Elections in Somaliland

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Somaliland elects on national level a head of state (the president) and a legislature. The president is elected by the people for a five-year term. The Parliament (Baarlamaanka) has two chambers. The House of Representatives (Golaha Wakiilada) will have 82 members, elected for a five-year term. The House of Elders (Golaha Guurtida) will have 82 members, representing traditional leaders. Somaliland has a multi-party system, with numerous parties in which no one party often has a chance of gaining power alone, and parties must work with each other to form coalition governments.

Somaliland unrecognised Country in East Africa

Somaliland, officially the Republic of Somaliland, is a self-declared state, internationally considered to be an autonomous region of Somalia.

Election Process by which a population chooses the holder of a public office

An election is a formal group decision-making process by which a population chooses an individual to hold public office. Elections have been the usual mechanism by which modern representative democracy has operated since the 17th century. Elections may fill offices in the legislature, sometimes in the executive and judiciary, and for regional and local government. This process is also used in many other private and business organizations, from clubs to voluntary associations and corporations.

A head of state is the public persona who officially represents the national unity and legitimacy of a sovereign state. Depending on the country's form of government and separation of powers, the head of state may be a ceremonial figurehead or concurrently the head of government. In a parliamentary system, such as India, the head of state usually has mostly ceremonial powers, with a separate head of government. However in some parliamentary systems, like South Africa, there is an executive president that is both head of state and head of government. Likewise, in some parliamentary systems the head of state is not the head of government, but still has significant powers, for example Morocco. In contrast, a semi-presidential system, such as France, has both heads of state and government as the de facto leaders of the nation. Meanwhile, in presidential systems such as the United States, the head of state is also the head of government.

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Latest elections

Somaliland general election, 2017

General elections were to be held in Somaliland in June 2015 to elect the President and House of Representatives. In April 2013 the House of Elders voted to extend the parliamentary term for another two years, in order to align them with presidential elections. They were postponed in September 2015 due to the unpreparedness of the National elections Committee. They were to be held on the 27 March 2017 but were once more postponed by 6 months due to a drought in the region. The elections to elect the President and Vice President were eventually held on 13 November 2017. Incumbent President Ahmed Mohamed Mohamoud Silanyo of the Peace, Unity, and Development Party (KULMIYE) did not run for a second term.

House of Representatives (Somaliland) the lower house of the northwestern Somaliland autonomous region of Somalia

The House of Representatives is the lower house of the Somaliland autonomous region of northwestern Somalia.

House of Elders (Somaliland) upper house of the Parliament of Somaliland

The House of Elders is the upper house of Somaliland. It has 82 members, representing traditional leaders. The House of Elders is mandated with considering bills proposed by the lower chamber, the Somaliland House of Representatives.

Ahmed Mohamed Mohamoud 4th president of republic of somaliland

Ahmed Mohamed Mohamoud "Silanyo" is a Somaliland politician who was President of Somaliland from 2010 - 2017. He is a longtime member of government, having served as Minister of Commerce of Somalia, among other Cabinet positions. During the 1980s, he also acted as Chairman of the Somali National Movement.

CandidatePartyVotes%
Muse Bihi Abdi Peace, Unity, and Development Party 305,90955.10
Abdirahman Mohamed Abdullahi Waddani 226,09240.73
Faisal Ali Warabe For Justice and Development 23,1414.17
Invalid/blank votes
Total555,142100
Registered voters/turnout80
Source: Somalia Update

2010 Presidential Election

Elections were delayed several times due to instability, and were finally held on 26 June 2010.

e    d  Summary of the 26 June 2010 Somaliland presidential election results
CandidateRunning matePartyVotes%
Ahmed Mahamoud Silanyo Abdirahman Saylici KULMIYE 266,90649.59
Dahir Riyale Kahin Ahmed Yusuf Yasin UDUB 178,88133.23
Faysal Cali Warabe Mohammad Rashid UCID 92,45917.18
Valid votes538,246100.00
Invalid votesnot reported
Total538,246100.00
Electorate and turnout1,069,91450.31
Source: Somaliland National Electoral Commission (PDF)

2005 Parliamentary election

e    d  Summary of the 28 September 2005 House of Representatives of Somaliland election results
PartiesVotes%Seats
UDUB For Unity, Democracy, and Independence (Ururka dimuqraadiga ummadda bahawday)261,44939.033
KULMIYE Peace, Unity, and Development Party (KULMIYE Nabad, Midnimo iyo horumar)228,32834.128
UCID For Justice and Development (Ururka Caddaalada iyo Daryeelka)180,54526.921
Total680,322100.082
Invalid votes4,585
Total votes cast674,907
Source: IRI

2003 Presidential election

e    d  Summary of the 14 April 2003 Somaliland presidential election results
Candidates - Nominating partiesVotes%
Dahir Riyale Kahin - For Unity, Democracy, and Independence 205,59542.08
Ahmed M. Mahamoud Silanyo - Peace, Unity, and Development Party 205,51542.07
Faysal Cali Warabe - For Justice and Development 77,43315.85
Valid votes488,54398.0
Invalid votes10,0962.0
Total (Turnout ?%)498,639100.0
Source: African elections

Past elections

See also

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