|Directed by||Muzaffar Ali|
|Based on|| Umrao Jaan Ada |
by Mirza Hadi Ruswa
|Produced by||Muzaffar Ali|
|Edited by||B. Prasad|
|Music by||Mohammed Zahur Khayyam|
Umrao Jaan is a 1981 Indian musical film directed by Muzaffar Ali and starring Rekha as the eponymous character. Based on the 1905 Urdu novel Umrao Jaan Ada , the film tells the story of a Lucknow courtesan and her rise to fame.
In the year 1840, a girl named Amiran is kidnapped from her family in Faizabad and sold to Khanum Jaan, the madam of a brothel in Lucknow who teaches young courtesans. Renamed Umrao Jaan, Amiran turns into a cultured woman trained to captivate men of wealth and taste.
Umrao catches the eye of Nawab Sultan and the two fall in love, but the relationship comes to an end when Nawab reveals he must marry in order to please his family. Umrao then becomes infatuated with bandit chieftain Faiz Ali, who woos and wins her heart. She elopes with him, but is forced to return to Lucknow after Ali is killed by local police.
Sometime later, British soldiers attack Lucknow and the residents are forced to flee. Umrao's party of refugees stops in a small village, which Umrao recognizes as Faizabad. The residents fail to recognize her, however, and ask her to dance for their pleasure.
Afterwards, she reunites with her family, who believed her to be dead. Her mother is happy to welcome Umrao back, but her brother forbids it and orders Umrao to never return. She returns to Lucknow to find the brothel looted and deserted.
According to author Anitaa Padhye's Ten Classics (English), Umrao Jaan was released theatrically on 2 January 1981.
Rekha was praised for her acting, and she was awarded the National Award for her portrayal of the central character.But the box office returns were just average. The supporting characters were played by Naseeruddin Shah, Farooq Shaikh, Raj Babbar and Bharat Bhushan. Critics responded favourably to the carefully done historical setting.
The soundtrack was composed by Khayyam and the lyrics were penned by Shahryar. Several songs from the film, sung by Asha Bhosle, are considered classics of filmi music: "Dil Cheez Kya Hai", "Justuju Jiski Thi", "In Ankhon Ki Masti Ke", and "Yeh Kya Jagah Hai Doston". Today, Umrao Jaan is considered at par with other cult classics such as Pakeezah (1972) and is widely acclaimed as one of India's great cinematic magnum opus.
The music of the film was composed by Khayyam, while the lyrics were penned by Shahryar.
|1.||"Dil Cheez Kya Hai"||Shahryar||Asha Bhosle||6:06|
|2.||"In Ankhon Ki Masti Ke"||Shahryar||Asha Bhosle||5:42|
|3.||"Jab Bhi Milti Hai"||Shahryar||Asha Bhosle||1:28|
|4.||"Jhoola Kinne Dala"||Shahryar||Ustad Ghulam Mustafa Khan, Shahida Khan Nizami||2:31|
|5.||"Justuju Jiski Thi"||Shahryar||Asha Bhosle||4:37|
|6.||"Kahe Ko Byahi Bides"||Amir Khusrow||Jagjit Kaur||4:52|
|7.||"Raagmala"||Shahryar||Ustad Ghulam Mustafa Khan, Runa Prasad, Shahida Khan||5:22|
|8.||"Yeh Kya Jagah Hai Doston"||Shahryar||Asha Bhosle||6:07|
|9.||"Zindagi Jab Bhi"||Shahryar||Talat Aziz||4:51|
|10.||"Pratham Dhar Dhyan"||Ustad Ghulam Mustafa Khan|
|Award||Category||Recipient(s) and nominee(s)||Result||Ref.|
|National Film Awards||Best Actress||Rekha||Won|
|Best Music Direction||Mohammed Zahur Khayyam||Won|
|Best Female Playback Singer||Asha Bhosle||Won|
|Best Art Direction||Manzur||Won|
|Filmfare Awards||Best Director||Muzaffar Ali||Won|
|Best Music Director||Mohammed Zahur Khayyam||Won|
Salim–Sulaiman adapted the film into a musical play, Umrao Jaan Ada - The Musical, in 2019. The theatrical adaptation was directed by Rajeev Goswami with Pratibha Baghel in the titular role of the courtesan.
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