Tonhalle St. Gallen

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Tonhalle St. Gallen
Sankt Gallen Tonhalle 2003.jpg
The front of the concert hall
General information
Architectural style Art Nouveau
AddressMuseumstrasse 25
Town or city St. Gallen
CountrySwtzerland
Coordinates 47°25′40″N9°22′47″E / 47.42778°N 9.37972°E / 47.42778; 9.37972 Coordinates: 47°25′40″N9°22′47″E / 47.42778°N 9.37972°E / 47.42778; 9.37972
Completed1909
Website
http://www.st.gallen.ch/tonhalle/

Tonhalle St. Gallen is a concert hall in St. Gallen, Switzerland. It is a cultural centre, a venue for concerts, banquets and meetings. It is the home of the St. Gallen Symphony Orchestra. [1] [2]

St. Gallen Place in Switzerland

St. Gallen or traditionally St Gall, in German sometimes Sankt Gallen is a Swiss town and the capital of the canton of St. Gallen. It evolved from the hermitage of Saint Gall, founded in the 7th century. Today, it is a large urban agglomeration and represents the center of eastern Switzerland. Its economy consists mainly of the service sector. Internationally, the town is known as the home of the University of St. Gallen.

History

The concert hall was built between 1906 and 1909, in Art Nouveau style. The innovative construction used a reinforced concrete frame designed by Robert Maillart. [1]

Art Nouveau Style of art & architecture about 1890 to 1910

Art Nouveau is an international style of art, architecture and applied art, especially the decorative arts, that was most popular between 1890 and 1910. A reaction to the academic art of the 19th century, it was inspired by natural forms and structures, particularly the curved lines of plants and flowers.

Reinforced concrete composite building material

Reinforced concrete (RC) (also called reinforced cement concrete or RCC) is a composite material in which concrete's relatively low tensile strength and ductility are counteracted by the inclusion of reinforcement having higher tensile strength or ductility. The reinforcement is usually, though not necessarily, steel reinforcing bars (rebar) and is usually embedded passively in the concrete before the concrete sets. Reinforcing schemes are generally designed to resist tensile stresses in particular regions of the concrete that might cause unacceptable cracking and/or structural failure. Modern reinforced concrete can contain varied reinforcing materials made of steel, polymers or alternate composite material in conjunction with rebar or not. Reinforced concrete may also be permanently stressed, so as to improve the behaviour of the final structure under working loads. In the United States, the most common methods of doing this are known as pre-tensioning and post-tensioning.

Robert Maillart Swiss civil engineer, designer of the Salginatobel Bridge

Robert Maillart was a Swiss civil engineer who revolutionized the use of structural reinforced concrete with such designs as the three-hinged arch and the deck-stiffened arch for bridges, and the beamless floor slab and mushroom ceiling for industrial buildings. His Salginatobel (1929–1930) and Schwandbach (1933) bridges changed the aesthetics and engineering of bridge construction dramatically and influenced decades of architects and engineers after him. In 1991 the Salginatobel Bridge was declared an International Historic Civil Engineering Landmark by the American Society of Civil Engineers.

Early concerts were given by guest orchestras, with conductors Artur Nikisch, Richard Strauss, Felix Weingartner and Arturo Toscanini. Othmar Schoeck was the conductor of symphony concerts from 1917 to 1944. [1] [3]

Richard Strauss German composer and orchestra director

Richard Georg Strauss was a leading German composer of the late Romantic and early modern eras. He is known for his operas, which include Der Rosenkavalier, Elektra, Die Frau ohne Schatten and Salome; his Lieder, especially his Four Last Songs; his tone poems, including Don Juan, Death and Transfiguration, Till Eulenspiegel's Merry Pranks, Also sprach Zarathustra, Ein Heldenleben, Symphonia Domestica, and An Alpine Symphony; and other instrumental works such as Metamorphosen and his Oboe Concerto. Strauss was also a prominent conductor in Western Europe and the Americas, enjoying quasi-celebrity status as his compositions became standards of orchestral and operatic repertoire.

Felix Weingartner Austrian conductor, composer and pianist

Paul Felix Weingartner, Edler von Münzberg was an Austrian conductor, composer and pianist.

Arturo Toscanini Italy-born American conductor

Arturo Toscanini was an Italian conductor. He was one of the most acclaimed musicians of the late 19th and of the 20th century, renowned for his intensity, his perfectionism, his ear for orchestral detail and sonority, and his eidetic memory. He was at various times the music director of La Scala in Milan, the Metropolitan Opera in New York, and the New York Philharmonic. Later in his career he was appointed the first music director of the NBC Symphony Orchestra (1937–54), and this led to his becoming a household name through his radio and television broadcasts and many recordings of the operatic and symphonic repertoire. Toscanini had absolute pitch.

The building was renovated in the early 1990s, with a larger stage and improved facilities for conductor and artists, and reopened in May 1993. [1] [2]

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References

  1. 1 2 3 4 Tonhalle Theater St. Gallen, accessed 26 July 2017.
  2. 1 2 Tonhalle St. Gallen online, accessed 26 July 2017.
  3. Schoeck, Othmar Historisches Lexikon der Schweiz , accessed 26 July 2017.