|States of South Sudan|
|Location||Republic of South Sudan|
|Number||10 States |
2 administrative areas
1 area with special administrative status
The States of South Sudan were created out of the three historic former provinces (and contemporary regions) of Bahr el Ghazal (northwest), Equatoria (southern), and Greater Upper Nile (northeast). The states are further divided into 180 counties.
In October 2015, South Sudan's President Salva Kiir Mayardit issued a decree establishing 28 states in place of the 10 previously established states. [ citation needed ] A number[ who? ] of opposition parties challenged the constitutionality of this decree and the decree was referred to parliament for approval as a constitutional amendment. In November the South Sudanese parliament approved the creation of the new states. In January 2017, President Salva Kiir decreed a further subdivision of the country from 28 into 32 states.The decree established the new states largely along ethnic lines.
In February 2020, as a result of a peace agreement that ended the South Sudanese Civil War, the country returned to the original 10 states plus two administrative areas, Pibor and Ruweng, and the special administrative status area of Abyei.
As a result of the Comprehensive Peace Agreement signed in 2005, the Abyei Area is considered to be simultaneously part of the Republic of Sudan and the Republic of South Sudan, effectively a condominium. The Kafia Kingi area is disputed between South Sudan and Sudan and the Ilemi Triangle is disputed between South Sudan and Kenya.
Under the terms of a peace agreement signed on 22 February 2020, South Sudan is divided into 10 states, two administrative areas and one area with special administrative status.The states of and administrative areas are grouped into the three former historical provinces of the Sudan: Bahr el Ghazal, Equatoria, Greater Upper Nile. Each state is headed by a Governor and administrative areas are led by Chief Administrators.
|Flag||State or area||Capital||Governor or |
|Northern Bahr el Ghazal||Aweil||Tong Aken Ngor||820,834||30,543.30||26.87||Bahr el Ghazal|
|Western Bahr el Ghazal||Wau||Sarah Cleto Rial||358,692||91,075.95||3.94||Bahr el Ghazal|
|Lakes||Rumbek||Makur Kulang||782,504||43,595.08||17.95||Bahr el Ghazal|
|Warrap||Kuajok||Bona Panek Biar||1,044,217||45,567.24||22.92||Bahr el Ghazal|
|Western Equatoria||Yambio||Alfred Futiyu||658,863||79,342.66||8.30||Equatoria|
|Central Equatoria||Juba||Emmanuel Adil Anthony||1,193,130||43,033.00||27.73||Equatoria|
|Eastern Equatoria||Torit||Louis Lobong Lojore||962,719||73,472.01||13.10||Equatoria|
|Jonglei||Bor||Denay Jock Chagor||1,228,824||80,926.00||TBD||Greater Upper Nile|
|Unity||Bentiu||Joseph Monytuil||399,105||TBD||TBD||Greater Upper Nile|
|Upper Nile||Malakal||Budhok Ayang Kur||1,013,629||77,283.42||13.12||Greater Upper Nile|
|Abyei Area||Abyei||Kuol Deim Kuol||124,390||10,546.00||TBD||Bahr el Ghazal|
|Pibor Area||Pibor||Joshua Konyi||214,676||41,962.00||TBD||Greater Upper Nile|
|Ruweng Area||Pariang||William Chol Awolich||246,360||TBD||TBD||Greater Upper Nile|
On January 14, 2017, President Kiir issued a presidential decree that increased the number of federal states from 28 to 32.
The 32 states were as follows:
|Greater Upper Nile Region (13 States)|
|Akobo State||Akobo||Akobo||Johnson Gony Bilieu||Jonglei|
|Bieh State|| Uror |
|Waat||Moses Majiok Gatluak||Jonglei|
|Boma State|| Pochalla |
|Pibor||Sultan Ismail Konyi||Jonglei|
|Fangak State|| Ayod |
|Ayod||James Kok Ruea||Jonglei|
|Jonglei State|| Bor |
|Bor||Philip Agwer Panyang||Jonglei|
|Northern Liech State|| Mayom |
|Bentiu||Joseph Nguen Monytuil||Unity|
|Ruweng State|| Panriang |
|Panriang||Thiaji de-Dut Deng||Unity|
|Southern Liech State|| Mayendit |
|Leer||Teker Riek Dong||Unity|
|Central Upper Nile State|| Akoka |
|Malakal||James Tor Monybuny||Upper Nile|
|Fashoda State|| Kodok |
|Kodok||Johnson Olony||Upper Nile|
|Latjor State|| Ulang |
|Nasir||Peter Gatkuoth Khor||Upper Nile|
|Maiwut State|| Longchuk |
|Maiwut||Bol Ruach Rom||Upper Nile|
|Northern Upper Nile State|| Renk |
|Renk||Deng Akoi Gak||Upper Nile|
|Bahr El Ghazal Region (10 States)|
|Eastern Lakes State|| Yirol East |
|Yirol||Ring Tueny Mabor||Ring Tueny Mabor||Lakes|
|Gok State||Cueibet||Cueibet||Madang Majok Meen||Madang Majok Meen||Lakes|
|Western Lakes State|| Rumbek North |
|Rumbek||Abraham Makoi Bol||Abraham Makoi Bol||Lakes|
|Aweil East State||Aweil East||Wanjok||Deng Deng Akuei||Deng Deng Akuei||North Bahr el Ghazal|
|Aweil State|| Aweil South |
|Aweil||Ronald Ruai Deng||Ronald Ruai Deng||North Bahr el Ghazal|
|Gogrial State|| Gogrial West |
|Kuacjok||Abraham Gum Makuach||Gregory Deng Kuach Aduol||Warrap|
|Tonj State|| Tonj North |
|Tonj||Akech Tong Aleu||Akech Tong Aleu||Warrap|
|Twic State||Twic||Mayen-Abun||Bona Pariek Biar||Kon Manyiel Kuol||Warrap|
|Lol State|| Raja |
|Raja||Rizik Zachariah Hassan||Rizik Zachariah Hassan||West Bahr el Ghazal|
|Wau State|| Jur River |
|Wau||Elias Waya Nyipouch||Andrea Mayar Achor||West Bahr el Ghazal|
|Equatoria Region (9 States)|
|Jubek State||Juba *||Juba||Augustino Jadalla Wani||Augustino Jadalla Wani||Central Equatoria|
|Terekeka State|| Terekeka |
|Terekeka||Juma Ali Malou||Juma Ali Malou||Central Equatoria|
|Yei River State|| Yei |
|Yei||David Lokonga Moses||David Lokonga Moses||Central Equatoria|
|Imatong State|| Lopa |
|Torit||Natisio Loluke Manir||Natisio Loluke Manir||East Equatoria|
|Kapoeta State|| Kapoeta North |
|Kapoeta||Louise Lobong Lojore||Louise Lobong Lojore||East Equatoria|
|Amadi State|| Mvolo |
|Mundri||Joseph Pachiko||Joseph Pachiko||West Equatoria|
|Gbudwe State|| Yambio |
|Yambio||Patrick Raphael Zamoi||Badagu Daniel Remposa||West Equatoria|
|Maridi State|| Maridi |
|Maridi||Africano Monday||Africano Monday||West Equatoria|
|Tambura State|| Tambura |
|Tambura||Patrick Raphael Zamoi||Patrick Raphael Zamoi||West Equatoria|
* - includes Bari, Lokoya and Nyangwara communities
Bahr el Ghazal
Greater Upper Nile
|Northern Bahr el Ghazal||Aweil||820,834||30,543.30||26.87||Bahr el Ghazal|
|Western Bahr el Ghazal||Wau||358,692||91,075.95||3.94||Bahr el Ghazal|
|Lakes||Rumbek||782,504||43,595.08||17.95||Bahr el Ghazal|
|Warrap||Kuajok||1,044,217||45,567.24||22.92||Bahr el Ghazal|
|Jonglei||Bor||1,443,500||122,580.83||11.78||Greater Upper Nile|
|Unity||Bentiu||645,465||37,836.39||17.06||Greater Upper Nile|
|Upper Nile||Malakal||1,013,629||77,283.42||13.12||Greater Upper Nile|
On 22 December 2014, opposition leader and former vice president Riek Machar declared the 10 states of South Sudan dissolved and the formation of 21 new states in a federal system. The declaration was not recognised by the South Sudanese government.The Sudan Tribune reported on 1 January 2015 that Machar appointed "military governors" for several of his declared states. These states became defunct when the SPLM-IO joined the unity government formed by the R-ARCSS in February 2020.
The Republic of the Sudan is composed of 18 wilayat or states, listed below. The states have their origins in the provinces during the period of Anglo-Egyptian Sudan. Before 9 July 2011, when 10 southern states gained their independence as South Sudan, the country consisted of 25 states. Two additional states were created in 2012 within the Darfur region, and one in 2013 in Kordofan, bringing the total to 18.
The Greater Upper Nile is a region of northeastern South Sudan. It is named for the White Nile, a tributary of the Nile River in North and East Africa.
Ethnic violence in South Sudan has a long history among South Sudan's varied ethnic groups. South Sudan has 64 tribes with the largest being the Dinkas, who constitute about 35% of the population and predominate in government. The second largest are the Nuers. Conflict is often aggravated among nomadic groups over the issue of cattle and grazing land and is part of the wider Sudanese nomadic conflicts.
James Wani Igga is a South Sudanese politician who currently serves as the Vice President of South Sudan. He was Speaker of the National Legislative Assembly from 2011 to 2013 and secretary general of the SPLM. On 30 May 2020, he tested positive for COVID-19.
The South Sudanese Civil War was a multi-sided civil war in South Sudan between forces of the government and opposition forces. In December 2013, President Kiir accused his former deputy Riek Machar and ten others of attempting a coup d'état. Machar denied trying to start a coup and fled to lead the SPLM – in opposition (SPLM-IO). Fighting broke out between the Sudan People's Liberation Movement (SPLM) and SPLM-IO, igniting the civil war. Ugandan troops were deployed to fight alongside the South Sudanese government. The United Nations has peacekeepers in the country as part of the United Nations Mission in South Sudan (UNMISS).
Aweil East also known as Abiem, was a state in South Sudan that existed between 2 October 2015 and 22 February 2020.It had an estimated population of 571,728 people and an area of 6,172.23 KM square. It was located in northern-western South Sudan. Its capital and largest city was Wanyjok. The state is located in the Bahr el Ghazal region and it bordered Twic State and Gogrial State to the east, Aweil State to the south, Lol State to the west, the disputed Abyei State region to the northeast, and Sudan to the north.
Gbudwe State was a state of South Sudan that existed between 2 October 2015 and 22 February 2020.It was created from Western Equatoria state. Tambura State was split from Gbudwe State on January 14, 2017. Gbudwe State was located in the Equatoria region. Gbudwe bordered the states of Lol, Maridi, Tambura, and Western Lakes, and also the province of Haut-Uélé in the Democratic Republic of the Congo and Haut-Mbomou in the Central African Republic. The state had a population of 364,272 in 2008.
Terekeka State was a state in South Sudan that existed between 2 October 2015 and 22 February 2020. It was located in the Equatoria region and it bordered Amadi, Eastern Lakes, Imatong, Jonglei, and Jubek. It has an estimated population of 176,030 in 2014, and the capital and largest city of the state is Terekeka, South Sudan.
Boma State was a state in South Sudan that existed between 2 October 2015 and 22 February 2020. It was located in the Greater Upper Nile region and was formerly part of the state of Jonglei. The state bordered Akobo State, Imatong State, Jonglei State, Kapoeta State, Bieh State, Terekeka State and the country of Ethiopia to the east.
Bieh State was a state in South Sudan that existed between 2 October 2015 and 22 February 2020. It was located in the Greater Upper Nile region and it bordered Fangak to the west, Central Upper Nile to the north, Latjoor and Akobo to the east, and Jonglei to the south.
Northern Liech was a state in South Sudan that existed between 2 October 2015 and 22 February 2020. It was located in the Greater Upper Nile region and it bordered Ruweng to the north, Western Bieh to the east, Southern Liech to the south, Tonj to the south, and Gogrial and Twic to the west.
Eastern Nile was a state in South Sudan that existed between 2 October 2015 and 14 January 2017 when it was divided into Central Upper Nile State and Northern Upper Nile State. It was located in the Greater Upper Nile region and it was part of the former states of Upper Nile and Jonglei. The state bordered the states of Eastern Bieh, Latjoor, Western Bieh, Western Nile, and the country of Ethiopia to the east.
The Ruweng Administrative Area is an administrative area in South Sudan. The area was known as Ruweng State between 2 October 2015 and 22 February 2020 when it was a state of South Sudan.
Fangak State was a state in South Sudan that existed between 2 October 2015 and 22 February 2020. It was located in the Greater Upper Nile region and it bordered Ruweng to the northwest, Western Nile to the northeast, Eastern Nile to the east, Eastern Bieh to the southeast, Jonglei to the south, Southern Liech to the southwest, and Northern Liech to the west.
Fashoda State was a state in South Sudan that existed between 2 October 2015 and 22 February 2020. It was located in the Greater Upper Nile region of South Sudan, and it bordered the country of Sudan to the north, and the southern Sudanese states of Eastern Nile to the east, Western Bieh to the southwest, and Ruweng to the west.
Maiwut State was a state in South Sudan that existed between 14 January 2017 and 22 February 2020. It is located in the Greater Upper Nile region and it borders Eastern Nile to the north, Eastern Bieh to the south, and Latjoor State to the east.
This article lists events from the year 2019 in South Sudan
James Tor Monybuny is a South Sudanese politician who has been the deputy governor of Upper Nile State since January 2021, and was the first governor of Central Upper Nile State from 2017-2019. Monybuny is from Baliet, and is a member of the Ngok Lual Yak section of the Padang Dinka. Earlier in his career, Monybuny was a pastor for the Presbyterian Church in South Sudan and the Baliet County commissioner.
Timothy Taban Juch is a South Sudanese politician and the former governor of Akobo State in South Sudan.
Kuol Deim Kuol is a former South Sudan People's Defence Forces (SPLA) general and the chief administrator of the Abyei Area since June 29, 2020.
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