Elections in the Democratic Republic of the Congo

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Direct elections in the Democratic Republic of the Congo occur for the Presidency, National Assembly (lower house of the legislature), and provincial assemblies. The Senate, the upper house of the legislature, is elected indirectly by members of the provincial assemblies.

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The 1960 elections, held just before independence, saw Patrice Lumumba become prime minister and Joseph Kasavubu president. In 1965 Mobutu Sese Seko seized power and declared himself president amid the Congo Crisis. He was formally elected to a seven-year term in 1970. Establishing the single-party Republic of Zaire, his presidency was renewed by show elections in 1977 and 1984 while legislative elections were abolished altogether by 1975. Mobutu ruled until 1997 when Laurent Kabila seized power after the First Congo War. When Laurent Kabila was killed in 2001, his son Joseph Kabila took over the presidency while the country was going through the Second Congo War (1998–2003). The Second Congo War was officially declared over in 2003. The period that followed was relatively peaceful, with the United Nations' largest peacekeeping force maintaining the peace. However, the Ituri Conflict marred the peace, with periods of violence in the northeastern Ituri Province. In December 2005 a referendum on a new constitution was held. It was approved, paving way for the first multiparty elections in 46 years.

The first multi-party elections in the country since 1960 took place in July 2006. Kabila was elected president and was reelected in 2011. His constitutionally-mandated term ended in 2016, but the government put off a new election, citing logistical problems and the ongoing conflict in the eastern DRC. The long delayed general election finally took place on 30 December 2018, which resulted in a surprise victory for Félix Tshisekedi, although this was questioned by election observers and led to accusations of voter fraud by another opposition candidate, Martin Fayulu. The Constitutional Court of the DRC dismissed Fayulu's challenge of the result, confirming Tshisekedi as the winner. Joseph Kabila stepped down in January 2019, with Tshisekedi being inaugurated as the 5th President of the DRC on January 24. This was the first democratic transition of power in the country since it gained independence in 1960.

Latest elections

2018 presidential election

CandidatePartyVotes%
Félix Tshisekedi Union for Democracy and Social Progress 7,051,01338.57
Martin Fayulu Dynamic of Congolese Political Opposition6,366,73234.83
Emmanuel Ramazani Shadary Independent4,357,35923.84
Jean-Philibert Mabaya Gizi AmineRainbow of Congo
Marie-Josée IfokuAlliance of Elites for a New Congo
Radjabho Tebabho SoboraboCongolese United for Reform
Pierre Honoré Kazadi Lukonda Ngube-Ngube People's Front for Justice
Seth KikuniIndependent
Tryphon Kin-Kiey MulumbaIndependent
Charles LuntadilaIndependent
Sylvain Maurice MashekeIndependent
Joseph MalutaIndependent
Francis MvembaIndependent
Theodore Ngoy Ilunga wa NsengaIndependent
Alain Daniel ShekombaIndependent
Noel K Tshiani Muadiamvita Independent
Gabriel Mokia MandemboMovement of Congolese Democrats
Yves MpungaPremier Political Force
Samy Badibanga The Progressives
Invalid/blank voted
Total18,329,318
Registered voters/turnout47.56
Source: Jeune Afrique [1]

2018 parliamentary election

RDC Assembleepartielle 2018.svg
Party or allianceVotes%Seats+/–
FPTP PR Total
People's Party for Reconstruction and Democracy (PPRD)5256108Increase2.svg 46
Alliance of Democratic Forces of Congo and Allies (AFDC-A)4168109Increase2.svg 94
Union for Democracy and Social Progress-Tshisekedi (UDPS/Tshisekedi)324375Increase2.svg 52
Alternative Action for Well-being and Change (AAB)324375Increase2.svg 75
People's Party for Peace and Democracy (PPPD)214667Increase2.svg 54
Social Movement (MS)232548Increase2.svg 48
Alliance of Actors for Good Governance of Congo (AABC)222446Increase2.svg 46
Movement for the Liberation of the Congo (MLC)222345Increase2.svg 45
Alliance of Democrats for Renewal and Progress (ADRP)21244545
Alliance of Movements of Kongo (AMK)21204141
Group of 7 (G7)102636Increase2.svg 36
Action of allies to improve living conditions for the Congolese (AAAC)102636Increase2.svg 36
Alliance for Building an Emerging Congo (ABCE)11233434
Future of Congo (ACO)12203232
Rally for the Reconstruction of Congo (RRC)112334Increase2.svg 23
CCU Political Alliance and Allies (ALLIANCE)81523Increase2.svg 23
Alliance for Democratic Alternative (AAD)71522Increase2.svg 22
Christian Democrat Party (PDC)111122Increase2.svg 22
Congolese Party for Development (PCD)111122Increase2.svg 22
Unified Lumumbist Party and allies (PALU-A)172037Increase2.svg 20
Union for the Congolese Nation (UNC)14Decrease2.svg 3
Dynamic of the Opposition (DO)
Social Movement for Renewal (MSR)
Together for Change (EPC)
Our Congo (CNB)
Rally for Congolese Democracy (RCD)
Other-
Independents
Postponed11415-
Common Front for the Congo (PPRD-PPPD-AFDC-AAB-others)337
Lamuka Coalition (DO-MLC-EPC-PALU-CNB-MSR)94
Direction for Change Coalition (UDPS/Tshisekedi-UNC)46Decrease2.svg 12
Invalid/blank votes168,136
Total18,329,318100604405000
Registered voters/turnout38,542,13847.56
Source: Digital Congo

2018 provincial elections

Provincial assembly election results, 2018 [2]
PartyVotes %Seats+/-
FPTP PR Total
Alliance of Democratic Forces of Congo and Allies (AFDC-A)68
People's Party for Reconstruction and Democracy (PPRD)56
People's Party for Peace and Democracy (PPPD)46
Alternative Action for Well-being and Change (AAB)45
Union for Democracy and Social Progress-Tshisekedi (UDPS-Tshisekedi)43
Action of allies to improve living conditions for the Congolese (AAAC)26
Group of Seven (G7)26
Social Movement (MS)25
Alliance of Actors for Good Governance of Congo (AABC)24
Alliance of Democrats for Renewal and Progress (ADRP)24
Alliance for Building an Emerging Congo (ABCE)23
Movement for the Liberation of the Congo (MLC)22
Rally for the Reconstruction of Congo (RRC)22
Alliance of Movements of Kongo (AMK)21
Unified Lumumbist Party and Allies (PALU-A)20
Future of Congo (ACO)20
CCU Political Alliance and Allies (ALLIANCE)15
Alliance for Democratic Alternative (AAD)15
Congolese Party for Development (PCD)11
Other-
Independents
Votes cast
Blank or invalid votes
Total10071565780Increase2.svg90
Abstentions
Turnout40,024,897

2019 Senate election

RDC Senat 2019.svg
Composition of the Senate from March 2019 [3]
PartySeats+/-
Common Front for the Congo99
Lamuka Coalition6Decrease2.svg 13
Coalition for Change3Increase2.svg 3
Senator for life1New
Total109Increase2.svg1

See also

transition; Last update August 1, 2006

Related Research Articles

References

  1. "RDC : Félix Tshisekedi élu président, selon les résultats provisoires". 10 January 2019.
  2. "La Carte politique de la RDC après les législatives du 30 décembre 2018". Archived from the original on 2019-01-23. Retrieved 2019-03-22.
  3. "RDC : après l'Assemblée nationale, le FCC de Kabila remporte la majorité absolue au Sénat". Archived from the original on 2019-03-21. Retrieved 2019-03-22.