Wau State

Last updated
Wau State
State
Wau in South Sudan 2015.svg
Location of Wau State in South Sudan
Country South Sudan
Capital Wau
Number of Counties 8
Government
  Governor Angelo Taban Biajo [1]
Population (2014 Estimate)
  Total 431,230

Wau State is one of the 28 states of South Sudan that formed on 2 October 2015. It is located in the Bahr el Ghazal region, and was part of the former state of Western Bahr el Ghazal. Wau State borders Aweil State, Gbudwe State, Gogrial State, Lol State, and Tonj State. [2]

South Sudan country in Africa

South Sudan, officially known as the Republic of South Sudan, is a landlocked country in East-Central Africa. The country gained its independence from the Republic of the Sudan in 2011, making it the newest country with widespread recognition. Its capital and largest city is Juba.

Bahr el Ghazal (region of South Sudan) Region in South Sudan

The Bahr el Ghazal is a historical region of northwestern South Sudan. It was dissolved in 2015. Its name came from the river Bahr el Ghazal.

Western Bahr el Ghazal state of South Sudan

Western Bahr el Ghazal was one of the states of South Sudan. It had an area of 93,900 km2 (36,255 sq mi) and was the least populous state in South Sudan, according to the controversial Sudanese census conducted in 2008. It was part of the Bahr el Ghazal region. Its capital was Wau. The state shared international borders with Sudan to the north and the Central African Republic to the west. The portion now occupied by Raga County is the southern part of the historical region known as "Dar Fertit".

Contents

History

Before Wau state was formed, its territory was part of the former state of Western Bahr el Ghazal. On 2 October 2015, President Salva Kiir issued a decree establishing 28 states in place of the 10 constitutionally established states. [3] The decree established the new states largely along ethnic lines. A number of opposition parties and civil society groups challenged the constitutionality of the decree. Kiir later resolved to take it to parliament for approval as a constitutional amendment. [4] In November the South Sudanese parliament empowered President Kiir to create new states. [5]

Elias Waya Nyipuoc was appointed as the governor for the state on 24 December 2015. [6] After the outbreak of major clashes between government forces and Fertit militias in 2016, however, Waya was replaced by Andrea Mayan Achor on the orders of President Kiir. [7] Mayan was sacked in September 2017. He was succeeded by Angelo Taban Biajo as governor. [1]

Elias Waya Nyipuoc was born in 1958, has a master's degree in military strategy from staff and Command College in 1992 in Omdurman Sudan. was the Governor of Wau State, South Sudan from 24 December 2015 until 25 June 2016. He was the first governor of the state, which was created by President Salva Kiir on 2 October 2015.

Geography

Wau State is located in the Bahr el Ghazal region and it borders Aweil to the north, Gogrial to the northeast, Gbudwe to the south, Lol to the west, and Tonj to the east. [2]

Aweil State State in Aweil, South Sudan

Aweil State is one of the 28 states of South Sudan formed on 2 October 2015. The state was created after the former 10 states split up. It is located in the Bahr el Ghazal region and it borders Gogrial to the east, Lol to the west, Aweil East to the north, and Wau to the south. Its largest city, Aweil, has a population of nearly 60,000 in 2008.

Gogrial State State in Kuajok, South Sudan

Gogrial State is one of the 28 states of South Sudan. It is located in the Bahr el Ghazal region and it borders Twic to the north, Aweil East to the northwest, Aweil to the west, Wau to the southwest, Tonj to the southeast, and Northern Liech to the northeast.

Gbudwe State State in Yambio, South Sudan

Gbudwe State is one of the 28 states of South Sudan created on 2 October 2015. It is located in the Equatoria region and it is part of the former state of Western Equatoria. Gbudwe borders the states of Maridi, Tonj, Wau, and Western Lakes, and also the countries of Central African Republic and Democratic Republic of the Congo. The state had a population of 364,272 in 2008.

Demographics

Wau State is ethnically diverse, [8] as it lies on the tribal border between the Dinka and Fertit peoples, who constitute the region's majority. [9] Furthermore, numerous ethnic minorities live in the state, such as Luo, [10] [11] Jur Modo/Jur Beli, Balanda Boor/Balanda Bviri, [8] [10] [11] Ndogo, Keresh, [8] and Nuer. [12]

Dinka people ethnic group in South Sudan

The Dinka people are a Nilotic ethnic group native to South Sudan, but also having a sizable diaspora population. They mostly live along the Nile, from Mangalla to Renk, in regions of Bahr el Ghazal, Upper Nile and Abyei Area of the Ngok Dinka in South Sudan.

Luo peoples

The Luo are several ethnically and linguistically related Nilotic ethnic groups in Africa that inhabit an area ranging from South Sudan and Ethiopia, through Northern Uganda and eastern Congo (DRC), into western Kenya, and the Mara Region of Tanzania. Their Luo languages belong to the Nilotic group and as such form part of the larger Eastern Sudanic family.

Jur Modo is an ethnic group in Sudan numbering about 50,000. They have a rural way of life, living in relatively isolated compounds. They speak Jur Modo language, a Nilo-Saharan language, though some speakers also use Arabic, Dinka, Moru, Baka, or Zande. The principal religion is animism.

Law and government

The capital of Wau State is the city of Wau. The city of Wau is located on the Jur River in the state, and it is the second largest city in the country with an estimated population of 151,320 people in 2008. [13] Wau, South Sudan has its own airport, and the city is located 650 kilometers (404 miles) from Juba, the capital. [14]

Wau, South Sudan Place in Bahr el Ghazal, South Sudan

Wau is a city in northwestern South Sudan, on the western bank of the Jur River, that serves as capital for Wau State. It lies approximately 650 kilometres (400 mi) northwest of the capital Juba. A culturally, ethnically and linguistically diverse urban center and trading hub, Wau is also the former headquarters of Western Bahr el Ghazal.

Jur River river in South Sudan

The Jur River is a river in western South Sudan, flowing through the Bahr el Ghazal and Equatoria regions. About 485 kilometres (301 mi) long, it flows north and northeast, joining the Bahr el Ghazal River on the western side of the Sudd wetlands. The Jur River is part of the Nile basin, as the Bahr al-Ghazal flows into the White Nile.

Wau Airport airport in South Sudan

Wau Airport is a civilian airport that serves the city of Wau and surrounding communities. Feeder Airlines has three return flights a week between Khartoum-Wau-Juba. Southern Star Airlines provides service on Wednesdays and Sundays to Juba, this service has since been suspended in 2011 when the airline ceased flying.

Administrative divisions

After South Sudan was divided into 28 federated states in 2015, the newly constituted Wau State was divided into eight counties. These counties are Kuarjina County, Roc Roc Dong County, Marial Bai County, Odechy County, Kangi County, Busalia County, Bagari County, and Baili County. Each county also received a county commissioner. [15]

Related Research Articles

States of South Sudan

The States of South Sudan were created out of the three historic former provinces of Bahr el Ghazal (northwest), Equatoria (southern), and Greater Upper Nile (northeast). The 32 states are further divided into 180 counties.

Counties of South Sudan

The 32 states of South Sudan are divided into 183 counties. The original 10 states of the country contained 86 counties.

Geography of South Sudan

The geography of South Sudan describes the physical features of South Sudan, a country in East Africa. South Sudan is a landlocked country and borders - clockwise - Sudan from the north, Ethiopia from the east, Kenya, Uganda and the Democratic Republic of the Congo from the south and the Central African Republic from the west.

Luwo people Nilotic ethnic group

The Luwo are an ethnic group in western parts of South Sudan. They are part of a larger group of ethno-linguistically related Luo peoples of East Africa. They speak the Dholuo language which is a Northern Luo language.

Aweil East State State in Wanyjok, South Sudan

'Aweil East also known as Abiem, is a state in the Republic of South Sudan with an estimated population of 571,728 people. Its area of 6,172.23 KM square. It is located in northern-western South Sudan. Its capital and largest city is Wanyjok. The state is located in the Bahr el Ghazal region and it borders Twic State and Gogrial State to the east, Aweil State to the south, Lol State to the west, the disputed Abyei State region to the northeast, and Sudan to the north.

Lol State State in Raga, South Sudan

Lol is one of the states of South Sudan formed on 2 October 2015. It is located in the Bahr el Ghazal region, which is in the northwest section of the country. Lol state borders the country of Central African Republic to the west, Sudan to the north, Aweil East State to the northeast, Aweil State to the east, and Wau State to the southeast. The state was created alongside 27 other states after a decree issuing the creation of 28 states took place.

Twic State State in Turalei, South Sudan

Twic State is one of the states of South Sudan. It is located in the Bahr el Ghazal region and it borders Aweil East to the west, the disputed Abyei region to the north, Gogrial to the south, Northern Liech to the east, and Ruweng to the northeast. The population of Twic State was recorded at 204,905 in 2008, and was estimated at a population of 543,410 in 2014. The capital of the state is Mayen-Abun, with an estimated population of around 2,000 people in city limits. Bona Panek is the current governor of the state, being appointed on 24 December 2015.

Tonj State State in Tonj, South Sudan

Tonj State is one of the 28 states of South Sudan. It is located in the Bahr el Ghazal region and it borders Wau to the west, Gbudwe to the southwest, Gogrial to the northwest, Northern Liech to the northeast, Gok and Southern Liech to the east, and Western Lakes to the south and east.

Eastern Lakes State State in Yirol, South Sudan

Eastern Lakes State is one of the 32 states of South Sudan. It is located in the Bahr el Ghazal region and it borders Southern Liech to the north, Western States to the west, Amadi to the southwest, Terekeka to the southeast, and Jonglei to the east.

Gok State State in Cueibet, South Sudan

Gok is one of the states of South Sudan. It is located in the Bahr el Ghazal region, and was formerly part of the Lakes State. Gok State borders Tonj to the west and Western Lakes to the east. The state had a population of 117,755 in 2008 and an estimated population of 174,460 in 2014.

Western Lakes State State in Rumbek, South Sudan

Western Lakes is one of the 32 states of South Sudan formed on 2 October 2015. It is located in the Bahr el Ghazal region and was part of the former state of Lakes State. It borders Amadi State, Eastern Lakes State, Gbudwe State, Gok, Maridi State, Southern Liech State, and Tonj State.

Northern Liech State State in Bentiu, South Sudan

Northern Liech is one of the 28 states of South Sudan. It is located in the Greater Upper Nile region and it borders Ruweng to the north, Western Bieh to the east, Southern Liech to the south, Tonj to the south, and Gogrial and Twic to the west.

Deng Deng Akuei [ Deng Manyuom] has been the Governor of Aweil East State, South Sudan since 24 December 2015. He is the first governor of the state, which was created by President Salva Kiir on 2 October 2015.

2016–19 Wau clashes

Heavy armed clashes have been ongoing in Wau State since late June 2016, between the Dinka-dominated Sudan People's Liberation Army (SPLA) and local opposition forces, consisting of tribal Fertit militias as well as fighters claiming allegiance to Riek Machar. It is unclear to what extent these rebels are actually part of the SPLM-IO or acting independently while using the SPLM-IO's name. So far, the clashes resulted in the arrest of the state's governor, Elias Waya Nyipuoc, widespread death and destruction in the state capital, Wau town, and the displacement of up to 150,000 people.

The 2014 retreat from Western Bahr el Ghazal, also called the long march north, was an unorganized withdrawal by hundreds of Nuer Sudan People's Liberation Army (SPLA) deserters who sought to flee from Bahr el Ghazal to Sudan during the South Sudanese Civil War. After longstanding tensions between SPLA soldiers belonging to the Dinka and Nuer ethnic groups escalated on 25 April 2014, leading to a massacre of Nuer soldiers at Mapel in Western Bahr el Ghazal, a large number of Nuer SPLA soldiers deserted to escape ethnic prosecution and loyalist SPLA forces. Though some deserters joined SPLM-IO rebels or surrendered to the government, a large number of them marched northward, joined by other SPLA defectors from Northern Bahr el Ghazal. After covering over 400 kilometres (250 mi), this trek eventually arrived in Sudan on 4 August 2014, where they were disarmed.

References

  1. 1 2 "President Kiir swears in three new governors". Radio Tamazuj. 20 September 2017. Retrieved 30 September 2017.
  2. 1 2 "Wau State". south-sudan.biz. Retrieved 27 November 2016.
  3. "Kiir and Makuei want 28 states in South Sudan". Radio Tamazuj.
  4. "Kiir pressured into taking decree to parliament for approval". Radio Tamazuj.
  5. "South Sudan's Kiir appoints governors of 28 new states". Sudan Tribune.
  6. "South Sudan's President appoints 28 Governors, defies peace agreement". South Sudan News Agency. 24 December 2015.
  7. "President Kiir fires Wau state governor". Sudan Tribune. 24 June 2016. Retrieved 12 July 2016.
  8. 1 2 3 PSI et al. (2014), p. 4.
  9. "South Sudan: Gunfights within Bahr el Ghazal capital". Radio Tamazuj. 27 April 2014. Retrieved 2 July 2018.
  10. 1 2 "South Sudan: Civilians killed in Wau fighting". Al Jazeera. 10 April 2017. Retrieved 19 April 2017.
  11. 1 2 Michael Atit; John Tanza (10 April 2017). "Gunmen in Government Uniforms Go on Massacre in Wau Town". Voice of America . Retrieved 22 May 2017.
  12. "Governor strongly denies Mapel massacre claims". Radio Tamazuj. 28 April 2014. Retrieved 25 July 2018.
  13. "Wau, South Sudan". WolframAlpha. Retrieved 27 November 2016.
  14. "Driving Distance from Juba, South Sudan to Wau, South Sudan". TravelMath. Retrieved 27 November 2016.
  15. "Wau govt approves creation of 8 new counties". Radio Tamazuj. 26 April 2016. Retrieved 13 August 2016.

Bibliography