Watsa

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Watsa
Democratic Republic of the Congo adm location map.svg
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Watsa
Coordinates: 3°02′14″N29°32′08″E / 3.03716°N 29.53551°E / 3.03716; 29.53551 Coordinates: 3°02′14″N29°32′08″E / 3.03716°N 29.53551°E / 3.03716; 29.53551
Country Democratic Republic of the Congo
Province Haut-Uele
Territory Watsa Territory
Climate Am
National language Lingala

Watsa is a community in the Haut-Uele Province of the Democratic Republic of the Congo, administrative center of the Watsa Territory. It is served by Watsa Airport, a grass airstrip 4 kilometres (2.5 mi) south of the town.

Haut-Uele Province in Democratic Republic of the Congo

Haut-Uele is one of the 26 provinces of the Democratic Republic of the Congo. Its capital is Isiro. The district takes its name, which means "upper Uele" in French, from the Uele River.

Democratic Republic of the Congo Country in Central Africa

The Democratic Republic of the Congo, also known as DR Congo, the DRC, DROC, Congo-Kinshasa, East Congo, or simply the Congo, is a country located in Central Africa. It is sometimes anachronistically referred to by its former name of Zaire, which was its official name between 1971 and 1997. It is, by area, the largest country in Sub-Saharan Africa, the second-largest in all of Africa, and the 11th-largest in the world. With a population of over 78 million, the Democratic Republic of the Congo is the most populated officially Francophone country, the fourth-most-populated country in Africa, and the 16th-most-populated country in the world. Currently, eastern DR Congo is the scene of ongoing military conflict in Kivu, since 2015.

Watsa Territory Place in Haut-Uele, Democratic Republic of the Congo

Watsa Territory is an administrative area in the Haut-Uele Province of the Democratic Republic of the Congo. The administrative center is the town of Watsa.

Watsa was the location of the VI battalion of the Force Publique in the 1940s and 1950s. [1]

<i>Force Publique</i> military unit

The Force Publique was a gendarmerie and military force in what is now the Democratic Republic of the Congo from 1885, through the period of Belgian colonial rule. After independence, the FP was retitled as the Congolese National Army or ANC.

Between 1998 and 2000, co-circulating Marburg virus and Ravn virus caused 154 cases of Marburg virus disease and 128 deaths among illegal gold miners in Watsa and the nearby Durba Mine. [2] In January and February 2011 the Lords Resistance Army attacked people in the territories of Dungu, Faradje, Niangara and Watsa, causing 33,000 people to be displaced. They were slow to return due to the feeble response of government security forces. [3]

Marburg virus species in the genus Marburgvirus

Marburg virus is a hemorrhagic fever virus of the Filoviridae family of viruses and a member of the species Marburg marburgvirus, genus Marburgvirus. Marburg virus (MARV) causes Marburg virus disease in humans and nonhuman primates, a form of viral hemorrhagic fever. The virus is considered to be extremely dangerous. The World Health Organization (WHO) rates it as a Risk Group 4 Pathogen. In the United States, the NIH/National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases ranks it as a Category A Priority Pathogen and the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention lists it as a Category A Bioterrorism Agent. It is also listed as a biological agent for export control by the Australia Group.

Ravn virus is a close relative of the much more commonly known Marburg virus (MARV). RAVV causes Marburg virus disease in humans and nonhuman primates, a form of viral hemorrhagic fever. RAVV is a Select agent, World Health Organization Risk Group 4 Pathogen, National Institutes of Health/National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases Category A Priority Pathogen, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Category A Bioterrorism Agent, and listed as a Biological Agent for Export Control by the Australia Group.

Marburg virus disease Human disease

Marburg virus disease is a severe illness of humans and non-human primates caused by either of the two marburgviruses, Marburg virus (MARV) and Ravn virus (RAVV). MVD is a viral hemorrhagic fever (VHF), and the clinical symptoms are indistinguishable from Ebola virus disease (EVD).

Climate

Köppen-Geiger climate classification system classifies its climate as tropical monsoon (Am). [4]

Tropical monsoon climate

An area of tropical monsoon climate is a type of climate that corresponds to the Köppen climate classification category "Am". Tropical monsoon climates have monthly mean temperatures above 18 °C (64.4 °F) in every month of the year. Tropical monsoon climates is the intermediate climate between the wet Af and Aw.

Climate data for Watsa
MonthJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear
Average high °C (°F)30.8
(87.4)
31.1
(88.0)
30.5
(86.9)
29.6
(85.3)
28.7
(83.7)
27.8
(82.0)
26.6
(79.9)
26.7
(80.1)
27.7
(81.9)
28.5
(83.3)
29.5
(85.1)
30.2
(86.4)
29.0
(84.2)
Daily mean °C (°F)24.2
(75.6)
24.5
(76.1)
24.4
(75.9)
24
(75)
23.3
(73.9)
22.7
(72.9)
22
(72)
21.9
(71.4)
22.3
(72.1)
22.9
(73.2)
23.5
(74.3)
23.9
(75.0)
23.3
(74.0)
Average low °C (°F)17.7
(63.9)
18
(64)
18.3
(64.9)
18.4
(65.1)
18
(64)
17.6
(63.7)
17.4
(63.3)
17.2
(63.0)
17
(63)
17.3
(63.1)
17.5
(63.5)
17.6
(63.7)
17.7
(63.8)
Average precipitation mm (inches)45
(1.8)
57
(2.2)
122
(4.8)
196
(7.7)
193
(7.6)
179
(7.0)
184
(7.2)
234
(9.2)
201
(7.9)
213
(8.4)
126
(5.0)
50
(2.0)
1,800
(70.8)
Source: Climate-Data.org (altitude: 1022m) [4]

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<i>Marburgvirus</i> genus of viruses

The genus Marburgvirus is the taxonomic home of one species, Marburg marburgvirus, whose members are the two known marburgviruses, Marburg virus (MARV) and Ravn virus (RAVV). Both viruses cause Marburg virus disease in humans and nonhuman primates, a form of viral hemorrhagic fever, and both are Select agents, World Health Organization Risk Group 4 Pathogens, National Institutes of Health/National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases Category A Priority Pathogens, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Category A Bioterrorism Agents, and are listed as a Biological Agents for Export Control by the Australia Group.

Viral hemorrhagic fever type of illnesses

Viral hemorrhagic fevers (VHFs) are a diverse group of animal and human illnesses in which fever and hemorrhage are caused by a viral infection. VHFs may be caused by five distinct families of RNA viruses: the families Arenaviridae, Filoviridae, Bunyaviridae, Flaviviridae, and Rhabdoviridae. All types of VHF are characterized by fever and bleeding disorders and all can progress to high fever, shock and death in many cases. Some of the VHF agents cause relatively mild illnesses, such as the Scandinavian nephropathia epidemica, while others, such as Ebola virus, can cause severe, life-threatening disease.

Isiro Place in Haut-Uele, Democratic Republic of the Congo

Isiro is the capital of Haut-Uele Province in the northeastern part of the Democratic Republic of the Congo. It lies between the equatorial forest and the savannah and its main resource is coffee. Isiro's population is estimated at approximately 182,000. Most people speak Lingala, but Swahili is not uncommon.

The Logo people or Logoa (plural) are an ethnic group of Nilotic origin who traditionally live in the north-east of the Democratic Republic of the Congo, western Uganda, and southern South Sudan. There are believed to be more than 200,000 people who identify as ethnically Logo of whom most live in the Congo's Faradje Territory, a remote region in Haut-Uele Province, where they form the ethnic majority. Logo people also live in Watsa and Aba, both also in Haut-Uele, and in Yei in South Sudan.

<i>Marburg marburgvirus</i>

The species Marburg marburgvirus is the taxonomic home of two related viruses that form filamentous virions, Marburg virus (MARV) and Ravn virus (RAVV). Both viruses cause Marburg virus disease in humans and nonhuman primates, a form of viral hemorrhagic fever, and both are Select agents, World Health Organization Risk Group 4 Pathogens, National Institutes of Health/National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases Category A Priority Pathogens, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Category A Bioterrorism Agents, and are listed as a Biological Agents for Export Control by the Australia Group.

Sudan virus (SUDV) is one of five known viruses within the genus Ebolavirus and causes Ebola virus disease (EVD) in humans and other primates; it is the sole member of the species Sudan ebolavirus. SUDV is a Select Agent, World Health Organization Risk Group 4 Pathogen, National Institutes of Health/National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases Category A Priority Pathogen, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Category A Bioterrorism Agent, and listed as a Biological Agent for Export Control by the Australia Group.

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Durba Mine

Durba is a gold mine in the Haut-Uele Province of the Democratic Republic of the Congo. It lies within the Kilo-Moto greenstone belt. As of 2011 a joint venture between AngloGold Ashanti and Randgold Resources was actively developing a concession centered on this mine.

Faradje in Haut-Uele, Democratic Republic of Congo

Faradje is a town in the Haut-Uele province of the Democratic Republic of the Congo and is the administrative center of Faradje Territory. It lies on the Dungu River.

Faradje Territory in Haut-Uele, Democratic Republic of Congo

Faradje Territory is an administrative area in the Haut-Uele Province of the Democratic Republic of the Congo. The main town is Faradje, lying on the Dungu River.

Bas-Uele Province in Democratic Republic of the Congo

Bas-Uele is one of the 26 provinces of the Democratic Republic of the Congo. Its capital is the town of Buta.

Ebola virus Species of virus affecting humans and animals

Ebola virus is one of six known viruses within the genus Ebolavirus. Four of the six known ebolaviruses, including EBOV, cause a severe and often fatal hemorrhagic fever in humans and other mammals, known as Ebola virus disease (EVD). Ebola virus has caused the majority of human deaths from EVD, and is the cause of the 2013–2015 Ebola virus epidemic in West Africa, which resulted in at least 28,616 suspected cases and 11,310 confirmed deaths.

References

  1. Janssens, Émile (1979). Histoire de la Force Publique. x: Ghesquière & Partners Éditeurs. pp. 239–240.
  2. Bausch, D. G.; Nichol, S. T.; Muyembe-Tamfum, J. J.; Borchert, M.; Rollin, P. E.; Sleurs, H.; Campbell, P.; Tshioko, F. K.; Roth, C.; Colebunders, R.; Pirard, P.; Mardel, S.; Olinda, L. A.; Zeller, H.; Tshomba, A.; Kulidri, A.; Libande, M. L.; Mulangu, S.; Formenty, P.; Grein, T.; Leirs, H.; Braack, L.; Ksiazek, T.; Zaki, S.; Bowen, M. D.; Smit, S. B.; Leman, P. A.; Burt, F. J.; Kemp, A.; Swanepoel, R. (2006). "Marburg Hemorrhagic Fever Associated with Multiple Genetic Lineages of Virus". New England Journal of Medicine. 355 (9): 909–919. doi:10.1056/NEJMoa051465. PMID   16943403.
  3. "Province Orientale - District du Bas-Uele, du Haut-Uele et d'Ituri : Mouvements de population suite aux attaques des groupes armés : situation en Février 2011". RDC Humanitaire (in French). 22 March 2011. Retrieved 2011-10-11.
  4. 1 2 "Climate: Watsa - Climate graph, Temperature graph, Climate table". Climate-Data.org. Retrieved 2014-01-03.