United Nations Security Council Resolution 1661

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UN Security Council
Resolution 1661

Ethiopia shaded relief map 1999, CIA.jpg

Ethiopia and Eritrea
Date 14 March 2006
Meeting no. 5,384
Code S/RES/1661 (Document)
SubjectThe situation between Eritrea and Ethiopia
Voting summary
15 voted for
None voted against
None abstained
Result Adopted
Security Council composition
Permanent members
Non-permanent members

United Nations Security Council Resolution 1661, adopted unanimously on March 14, 2006, after reaffirming all resolutions on the situation between Eritrea and Ethiopia, particularly resolutions 1622 (2005) and 1640 (2005), the Council extended the mandate of the United Nations Mission in Ethiopia and Eritrea (UNMEE) for a period of one month until April 15, 2006. [1]

United Nations Intergovernmental organization

The United Nations (UN) is an intergovernmental organization that was tasked to maintain international peace and security, develop friendly relations among nations, achieve international co-operation and be a centre for harmonizing the actions of nations. The headquarters of the UN is in Manhattan, New York City, and is subject to extraterritoriality. Further main offices are situated in Geneva, Nairobi, and Vienna. The organization is financed by assessed and voluntary contributions from its member states. Its objectives include maintaining international peace and security, protecting human rights, delivering humanitarian aid, promoting sustainable development and upholding international law. The UN is the largest, most familiar, most internationally represented and most powerful intergovernmental organization in the world. In 24 October 1945, at the end of World War II, the organization was established with the aim of preventing future wars. At its founding, the UN had 51 member states; there are now 193. The UN is the successor of the ineffective League of Nations.

A United Nations Security Council resolution is a UN resolution adopted by the fifteen members of the Security Council; the UN body charged with "primary responsibility for the maintenance of international peace and security".

Eritrea country in the Horn of Africa

Eritrea, officially the State of Eritrea is a country in the Horn of Africa, with its capital at Asmara. It is bordered by Sudan in the west, Ethiopia in the south, and Djibouti in the southeast. The northeastern and eastern parts of Eritrea have an extensive coastline along the Red Sea. The nation has a total area of approximately 117,600 km2 (45,406 sq mi), and includes the Dahlak Archipelago and several of the Hanish Islands. Its toponym Eritrea is based on the Greek name for the Red Sea, which was first adopted for Italian Eritrea in 1890.

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The Security Council reaffirmed its support for the peace process between the two countries and the full implementation of the Algiers Agreement. It stressed that peace in the region could not be achieved without the full demarcation of the mutual border between Eritrea and Ethiopia. [2]

The Algiers Agreement was a peace agreement between the governments of Eritrea and Ethiopia signed on December 12, 2000, at Algiers, Algeria for the formal end the Eritrean-Ethiopian War, a border war fought by the two countries from 1998 to 2000. In the agreement, the two parties reaffirmed the Agreement on Cessation of Hostilities, which had been signed on 18 June 2000.

A political demarcation line is a geopolitical border, often agreed upon as part of an armistice or ceasefire.

Council members also reaffirmed their commitment to ensure that both parties permitted UNMEE to work freely and provide necessary access, assistance, support and protection during the course of its mandate; the demarcation of the border could not take place without UNMEE's freedom of movement.

In international law, a mandate is a binding obligation issued from an inter-governmental organization to a country which is bound to follow the instructions of the organization.

Freedom of movement, mobility rights, or the right to travel is a human rights concept encompassing the right of individuals to travel from place to place within the territory of a country, and to leave the country and return to it. The right includes not only visiting places, but changing the place where the individual resides or works.

Extending UNMEE's mandate for a period of one month as a matter of technicality pending further discussions on its future, [3] the Council demanded that Ethiopia and Eritrea fully comply with Resolution 1640.

See also

Badme Place in Gash-Barka, Eritrea

Badme is a town in the Gash-Barka region of Eritrea. Control of the town was at the centre of the Eritrean–Ethiopian border conflict, which lasted from the end of the Eritrean–Ethiopian War in 1998 to the signing of a joint statement at the Eritrea–Ethiopia summit in 2018, 20 years after the conflict started.

The Eritrean–Ethiopian War, one of the conflicts in the Horn of Africa, took place between Ethiopia and Eritrea from May 1998 to June 2000, with the final peace only agreed to in 2018, twenty years after the initial confrontation. Eritrea and Ethiopia, two of the world's poorest countries, spent hundreds of millions of dollars on the war and suffered tens of thousands of casualties as a direct consequence of the conflict. Only minor border changes resulted.

Related Research Articles

United Nations Mission in Ethiopia and Eritrea organization

The United Nations Mission in Ethiopia and Eritrea (UNMEE) was established by the United Nations Security Council in July 2000 to monitor a ceasefire in the border war that began in 1998 between Ethiopia and Eritrea. First military troops Netherlands - Canadian battalion 'NECBAT' arrived and established bases in the region in December 2000.

United Nations Security Council Resolution 1741, adopted unanimously on January 30, 2007, after reaffirming all resolutions on the situation between Eritrea and Ethiopia, particularly resolutions 1320 (2000), 1430 (2003), 1466 (2003), 1640 (2005), 1681 (2006) and 1710 (2006), the Council extended the mandate of the United Nations Mission in Ethiopia and Eritrea (UNMEE) for a period of six months until July 31, 2007.

United Nations Security Council Resolution 1320 United Nations Security Council resolution

United Nations Security Council resolution 1320, adopted unanimously on 15 September 2000, after reaffirming resolutions 1298 (1999), 1308 (2000) and 1312 (2000) on the situation between Eritrea and Ethiopia, and 1308 (2000), the Council deployed a military component as part of the United Nations Mission in Ethiopia and Eritrea (UNMEE) and extended its mandate until 15 March 2001.

United Nations Security Council Resolution 1344 United Nations Security Council resolution

United Nations Security Council resolution 1344, adopted unanimously on 15 March 2001, after reaffirming resolutions 1298 (1999), 1308 (2000), 1312 (2000) and 1320 (2000) on the situation between Eritrea and Ethiopia, and 1308 (2000), the Council extended the mandate of the United Nations Mission in Ethiopia and Eritrea (UNMEE) until 15 September 2001.

United Nations Security Council Resolution 1369 United Nations Security Council resolution

United Nations Security Council resolution 1369, adopted unanimously on 14 September 2001, after reaffirming resolutions 1298 (1999), 1308 (2000), 1312 (2000), 1320 (2000) and 1344 (2001) on the situation between Eritrea and Ethiopia, the Council extended the mandate of the United Nations Mission in Ethiopia and Eritrea (UNMEE) until 15 March 2002.

United Nations Security Council Resolution 1398 United Nations Security Council resolution

United Nations Security Council resolution 1398, adopted unanimously on 15 March 2002, after reaffirming resolutions 1298 (1999), 1308 (2000), 1312 (2000), 1320 (2000), 1344 (2001) and 1369 (2001) on the situation between Eritrea and Ethiopia, the Council extended the mandate of the United Nations Mission in Ethiopia and Eritrea (UNMEE) until 15 September 2002.

United Nations Security Council Resolution 1430 United Nations Security Council resolution

United Nations Security Council resolution 1430, adopted unanimously on 14 August 2002, after reaffirming Resolution 1398 (2002) on the situation between Eritrea and Ethiopia, the Council adjusted the mandate of the United Nations Mission in Ethiopia and Eritrea (UNMEE) to assist in the implementation of the decision of the Eritrea-Ethiopia Boundary Commission.

United Nations Security Council Resolution 1434 United Nations Security Council resolution

United Nations Security Council resolution 1434, adopted unanimously on 6 September 2002, after reaffirming all resolutions on the situation between Eritrea and Ethiopia, particularly Resolution 1430 (2002), the Council extended the mandate of the United Nations Mission in Ethiopia and Eritrea (UNMEE) until 15 March 2003.

United Nations Security Council Resolution 1466 United Nations Security Council resolution

United Nations Security Council resolution 1466, adopted unanimously on 14 March 2003, after reaffirming all resolutions on the situation between Eritrea and Ethiopia, particularly Resolution 1434 (2002), the Council extended the mandate of the United Nations Mission in Ethiopia and Eritrea (UNMEE) until 15 September 2003.

United Nations Security Council Resolution 1507 United Nations Security Council resolution

United Nations Security Council resolution 1507, adopted unanimously on 12 September 2003, after reaffirming all resolutions on the situation between Eritrea and Ethiopia, particularly Resolution 1466 (2003), the Council extended the mandate of the United Nations Mission in Ethiopia and Eritrea (UNMEE) until 15 March 2004.

United Nations Security Council Resolution 1531 United Nations Security Council resolution

United Nations Security Council resolution 1531, adopted unanimously on 12 March 2004, after reaffirming all resolutions on the situation between Eritrea and Ethiopia, particularly Resolution 1507 (2003), the Council extended the mandate of the United Nations Mission in Ethiopia and Eritrea (UNMEE) until 15 September 2004.

United Nations Security Council Resolution 1560 United Nations Security Council resolution

United Nations Security Council resolution 1560, adopted unanimously on 14 September 2004, after reaffirming all resolutions on the situation between Eritrea and Ethiopia, particularly Resolution 1531 (2004), the Council extended the mandate of the United Nations Mission in Ethiopia and Eritrea (UNMEE) until 15 March 2005.

United Nations Security Council Resolution 1586 United Nations Security Council resolution

United Nations Security Council resolution 1586, adopted unanimously on 14 March 2005, after reaffirming all resolutions on the situation between Eritrea and Ethiopia, particularly Resolution 1560 (2004), the Council extended the mandate of the United Nations Mission in Ethiopia and Eritrea (UNMEE) until 15 September 2005.

United Nations Security Council Resolution 1622 United Nations Security Council resolution

United Nations Security Council resolution 1622, adopted unanimously on 13 September 2005, after reaffirming all resolutions on the situation between Eritrea and Ethiopia, particularly Resolution 1586 (2005), the Council extended the mandate of the United Nations Mission in Ethiopia and Eritrea (UNMEE) until 15 March 2006.

United Nations Security Council Resolution 1640 United Nations Security Council resolution

United Nations Security Council resolution 1640, adopted unanimously on 23 November 2005, after reaffirming all resolutions on the situation between Eritrea and Ethiopia, particularly Resolution 1622 (2005), the Council demanded that Eritrea lift restrictions on the movement of the United Nations Mission in Ethiopia and Eritrea (UNMEE).

United Nations Security Council Resolution 1670 United Nations Security Council resolution

United Nations Security Council Resolution 1670, adopted unanimously on April 13, 2006, after reaffirming all resolutions on the situation between Eritrea and Ethiopia, particularly resolutions 1640 (2005) and 1661 (2006), the Council extended the mandate of the United Nations Mission in Ethiopia and Eritrea (UNMEE) for a period of one month until May 15, 2006.

United Nations Security Council Resolution 1678 United Nations Security Council resolution

United Nations Security Council Resolution 1678, adopted unanimously on May 15, 2006, after reaffirming all resolutions on the situation between Eritrea and Ethiopia, particularly resolutions 1640 (2005), 1661 (2006) and 1670 (2006), the Council extended the mandate of the United Nations Mission in Ethiopia and Eritrea (UNMEE) until the end of May 2006.

United Nations Security Council Resolution 1681 United Nations Security Council resolution

United Nations Security Council Resolution 1681, adopted unanimously on May 31, 2006, after reaffirming all resolutions on the situation between Eritrea and Ethiopia, particularly resolutions 1320 (2000), 1430 (2003), 1466 (2003), 1640 (2005) and 1678 (2006), the Council extended the mandate of the United Nations Mission in Ethiopia and Eritrea (UNMEE) until September 30, 2006 and cut its size by a third.

United Nations Security Council Resolution 1710 United Nations Security Council resolution

United Nations Security Council Resolution 1710, adopted unanimously on September 29, 2006, after reaffirming all resolutions on the situation between Eritrea and Ethiopia, particularly resolutions 1320 (2000), 1430 (2003), 1466 (2003), 1640 (2005) and 1681 (2006), the Council extended the mandate of the United Nations Mission in Ethiopia and Eritrea (UNMEE) for four months until January 31, 2007.

United Nations Security Council Resolution 1798 was unanimously adopted on 30 January 2008.

References

  1. "Security Council extends mandate of Ethiopia/Eritrea mission for month". United Nations. March 14, 2006.
  2. "Security Council Extends Mandate of UN Force in Ethiopia, Eritrea". China Radio International. 15 March 2006.
  3. United Nations (2006). Report of the Security Council. United Nations Publications. p. 3.