Truly neutral particle

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In particle physics, a truly neutral particle is a subatomic particle that is its own antiparticle. In other words, it remains itself under the charge conjugation which replaces particles with their corresponding antiparticles. All charges of a truly neutral particle must be equal to zero. This requires particles to not only be electrically neutral, but also requires that all of their other charges (like the colour charge) be neutral.

Examples

Known examples of such elementary particles include photons, Z bosons, and Higgs bosons, along with the hypothetical neutralinos, sterile neutrinos, and gravitons. For a spin-½ particle such as the neutralino, being truly neutral implies being a Majorana fermion.

Composite particles can also be truly neutral. A system composed of a particle forming a bound state with its antiparticle, such as the neutral pion (
π0
), is truly neutral. Such a state is called an “-onium”, another example of which is positronium, the bound state of an electron and a positron (
e

e+
). [1]

By way of contrast neutrinos are not truly neutral since they have a weak isospin of ±+1/2, or equivalently, a non-zero weak hypercharge, both of which are charge-like quantum numbers. (The example presumes on evidence to date,[ when? ] which gives no indication that neutrinos are Majorana particles.)

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0
1
,
0
2
,
0
3
and
0
4
although sometimes is also used when is used to refer to charginos.

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W+
,
W
, and
Z0
. The
W±
 bosons have either a positive or negative electric charge of 1 elementary charge and are each other's antiparticles. The
Z0
 boson is electrically neutral and is its own antiparticle. The three particles each have a spin of 1. The
W±
 bosons have a magnetic moment, but the
Z0
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References

  1. Walker, D.C. (1983). Muon and Muonium Chemistry. Cambridge University Press. p. 5. ISBN   978-0-521-24241-7 . Retrieved 23 June 2020.