Demographics of the Democratic Republic of the Congo

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Demographics of Democratic Republic of the Congo
Democratic Republic of the Congo single age population pyramid 2020.png
Population pyramid of the Democratic Republic of the Congo in 2020
Population95,894,118 (2021 est.)
Growth rate3.14% (2022 est.)
Birth rate40.08 births/1,000 population (2022 est.)
Death rate7.94 deaths/1,000 population (2022 est.)
Life expectancy61.83 years
  male60.03 years
  female63.69 years
Fertility rate5.63 children born/woman (2022 est.)
Infant mortality rate60.85 deaths/1,000 live births
Net migration rate-0.71 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2022 est.)
Age structure
0–14 years46.38%
65 and over2.47%
Sex ratio
Total1 male(s)/female (2022 est.)
At birth1.03 male(s)/female
Under 151.01 male(s)/female
65 and over0.6 male(s)/female
Nationality
NationalityCongolese
Language
OfficialFrench
Democratic Republic of the Congos population between 1960 and 2017. Democratic Republic of the Congo population.svg
Democratic Republic of the Congos population between 1960 and 2017.

This article is about the demographic features of the population of the Democratic Republic of the Congo, including ethnicity, education level, health, economic status, religious affiliations and other aspects of the population.

Contents

As many as 250 ethnic groups have been distinguished and named. [1] The most numerous people are the Luba, Mongo, and Bakongo.

Although 700 local languages and dialects are spoken, the linguistic variety is bridged both by the use of French, and the intermediary languages Kikongo ya leta, Tshiluba, Swahili, and Lingala.

Population

Historical population of the DR Congo Historical population of the DR Congo.svg
Historical population of the DR Congo

The CIA World Factbook estimated the population to be over 105 million as of 2022 (the exact number being 108,407,721), now exceeding that of Vietnam (with 98,721,275 inhabitants as of 2020) and ascending the country to the rank of 14th most populous in the world. [2] The proportion of children below the age of 14 in 2020 was 46.38%, 51.15% of the population was between 15 and 65 years of age, while 2.47% was 65 years or older. [2] [3]

Total population [2] Population aged 0–14 (%)Population aged 15–64 (%)Population aged 65+ (%)
195012 184 00043.752.53.8
195513 580 00043.853.13.1
196015 368 00043.853.32.9
196517 543 00043.953.22.8
197020 267 00044.452.82.8
197523 317 00044.952.32.8
198027 019 00045.451.82.8
198531 044 00046.151.12.8
199036 406 00047.050.22.8
199544 067 00047.949.42.7
200049 626 00048.049.42.7
200557 421 00047.549.92.7
201065 966 00046.351.12.7
2020101 780 26346.451.22.5

Population Estimates by Sex and Age Group (01.VII.2020): [4]

Age GroupMaleFemaleTotal%
Total50 286 00051 472 000101 758 000100
0–49 956 0009 780 00019 736 00019.40
5–98 046 0007 978 00016 024 00015.75
10–146 638 0006 588 00013 226 00013.00
15–195 280 0005 250 00010 530 00010.35
20–244 224 0004 272 0008 496 0008.35
25–293 621 0003 603 0007 224 0007.10
30–343 017 0003 037 0006 054 0005.95
35–392 565 0002 728 0005 293 0005.20
40–442 011 0002 059 0004 070 0004.00
45–491 307 0001 493 0002 800 0002.75
50–541 056 0001 287 0002 343 0002.30
55–59704 000926 0001 630 0001.60
60–64704 000926 0001 630 0001.60
65-69553 000721 0001 274 0001.25
70-74302 000412 000714 0000.70
75+302 000412 000714 0000.70
Age groupMaleFemaleTotalPercent
0–1424 640 00024 346 00048 986 00048.14
15–6424 489 00025 581 00050 070 00049.20
65+1 157 0001 545 0002 702 0002.66

Census

The first and so far only census conducted in DR Congo dates from 1984. [5]

Vital statistics

Registration of vital events in the Democratic Republic of the Congo is incomplete. The Population Department of the United Nations prepared the following estimates. [6]

PeriodLive births per yearDeaths per yearNatural change per yearCBR*CDR*NC*TFR*IMR*Life expectancy
1950  566 000  326 000  239 00046.026.619.55.97179.938.31
1951  579 000  328 000  251 00046.126.220.05.97178.538.44
1952  592 000  327 000  264 00046.225.620.65.97175.838.85
1953  607 000  329 000  278 00046.425.121.25.98173.339.14
1954  619 000  330 000  289 00046.324.721.65.98171.039.47
1955  632 000  333 000  299 00046.324.421.95.98168.839.72
1956  646 000  336 000  311 00046.424.122.35.99166.739.98
1957  663 000  338 000  325 00046.523.722.86.01164.740.32
1958  681 000  343 000  338 00046.723.523.26.04162.940.50
1959  698 000  348 000  349 00046.823.423.46.07161.240.64
1960  716 000  354 000  362 00046.923.223.76.08159.840.86
1961  738 000  370 000  368 00047.123.623.56.11159.640.24
1962  761 000  378 000  383 00047.423.523.86.13158.140.34
1963  785 000  385 000  400 00047.523.324.26.16156.540.60
1964  808 000  403 000  406 00047.723.824.06.18155.740.05
1965  833 000  404 000  429 00047.923.224.76.21153.140.70
1966  859 000  397 000  462 00047.922.125.86.24149.542.05
1967  885 000  405 000  480 00048.021.926.06.27147.342.31
1968  910 000  411 000  500 00047.921.626.36.30145.142.71
1969  935 000  418 000  517 00047.821.426.46.32142.742.98
1970  959 000  425 000  534 00047.621.126.56.34140.543.28
1971  985 000  431 000  554 00047.520.826.86.38138.343.66
1972  1 006 000  437 000  569 00047.320.526.86.40136.443.93
1973  1 026 000  445 000  582 00047.020.426.66.41134.744.10
1974  1 047 000  451 000  597 00046.720.126.66.42133.344.41
1975  1 070 000  460 000  610 00046.420.026.46.42132.144.47
1976  1 091 000  468 000  623 00046.119.826.36.43130.944.66
1977  1 111 000  476 000  634 00045.819.626.16.43129.844.76
1978  1 134 000  491 000  643 00045.619.725.86.44129.144.54
1979  1 184 000  496 000  688 00045.919.226.76.46126.945.21
1980  1 227 000  507 000  720 00046.019.027.06.47125.145.47
1981  1 260 000  517 000  744 00045.918.827.16.49123.545.72
1982  1 293 000  526 000  766 00045.818.627.26.50121.945.92
1983  1 333 000  535 000  798 00045.918.527.56.55120.346.18
1984  1 377 000  545 000  832 00046.218.327.96.60118.746.45
1985  1 433 000  559 000  873 00046.518.228.46.65117.446.62
1986  1 480 000  571 000  910 00046.718.028.76.69116.146.91
1987  1 529 000  579 000  950 00046.817.729.16.74114.947.34
1988  1 568 000  588 000  980 00046.517.429.16.73113.747.77
1989  1 610 000  596 000  1 014 00046.317.129.16.74112.648.17
1990  1 652 000  604 000  1 047 00046.016.829.26.70111.348.60
1991  1 713 000  617 000  1 097 00046.116.629.56.69110.148.95
1992  1 761 000  629 000  1 132 00045.916.429.56.67108.949.24
1993  1 804 000  638 000  1 165 00045.716.229.56.64108.149.55
1994  1 878 000  653 000  1 225 00045.916.029.96.67107.049.88
1995  2 046 000  682 000  1 364 00047.115.731.46.71105.750.41
1996  2 083 000  730 000  1 353 00046.816.430.46.72106.449.31
1997  2 067 000  707 000  1 360 00045.815.730.26.73103.750.40
1998  2 071 000  729 000  1 342 00045.115.929.26.73101.549.70
1999  2 128 000  739 000  1 389 00045.015.629.46.7299.549.95
2000  2 189 000  712 000  1 477 00045.014.630.46.7297.351.78
2001  2 245 000  721 000  1 525 00044.814.430.46.7095.052.12
2002  2 310 000  733 000  1 577 00044.714.230.56.6792.652.33
2003  2 372 000  738 000  1 634 00044.513.930.76.6489.952.83
2004  2 426 000  738 000  1 688 00044.313.530.86.6287.253.43
2005  2 499 000  743 000  1 757 00044.213.131.16.6084.653.93
2006  2 592 000  746 000  1 846 00044.412.831.66.5982.054.53
2007  2 675 000  756 000  1 920 00044.412.531.86.5879.454.92
2008  2 767 000  764 000  2 003 00044.412.332.26.5877.055.34
2009  2 867 000  771 000  2 096 00044.612.032.66.5974.555.84
2010  2 957 000  774 000  2 183 00044.511.732.96.5972.256.42
2011  3 069 000  776 000  2 293 00044.711.333.46.5870.057.07
2012  3 171 000  793 000  2 378 00044.611.233.56.5668.057.25
2013  3 247 000  797 000  2 450 00044.210.933.46.5365.957.76
2014  3 345 000  802 000  2 543 00044.010.633.46.4864.058.30
2015  3 433 000  818 000  2 615 00043.610.433.26.4462.258.49
2016  3 532 000  820 000  2 712 00043.410.133.36.3960.459.07
2017  3 647 000  832 000  2 815 00043.39.933.46.3558.659.41
2018  3 748 000  835 000  2 913 00043.09.633.46.3056.959.94
2019  3 839 000  844 000  2 995 00042.79.433.36.2555.560.28
2020  3 930 000  886 000  3 044 00042.39.532.86.2153.959.74
2021  4 035 000  931 000  3 104 00042.09.732.36.1652.359.19
*CBR = crude birth rate (per 1000 people); CDR = crude death rate (per 1000 people); NC = natural change (per 1000 people), also equals CBR minus CDR; IMR = infant mortality rate per 1000 births; TFR = total fertility rate (number of children per woman)

Fertility and Births

Total Fertility Rate (TFR) (Wanted Fertility Rate) and Crude Birth Rate (CBR) for urban and rural areas: [7]

The Wanted Fertility Rate is an estimate of what the fertility rate would be if all unwanted births were avoided. [8]

YearCBR (Total)TFR (Total)CBR (Urban)TFR (Urban)CBR (Rural)TFR (Rural)
200744,16,3 (5,6)40,45,4 (4,8)46,87,0 (6,2)
2013-1444,16,6 (5,7)40,55,4 (4,6)45,97,3 (6,5)

Fertility data per province, as of 2014: [9]

ProvinceTotal fertility ratePercentage of women age 15-49 currently pregnantMean number of children ever born to women age 40-49
Kinshasa 4.25.74.8
Bas-Congo 6.012.66.5
Bandundu 6.312.16.1
Équateur 7.014.36.5
Orientale 5.911.65.3
Nord-Kivu 6.59.76.7
Sud-Kivu 7.712.57.4
Maniema 6.914.87.0
Katanga 7.812.87.3
Kasaï Oriental 7.312.47.5
Kasaï Occidental 8.214.27.5

Life expectancy

Life expectancy in DR Congo since 1950 Life expectancy in DR Congo.svg
Life expectancy in DR Congo since 1950
Life expectancy in DR Congo since 1960 by gender Life expectancy by WBG -Congo, DR -diff.png
Life expectancy in DR Congo since 1960 by gender
PeriodLife expectancy in
Years [10]
1950–195539.06
1955–1960Increase2.svg 40.55
1960–1965Increase2.svg 41.63
1965–1970Increase2.svg 42.99
1970–1975Increase2.svg 44.77
1975–1980Increase2.svg 45.63
1980–1985Increase2.svg 47.13
1985–1990Increase2.svg 48.25
1990–1995Increase2.svg 49.59
1995–2000Decrease2.svg 48.89
2000–2005Increase2.svg 51.84
2005–2010Increase2.svg 55.48
2010–2015Increase2.svg 58.10

Ethnic groups

More than 250 ethnic groups have been identified and named, of which the majority are Bantu. The four largest groups - Mongo, Luba, Kongo (all Bantu), and the Mangbetu-Azande collectively make up about 45% of the population. 5,000 people from Belgium and 5,000 people from Greece currently live in DR Congo. [11]

A family from the Mongo ethnic group. Mongo family in Equateur Province.jpg
A family from the Mongo ethnic group.

Bantu peoples (80%):

Luba (18%), Mongo (17%), Kongo (12%)[ citation needed ]
Others:[ citation needed ] Ambala, Ambuun, Angba, Babindi, Baboma, Baholo, Bangala, Bango, Bapindi, Batsamba, Bazombe, Bemba, Bembe, Bira, Bowa, Dikidiki, Dzing, Fuliru, Havu, Hema, Hima, Hunde, Iboko, Kanioka, Kaonde, Kuba, Kumu, Kwango, Lengola, Lokele,Lunda, Lupu, Lwalwa, Mbala, Mbole, Mbuza (Budja), Nande, Ngoli, Bangoli, Ngombe, Nkumu, Nyanga, Pende, Popoi, Poto, Sango, Shi, Songo, Sukus, Tabwa, Chokwe, Téké, Tembo, Tetela, Topoke, Ungana, Vira, Wakuti, Yaka, Yakoma, Yanzi, Yéké, Yela etc.

Central Sudanic/Ubangian  :

Ngbandi, Ngbaka, Manvu, Mbunja, Moru-Mangbetu, Zande, Lugbara

Nilotic peoples  :

Alur, Kakwa, Bari, Logo

Pygmy peoples  :

Mbuti, Twa, Baka, Babinga

More than 600,000 pygmies (around 1% of the total population) are believed to live in DR Congo, mainly in forests, where they survive by hunting wild animals and gathering fruits. [12]

Languages

The four major languages in the DRC are French (official, from colonization), Lingala (a lingua franca, or trade language), Kingwana (a dialect of Swahili), Kikongo ya leta, and Tshiluba. In total, there are over 200 ethnic languages.

French is generally the language of instruction in schools. English is taught as a compulsory foreign language in Secondary and High Schools around the country. It is a required subject in the Faculty of Economics at major universities around the country and there are numerous language schools in the country that teach it. Former President Kabila himself is fluent in both English and French, as was his father.

Religions

A survey conducted by the Demographic and Health Surveys program in 2013–2014 indicated that Christians constituted 93.7% of the population (Catholics 29.7%, Protestants 26.8%, and other Christians 37.2%). An indigenous religion, Kimbanguism, was practiced by 2.8% of the population, while Muslims make up 1.2%. [13]

Another estimate (by the Pew Research Center in 2010) found Christianity was followed by 95.8% of the population. [14]

The CIA The World Factbook gives the following percentages: Roman Catholic 29.9%, Protestant 26.7%, Kimbanguist 2.8%, Other Christian 36.5%, Islam 1.3%, Other (includes Syncretic Sects and Indigenous beliefs) 2.7%. [15]

The Joshua Project, a Christian missionary organisation, gives the following percentages: Roman Catholic 43.9%, Protestant 24.8%, Other Christian 23.7%, Muslim 1.6%, Non-religious 0.6%, Hindu 0.1% other syncretic sects and indigenous beliefs 5.3%. [16]

Other demographic statistics

Population, fertility rate and net reproduction rate, United Nations estimates Democratic Republic of the Congo Population 1950-2021 UN World Population Prospects 2022.svg
Population, fertility rate and net reproduction rate, United Nations estimates
Population pyramid of the Democratic Republic of the Congo in 2020 Democratic Republic of the Congo single age population pyramid 2020.png
Population pyramid of the Democratic Republic of the Congo in 2020

These are some other demographic statistics according to the World Population Review in 2022. [17]

The following demographic statistics are from the CIA World Factbook. [18]

Population

108,407,721 (2022 est.)
85,281,024 (July 2018 est.)
Note: estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality and death rates, lower population and growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and gender than would otherwise be expected (July 2017 est.)

Religions

Roman Catholic 29.9%, Protestant 26.7%, other Christian 36.5%, Kimbanguist 2.8%, Muslim 1.3%, other (includes syncretic sects and indigenous beliefs) 1.2%, none 1.3%, unspecified 0.2% (2014 est.)

Age structure

0-14 years: 46.38% (male 23,757,297/female 23,449,057)
15-24 years: 19.42% (male 9,908,686/female 9,856,841)
25-54 years: 28.38% (male 14,459,453/female 14,422,912)
55-64 years: 3.36% (male 1,647,267/female 1,769,429)
65 years and over: 2.47% (male 1,085,539/female 1,423,782) (2020 est.)
0-14 years: 41.25% (male 17,735,697 /female 17,446,866)
15-24 years: 21.46% (male 9,184,871 /female 9,117,462)
25-54 years: 30.96% (male 13,176,714 /female 13,225,429)
55-64 years: 3.63% (male 1,472,758 /female 1,625,637)
65 years and over: 2.69% (male 974,293 /female 1,321,297) (2018 est.)

Median age

total: 16.7 years. Country comparison to the world: 222nd
male: 16.5 years
female: 16.8 years (2020 est.)
total: 18.8 years. Country comparison to the world: 206th
male: 18.6 years
female: 19 years (2018 est.)

Birth rate

40.08 births/1,000 population (2022 est.) Country comparison to the world: 7th
40.1 births/1,000 population (2020 est.)

Death rate

7.94 deaths/1,000 population (2022 est.) Country comparison to the world: 95th
9.1 deaths/1,000 population (2020 est.)

Total fertility rate

5.63 children born/woman (2022 est.) Country comparison to the world: 3rd
5.7 children born/woman (2020 est.)

Population growth rate

3.14% (2022 est.) Country comparison to the world: 9th
2.33% (2018 est.) Country comparison to the world: 31st
2.42% (2016)

Mother's mean age at first birth

19.9 years (2013/14 est.)
note: median age at first birth among women 25-29

Contraceptive prevalence rate

28.1% (2017/18)
20.4% (2013/14)

Net migration rate

-0.71 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2022 est.) Country comparison to the world: 131st
-0.1 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2018 est.) Country comparison to the world: 105th
-0.54 migrant(s)/1,000 population

note: fighting between the Congolese Government and Uganda- and Rwanda-backed Congolese rebels spawned a regional war in DRC in August 1998, which left 2.33 million Congolese internally displaced and caused 412,000 Congolese refugees to flee to surrounding countries (2011 est.)

Given the situation in the country and the condition of state structures, it is extremely difficult to obtain reliable data however evidence suggests that DRC continues to be a destination country for immigrants in spite of recent declines. Immigration is seen to be very diverse in nature, with refugees and asylum-seekers - products of the numerous and violent conflicts in the Great Lakes Region - constituting an important subset of the population in the country. [19]

Additionally, the country's large mine operations attract migrant workers from Africa and beyond and there is considerable migration for commercial activities from other African countries and the rest of the world, but these movements are not well studied. Transit migration towards South Africa and Europe also plays a role. Immigration in the DRC has decreased steadily over the past two decades, most likely as a result of the armed violence that the country has experienced. [19]

According to the International Organization for Migration, the number of immigrants in the DRC has declined from just over 1 million in 1960, to 754,000 in 1990, to 480,000 in 2005, to an estimated 445,000 in 2010. Valid figures are not available on migrant workers in particular, partly due to the predominance of the informal economy in the DRC. Data are also lacking on irregular immigrants, however given neighbouring country ethnic links to nationals of the DRC, irregular migration is assumed to be a significant phenomenon in the country. [19]

Figures on the number of Congolese nationals abroad vary greatly depending on the source, from 3 to 6 million. This discrepancy is due to a lack of official, reliable data. Emigrants from the DRC are above all long-term emigrants, the majority of which live within Africa and to a lesser extent in Europe; 79.7% and 15.3% respectively, according to estimates on 2000 data. Most Congolese emigrants however, remain in Africa, with new destination countries including South Africa and various points en route to Europe. [19]

In addition to being a host country, the DRC has also produced a considerable number of refugees and asylum-seekers located in the region and beyond. These numbers peaked in 2004 when, according to UNHCR, there were more than 460,000 refugees from the DRC; in 2008, Congolese refugees numbered 367,995 in total, 68% of which were living in other African countries. [19]

Religions

Roman Catholic (55.8%), Other Christian (39.1%), Folk religion (2.5%), Islam (2.1%), None (0.5%)

Dependency ratios

total dependency ratio: 97.5 (2015 est.)
youth dependency ratio: 91.5 (2015 est.)
elderly dependency ratio: 6 (2015 est.)
potential support ratio: 16.8 (2015 est.)

Gender ratio

At birth: 1.03 male(s)/female
Under 15 years: 1.01 male(s)/female
15–64 years: 0.99 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.69 male(s)/female
Total population: 0.99 male(s)/female (2011 est.)

Life expectancy at birth

total population: 61.83 years. Country comparison to the world: 216th
male: 60.03 years
female: 63.69 years (2022 est.)
total population: 58.1 years (2018 est.) Country comparison to the world: 213rd
male: 56.5 years (2018 est.)
female: 59.7 years (2018 est.)
total population: 56.93 years
male: 55.39 years
female: 58.51 years (2015 est.) [20]

Urbanization

urban population: 46.8% of total population (2022)
rate of urbanization: 4.33% annual rate of change (2020-25 est.)
urban population: 44.5% of total population (2018)
rate of urbanization: 4.53% annual rate of change (2015-20 est.)

HIV/AIDS

Adult prevalence rate: 0.7% (2017 est.)
People living with HIV/AIDS: 390,000 (2017 est.)
Deaths: 17,000 (2017 est.)

Major infectious diseases

Degree of risk: very high
Food or waterborne diseases: bacterial and protozoal diarrhea, hepatitis A, typhoid fever and ebola.
Vectorborne diseases: malaria, plague, and African trypanosomiasis (sleeping sickness) are high risks in some locations
Water contact disease: schistosomiasis (2005)

Nationality

Noun: Congolese (singular and plural)
Adjective: Congolese or Congo

Literacy

Definition: age 15 and over can read and write French, Lingala, Kingwana, or Tshiluba
Total population: 77%
Male: 88.5%
Female: 66.5% (2016 est.)

School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education)

total: 10 years (2013)
male: 11 years (2013)
female: 9 years (2013)

Unemployment, youth ages 15-24

total: 8.7% (2012 est.) Country comparison to the world: 134th
male: 11.3% (2012 est.)
female: 6.8% (2012 est.)

Congolese diaspora

The table below shows DRC born people who have emigrated abroad in selected Western countries (although it excludes their descendants). [21]

RankCountryRegionYearDRC born population
1Flag of France.svg  France Europe2010 59,641
2Flag of Belgium (civil).svg  Belgium Europe2015 44,715
3Flag of Canada (Pantone).svg  Canada North America202139,475 [22]
4Flag of the United States.svg  United States North America2011-13 20,410
5Flag of the United Kingdom.svg  Great Britain Europe2011 19,193
6Flag of Germany.svg  Germany Europe2011 (foreign citizens) 9,299
7Flag of Switzerland (Pantone).svg  Switzerland Europe2011 6,724
8Flag of Italy.svg  Italy Europe2015 6,010
9Flag of the Netherlands.svg  Netherlands Europe2015 4,973
10Flag of Sweden.svg  Sweden Europe2015 3,092
11Flag of Australia (converted).svg  Australia Oceania2011 2,576
12Flag of Norway.svg  Norway Europe2015 2,210
13Flag of Brazil.svg  Brazil South America2020 2,064
14Flag of Spain.svg  Spain Europe2013 1,494
15Flag of Finland.svg  Finland Europe2015 1,523
16Flag of Denmark.svg  Denmark Europe2015 1,264
17Flag of Austria.svg  Austria Europe2015 1,258

These are only estimates and do not account for Congolese migrants residing illegally in these and other countries. Among African countries, Congo's diaspora is second only to Nigeria in size.[ citation needed ]

See also

Congolese ethnic groups:

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The demography of Kenya is monitored by the Kenyan National Bureau of Statistics. Kenya is a multi-ethnic state in East Africa. Its total population was at 47 558,296 as of the 2019 census.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Demographics of Mali</span>

This article is about the demographic features of the population of Mali, including population density, ethnicity, education level, health of the populace, economic status, religious affiliations and other aspects of the population.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Demographics of Niger</span> Demographic features of the population of Niger

This article is about the demographic features of Nigeriens, the people of Niger, including population density, ethnicity, education level, health of the populace, economic status, religious affiliations and other aspects of the population.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Demographics of Nigeria</span>

Nigeria is one of the most densely populated countries in Africa, with approximately 218.5 million people in an area of 923,768 km2 (356,669 sq mi), and is also the country with the largest population in Africa and the sixth largest population in the world.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Demographics of the Republic of the Congo</span> National demographics

This article is about the demographic features of the population of the Republic of the Congo, including population density, ethnicity, education level, health of the populace, economic status, religious affiliations and other aspects of the population.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Demographics of São Tomé and Príncipe</span> Demographic overview

This article is about the demographic features of the population of São Tomé and Príncipe, including population density, ethnicity, education level, health of the populace, economic status, religious affiliations and other aspects of the population.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Demographics of Seychelles</span>

This article is about the demographic features of the population of Seychelles, including population density, ethnicity, education level, health of the populace, economic status, religious affiliations and other aspects of the population.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Demographics of Tanzania</span>

This article is about the demographic features of the population of Tanzania, including population density, ethnicity, education level, health of the populace, economic status, religious affiliations, and other aspects of the population.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Demographics of Uganda</span> Aspect of human geography in Uganda

This article is about the demographic features of the population of Uganda, including population density, ethnicity, education level, health of the populace, economic status, religious affiliations and other aspects of the population.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Demographics of South Africa</span>

The population of South Africa is about 58.8 million people of diverse origins, cultures, languages, and religions. The South African National Census of 2022 was the most recent census held; the next will be in 2032.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Demographics of Benin</span>

The demographics of Benin include population density, ethnicity, education level, health of the populace, economic status, religious affiliations and other aspects of the population.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Demographics of the Gambia</span> Demographics of the West African country

The demographic characteristics of the population of The Gambia are known through national censuses, conducted in ten-year intervals and analyzed by The Gambian Bureau of Statistics (GBOS) since 1963. The latest census was conducted in 2013. The population of The Gambia at the 2013 census was 1.8 million. The population density is 176.1 per square kilometer, and the overall life expectancy in The Gambia is 64.1 years. Since the first census of 1963, the population of The Gambia has increased every ten years by an average of 43.2 percent. Since 1950s, the birth rate has constantly exceeded the death rate; the natural growth rate is positive. The Gambia is in the second stage of demographic transition. In terms of age structure, The Gambia is dominated by 15- to 24-year-old segment (57.6%). The median age of the population is 19.9 years, and the gender ratio of the total population is 0.98 males per female.

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PD-icon.svg This article incorporates public domain material from World Factbook (2023 ed.). CIA.  (Archived 2007 edition)