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politics and government of
Somaliland elects on national level a head of state (the president) and a legislature. The president is elected by the people for a five-year term. The Parliament (Baarlamaanka) has two chambers. The House of Representatives (Golaha Wakiilada) will have 82 members, elected for a five-year term. The House of Elders (Golaha Guurtida) will have 82 members, representing traditional leaders. Somaliland has a multi-party system, with numerous parties in which no one party often has a chance of gaining power alone, and parties must work with each other to form coalition governments.
Somaliland, officially the Republic of Somaliland, is a self-declared state, internationally considered to be an autonomous region of Somalia.
An election is a formal group decision-making process by which a population chooses an individual to hold public office. Elections have been the usual mechanism by which modern representative democracy has operated since the 17th century. Elections may fill offices in the legislature, sometimes in the executive and judiciary, and for regional and local government. This process is also used in many other private and business organizations, from clubs to voluntary associations and corporations.
A head of state is the public persona who officially represents the national unity and legitimacy of a sovereign state. Depending on the country's form of government and separation of powers, the head of state may be a ceremonial figurehead or concurrently the head of government. In a parliamentary system, such as India, the head of state usually has mostly ceremonial powers, with a separate head of government. However in some parliamentary systems, like South Africa, there is an executive president that is both head of state and head of government. Likewise, in some parliamentary systems the head of state is not the head of government, but still has significant powers, for example Morocco. In contrast, a semi-presidential system, such as France, has both heads of state and government as the de facto leaders of the nation. Meanwhile, in presidential systems such as the United States, the head of state is also the head of government.
General elections were to be held in Somaliland in June 2015 to elect the President and House of Representatives. In April 2013 the House of Elders voted to extend the parliamentary term for another two years, in order to align them with presidential elections. They were postponed in September 2015 due to the unpreparedness of the National elections Committee. They were to be held on the 27 March 2017 but were once more postponed by 6 months due to a drought in the region. The elections to elect the President and Vice President were eventually held on 13 November 2017. Incumbent President Ahmed Mohamed Mohamoud Silanyo of the Peace, Unity, and Development Party (KULMIYE) did not run for a second term.
The House of Representatives is the lower house of the Somaliland autonomous region of northwestern Somalia.
The House of Elders is the upper house of Somaliland. It has 82 members, representing traditional leaders. The House of Elders is mandated with considering bills proposed by the lower chamber, the Somaliland House of Representatives.
Ahmed Mohamed Mohamoud "Silanyo" is a Somaliland politician who was President of Somaliland from 2010 - 2017. He is a longtime member of government, having served as Minister of Commerce of Somalia, among other Cabinet positions. During the 1980s, he also acted as Chairman of the Somali National Movement.
|Muse Bihi Abdi||Peace, Unity, and Development Party||305,909||55.10|
|Abdirahman Mohamed Abdullahi||Waddani||226,092||40.73|
|Faisal Ali Warabe||For Justice and Development||23,141||4.17|
|Source: Somalia Update|
Elections were delayed several times due to instability, and were finally held on 26 June 2010.
|Ahmed Mahamoud Silanyo||Abdirahman Saylici||KULMIYE||266,906||49.59|
|Dahir Riyale Kahin||Ahmed Yusuf Yasin||UDUB||178,881||33.23|
|Faysal Cali Warabe||Mohammad Rashid||UCID||92,459||17.18|
|Invalid votes||not reported|
|Electorate and turnout||1,069,914||50.31|
|Source: Somaliland National Electoral Commission (PDF)|
|UDUB For Unity, Democracy, and Independence (Ururka dimuqraadiga ummadda bahawday)||261,449||39.0||33|
|KULMIYE Peace, Unity, and Development Party (KULMIYE Nabad, Midnimo iyo horumar)||228,328||34.1||28|
|UCID For Justice and Development (Ururka Caddaalada iyo Daryeelka)||180,545||26.9||21|
|Total votes cast||674,907|
|Candidates - Nominating parties||Votes||%|
|Dahir Riyale Kahin - For Unity, Democracy, and Independence||205,595||42.08|
|Ahmed M. Mahamoud Silanyo - Peace, Unity, and Development Party||205,515||42.07|
|Faysal Cali Warabe - For Justice and Development||77,433||15.85|
|Total (Turnout ?%)||498,639||100.0|
|Source: African elections|
There are three types of elections in Nepal: elections to the Federal Parliament, elections to the state assemblies and elections to the local government. Within each of these categories there may be by-elections as well as general elections. Currently two electoral systems are used: parallel voting for House of Representatives and provincial assemblies and first past the post for local elections.
Côte d'Ivoire elects on national level a head of state - the president - and a legislature. The president is elected for a five-year term by the people. The National Assembly has 225 members, elected for a five-year term in single-seat constituencies. Côte d'Ivoire is a one party dominant state with the Ivorian People's Front in power. Opposition parties are allowed, but are widely considered to have no real chance of gaining power. Following a peace deal between the government and former rebels in March 2007, the next elections were planned for early 2008. These elections however, were postponed to November 2009 first, and then to early 2010.
Philippine elections are of several types. The president, vice-president, and the senators are elected for a six-year term, while the members of the House of Representatives, governors, vice-governors, members of the Sangguniang Panlalawigan, mayors, vice-mayors, members of the Sangguniang Panlungsod/members of the Sangguniang Bayan, barangay officials, and the members of the Sangguniang Kabataan are elected to serve for a three-year term.
Elections in Guyana take place within the framework of a multi-party representative democracy and a presidential system. The National Assembly is directly elected, with the nominee of the party or alliance that receives the most votes becoming President.
Malta elects on a national level 6 MEPs representing Malta in the European Parliament, on a district level the legislature, On a local level the Local Councils and on a community level the Administrative Committees.
Elections in Nigeria are forms of choosing representatives to the Nigerian federal government and the various states in the fourth republic Nigeria.
Elections in Yemen take place within the framework of a presidential system, with both the President and House of Representatives elected by the public. Due to political instability, elections have not been held regularly since the early 2000s.
Elections in Zambia take place within the framework of a multi-party democracy and a presidential system. The President and National Assembly are simultaneously elected for five-year terms.
The politics of Somaliland take place within a hybrid system of governance, which, under the Somaliland region's constitution, combines traditional and western institutions. The constitution separates government into an executive branch, a legislative branch, and a judicial branch, each of which functions independently from the others.
Politics of Artsakh takes place in a framework of a presidential representative democratic republic, whereby the President of Artsakh is the head of state and the head of government, and of a multi-party system; as of 2009, American-based non-governmental organisation Freedom House ranks the Artsakh above both Armenia and Azerbaijan in terms of political and civil rights. Executive power is exercised by the government. Legislative power is vested in both the Government and the National Assembly. The republic is de facto independent and de jure a part of Azerbaijan. None of the elections in Artsakh are recognised by international bodies such as the OSCE Minsk Group, the European Union and the Organisation of Islamic Cooperation, as well as numerous individual countries, such as Azerbaijan and Turkey, who also condemned and called them a source of increased tensions.
The House of Representatives is the lower house of the National Assembly of Thailand, the legislative branch of the Thai government. The system of government of Thailand is that of a constitutional monarchy and a parliamentary democracy. The system of the Thai legislative branch is modelled after the Westminster system. The House of Representatives has 500 members, all of which are democratically elected: 375 members were directly elected through single constituency elections, while the other 125 are elected through party-list proportional representation. The roles and powers of the House of Representatives were enshrined in the Constitution of 2017.
Elections in California are held to fill various local, state and federal seats. In California, regular elections are held every even year ; however, some seats have terms of office that are longer than two years, so not every seat is on the ballot in every election. Special elections may be held to fill vacancies at other points in time. Recall elections can also be held. Additionally, statewide initiatives, legislative referrals and referenda may be on the ballot.
A presidential election was held on 26 June 2010 in the Republic of Somaliland, a self-declared country that is internationally recognised as an autonomous region of Somalia. The election was originally scheduled for August 2008, but was marred by numerous delays, seriously endangering political stability in the country. On 1 July 2010, the Somaliland National Election Commission announced that opposition candidate Ahmed M. Mahamoud Silanyo had won the presidential election, defeating incumbent President Dahir Riyale Kahin.
Presidential elections were held in Somaliland on 13 November 2017, the third direct presidential election since 2003. General elections had been scheduled to be held in Somaliland on 27 March 2017 to elect both the President and House of Representatives, but were initially postponed by six months due to the drought condition in the region. The elections to elect the President and Vice President were eventually held separately on 13 November. Incumbent President Ahmed Mohamed Mohamoud of the Peace, Unity, and Development Party (Kulmiye) did not run for a second term.
The 2016 United States elections were held on Tuesday, November 8, 2016. Republican businessman Donald Trump defeated Democratic former Secretary of State Hillary Clinton in the presidential election, while Republicans retained control of Congress.
General elections were held in Dominican Republic on 15 May 2016 to elect a president, vice-president and the Congress, as well as 20 deputies to the Central American Parliament, municipal councils, mayors and vice mayors. On 15 May 2015 Roberto Rosario, president of the Central Electoral Board, said that there would be about 4,300 seats up for election in the "most complex elections in history".
Parliamentary elections were held in Somalia in October and November 2016. The Upper House was elected on 10 October, with voting taking place for the House of the People, which was elected between 23 October and 10 November 2016. They were the first elections since 1984, and the newly elected Parliament was due to elect the President on 30 November. However, the presidential elections were delayed and eventually held on 8 February 2017, when the MPs and Senators elected Mohamed Abdullahi Mohamed as President.
General elections are scheduled to be held in Turkey in 2023. Voters will elect a new president, as well as 600 members of the Grand National Assembly of Turkey, each for a term of five years.
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