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Torgersen Island is a small rocky island lying just east of Litchfield Island in the entrance to Arthur Harbour, off the south-west coast of Anvers Island in the Palmer Archipelago of Antarctica. It was surveyed by the Falkland Islands Dependencies Survey in 1955 and named by the UK-APC for Torstein Torgersen, first mate of the Harbor in late February 1955, preceding the vessel Norsel in one of the ship's boats and making soundings.
Litchfield Island is a rocky island 0.9 kilometres (0.5 nmi) long and rising to 50 m (164 ft), lying in Arthur Harbour, 0.9 kilometres (0.5 nmi) south of Norsel Point, off the south-west coast of Anvers Island in the Palmer Archipelago of Antarctica.
Arthur Harbour is a small harbour entered between Bonaparte Point and Norsel Point on the south-west coast of Anvers Island in the Palmer Archipelago of Antarctica.
Anvers Island or Antwerp Island or Antwerpen Island or Isla Amberes is a high, mountainous island 61 km long, the largest in the Palmer Archipelago of Antarctica. It was discovered by John Biscoe in 1832 and named in 1898 by the Belgian Antarctic Expedition under Adrien de Gerlache after the province of Antwerp in Belgium. It lies south-west of Brabant Island at the south-western end of the group. The south-western coastline of the island forms part of the Southwest Anvers Island and Palmer Basin Antarctic Specially Managed Area. Cormorant Island, an Important Bird Area, lies 1 km off the south coast.
The island forms part of the Northern Arthur Harbour Important Bird Area (IBA), identified as such by BirdLife International because it supports significant seabird breeding colonies.
An Important Bird and Biodiversity Area (IBA) is an area identified using an internationally agreed set of criteria as being globally important for the conservation of bird populations.
BirdLife International is a global partnership of conservation organisations that strives to conserve birds, their habitats, and global biodiversity, working with people towards sustainability in the use of natural resources. It is the world's largest partnership of conservation organisations, with over 120 partner organisations.
Seabirds are birds that are adapted to life within the marine environment. While seabirds vary greatly in lifestyle, behaviour and physiology, they often exhibit striking convergent evolution, as the same environmental problems and feeding niches have resulted in similar adaptations. The first seabirds evolved in the Cretaceous period, and modern seabird families emerged in the Paleogene.
Petermann Island is a small, low and rounded island, lying off the northwest coast of Kiev Peninsula in Graham Land, Antarctica, a short distance south of Booth Island and the Lemaire Channel. It is a popular tourist destination.
Breaker Island is a small rocky island lying in Arthur Harbour close south-west of Norsel Point, off the south-west coast of Anvers Island in the Palmer Archipelago of Antarctica. It was surveyed by the Falkland Islands Dependencies Survey (FIDS) in 1955 and named by the UK Antarctic Place-Names Committee (UK-APC) because the island causes breakers when the sea is rough.
Cormorant Island is a 10 ha island lying in Bismarck Strait 1 km south of Anvers Island, 4 km (2.5 mi) east-south-east of Bonaparte Point, in the Palmer Archipelago of Antarctica. It lies some 5 km to the south-east of the United States' Palmer Station in Arthur Harbour on Anvers Island. It was shown on an Argentine government chart of 1954, but not named. It was named by the United Kingdom Antarctic Place-names Committee (UK-APC) in 1958 because of the large number of cormorants (shags) seen there.
The Elephant Rocks in Antarctica are a group of three prominent rocks connected by shoals, located between Torgersen Island and the north-west entrance to Arthur Harbour, off the south-west coast of Anvers Island. The name became established locally among UdARP personnel at nearby Palmer Station in about 1971, as the rocks provide habitat favoured by elephant seals.
Humble Island is a small rocky island lying 0.74 km (0.4 nmi) south-east of Norsel Point in Arthur Harbour, off the south-west coast of Anvers Island in the Palmer Archipelago of Antarctica. Humble Island was surveyed by the Falkland Islands Dependencies Survey (FIDS) in 1955. Humble Island was named by the United Kingdom Antarctic Place-names Committee (UK-APC) in 1956 because the island seems to be squeezed insignificantly between Litchfield Island and the coast of Anvers Island.
Norsel Point is a rocky point on the north-west side of Arthur Harbour, on the western end of Amsler Island in the Palmer Archipelago of Antarctica.
Yankee Harbour is a small inner harbour entered from Shopski Cove between Glacier Bluff and Spit Point, indenting the south-west side of Greenwich Island in the South Shetland Islands, Antarctica. It is 2.35 km (1.46 mi) long in west-south-west to east-north-east direction, and 1.6 km (0.99 mi) wide, and is bounded by Provadiya Hook to the south-west, Parvomay Neck to the north and east, and Kladara Beach to the south.
The Dion Islands are a group of small islands and rocks lying in the northern part of Marguerite Bay, 11 kilometres (6 nmi) south-west of Cape Alexandra, Adelaide Island, off the west coast of the Antarctic Peninsula. They were discovered by the French Antarctic Expedition, 1908–10, and named by Jean-Baptiste Charcot for the Marquis Jules-Albert de Dion, who donated three motor sledges and whose De Dion-Bouton works produced equipment for the expedition.
Heywood Island is the largest of the islands off the north coast of Robert Island in the South Shetland Islands, Antarctica. It is named after Captain Peter Heywood, RN (1773–1831), commanding HMS Nereus off the east coast of South America in 1810-13, formerly a midshipman in HMS Bounty under Captain William Bligh. The area was visited by early 19th century sealers operating from nearby Clothier Harbour.
Jameson Point is a small headland 6.3 km (3.9 mi) north of Cape Garry on the west side of Low Island, in the South Shetland Islands of Antarctica. It was roughly charted by the French Antarctic Expedition, 1908–10. The point was photographed from the air by the Falkland Islands and Dependencies Aerial Survey Expedition, 1955–57, and more accurately delineated from these photos by the Falkland Islands Dependencies Survey in 1959. The name "Jameson Island" was applied to Low Island by James Weddell in 1820–23, and Jameson Point has been approved for this point to preserve Weddell's name on Low Island.
Murray Island, also sometimes known as Bluff Island, is an island 6 km long lying at the south-west side of Hughes Bay, off the west coast of Graham Land, Antarctica. The feature has been known to sealers operating in the area since the 1820s, although it was shown on charts as part of the mainland. In 1922 the whale catcher Graham passed through the channel separating it from the mainland, proving its insularity. It was named in association with Cape Murray, the seaward extremity of the island.
Eadie Island is an island 2 km (1.2 mi) long which lies between Aspland Island and O'Brien Island, in the South Shetland Islands of Antarctica. The island was charted in February 1821 by a Russian expedition under Fabian Gottlieb von Bellingshausen, who gave the name "Ostrova Tri Brata" for the present Aspland, Eadie and O'Brien Islands. Eadie Island was then named for the dockyard manager of the Melbourne Harbour Trust of Williamstown, Australia, by Lieutenant L. C. Hill of the Royal Naval Reserve, captain of the Discovery II, which engaged in survey work in the area in 1936–37.
The Eden Rocks are two rocks lying 1.5 km off the east coast of Dundee Island, at the northern end of the Antarctic Peninsula. A small island was reported there on 30 December 1842 by Captain James Clark Ross of the Royal Navy, who named it "Eden Island" for Captain Charles Eden. Following a survey by the Falkland Islands Dependencies Survey in 1953, it was reported that the feature consists of two rocky islets rising to about 90 m in height and lying close together.
The Pearl Rocks are a group of rocks covering an area 6 km (3.7 mi) by 4 km (2.5 mi) close off the west coast of Tower Island in the Palmer Archipelago of Antarctica. The name was given by Falkland Islands and Dependencies Aerial Survey Expedition (FIDASE) (1955–57) and is descriptive of the numerous snow-covered rocks in the group.
Fredriksen Island is an island 5 km (3.1 mi) long and 1 km (0.62 mi) wide, lying 1 km south-east of Powell Island in the South Orkney Islands of Antarctica. It was discovered by Captains Nathaniel Palmer and George Powell in the course of their joint cruise in December 1821. It was named by Norwegian whaling captain Petter Sorlle, who made a running survey of the island in the 1912–13 summer.
Cape Garry is a cape forming the south-western extremity of Low Island in the South Shetland Islands of Antarctica. It was charted and named by a British expedition under Henry Foster, 1828–31, and was more accurately mapped by the Falkland Islands Dependencies Survey in 1959 from aerial photographs taken by the Falkland Islands and Dependencies Aerial Survey Expedition, 1955–57.
Gourdin Island is the largest island (124 ha) in a group of islands and rocks 2 km (1 nmi) north of Prime Head, the northern tip of the Antarctic Peninsula. It was discovered by a French expedition, 1837–40, under Captain Jules Dumont d'Urville, and named by him for Ensign Jean Gourdin of the expedition ship Astrolabe. The island was reidentified and charted by the Falkland Islands Dependencies Survey in 1945–47.
Michelsen Island is a small island in the South Orkney Islands off Antarctica. It is joined to the southern end of Powell Island by a narrow isthmus of occasionally submerged boulders. The island was first observed and roughly mapped in 1821 by Captains George Powell and Nathaniel Palmer. It was named on a map by Captain Petter Sørlle, a Norwegian whaler who made a running survey of the South Orkney Islands in 1912–13.
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