Title 1 of the Code of Federal Regulations (1 CFR), titled General Provisions, is a United States federal government regulation.
Title 1 comprises one volume, further divided into four chapters. As of the revision of January 1, 2012, the Title includes regulations on the Administrative Committee of the Federal Register (1 CFR Parts 1-22) and the Office of the Federal Register (1 CFR Parts 51), which are responsible for preparing the Federal Register and associated publications, including the Code of Federal Regulations. The Title also codifies regulations for the Administrative Conference of the United States (1 CFR Parts 300-04), the President's Commission on White House Fellowships (1 CFR 425), the National Capital Planning Commission (1 CFR 455-457), and the National Commission for Employment Policy (1 CFR 500).
Chapter 1 states that, in addition to setting forth the policies, procedures, and delegations under which the Administrative Committee of the Federal Register carries out its general responsibilities under chapter 15 of title 44 of the United States Code, its purpose is "to inform the public of the nature and uses of Federal Register publications."
The Administrative Committee of the Federal Register as established by section 1506 of title 44 of the United States Code consists of:
The Director of the Federal Register is the Secretary of the Committee.
The Director of the Federal Register is responsible for ensuring the filing of Acts of Congress, Presidential proclamations, and other documents published by the Executive Branch. Acts of Congress are published individually as slip laws, compiled as the United States Statutes at Large, while Executive Branch documents are published daily in the Federal Register and codified in the Code of Federal Regulations.Anyone may reuse or republish material within the Federal Register without restriction. Staff of the Office of the Federal Register may provide information about published documents, but may not substantively interpret them. Documents filed with the Office of the Federal Register are made available for public inspection at their Washington, D.C. office during business hours, and can be photocopied with the appropriate payment of fees.
Subchapter B (1 CFR 1.5-1.6) governs the publication of the Federal Register, including the different categories of documents (presidential proclamations, rules and regulations, proposed rules, and notices), how it is to be published, and what shall and shall not be published within the Federal Register.It also includes information on supplementary documents to be published. Subchapter C requires the publication of "special editions" of the Federal Register. These special editions include the compact Code of Federal Regulations, the United States Government Manual, and the Daily Publication of Presidential Documents. Subchapter D describes the processes for obtaining subscriptions to the Federal Register and associated publications, as well as providing for distribution of these publications within the federal government. Subchapter E governs the specifications for documents to be included in the Federal Register, as well as the processes for preparing them and including them in the Federal Register.
Chapter 2 (1 CFR 51) concerns the incorporation by reference of outside documents into the Federal Register, thereby making them a part of the Federal Register. Regulations include the circumstances under which the Director of the Federal Register will approve incorporation, how to request approval, which publications are eligible, the proper language for citing incorporated publications, and how to change or remove incorporations.
Chapter 3 (1 CFR 300-399) addresses the Administrative Conference of the United States (ACUS), an independent agency established by the Administrative Conference Act.The CFR states that the purposes of the ACUS are to facilitate cooperation between the federal government and the general public to ensure that regulations are most effective and infringe on private rights the least. The ACUS also exists to "improve the use of science" and "reduce unnecessary litigation" in the regulatory process.
The Conference consists of a Chairman, appointed by the President with the advice and consent of the United States Senate and ten additional members who, with the Chairman, comprise the Council. Between 75 and 101 individuals serve in the Conference, including government employees and non-government employees who are experts in administrative law or other relevant areas.The Conference is divided into six standing committees: Adjudication, Administration, Public Processes, Judicial Review, Regulation, and Rulemaking. The Conference must meet at least once per year, and no member is paid except for the Chairman.
Chapter 3 describes the various activities that can be undertaken by the Conference, including studies, information interchanges between administrative agencies, and assistance to administrative bodies in other countries with the approval of the Department of State.It also describes the Chairman's authority within the Conference, including the authority to make inquiries and encourage agencies to adopt the recommendations of the Conference.
Part 304 within Chapter 3 describes the procedures for the disclosure of records under the Freedom of Information Act, as well as regulations protecting privacy and access to records under the Privacy Act of 1974.
Generally, the regulations in this chapter concern specific activities of the named agencies pursuant to laws enacted by Congress:
In Cervase v. Office of Federal Register (1978), John Cervase, an attorney representing himself, complained that the Office of the Federal Register was required by law to publish an analytic subject index of the Code of Federal Regulations, and their failure to do so impacted his ability to practice law. Cervase's complaint noted that the 164-page table of contents for the 120-volume Code is woefully inadequate. The government argued that since the Administrative Committee of the Federal Register has the responsibility to spell out the specific requirements for publishing the Federal Register, it is beyond judicial review. The district court dismissed the case, but upon appeal to the United States Court of Appeals for the Third Circuit, the case was remanded to the district court for further action. The Court of Appeals acknowledged that under existing regulations, there is a "plain and mandatory duty" for the Office to provide indices, particularly since the Office had not further defined what an "index" was, thus defaulting to the commonly understood definition. Further, Congress intended to allow judicial review of the Office's failure to implement this regulation under Public Law 94-574. Cervase thus had standing to sue the government. However, a dissent filed by Judge Garth noted that a general subject index was available, which satisfied Congress' requirement.
That same year, in United States v. Mowat (1978), the petitioner, Karl Mowat, argued before the United States Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit that his conviction for violating a federal regulation was invalid because the regulation in question was not properly published in the Federal Register as required by law. Mowat was accused of violating COMFOURTEEN Instruction 5510.35, a regulation restricting access to Kahoolawe Island, Hawaii, which was used by the U.S. military for target practice. The instruction was issued on January 14, 1976, but was not published in the Federal Register until January 4, 1978. The government argued that the instruction did not need to be published, citing a provision in Title 32 of the CFR that says that regulations that are "essentially local in its scope or application"need not be published. However, that same provision requires the publication of "substantive rules of general applicability," as defined in Title 1, despite the provision in Title 32. Because the regulation in question defined a "course of conduct," where violating the regulation would be considered a criminal act, it should have been published. Regardless, in this particular case, the use of the regulation against the defendants was valid, since the defendants knew about it anyway.
A case argued in the United States Tax Court, Jesse S. Frederick v. Commissioner of Internal Revenue (1999), addressed the issue of whether a regulation issued that does not cite a corresponding statute is valid. Frederick argued that such a regulation is not valid, citing 1 CFR 21.40 , and that regulations issued pursuant to the Internal Revenue Code are thus invalid. However, Title 1 also says that the lack of citation does not affect a regulation's validity, so the regulations are effective regardless.
In the law of the United States, the Code of Laws of the United States of America is the official compilation and codification of the general and permanent federal statutes. It contains 53 titles. The main edition is published every six years by the Office of the Law Revision Counsel of the House of Representatives, and cumulative supplements are published annually. The official version of these laws appears in the United States Statutes at Large, a chronological, uncodified compilation.
The Communications Act of 1934 is a United States federal law signed by President Franklin D. Roosevelt on June 19, 1934 and codified as Chapter 5 of Title 47 of the United States Code, 47 U.S.C. § 151 et seq. The Act replaced the Federal Radio Commission with the Federal Communications Commission (FCC). It also transferred regulation of interstate telephone services from the Interstate Commerce Commission to the FCC.
In the law of the United States, the Code of Federal Regulations (CFR) is the codification of the general and permanent regulations promulgated by the executive departments and agencies of the federal government of the United States. The CFR is divided into 50 titles that represent broad areas subject to federal regulation.
The Federal Register is the official journal of the federal government of the United States that contains government agency rules, proposed rules, and public notices. It is published every weekday, except on federal holidays. The final rules promulgated by a federal agency and published in the Federal Register are ultimately reorganized by topic or subject matter and codified in the Code of Federal Regulations (CFR), which is updated annually.
The Resource Conservation and Recovery Act (RCRA), enacted in 1976, is the principal federal law in the United States governing the disposal of solid waste and hazardous waste.
The Internal Revenue Code (IRC), formally the Internal Revenue Code of 1986, is the domestic portion of federal statutory tax law in the United States, published in various volumes of the United States Statutes at Large, and separately as Title 26 of the United States Code (USC). It is organized topically, into subtitles and sections, covering income tax in the United States, payroll taxes, estate taxes, gift taxes, and excise taxes; as well as procedure and administration. The Code's implementing federal agency is the Internal Revenue Service.
A law enforcement officer (LEO), or peace officer in North American English, is a public-sector employee whose duties primarily involve the enforcement of laws. The phrase can include campaign disclosure specialists, local police officers, prosecutors, municipal law enforcement officers, health inspectors, SWAT officers, customs officers, lawyers, state troopers, federal agents, secret agents, special investigators, coast guards, border patrol officers, judges, district attorney, bounty hunters, gendarmerie officers, immigration officers, private investigators, court officers, probation officers, parole officers, arson investigators, auxiliary officers, animal control officers, game wardens, park rangers, county sheriff's deputies, constables, marshals, detention officers, correction officers, sworn campus police officers and public safety officers. Security guards are not law enforcement officers, unless they have been granted powers to enforce particular laws, such as those accredited under a community safety accreditation scheme such as a security police officer.
The United States Federal Maritime Commission (FMC) is an independent federal agency based in Washington, D.C. that is responsible for the regulation of oceanborne international transportation of the U.S. It is chaired by Daniel B. Maffei.
Title 21 is the portion of the Code of Federal Regulations that governs food and drugs within the United States for the Food and Drug Administration (FDA), the Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA), and the Office of National Drug Control Policy (ONDCP).
The Administrative Law, Process and Procedure Project is a bipartisan undertaking of the Committee on the Judiciary of the House of Representatives of the United States Congress. It consists of a comprehensive study of the state of administrative law, process and procedure in the United States. A description of the Project was included in the Judiciary Committee's Oversight Plan for the 109th Congress, as approved by the Committee on January 26, 2005. The Project will culminate with the preparation of a detailed report with recommendations for legislative proposals and suggested areas for further research and analysis to be considered by the Administrative Conference of the United States (ACUS). House Judiciary Committee Chairman F. James Sensenbrenner, Jr. (R-WI) and Ranking Member John Conyers (D-MI) requested the Congressional Research Service (CRS) to assist Representative Chris Cannon (R-UT), the Chairman of the Subcommittee on Commercial and Administrative Law (CAL), in conducting the Project.
Legal research is the process of identifying and retrieving information to support legal arguments and decisions. Finding relevant legal information can be challenging and may involve the use of electronic research tools as well as printed books and materials. However, many resources that are useful for legal research are fee-based, and many are not easily accessible.
Treasury Regulations are the tax regulations issued by the United States Internal Revenue Service (IRS), a bureau of the United States Department of the Treasury. These regulations are the Treasury Department's official interpretations of the Internal Revenue Code and are one source of U.S. federal income tax law.
The Administrative Conference of the United States (ACUS) is an independent agency of the United States government that was established in 1964 by the Administrative Conference Act. The conference's purpose is to "promote improvements in the efficiency, adequacy, and fairness of the procedures by which federal agencies conduct regulatory programs, administer grants and benefits, and perform related governmental functions."
The Administrative Procedure Act (APA), Pub.L. 79–404, 60 Stat. 237, enacted June 11, 1946, is the United States federal statute that governs the way in which administrative agencies of the federal government of the United States may propose and establish regulations and it grants U.S. federal courts oversight over all agency actions. According to Hickman & Pierce, it is one of the most important pieces of United States administrative law, and serves as a sort of "constitution" for U.S. administrative law.
CFR Title 3 – The President is one of 50 titles composing the United States Code of Federal Regulations (CFR) and contains the principal set of rules and regulations issued by federal agencies regarding the Executive Office of the President of the United States. It is available in digital and printed form and can be referenced online using the Electronic Code of Federal Regulations (e-CFR).
CFR Title 9 – Animals and Animal Products is one of 50 titles composing the United States Code of Federal Regulations (CFR) and contains the principal set of rules and regulations issued by federal agencies regarding animals and animal products. It is available in digital and printed form and can be referenced online using the Electronic Code of Federal Regulations (e-CFR).
CFR Title 5 – Administrative Personnel is one of fifty titles comprising the United States Code of Federal Regulations (CFR), containing the principal set of rules and regulations issued by federal agencies regarding administrative personnel. It is available in digital and printed form, and can be referenced online using the Electronic Code of Federal Regulations (e-CFR).
The Federal Register Modernization Act was a bill that would require the Federal Register to be published, rather than printed, and that documents in the Federal Register be made available for sale or distribution to the public in published form.