Provinces of the Democratic Republic of the Congo

Last updated
Provinces of the Democratic Republic of the Congo
Provinces de la République démocratique du Congo  (French)
Also known as:
Mikoa ya Jamhuri ya Kidemokrasia ya Kongo  (Swahili)Bitúká bya Kongó-Kinsásá  (Lingala)
2006 Nouvelles provinces de la Republique Democratique du Congo.png
Category Unitary State
Location Democratic Republic of the Congo
Number26 provinces (1 is a city-province)
Populations1,138,000 (Bas-Uele) – 11,575,000 (Kinshasa)
Areas9,481 km2 (3,661 sq mi) (Kasaï-Oriental) – 199,567 km2 (77,053 sq mi) (Tshopo)
GovernmentProvincial government
Subdivisions Territory

There are currently twenty-five provinces in the Democratic Republic of the Congo. [1] The capital, Kinshasa city, is administratively equivalent to a province. [2] [3]

Contents

List

MapProvinceCapitalArea in
km2 (sq mi)
Population*Previous provinceTime zoneMap
1 Kinshasa Kinshasa 9,965 (3,848)11,575,000 Kinshasa [4] UTC+1 Provinces de la Republique democratique du Congo - 2005.svg
2 Kongo Central Matadi 53,929 (20,822)5,575,000 Bas-Congo [4] UTC+1
3 Kwango Kenge 89,974 (34,739)1,994,036 Bandundu UTC+1
4 Kwilu Bandundu 78,219 (30,201)5,174,718 Bandundu UTC+1
5 Mai-Ndombe Inongo 127,465 (49,215)1,768,327 Bandundu UTC+1
6 Kasaï Tshikapa 95,631 (36,923)3,199,891 Kasaï-Occidental UTC+2
7 Kasaï-Central Kananga 59,111 (22,823)2,976,806 Kasaï-Occidental UTC+2
8 Kasaï-Oriental Mbuji-Mayi 9,481 (3,661)2,702,430 Kasaï-Oriental UTC+2
9 Lomami Kabinda 56,010 (21,630)2,048,839 Kasaï-Oriental UTC+2
10 Sankuru Lusambo 105,000 (41,000)1,374,239 Kasaï-Oriental UTC+2
11 Maniema Kindu 132,520 (51,170)2,333,000 Maniema [4] UTC+2
12 South Kivu Bukavu 65,070 (25,120)5,772,000 South Kivu [4] UTC+2
13 North Kivu Goma 59,483 (22,967)6,655,000 North Kivu [4] UTC+2
14 Ituri Bunia 65,658 (25,351)4,241,236 Orientale UTC+2
15 Haut-Uele Isiro 89,683 (34,627)1,920,867 Orientale UTC+2
16 Tshopo Kisangani 199,567 (77,053)2,614,630 Orientale UTC+2
17 Bas-Uele Buta 148,331 (57,271)1,093,845 Orientale UTC+2
18 Nord-Ubangi Gbadolite 56,644 (21,870)1,482,076 Équateur UTC+1
19 Mongala Lisala 58,141 (22,448)1,793,564 Équateur UTC+1
20 Sud-Ubangi Gemena 51,648 (19,941)2,744,345 Équateur UTC+1
21 Équateur Mbandaka 103,902 (40,117)1,626,606 Équateur UTC+1
22 Tshuapa Boende 132,940 (51,330)1,316,855 Équateur UTC+1
23 Tanganyika Kalemie 134,940 (52,100)2,482,001 Katanga UTC+2
24 Haut-Lomami Kamina 108,204 (41,778)2,540,127 Katanga UTC+2
25 Lualaba Kolwezi 121,308 (46,837)1,677,288 Katanga UTC+2
26 Haut-Katanga Lubumbashi 132,425 (51,130)3,960,945 Katanga UTC+2

* Population estimates are based on the number of registered voters in 2005, assuming that they represent 33% of the total population in each province.

History

When Belgium annexed the Belgian Congo as a colony in November 1908, it was initially organised into 22 districts. Ten western districts were administered directly by the main colonial government, while the eastern part of the colony was administered under two vice-governments: eight northeastern districts formed Orientale Province, and four southeastern districts formed Katanga. In 1919, the colony was organised into four provinces:

In 1932, the colony was reorganised into six provinces. Initially they were named after their capital cities, but in 1947 regional names were adopted. [2]

The Belgian Congo became an independent country in 1960, named Republic of the Congo. By 1963, the country was organised into 21 provinces (informally called provincettes) plus the capital city of Léopoldville, similar to the original 22 districts under colonial rule. In 1966, the 21 provincettes were grouped into eight provinces, and the capital city was renamed Kinshasa. [2]

In 1971, the country was renamed Zaire, and three provinces were also renamed. In 1975, the capital city of Kinshasa obtained the status of a province. In 1988, the province of Kivu was split into three. In 1997, the country was renamed Democratic Republic of the Congo, and the three provinces that had been renamed in 1971 either retook their previous name or took another. [2]

Article 2 of the Constitution of the Democratic Republic of the Congo, adopted in 2006, specifies a territorial organisation into 26 provinces, [5] again resembling the previous provincettes and original colonial districts. The reorganisation was scheduled to take effect within three years of the new constitution's promulgation, however progress was slow. [6] In October 2007 the Minister for Decentralisation, Denis Kalume Numbi, presented a bill for decentralisation in the National Assembly. The subsequent debate turned up a variety of issues that first had to be addressed with changes to related laws. [7] In an October 2010 conclave of the ruling AMP coalition, it was proposed to revise Article 226, which calls for the creation of 26 provinces out of the current 11, in order to allow more time for the transition. [8] On 9 January 2015 the National Assembly passed a law on the new administrative divisions of the country, according to which new provinces should be installed in period of 12 months. [9] [10]

Maps

Approximate correspondence between historical and current provinces

Approximate correspondence between historical and current provinces
Belgian CongoFirst RepublicSecond Republic (Zaire)Third Republic
1908191919321947196319661971198819972015
22 districts4 provinces6 provinces6 provinces21 provinces + capital8 provinces + capital8 regions + capital11 regions11 provinces26 provinces
Tanganika-Moero KatangaÉlisabethvilleKatanga Nord-Katanga Katanga Shaba Katanga Tanganyika
Haut-Lomami
Lulua Lualaba Lualaba
Haut-Luapula Katanga-Oriental Haut-Katanga
Lomami LusamboKasaïLomami Kasaï-Oriental Lomami
Sankuru Congo-Kasaï Sankuru Sankuru
Kasaï Sud-Kasaï Kasaï-Oriental
Luluabourg Kasaï-Occidental Kasaï-Central
Unité-Kasaïenne Kasaï
Moyen-Congo LéopoldvilleLéopoldville Kinshasa
Bas-Congo Congo-CentralBas-ZaïreBas-Congo Kongo Central
Kwango Kwango Bandundu Kwango
Kwilu Kwilu
Lac Léopold II Équateur Mai-Ndombe Mai-Ndombe
Équateur CoquilhatvilleÉquateurCuvette-Centrale Équateur Équateur
Tshuapa
Lulonga Moyen-Congo Mongala
Bangala
Ubangi Ubangi Nord-Ubangi
Sud-Ubangi
Bas-Uele OrientaleStanleyvilleOrientaleUeleOrientaleHaut-Zaïre Orientale Bas-Uele
Haut-Uele Haut-Uele
Ituri Kibali-Ituri Ituri
Stanleyville Haut-Congo Tshopo
Aruwimi
Maniema Costermansville Kivu Maniema Kivu Maniema
Lowa
Kivu Nord-Kivu Nord-Kivu
Kivu-Central Sud-Kivu

See also

Related Research Articles

Politics of the Democratic Republic of the Congo

Politics of the Democratic Republic of Congo take place in a framework of a republic in transition from a civil war to a semi-presidential republic.

Katanga Province Former province in DR Congo

Katanga was one of the four large provinces created in the Belgian Congo in 1914. It was one of the eleven provinces of the Democratic Republic of the Congo between 1966 and 2015, when it was split into the Tanganyika, Haut-Lomami, Lualaba and Haut-Katanga provinces. Between 1971 and 1997, its official name was Shaba Province.

Kongo Central Province of the Democratic Republic of the Congo

Kongo Central, formerly Bas-Congo is one of the 26 provinces of the Democratic Republic of the Congo. Its capital is Matadi.

Équateur (former province) Place in Democratic Republic of the Congo

Équateur was a province in the northwest of the Belgian Congo and the successor Republic of the Congo, now known as Democratic Republic of the Congo. It had its origins in the Équateur District of the Congo Free State, the private property of King Leopold II of Belgium. It was upgraded to the status of a province in 1917. Between 1933 and 1947 it was named Coquilhatville. In 1962 it was divided into three smaller provinces, but there were recombined in 1966. Équateur was one of the eleven provinces of the Democratic Republic of the Congo until 2015, when it was split into the new, smaller Équateur province, as well as the Tshuapa, Mongala, Nord-Ubangi and Sud-Ubangi provinces.

Orientale Province Province in Democratic Republic of the Congo

Orientale Province is one of the former provinces of the Democratic Republic of the Congo and its predecessors the Congo Free State and the Belgian Congo. It went through a series of boundary changes between 1898 and 2015, when it was divided into smaller units.

Lubumbashi Provincial capital and city in Haut-Katanga, DR Congo

Lubumbashi is the second-largest city in the Democratic Republic of the Congo, located in the country's southeasternmost part, along the border with Zambia. The capital and principal city of the Haut-Katanga Province, Lubumbashi is the center of mining in the region, acting as a hub for many of the country's largest mining companies. No definite population figures are available, but the population of the city's urban area is estimated to be around 2.5 million in 2020.

Ituri Province Province of the Democratic Republic of the Congo

Ituri is one of the 21 new provinces of the Democratic Republic of the Congo created in the 2015 repartitioning. Ituri, Bas-Uele, Haut-Uele, and Tshopo provinces are the result of the dismemberment of the former Orientale province. Ituri was formed from the Ituri district whose town of Bunia was elevated to capital city of the new province.

Province of Équateur Province of the Democratic Republic of the Congo

Équateur is one of the 21 new provinces of the Democratic Republic of the Congo created in the 2015 repartitioning. Équateur, Mongala, Nord-Ubangi, Sud-Ubangi, and Tshuapa provinces are the result of the dismemberment of the former Équateur province. The new province was formed from the Équateur district and the independently administered city of Mbandaka which retained its status as a provincial capital.

Tanganyika Province Province of the Democratic Republic of the Congo

Tanganyika is one of the 21 new provinces of the Democratic Republic of the Congo created in the 2015 repartitioning. Tanganyika, Haut-Katanga, Haut-Lomami and Lualaba provinces are the result of the dismemberment of the former Katanga province. Tanganyika was formed from the Tanganyika district whose town of Kalemie was elevated to capital city of the new province.

Languages of the Democratic Republic of the Congo

The Democratic Republic of the Congo is a multilingual country where an estimated total of 242 languages are spoken. Ethnologue lists 215 living languages. The official language, inherited from the colonial period, is French. Four indigenous languages have the status of national language: Kituba, Lingala, Swahili and Tshiluba.

Districts of the Democratic Republic of the Congo

The provinces of the Democratic Republic of the Congo were divided into 26 districts. Those in turn were divided into territories or communes.

Lualaba District District in Katanga, Democratic Republic of the Congo

Lualaba District was a district of the pre-2015 Katanga Province in the Democratic Republic of the Congo. The district dates back to the days of the Congo Free State and the Belgian Congo. The original Lualaba District was merged into Katanga in 1910, but in 1933 a new Lualaba District was formed within Katanga. After various significant boundary changes, in 2015 the district became the western part of the present Lualaba Province.

Kasai District District in Kasaï, Democratic Republic of the Congo

Kasai District was a district of the Congo Free State, Belgian Congo and the Democratic Republic of the Congo, named after the Kasai River. It was formed around 1885 and went through several large changes in extent in the years that followed. The 1933 version of the district roughly corresponded to the former Kasai-Occidental province and the present Kasaï and Kasaï-Central provinces.

Haut-Lomami District District in Katanga, Democratic Republic of the Congo

Haut-Lomami District was a district of the pre-2015 Katanga Province in the Democratic Republic of the Congo. The district dates back to the days of the Belgian Congo. At its greatest extent it roughly corresponded to the northern part of the current Lualaba Province and to the present Haut-Lomami Province.

Bas-Uele District District in Orientale, Democratic Republic of the Congo

Bas-Uele District was a district of the Belgian Congo and the Democratic Republic of the Congo. It was formed from part of Uele District in 1912. Later it was merged back into Uele District, then split out again. There were various boundary changes. It roughly corresponded in area to the present Bas-Uélé province.

Districts of the Belgian Congo

The Districts of the Belgian Congo were the primary administrative divisions when Belgium annexed the Congo Free State in 1908, each administered by a district commissioner. In 1914 they were distributed among four large provinces, with some boundary changes. In 1933 the provinces were restructured into six, again with boundary changes. The number of districts fluctuated between 12 and 26 through splits and consolidations, first rising, then falling, then rising again.

Stanleyville District District in Orientale, Democratic Republic of the Congo

Stanleyville District was a district of the Belgian Congo and Democratic Republic of the Congo. It went through various changes in extent. Between 1933 and 1963 it had roughly the same extent as the current Tshopo province.

Haut-Luapula District District in Katanga, Belgian Congo

Haut-Luapula District was a district of the Belgian Congo from 1912 to 1933, when it was dissolved. It roughly corresponded to the southern part of the present Haut-Katanga Province.

Tanganika District District in Katanga, Democratic Republic of the Congo

Tanganika District was a district of the pre-2015 Katanga Province in the Democratic Republic of the Congo. The district dates back to the days of the Belgian Congo. At its greatest extent it roughly corresponded to the present Tanganyika Province, with a small portion in the southwest now in Haut-Lomami Province.

Luapula-Moero District District in Katanga, Belgian Congo

Luapula-Moero District was a district of the pre-2015 Katanga Province in the Belgian Congo and Democratic Republic of the Congo. It roughly corresponded in area to the present Haut-Katanga Province.

References

  1. "The World Factbook". www.cia.gov. Central Intelligence Agency. Retrieved 10 May 2016.
  2. 1 2 3 4 5 Provinces of the Democratic Republic of Congo, Statoids, accessed 1 May 2016.
  3. Nouvelles entités provinciales Archived 2011-07-23 at the Wayback Machine , Joseph M. Kyalangilwa, 22 January 2007.
  4. 1 2 3 4 5 "Annuaire statistique 2014" (PDF). Uns-rdc.org. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2016-01-14. Retrieved 2017-04-18.
  5. Constitution of the Democratic Republic of the Congo, article 2, Wikisource. (in French)
  6. "Provinces of the Democratic Republic of Congo (Congo Kinshasa)". Statoids. Retrieved 2011-11-22.
  7. "La décentralisation dans l'impasse". Le Potentiel. 23 October 2007. Retrieved 2011-11-21.
  8. JASON STEARNS (October 12, 2010). "The AMP conclave: Another step towards 2011 elections" . Retrieved 2011-11-23.
  9. The National Assembly adopts the laws regarding the limits of the provinces in the Democratic Republic of the Congo, National Assembly of the Democratic Republic of the Congo, 10 January 2015. (in French)
  10. Election of governors: definite results expected on 18 April, Radio Okapi, 27 March 2016. (in French)

Bibliography