States of South Sudan

Last updated
States of South Sudan
SouthSudanStatesandAdministrativeAreas.svg
Category Federated state
Location Republic of South Sudan
Number10 States
2 administrative areas
1 area with special administrative status
Government
Subdivisions

The States of South Sudan were created out of the three historic former provinces (and contemporary regions) of Bahr el Ghazal (northwest), Equatoria (southern), and Greater Upper Nile (northeast). The states are further divided into 180 counties.

Contents

In October 2015, South Sudan's President Salva Kiir Mayardit issued a decree establishing 28 states in place of the 10 previously established states. [1] The decree established the new states largely along ethnic lines.[ citation needed ] A number[ who? ] of opposition parties challenged the constitutionality of this decree and the decree was referred to parliament for approval as a constitutional amendment. [2] In November the South Sudanese parliament approved the creation of the new states. [3] In January 2017, President Salva Kiir decreed a further subdivision of the country from 28 into 32 states. [4]

In February 2020, as a result of a peace agreement that ended the South Sudanese Civil War, the country returned to the original 10 states plus two administrative areas, Pibor and Ruweng, and the special administrative status area of Abyei. [5] [6] [7]

As a result of the Comprehensive Peace Agreement signed in 2005, the Abyei Area is considered to be simultaneously part of the Republic of Sudan and the Republic of South Sudan, effectively a condominium. The Kafia Kingi area is disputed between South Sudan and Sudan and the Ilemi Triangle is disputed between South Sudan and Kenya.

10 states and three areas (2020–Present)

The administrative subdivisions of South Sudan grouped in the three historical provinces of:
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Bahr el Ghazal
Equatoria
Greater Upper Nile SouthSudanStatesandAdministrativeAreas.svg
The administrative subdivisions of South Sudan grouped in the three historical provinces of:
   Equatoria

Under the terms of a peace agreement signed on 22 February 2020, South Sudan is divided into 10 states, two administrative areas and one area with special administrative status. [8] The states of and administrative areas are grouped into the three former historical provinces of the Sudan: Bahr el Ghazal, Equatoria, Greater Upper Nile. Each state is headed by a Governor and administrative areas are led by Chief Administrators.

FlagState or areaCapitalGovernor or

Chief Administrator

Population
(2010) [9]
Area
(km2) [9]
Density
(/km2)
Region
Flag of Northern Bahr el Ghazal.png Northern Bahr el Ghazal Aweil Tong Aken Ngor 820,83430,543.3026.87 Bahr el Ghazal
Flag of Western Bahr el Ghazal.png Western Bahr el Ghazal Wau Sarah Cleto Rial 358,69291,075.953.94 Bahr el Ghazal
Flag of Lakes State.png Lakes Rumbek Makur Kulang 782,50443,595.0817.95 Bahr el Ghazal
Flag of Warrap State.png Warrap Kuajok Bona Panek Biar 1,044,21745,567.2422.92 Bahr el Ghazal
Flag of Western Equatoria.png Western Equatoria Yambio Alfred Futiyu 658,86379,342.668.30 Equatoria
Flag of Central Equatoria.png Central Equatoria Juba Emmanuel Adil Anthony 1,193,13043,033.0027.73 Equatoria
Flag of Eastern Equatoria.png Eastern Equatoria Torit Louis Lobong Lojore 962,71973,472.0113.10 Equatoria
Flag of Jonglei.png Jonglei Bor Denay Jock Chagor 1,228,82480,926.00TBD Greater Upper Nile
Flag of Unity State.png Unity Bentiu Joseph Monytuil 399,105TBDTBD Greater Upper Nile
Flag of Upper Nile State.png Upper Nile Malakal Budhok Ayang Kur [10] 1,013,62977,283.4213.12 Greater Upper Nile
Emblem of the Abyei Area.png Abyei Area Abyei Kuol Deim Kuol 124,39010,546.00TBD Bahr el Ghazal
A blank flag.png Pibor Area Pibor Joshua Konyi 214,67641,962.00TBD Greater Upper Nile
Flag of Ruweng.png Ruweng Area Pariang William Chol Awolich 246,360TBDTBD Greater Upper Nile

32 states (2017–2020)

The 32 states of South Sudan grouped in the three historical provinces of the Sudan
Bahr el Ghazal
Equatoria
Greater Upper Nile 32 States of South Sudan within regions.png
The 32 states of South Sudan grouped in the three historical provinces of the Sudan
   Equatoria

On January 14, 2017, President Kiir issued a presidential decree that increased the number of federal states from 28 to 32.

List

The 32 states were as follows: [11]

StateCountiesCapitalLast
Governor
Appt. to
Office Date
RefsFormer
State
Greater Upper Nile Region (13 States)
Akobo State Akobo Akobo Johnson Gony Bilieu Jonglei
Bieh State Uror
Nyirol
Waat Moses Majiok Gatluak Jonglei
Boma State Pochalla
Pibor
Pibor Sultan Ismail Konyi Jonglei
Fangak State Ayod
Fangak
Ayod James Kok Ruea Jonglei
Jonglei State Bor
Twic East
Duk
Bor Philip Agwer Panyang Jonglei
Northern Liech State Mayom
Koch
Rubkona
Guit
Bentiu Joseph Nguen Monytuil Unity
Ruweng State Panriang
Abiemnhom
Panriang Thiaji de-Dut Deng Unity
Southern Liech State Mayendit
Leer
Panyijiar
Leer Teker Riek Dong Unity
Central Upper Nile State Akoka
Pigi
Baliet
Panyikang
Malakal James Tor Monybuny Upper Nile
Fashoda State Kodok
Manyo
Kodok Johnson OlonyUpper Nile
Latjor State Ulang
Nasir
Nasir Peter Gatkuoth Khor Upper Nile
Maiwut State Longchuk
Koma
Maiwut
Maiwut Bol Ruach Rom Upper Nile
Northern Upper Nile State Renk
Maban
Melut
Renk Deng Akoi Gak Upper Nile
Bahr El Ghazal Region (10 States)
Eastern Lakes State Yirol East
Yirol West
Awerial
YirolRing Tueny MaborRing Tueny MaborLakes
Gok State Cueibet CueibetMadang Majok MeenMadang Majok MeenLakes
Western Lakes State Rumbek North
Rumbek East
Rumbek Center
Wulu
RumbekAbraham Makoi BolAbraham Makoi BolLakes
Aweil East State Aweil East WanjokDeng Deng AkueiDeng Deng AkueiNorth Bahr el Ghazal
Aweil State Aweil South
Aweil Center
AweilRonald Ruai DengRonald Ruai DengNorth Bahr el Ghazal
Gogrial State Gogrial West
Gogrial East
KuacjokAbraham Gum MakuachGregory Deng Kuach AduolWarrap
Tonj State Tonj North
Tonj East
Tonj South
TonjAkech Tong AleuAkech Tong AleuWarrap
Twic State Twic Mayen-AbunBona Pariek BiarKon Manyiel KuolWarrap
Lol State Raja
Aweil North
Aweil West
RajaRizik Zachariah HassanRizik Zachariah HassanWest Bahr el Ghazal
Wau State Jur River
Bagari
WauElias Waya NyipouchAndrea Mayar AchorWest Bahr el Ghazal
Equatoria Region (9 States)
Jubek State Juba *JubaAugustino Jadalla WaniAugustino Jadalla WaniCentral Equatoria
Terekeka State Terekeka
Jemeiza
Gwor
Tali
Tigor
TerekekaJuma Ali MalouJuma Ali MalouCentral Equatoria
Yei River State Yei
Lainya
Morobo
Kajo Keji
YeiDavid Lokonga MosesDavid Lokonga MosesCentral Equatoria
Imatong State Lopa
Torit
Ikotos
Magwi
ToritNatisio Loluke ManirNatisio Loluke ManirEast Equatoria
Kapoeta State Kapoeta North
Kapoeta East
Kapoeta South
Budi
KapoetaLouise Lobong LojoreLouise Lobong LojoreEast Equatoria
Amadi State Mvolo
Mundri West
Mundri East
MundriJoseph PachikoJoseph PachikoWest Equatoria
Gbudwe State Yambio
Ezo
Anzara
YambioPatrick Raphael ZamoiBadagu Daniel RemposaWest Equatoria
Maridi State Maridi
Ibba
MaridiAfricano MondayAfricano MondayWest Equatoria
Tambura State Tambura
Nagero
TamburaPatrick Raphael ZamoiPatrick Raphael ZamoiWest Equatoria

Note:

* - includes Bari, Lokoya and Nyangwara communities

28 states (2015–2017)

The 28 states of South Sudan grouped in the three historical provinces of the Sudan
Bahr el Ghazal
Equatoria
Greater Upper Nile 28 States of South Sudan within regions.png
The 28 states of South Sudan grouped in the three historical provinces of the Sudan
   Equatoria
  1. – containing the national capital city of Juba
  2. – earlier called Eastern Bieh
  3. – earlier called Western Bieh
  4. – earlier called Western Nile

10 states (2011–2015)

The former ten states of South Sudan grouped in the three historical provinces of the Sudan
Bahr el Ghazal
Equatoria
Greater Upper Nile SouthSudanStates.svg
The former ten states of South Sudan grouped in the three historical provinces of the Sudan
   Equatoria
FlagStateCapitalPopulation
(2010) [9]
Area
(km2) [9]
Density
(/km2)
Region
Flag of Northern Bahr el Ghazal.png Northern Bahr el Ghazal Aweil 820,83430,543.3026.87 Bahr el Ghazal
Flag of Western Bahr el Ghazal.png Western Bahr el Ghazal Wau 358,69291,075.953.94 Bahr el Ghazal
Flag of Lakes State.png Lakes Rumbek 782,50443,595.0817.95 Bahr el Ghazal
Flag of Warrap State.png Warrap Kuajok 1,044,21745,567.2422.92 Bahr el Ghazal
Flag of Western Equatoria.png Western Equatoria Yambio 658,86379,342.668.30 Equatoria
Flag of Central Equatoria.png Central Equatoria Juba 1,193,13043,033.0027.73 Equatoria
Flag of Eastern Equatoria.png Eastern Equatoria Torit 962,71973,472.0113.10 Equatoria
Flag of Jonglei.png Jonglei Bor 1,443,500122,580.8311.78 Greater Upper Nile
Flag of Unity State.png Unity Bentiu 645,46537,836.3917.06 Greater Upper Nile
Flag of Upper Nile State.png Upper Nile Malakal 1,013,62977,283.4213.12 Greater Upper Nile
Flag of South Sudan.svg South Sudan Juba 8,923,553644,329.3713.85

SPLM-IO declaration

21 States of South Sudan as declared by the SPLM-IO 21 States of South Sudan.png
21 States of South Sudan as declared by the SPLM-IO

On 22 December 2014, opposition leader and former vice president Riek Machar declared the 10 states of South Sudan dissolved and the formation of 21 new states in a federal system. The declaration was not recognised by the South Sudanese government. [12] The Sudan Tribune reported on 1 January 2015 that Machar appointed "military governors" for several of his declared states. [13] These states became defunct when the SPLM-IO joined the unity government formed by the R-ARCSS in February 2020.

See also

Related Research Articles

States of Sudan Highest level administrative sub-division of Sudan

The Republic of the Sudan is composed of 18 wilayat or states, listed below. The states have their origins in the provinces during the period of Anglo-Egyptian Sudan. Before 9 July 2011, when 10 southern states gained their independence as South Sudan, the country consisted of 25 states. Two additional states were created in 2012 within the Darfur region, and one in 2013 in Kordofan, bringing the total to 18.

Greater Upper Nile Region in South Sudan

The Greater Upper Nile is a region of northeastern South Sudan. It is named for the White Nile, a tributary of the Nile River in North and East Africa.

Ethnic violence in South Sudan has a long history among South Sudan's varied ethnic groups. South Sudan has 64 tribes with the largest being the Dinkas, who constitute about 35% of the population and predominate in government. The second largest are the Nuers. Conflict is often aggravated among nomadic groups over the issue of cattle and grazing land and is part of the wider Sudanese nomadic conflicts.

James Wani Igga

James Wani Igga is a South Sudanese politician who currently serves as the Vice President of South Sudan. He was Speaker of the National Legislative Assembly from 2011 to 2013 and secretary general of the SPLM. On 30 May 2020, he tested positive for COVID-19.

South Sudanese Civil War Conflict in South Sudan from 2013 to 2020

The South Sudanese Civil War was a multi-sided civil war in South Sudan between forces of the government and opposition forces. In December 2013, President Kiir accused his former deputy Riek Machar and ten others of attempting a coup d'état. Machar denied trying to start a coup and fled to lead the SPLM – in opposition (SPLM-IO). Fighting broke out between the Sudan People's Liberation Movement (SPLM) and SPLM-IO, igniting the civil war. Ugandan troops were deployed to fight alongside the South Sudanese government. The United Nations has peacekeepers in the country as part of the United Nations Mission in South Sudan (UNMISS).

Aweil East State State in Wanyjok, South Sudan

Aweil East also known as Abiem, was a state in South Sudan that existed between 2 October 2015 and 22 February 2020.It had an estimated population of 571,728 people and an area of 6,172.23 KM square. It was located in northern-western South Sudan. Its capital and largest city was Wanyjok. The state is located in the Bahr el Ghazal region and it bordered Twic State and Gogrial State to the east, Aweil State to the south, Lol State to the west, the disputed Abyei State region to the northeast, and Sudan to the north.

Gbudwe State State in Yambio, South Sudan

Gbudwe State was a state of South Sudan that existed between 2 October 2015 and 22 February 2020.It was created from Western Equatoria state. Tambura State was split from Gbudwe State on January 14, 2017. Gbudwe State was located in the Equatoria region. Gbudwe bordered the states of Lol, Maridi, Tambura, and Western Lakes, and also the province of Haut-Uélé in the Democratic Republic of the Congo and Haut-Mbomou in the Central African Republic. The state had a population of 364,272 in 2008.

Terekeka State State in Terekeka, South Sudan

Terekeka State was a state in South Sudan that existed between 2 October 2015 and 22 February 2020. It was located in the Equatoria region and it bordered Amadi, Eastern Lakes, Imatong, Jonglei, and Jubek. It has an estimated population of 176,030 in 2014, and the capital and largest city of the state is Terekeka, South Sudan.

Boma State State of South Sudan

Boma State was a state in South Sudan that existed between 2 October 2015 and 22 February 2020. It was located in the Greater Upper Nile region and was formerly part of the state of Jonglei. The state bordered Akobo State, Imatong State, Jonglei State, Kapoeta State, Bieh State, Terekeka State and the country of Ethiopia to the east.

Bieh State State of South Sudan

Bieh State was a state in South Sudan that existed between 2 October 2015 and 22 February 2020. It was located in the Greater Upper Nile region and it bordered Fangak to the west, Central Upper Nile to the north, Latjoor and Akobo to the east, and Jonglei to the south.

Northern Liech State State in Bentiu, South Sudan

Northern Liech was a state in South Sudan that existed between 2 October 2015 and 22 February 2020. It was located in the Greater Upper Nile region and it bordered Ruweng to the north, Western Bieh to the east, Southern Liech to the south, Tonj to the south, and Gogrial and Twic to the west.

Eastern Nile State Former State in Malakal, South Sudan

Eastern Nile was a state in South Sudan that existed between 2 October 2015 and 14 January 2017 when it was divided into Central Upper Nile State and Northern Upper Nile State. It was located in the Greater Upper Nile region and it was part of the former states of Upper Nile and Jonglei. The state bordered the states of Eastern Bieh, Latjoor, Western Bieh, Western Nile, and the country of Ethiopia to the east.

Ruweng Administrative Area Administrative area in South Sudan

The Ruweng Administrative Area is an administrative area in South Sudan. The area was known as Ruweng State between 2 October 2015 and 22 February 2020 when it was a state of South Sudan.

Fangak State State in Ayod, South Sudan

Fangak State was a state in South Sudan that existed between 2 October 2015 and 22 February 2020. It was located in the Greater Upper Nile region and it bordered Ruweng to the northwest, Western Nile to the northeast, Eastern Nile to the east, Eastern Bieh to the southeast, Jonglei to the south, Southern Liech to the southwest, and Northern Liech to the west.

Fashoda State State in Kodok, South Sudan

Fashoda State was a state in South Sudan that existed between 2 October 2015 and 22 February 2020. It was located in the Greater Upper Nile region of South Sudan, and it bordered the country of Sudan to the north, and the southern Sudanese states of Eastern Nile to the east, Western Bieh to the southwest, and Ruweng to the west.

Maiwut State was a state in South Sudan that existed between 14 January 2017 and 22 February 2020. It is located in the Greater Upper Nile region and it borders Eastern Nile to the north, Eastern Bieh to the south, and Latjoor State to the east.

This article lists events from the year 2019 in South Sudan

James Tor Monybuny is a South Sudanese politician who has been the deputy governor of Upper Nile State since January 2021, and was the first governor of Central Upper Nile State from 2017-2019. Monybuny is from Baliet, and is a member of the Ngok Lual Yak section of the Padang Dinka. Earlier in his career, Monybuny was a pastor for the Presbyterian Church in South Sudan and the Baliet County commissioner.

Timothy Taban Juch is a South Sudanese politician and the former governor of Akobo State in South Sudan.

Kuol Deim Kuol is a former South Sudan People's Defence Forces (SPLA) general and the chief administrator of the Abyei Area since June 29, 2020.

References

  1. "Kiir and Makuei want 28 states in South Sudan". Radio Tamazuj. Archived from the original on 2015-12-08.
  2. "Kiir pressured into taking decree to parliament for approval". Radio Tamazuj. Archived from the original on 2016-03-04.
  3. "South Sudan's Kiir appoints governors of 28 new states". Sudan Tribune.
  4. "South Sudanese President creates four more states – Sudan Tribune: Plural news and views on Sudan". www.sudantribune.com. Retrieved 2017-03-01.
  5. "South Sudan Kiir agrees to re-establish the 10 states - Sudan Tribune: Plural news and views on Sudan". www.sudantribune.com. Retrieved 2020-02-15.
  6. "Kiir agrees to relinquish controversial 32 states". Radio Tamazuj. Retrieved 2020-02-15.
  7. https://twitter.com/dekuekd/status/1228596792155000833
  8. https://www.aljazeera.com/news/2020/02/6-years-war-peace-finally-south-sudan-200223114919537.html
  9. 1 2 3 4 "Statistical Yearbook for Southern Sudan 2010" (PDF). Southern Sudan Centre for Census, Statistics and Evaluation. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2012-10-18. Retrieved 2012-06-01.
  10. Editor (2021-01-29). "Budhok Ayang Kur appointed Governor of Upper Nile state". South Sudan FP. Retrieved 2021-02-02.CS1 maint: extra text: authors list (link)
  11. "The 32 Federal States of the Republic of South Sudan". paanluelwel.com. 22 January 2017.
  12. "Uganda: Citizens in Uganda Welcome Rebel Formation of 21 States". allAfrica.com. 7 January 2015. Retrieved 9 January 2015.
  13. "South Sudan: Machar Appoints Top Rebel Command, State Governors". allAfrica.com. 1 January 2015. Retrieved 9 January 2015.