blacklist of offensive material monitored by a special task force, [7] which gave birth to the controversial 'Internet Positif.'

A celebrity sex tape is typically an amateur pornographic video recording involving one or more famous people which has, intentionally or unintentionally, been made available publicly. Such videos have often been released without the consent of their subjects and have damaged celebrities' careers. In 1988, for example, a sex tape caused significant damage to Rob Lowe's career.

Nazril Irham Indonesian musician

Nazril Irham, more popularly known as Ariel, is an Indonesian rock star. He is the lead singer of Indonesian band Noah. Ariel is of Malay descent from his father's side and Minangkabau from his mother's side. He has appeared in advertisements. He was arrested in 2010 on charges relating to celebrity sex tapes found circulating on the internet after his laptop was stolen.

President of Indonesia head of state and head of government of the Republic of Indonesia

The President of the Republic of Indonesia is the head of state and also head of government of the Republic of Indonesia. The president leads the executive branch of the Indonesian government and is the commander-in-chief of the Indonesian National Armed Forces.

He has also linked pornography to HIV/Aids and said that funding to fight the disease was a waste of money, [6] also stating that the widespread availability of Indonesian pornography, mostly featuring students, caused natural disasters. [8] He was much criticized for quoting Adolf Hitler on his Twitter page, posting "the union between two children, when both of them complete each other, this is magic - Adolf Hitler". [9] He was questioned by Indonesian Twitter users for shaking the hand of U.S. First Lady Michelle Obama during her husband's November 2010 trip to Indonesia. [10] His hesitation in condemning the kidnapping of 276 girls by the terrorist group Boko Haram in Nigeria drew criticism and raises question at his suitability to serve in the government. [11] [12]

Pornography Explicit portrayal of sexual acts and intercourse

Pornography is the portrayal of sexual subject matter for the exclusive purpose of sexual arousal. Pornography may be presented in a variety of media, including books, magazines, postcards, photographs, sculpture, drawing, painting, animation, sound recording, phone calls, writing, film, video, and video games. The term applies to the depiction of the act rather than the act itself, and so does not include live exhibitions like sex shows and striptease. The primary subjects of present-day pornographic depictions are pornographic models, who pose for still photographs, and pornographic actors or "porn stars", who perform in pornographic films. If dramatic skills are not involved, a performer in pornographic media may also be called a model.

Adolf Hitler Leader of Germany from 1934 to 1945

Adolf Hitler was a German politician and leader of the Nazi Party. He rose to power as Chancellor of Germany in 1933, and as Führer in 1934. During his dictatorship from 1933 to 1945, he initiated World War II in Europe by invading Poland on 1 September 1939. He was closely involved in military operations throughout the war and was central to the perpetration of the Holocaust. Hitler's actions and ideology are almost universally regarded as evil. According to historian Ian Kershaw, "never in history has such ruination—physical and moral—been associated with the name of one man."

Michelle Obama Lawyer, writer and former First Lady of the United States

Michelle LaVaughn Robinson Obama is an American lawyer, university administrator and writer, who was the first lady of the United States from 2009 to 2017. She is married to the 44th president of the United States, Barack Obama, and was the first African-American first lady.

In May 2014, the Communication Minister tweeted from his personal account that video sharing site Vimeo would be banned. Citing Indonesia’s controversial anti-pornography law, passed in 2008, the minister said the site included displays of “nudity or nudity-like features”. [13] The ban came at a moment when films made in Indonesia had begun to attract attention on the world stage, with Joshua Oppenheimer’s “The Act of Killing” joining the ranks of the most acclaimed documentaries of all time. [14]

The Bill against Pornography and Porno-Action was a bill proposed by the Indonesian legislative assembly, Dewan Perwakilan Rakyat on February 14, 2006.

On 26 February 2016, he tweeted from his personal account quoting Islamic hadith that promotes killing people who practice homosexuality. [15] This sparked criticism from general public, Muslim scholars and human rights advocates due to growing intolerance towards LGBT community in Indonesia. He responded to the critics by calling them anti prophet Mohammed and anti Quran, but eventually deleted the post yet remained unapologetic.

Legislator

Sembiring had been elected three times into the People's Representative Council, firstly in the 2009 election where he represented North Sumatra's first electoral district. He was reelected there in 2014, and again in 2019. [16] In the 2019 legislature, Sembiring was the chair of the Prosperous Justice Party's faction. [17]

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References

  1. "United Indonesia Cabinet 2009-2014". The Jakarta Post . 2009-10-22. p. 3.
  2. "Cabinet 2009: Communications and IT, Tifatul Sembiring". The Jakarta Globe. Retrieved 2011-01-29.
  3. Tifatul Sembiring Kini Bergelar Datuk, Vivanews.com
  4. http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/asia-pacific/8384827.stm
  5. 1 2 Agence France-Presse (23 Jun 2010). "Pop star detained in Indonesia's first celebrity sex video scandal". SCMP . Retrieved 25 Jun 2010.
  6. Agence France-Presse (19 Jun 2010). "Indonesian leader backs Web filter on porn". SCMP . Retrieved 25 Jun 2010.
  7. "Immorality has caused disasters : Minister". Antara News. 2009-11-27. Retrieved 2011-01-29.
  8. "Tifatul quotes Adolf Hitler on Twitter". The Jakarta Post. Retrieved 2011-01-29.
  9. "Minister Admits Reluctant Michelle Obama Handshake". NPR. Associated Press. November 9, 2010.
  10. http://www.thejakartaglobe.com/news/communications-minister-fire-response-boko-haram-query/
  11. http://www.tempo.co/read/news/2014/05/11/078576928/Soal-Boko-Haram-Tweeps-Serang-Menteri-Tifatul
  12. http://www.thejakartaglobe.com/news/indonesian-minister-tifatul-faces-twitter-ire-vimeo-ban/
  13. http://www.thejakartaglobe.com/news/indonesia-reels-surprise-vimeo-ban/
  14. http://www.bbc.com/indonesia/majalah/2016/02/160226_trensosial_twitter_tifatul
  15. "Tifatul Sembiring, Mantan Menteri yang Kembali Menjadi Caleg di Pemilihan Umum 2019". Kumparan (in Indonesian). 5 December 2018. Retrieved 13 October 2019.
  16. "Sudah Dilobi Golkar dan Gerindra, PKS Belum Tentukan Dukungan Calon Ketua MPR". KOMPAS.com (in Indonesian). 3 October 2019. Retrieved 13 October 2019.


Political offices
Preceded by
Muhammad Nuh
Minister of Communication and Information
2009–2014
Succeeded by
Rudiantara
Party political offices
Preceded by
Hidayat Nur Wahid
Chairman of Prosperous Justice Party
2004–2009
Succeeded by
Luthfi Hasan Ishaaq