Upton (UK Parliament constituency)

Last updated
Upton
Former Borough constituency
for the House of Commons
Upton1918.png
Upton in Essex, showing boundaries used from 1918 to 1950.
County Essex
19181950
Number of membersOne
Replaced by West Ham North
Created from West Ham North

Upton (strictly the Upton Division of West Ham) was a parliamentary constituency in the Borough of West Ham in the South-West of Essex (now East London), which returned one Member of Parliament (MP) to the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom, elected by the first past the post voting system.

Contents

The constituency was created for the 1918 general election and abolished for the 1950 general election.

Boundaries

The County Borough of West Ham wards of Park, Upton, and West Ham.

Members of Parliament

ElectionMemberParty
1918 Sir Ernest Wild Coalition Conservative
1922 David Margesson Conservative
1923 Benjamin Walter Gardner Labour
1924 Herbert Paton Holt Conservative
1929 Benjamin Walter Gardner Labour
1931 Alfred Chotzner Conservative
1934 by-election Benjamin Walter Gardner Labour
1945 Arthur Lewis Labour
1950 constituency abolished

Elections

Elections in the 1910s

General election 1918: Upton [1]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
C Unionist Ernest Wild 8,81361.2
Labour Benjamin Gardner 3,18622.2
Liberal John Charles Nicholson2,38016.6
Majority5,62739.0
Turnout 14,37946.8
Unionist win (new seat)
Cindicates candidate endorsed by the coalition government.

Elections in the 1920s

General election 1922: Upton [2]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Unionist David Margesson 10,196 46.0 -15.2
Labour Benjamin Gardner 7,26832.8+10.6
Liberal John Charles Nicholson4,69221.2+4.6
Majority2,92813.2-25.8
Turnout 22,15669.4+22.6
Unionist hold Swing
General election 1923: Upton [3]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Labour Benjamin Gardner 8,656 39.3 +6.5
Unionist David Margesson 7,63034.7-11.3
Liberal John Charles Carroll5,71026.0+4.8
Majority1,0264.6N/A
Turnout 21,99667.2-2.2
Labour gain from Unionist Swing +8.9
General election 1924: Upton [4]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Unionist Herbert Paton Holt 13,410 54.0 +19.3
Labour Benjamin Gardner 11,44346.0+6.7
Majority1,9678.0N/A
Turnout 24,85374.8+7.6
Unionist gain from Labour Swing
General election 1929: Upton [5]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Labour Benjamin Gardner 14,703 49.0 +3.0
Unionist Morgan Morgan9,68132.3-21.7
Liberal W. J. Austin5,60718.7New
Majority5,02216.7+24.7
Turnout 29,99170.8-4.0
Labour gain from Unionist Swing +12.3

Elections in the 1930s

General election 1931: Upton [6]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Conservative Alfred Chotzner 17,561 58.5 +26.2
Labour Benjamin Gardner 12,45341.5-7.5
Majority5,10817.0N/A
Turnout 30,01470.4-0.4
Conservative gain from Labour Swing
1934 Upton by-election [7]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Labour Benjamin Gardner 11,998 56.4 +14.9
Conservative John Macnamara 8,53440.1-18.4
Ind. Labour Party Fenner Brockway 7483.5New
Majority3,46416.3N/A
Turnout 21,28050.5-19.9
Labour gain from Conservative Swing +17.0
General election 1935: Upton [8]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Labour Benjamin Gardner 13,685 53.2 -3.2
Conservative Stephen Riou Benson12,02046.8+6.7
Majority1,6656.4-9.9
Turnout 25,70562.7+12.2
Labour hold Swing

General Election 1939/40

Another General Election was required to take place before the end of 1940. The political parties had been making preparations for an election to take place and by the Autumn of 1939, the following candidates had been selected;

Elections in the 1940s

General election 1945: Upton [10]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Labour Arthur Lewis 14,281 74.5 +21.3
Conservative CK Collins4,88525.5-21.3
Majority9,39649.0+42.6
Turnout 19,16667.4+4.7
Labour hold Swing +21.3

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References

  1. British Parliamentary Election Results 1918-1949, FWS Craig
  2. British Parliamentary Election Results 1918-1949, FWS Craig
  3. British Parliamentary Election Results 1918-1949, FWS Craig
  4. British Parliamentary Election Results 1918-1949, FWS Craig
  5. British Parliamentary Election Results 1918-1949, FWS Craig
  6. British Parliamentary Election Results 1918-1949, FWS Craig
  7. British Parliamentary Election Results 1918-1949, FWS Craig
  8. British Parliamentary Election Results 1918-1949, FWS Craig
  9. Report of the Annual Conference of the Labour Party, 1939
  10. British Parliamentary Election Results 1918-1949, FWS Craig

Bibliography