Tolgus Mount

Last updated

Tolgus Mount
The Murdoch Flyer - - 98782.jpg
The Murdoch Flyer
Cornwall UK mainland location map.svg
Red pog.svg
Tolgus Mount
Location within Cornwall
OS grid reference SW684428
Civil parish
  • Redruth
Unitary authority
Ceremonial county
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town REDRUTH
Postcode district TR15
Dialling code 01209
Police Devon and Cornwall
Fire Cornwall
Ambulance South Western
UK Parliament
List of places
50°14′26″N5°14′53″W / 50.2405°N 5.2481°W / 50.2405; -5.2481 Coordinates: 50°14′26″N5°14′53″W / 50.2405°N 5.2481°W / 50.2405; -5.2481

Tolgus Mount (also Tolgus or Tolgoose [1] ) is a village, valley, and district in the parish of Redruth in Cornwall, England, United Kingdom. It is located to the northwest of town of Redruth across the A30 road and falls within the Redruth North ward on Cornwall Council. [2] Historically there were several mines in the area, mining tin and copper.



Historically Tolgus was known for its tin mining and there were several mines in the area including West, East and South Tolgus. [3] The area produced several hundred tons of black tin between 1847 and 1869 and 57 tons between 1847 and 1863 in the East Tolgus Mine and many more tons of copper ore. [4] The South Tolgus Mine was 157 fathoms deep, the West Tolgus Mine 135 fathoms deep and the Great South Tolgus 80 fathoms deep as reported in 1922. [5] In 1884 the manor of Tolgus reportedly consisted of 212 tenements and 1006 acres. [6]


The A30 road crosses the stream near West Tolgus The A30 road crosses the stream near West Tolgus - - 85177.jpg
The A30 road crosses the stream near West Tolgus

Tolgus forms a valley to the northwest of Redruth. [7] It lies in the parish of Redruth to the northwest across the A30 road and is spread over an area which is known as Tolgus with parts such as West Tolgus, South Tolgus, East Tolgus. [4] [8] [9] Paynter's Lane End lies to the northwest and the hamlet of North Country to the northeast. There is a stream running in the area which runs under the A30.

Notable landmarks

The Cornish Goldsmith's Centre lies the old mill at Tolgus today, although this northern part of the village is closest to North Country and often considered part of it. Tolgus Tin, covering 20 acres, is now a working museum, showcasing the old mining machinery. [10] The land surrounding this mill forms part of West Cornwall Bryophytes Site of Special Scientific Interest. [11]

There is a candle factory at Tolgus Mount "where the path leads towards the Old Portreath Road". [12] There is a house called Tolgus House in the village, occupied by Edmund Percival James in the 1960s. [13] [14] Other features in the area include Brunton's arsenic calciner, Tehidy Holiday Park, Tricky's Hotel, [15] Tolgus Cottage and Dalgover House. There is a full-scale replica of a steam carriage which William Murdoch built as a working model in 1784 called "The Murdoch Flyer" situated in the centre of Tolgus roundabout on the other side of the A30 on the outskirts of Redruth. The road from there leads across the A30 to Tolgus. [16]

Related Research Articles

Redruth Human settlement in England

Redruth is a town and civil parish in Cornwall, England, United Kingdom. The population of Redruth was 14,018 at the 2011 census. In the same year the population of the Camborne-Redruth urban area, which also includes Carn Brea, Illogan and several satellite villages, stood at 55,400 making it the largest conurbation in Cornwall. Redruth lies approximately at the junction of the A393 and A3047 roads, on the route of the old London to Land's End trunk road, and is approximately 9 miles (14 km) west of Truro, 12 miles (19 km) east of St Ives, 18 miles (29 km) north east of Penzance and 11 miles (18 km) north west of Falmouth. Camborne and Redruth together form the largest urban area in Cornwall and before local government reorganisation were an urban district.

Camborne Human settlement in England

Camborne is a town in Cornwall, England. The population at the 2011 Census was 20,845. The northern edge of the parish includes a section of the South West Coast Path, Hell's Mouth and Deadman's Cove.

Porthtowan Human settlement in England

Porthtowan is a small village in Cornwall, England which is a popular summer tourist destination. Porthtowan is on Cornwall's north Atlantic coast about 2 km (1.2 mi) west of St Agnes, 4 km (2.5 mi) north of Redruth, 10 km (6.2 mi) west of Truro and 15 km (9.3 mi) southwest of Newquay in the Cornwall and West Devon Mining Landscape, a World Heritage Site.

Botallack Mine

The Botallack Mine is a former mine in Botallack in the west of Cornwall, England, UK. Since 2006 it has been part of the UNESCO World Heritage Site – Cornwall and West Devon Mining Landscape. The mine is within the Aire Point to Carrick Du Site of Special Scientific Interest (SSSI) and the South West Coast Path passes along the cliff.

St Agnes, Cornwall Human settlement in England

St Agnes is a civil parish and a large village on the north coast of Cornwall, England, UK. The village is about five miles (8 km) north of Redruth and ten miles (16 km) southwest of Newquay. An electoral ward exists stretching as far south as Blackwater. The population at the 2011 census was 7,565.

Gwennap Human settlement in England

Gwennap is a village and civil parish in Cornwall, England. It is about five miles (8 km) southeast of Redruth.

Cornwall and West Devon Mining Landscape

The Cornwall and West Devon Mining Landscape is a World Heritage site which includes select mining landscapes in Cornwall and West Devon in the south west of England. The site was added to the World Heritage List during the 30th Session of the UNESCO World Heritage Committee in Vilnius, July 2006. Following plans in 2011 to restart mining at South Crofty, and to build a supermarket at Hayle Harbour, the World Heritage Committee drafted a decision in 2014 to put the site on the List of World Heritage in Danger, but this was rejected at the 38th Committee Session at Doha, Qatar, in favour of a follow-up Reactive Monitoring Mission.

South Crofty

South Crofty is a metalliferous tin and copper mine located in the village of Pool, Cornwall, United Kingdom. An ancient mine, it has seen production for over 400 years, and extends almost two and a half miles across and 3,000 feet (910 m) down and has mined over 40 lodes. Evidence of mining activity in South Crofty has been dated back to 1592, with full-scale mining beginning in the mid-17th century. The mine went into serious decline after 1985 and eventually closed in 1998. An effort to reopen the mine under new management is still underway as of October 2017.

Red River (Koner)

The Red River is a small river in north-west Cornwall, United Kingdom which issues into St Ives Bay at Godrevy on Cornwall's Atlantic coast. The Red River is about 8 miles (13 km) long and was given its name from the mineral deposits associated with tin mining which formerly coloured its water red. The river's gradient is relatively steep; the stream falls 170 metres (560 ft) from source to sea.

Wheal Gorland

Wheal Gorland was a metalliferous mine located just to the north-east of the village of St Day, Cornwall, in England, United Kingdom. It was one of the most important Cornish mines of the late 18th and early 19th centuries, not only for the quantity of ore it produced, but also for the wide variety of uncommon secondary copper minerals found there as a result of supergene enrichment. It is the type locality for the minerals Chenevixite, Clinoclase, Cornwallite and Liroconite.

Wheal Vor

Wheal Vor was a metalliferous mine about 2 miles (3.2 km) north west of Helston and 1 mile (1.6 km) north of the village of Breage in the west of Cornwall, England, UK. It is considered to be part of the Mount's Bay mining district. Until the mid 19th-century the mine was notable for its willingness to try out new innovations. Although very rich in copper and tin ores, the mine never lived up to its expectations: during the later part of the 19th-century it had several periods of closure, and an attempt to reopen it in the 1960s was not successful mainly because of bureaucracy. Today the site is part of the Cornwall and West Devon Mining Landscape.

Wheal Busy

Wheal Busy, sometimes called Great Wheal Busy and in its early years known as Chacewater Mine, was a metalliferous mine halfway between Redruth and Truro in the Gwennap mining area of Cornwall, England. During the 18th century the mine produced enormous amounts of copper ore and was very wealthy, but from the later 19th century onwards was not profitable. Today the site of the mine is part of the Cornwall and West Devon Mining Landscape World Heritage Site.

East Pool mine

East Pool mine, was a metalliferous mine in the Camborne and Redruth mining area, just east of the village of Pool in Cornwall, England. Worked from the early 18th century until 1945, first for copper and later tin, it was very profitable for much of its life. Today the site has two preserved beam engines and is part of the Cornwall and West Devon Mining Landscape World Heritage Site. It is owned by the National Trust.

Consolidated Mines

Consolidated Mines, also known as Great Consolidated mine, but most commonly called Consols or Great Consols was a metalliferous mine about a mile ESE of the village of St Day, Cornwall, England. Mainly active during the first half of the 19th century, its mining sett was about 600 yards north–south; and 2,700 yards east–west, to the east of Carharrack. Although always much troubled by underground water, the mine was at times highly profitable, and it was the largest single producer of copper ore in Cornwall. Today the mine is part of the Cornwall and West Devon Mining Landscape World Heritage Site.

Wheal Coates

Wheal Coates is a former tin mine situated on the north coast of Cornwall, England, UK, on the cliff tops between Porthtowan and St Agnes. It is preserved and maintained by the National Trust.

West Tolgus Human settlement in England

West Tolgus is a village in the Tolgus Valley in west Cornwall, England, United Kingdom. It lies just off the A30 road south of Illogan, northeast of Camborne and northwest of Redruth.

West Cornwall Bryophytes Site of Special Scientific Interest Seven locations of former mining activity in western Cornwall, England

The West Cornwall Bryophytes Site of Special Scientific Interest is a group of seven locations of former mining activity, that form a single SSSI and Important Plant Area in western Cornwall, England, United Kingdom. The site is noted for its biological characteristics and derives its name from the rare bryophyte species found there.

Wheal Metal

Wheal Metal is a tin-mining sett in west Cornwall, England, UK. Whilst not as famous as neighbouring Wheal Vor, it was thus described by the Mining Journal in July 1885: " Truly this is a wonderful mine—probably the richest tin mine in the world." It also hosts a very remarkable engine house of the mid-19th century that once stood over Trelawney's shaft on Wheal Vor, and since the Wheal Vor area itself has no visible remains, this is the only large surviving engine house of this group of mines which accounted for over a quarter of Cornish tin production in the mid-19th century.

Devon Great Consols

Devon Great Consols was a copper mine near Tavistock in Devon. The lease on the site was taken from the Duke of Bedford in 1844 by a group of investors. The 1,024 shares, sold at one pound each, were divided among the six men. Earlier attempts to mine this property had all ended in failure.

Basset Mines Mining company in Cornwall, England

Basset Mines was a mining company formed in Cornwall, England, by the amalgamation of six copper and tin mining setts. It operated from 1896 until 1918, when it was closed due to a fall in the price of tin.


  1. Polsue, Joseph (1872). A complete parochial history of the county of Cornwall: compiled from the best authorities & corrected and improved from actual survey ; illustrated. W. Lake. Retrieved 19 January 2012.
  2. "Cornwall Council Interactive Map". Cornwall Council . Retrieved 8 November 2020.
  3. Newcomen Society (Great Britain) (1983). Industrial archaeology: the journal of the history of industry and technology. Lambarde Press. p. 94. Retrieved 19 January 2012.
  4. 1 2 Collins, Joseph Henry (1912). Observations on the west of England mining region: being an account of the mineral deposits and economic geology of the region, and forming vol. XIV of the transactions of the Royal Geological Society of Cornwall. Author. Retrieved 19 January 2012.
  5. Geological Survey of Great Britain (1922). Special reports on the mineral resources of Great Britain ... H.M. Stationery Office. p. 157. Retrieved 19 January 2012.
  6. Bond, Chris. An Index to the Historical Place Names of Cornwall – Volume 2. Cornovia Press. p. 281. ISBN   978-0-9522064-3-9 . Retrieved 19 January 2012.
  7. Great Britain. Parliament. House of Commons (1879). Reports from commissioners. House of Commons. p. 257. Retrieved 19 January 2012.
  8. The Journal of European economic history. Banco di Roma. 2000. Retrieved 19 January 2012.
  9. The Mining and smelting magazine. The Office. 1862. p. 318. Retrieved 19 January 2012.
  10. Western miner. 1975. p. 37. Retrieved 19 January 2012.
  11. "West Cornwall Bryophytes" (PDF). Natural England. 1999. Retrieved 31 January 2012.
  12. Michell, Frank (1978). Annals of an ancient Cornish town: being notes on the history of Redruth. Dyllansow Truran. Retrieved 19 January 2012.
  13. The electrical review. Electrical Review, Ltd. 1955. p. 146. Retrieved 19 January 2012.
  14. The Medical directory ...: London, provinces, Wales, Scotland, Ireland, abroad, navy, army & air force. J. & A. Churchill, ltd. 1968. p. 1190. Retrieved 19 January 2012.
  15. "Tricky's, Tolgus Mount, Redruth". Miller Commercial. Retrieved 19 January 2012.
  16. Ordnance Survey: Landranger map sheet 203 Land's End ISBN   978-0-319-23148-7