The Republic of Chad is made up of twenty-three regions.
Chad was divided into regions in 2002. It was previously divided into prefectures, and then departments.
This is a list of the regions of Chad since 2012, with population figures from the 2009 census.
|1||Batha||488,458||Ati||Batha Est, Batha Ouest, Fitri|
|22||Chari-Baguirmi||578,425||Massenya||Baguirmi, Chari, Loug Chari|
|23||Hadjer-Lamis||566,858||Massakory||Dababa, Dagana , Haraze Al Biar|
|5||Wadi Fira||508,383||Biltine||Biltine, Dar Tama, Kobé|
|2||Bahr el Gazel||257,267||Moussoro||Barh El Gazel Nord, Barh El Gazel Sud|
|3||Borkou||93,584||Faya-Largeau||Borkou, Borkou Yala|
|8||Ennedi-Est||107,302||Am-Djarass||Am-Djarass, Wadi Hawar|
|9||Guéra||538,359||Mongo||Abtouyour, Barh Signaka, Guéra, Mangalmé|
|13||Kanem||333,387||Mao||Kanem, Nord Kanem, Wadi Bissam|
|11||Logone Occidental||689,044||Moundou||Dodjé, Guéni, Lac Wey, Ngourkosso|
|7||Logone Oriental||779,339||Doba||La Nya, La Nya Pendé, La Pendé, Kouh-Est, Kouh-Ouest, Monts de Lam|
|15||Mandoul||628,065||Koumra||Barh Sara, Mandoul Occidental, Mandoul Oriental|
|6||Mayo-Kebbi Est||774,782||Bongor||Kabbia, Mayo-Boneye, Mayo-Lémié, Mont d'Illi|
|10||Mayo-Kebbi Ouest||564,470||Pala||Lac Léré, Mayo-Dallah|
|19||Moyen-Chari||588,008||Sarh||Barh Kôh, Grande Sido, Lac Iro|
|4||Ouaddaï||721,166||Abéché||Abdi, Assoungha, Ouara|
|17||Salamat||302,301||Am Timan||Aboudeïa, Barh Azoum, Haraze-Mangueigne|
|18||Sila||387,461||Goz Beïda||Djourf Al Ahmar, Kimiti|
|20||Tandjilé||661,906||Laï||Tandjilé Est, Tandjilé Ouest|
|21||Tibesti||25,483||Bardaï||Tibesti Est, Tibesti Ouest|
|16||N'Djamena (capital)||951,418||N'Djamena||10 dawāʾir or arrondissements|
From independence in 1960 until 1999 it was divided into 14 préfectures. These were replaced in 1999 by 28 départements. The country was reorganized again in 2002 to produce 18 régions. In 2008, a further four régions were created, increasing the number to 22. Ennedi Region was split into Ennedi-Est and Ennedi-Ouest in 2012, producing the current 23 regions.
|Key on map||Region||Capital|
|5||Bahr el Gazel||Moussoro|
|1||Batha||Ati||Batha Est, Batha Ouest, Fitri|
|2||Borkou-Ennedi-Tibesti||Faya-Largeau||Borkou, Ennedi Est, Ennedi Ouest, Tibesti|
|3||Chari-Baguirmi||Massenya||Baguirmi, Chari, Loug Chari|
|4||Guéra||Mongo||Barh Signaka, Guéra|
|5||Hadjer-Lamis||Massakory||Dababa, Dagana, Haraze Al Biar|
|6||Kanem||Mao||Barh El Gazel, Kanem|
|8||Logone Occidental||Moundou||Dodjé, Lac Wey, Ngourkosso|
|9||Logone Oriental||Doba||La Nya Pendé, La Pendé, Monts de Lam, La Nya (1)|
|10||Mandoul||Koumra||Barh Sara, Mandoul Occidental, Mandoul Oriental|
|11||Mayo-Kebbi Est||Bongor||Mayo-Boneye, Kabbia, Mont d'Illi (1), Mayo Lemie (1)|
|12||Mayo-Kebbi Ouest||Pala||Lac Léré, Mayo-Dallah|
|13||Moyen-Chari||Sarh||Barh Köh, Grande Sido, Lac Iro|
|14||Ouaddaï||Abéché||Assoungha, Djourf Al Ahmar, Ouara, Sila|
|15||Salamat||Am Timan||Aboudeïa, Barh Azoum, Haraze Mangueigne|
|16||Tandjilé||Laï||Tandjilé Est, Tandjilé Ouest|
|17||Wadi Fira||Biltine||Biltine, Dar Tama, Kobé|
|18||N'Djamena (capital)||N'Djamena||10 arrondissements|
(1) created in 2004
On February 19, 2008, four new regions were created:
Chad is one of the 48 landlocked countries in the world and is located in North Central Africa, measuring 1,284,000 square kilometers (495,755 sq mi), nearly twice the size of France and slightly more than three times the size of California. Most of its ethnically and linguistically diverse population lives in the south, with densities ranging from 54 persons per square kilometer in the Logone River basin to 0.1 persons in the northern B.E.T. (Borkou-Ennedi-Tibesti) desert region, which itself is larger than France. The capital city of N'Djaména, situated at the confluence of the Chari and Logone Rivers, is cosmopolitan in nature, with a current population in excess of 700,000 people.
Bahr el Gazel was formerly a department in the Kanem Region of Chad.
Kanem is one of the 23 regions of Chad. It is named after the famous Kanem Empire, which was centred in this vicinity. The region's capital is Mao. It was created in 2002 from the former Prefecture of Kanem. In 2008, a portion of the Kanem region was split off to become the new Bahr el Gazel Region.
The regions of Chad are divided into 61 departments. The departments are listed below, by name and by region.
Batha is one of the 23 regions of Chad, located in the centre of the country. It is composed of what was formerly Batha Prefecture with some slight boundary adjustments. The capital of the region is Ati.
The administrative divisions of Chad have often changed since 1900, when the territory was first created by France as part of its colonial empire, with the name Territoire Militaire des pays et protectorats du Tchad. The first subdivision took place in 1910, when 9 circumscriptions were made, named départements (departments) in 1935 and régions (regions) in 1947. As for the regions, they were further divided in districts.
Ouaddaï is a region of Chad, located in the south-east of the country, with its capital at Abéché. Prior to 2002 it was known as Ouaddaï Prefecture; in 2008 the southern portions of Ouaddaï were split off to become the new Sila Region.
Borkou is one of two departments of the Borkou Region in Chad. It was established by Ordinance No. 002/PR/08 of 19 February 2008. Its capital is Faya-Largeau.
The departments of Chad are divided into 348 sub-prefectures (sous-préfectures).
The Borkou region is a region of Chad which was created in 2008 from the Borkou department of the former Borkou-Ennedi-Tibesti region. Its capital is Faya-Largeau.
Barh El Gazel is one of the 23 regions of Chad. The region's name may also be written as Barh El Gazal or Bahr el Gazel. Its capital is the town of Moussoro. The region was created in 2008 from the former Barh El Gazel Department of the Kanem Region.
Sila or Dar Sila is a region of Chad, located in the south-east of the country. It was created in 2008 from the departments of Sila and Djourf Al Ahmar which were previously part of Ouaddaï Region. The capital of the region is Goz Beïda.
Ennedi-Ouest Region is one of the twenty-three regions of Chad.
Borkou Yala is a department of Borkou Region in Chad. It was created by Order No. 002 / PR / 08 of 19 February 2008. Its chief town is Kirdimi.
Nord Kanem is a department of Kanem Region in Chad. It was created by Ordinance No. 002 / PR / 08, on February 19, 2008. Its capital is Nokou.
Tibesti Est is a departments of Tibesti Region in Chad. It was created by Ordinance No. 002 / PR / 08 of 19 February 2008. Its chief town is Bardai.
Tibesti Ouest is a department of Tibesti Region in Chad. It was created by Ordinance No. 002 / PR / 08 of 19 February 2008. Its seat is Zouar
Wadi Bissam is a department of Kanem Region in Chad. It was created by Order No. 002 / PR / 08 of 19 February 2008. Its chief town is Mondo.
Wadi Hawar is a department in the Ennedi-Est region of the Republic of Chad.