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politics and government of
Algeria since December 18, 2019, is divided into 58 wilayas (provinces). Prior to December 18, 2019, there were 48 provinces. The 58 provinces are divided into 1541 baladiyahs (municipalities, in French: commune). The capital city of a baladiyah, daïra, or province, always gives those entities their name, even Algiers, the capital of the country gave it its name (El Djazayar, the Arabic name for both the city and the country).
According to the Algerian constitution, a wilaya is a territorial collectivity enjoying economic and diplomatic freedom, the APW, or "Popular Provincial Parliament/Provincial Popular Parliament" (the Assemblée Populaire Wilayale, in French) is the political entity governing a province, directed by the "Wali" (Governor), who is chosen by the Algerian President to handle the APW's decisions, the APW has also a president, who is elected by the members of the APW, which is elected by Algerians.
Act Number 84-09 of 4 February 1984 relative to the organisation of the Algerian territory and as updated and complemented by Act Number JO of 7 February 1984 fixed the number of Algerian Provinces at 48 and established the list of municipalities or "communes" attached to each Province. In 2019 10 new provinces were added.
The Province numbers are the first 31 provinces (see the second section) in Arabic alphabetical order, after the adding of 17 more provinces in 1983 and 10 more in 2019, the old numbering was kept and the 27 provinces created since 1984 have been assigned codes from 32-58, in Arabic alphabetical order.
The following table presents the list of provinces, showing for each province, its numerical code, its name (which is in all times the same as the name of the capital city of the province), the number of districts "daira"s in each province, the number of municipalities as well as the province area and its population.
|Code||Province||Arabic name||Number of|
|km2||sq mi||per km2||per sq mi|
|04||Oum El Bouaghi||أم البواقي||12||29||6,783||2,619||621,612||81||210|
|15||Tizi Ouzou||تيزي وزو||21||67||2,956||1,141||1,127,608||316||820|
|22||Sidi Bel Abbès||سيدي بلعباس||15||52||9,096||3,512||604,744||66||170|
|34||Bordj Bou Arréridj||برج بوعريريج||10||34||4,115||1,589||628,475||160||410|
|41||Souk Ahras||سوق أهراس||10||26||4,541||1,753||438,127||95||250|
|44||Aïn Defla||عين الدفلى||14||36||4,891||1,888||766,013||156||400|
|46||Aïn Témouchent||عين تموشنت||8||28||2,379||919||371,239||156||400|
|51||Ouled Djellal||أولاد جلال||2||6||11,410||4,410||174,219||15||39|
|52||Bordj Baji Mokhtar||برج باجي مختار||1||2||120,026||46,342||16,437||014||36|
|53||Béni Abbès||بني عباس||6||10||101,350||39,130||50,163||049||130|
|57||In Salah||عين صالح||2||3||131,220||50,660||50,392||038||98|
|58||In Guezzam||عين قزّام||2||2||88,126||34,026||11,202||013||34|
On 26 November 2019, the Cabinet of Algeria passed a bill to add 10 more provinces, by splitting some of the larger provinces in the South of Algeria into smaller provinces.
In 1984 17 new provinces were added. These provinces included:
The 15 départments were reorganized to form 31 provinces:
Immediately after independence, Algeria retained its 15 former French départements, which were renamed wilayas (provinces) in 1968, for the most part, with some name changes:
During the Algerian War of Independence, the FLN adopted an organizational system divided by 6 numbered wilayas:
As the tenth-largest country in the world, and the largest in Africa and in the Mediterranean region, Algeria has a vast transportation system that includes a large transportation infrastructure.
Articles related to Algeria include:
The National Rail Transportation Company — is Algeria's national railway operator. The SNTF, a state-owned company, currently has a monopoly over Algeria's network of 3,973 km (2,469 mi), although it is currently utilising only 3,572 km (2,220 mi). Out of the total railway network, 2,888 km (1,795 mi) are 1,435 mmstandard gauge and 1,085 km (674 mi) are 1,055 mm narrow gauge.
The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to Algeria:
The 2009–10 Algerian Cup was the 46th edition of the Algerian Cup. ES Sétif won the Cup by defeating CA Batna 3-0 in the final with a brace from Hocine Metref and an own goal from Saber Chebana. It was the seventh time that Sétif won the trophy.
Ligue de Football de la Wilaya is the seventh-highest division in the Algerian football league system. The division has ? groups based on the Wilaya of the clubs in the country, with each Wilaya having two groups; Honneur and Pré-Honneur, each group contains ? teams from their respective Wilaya's. The league is governed by the Algerian Football Federation and the presidents of each Wilaya for each group(s). The Wilaya leagues are as follows:
The 2014–15 Algerian Cup is the 51st edition of the Algerian Cup. The winner will qualify to the 2016 CAF Confederation Cup. MC Alger are the defending champions, having beaten JS Kabylie 1–1 (5-4) in the previous season's final.
The 1996–97 Algerian Cup was the 32nd edition of the Algerian Cup. USM Alger won the Cup by defeating CA Batna 1-0. It was USM Alger third Algerian Cup in its history.
The 1987–88 Algerian Cup was the 26th edition of the Algerian Cup. USM Alger won the Cup by defeating CR Belcourt 5-4 on penalties in the final, after the game ended 0-0. It was USM Alger second Algerian Cup in its history.
The 1963–64 Algerian Cup is the second edition of the Algerian Cup. ES Sétif are the defending champions, having beaten ES Mostaganem 2–0 in the previous season's final.
The 1978–79 Algerian Cup is the 17th edition of the Algerian Cup. CM Belcourt are the defending champions, having beaten USM Alger 3–0 in the previous season's final.
The top tier of Division 1 was renamed the Algerian Ligue Professionnelle 1 for the start of the 2010–11 season. The following page details the football records and statistics of the Premier League.
The 2016–17 Algerian Cup is the 53rd edition of the Algerian Cup. The winner will qualify to the 2018 CAF Confederation Cup.
The 1986–87 Algerian Cup is the 25th edition of the Algerian Cup. JE Tizi Ouzou are the defending champions, having beaten WKF Collo 1–0 in the previous season's final.
The 1991–92 Algerian Cup is the 29th edition of the Algerian Cup. USM Bel-Abbès are the defending champions, having beaten JS Kabylie 2–0 in the previous season's final.
In the 1988–89 season, USM Alger is competing in the National for the 18th time, as well as the Algerian Cup. It is their 2nd consecutive season in the top flight of Algerian football. They will be competing in National 1 and the Algerian Cup.
In the 1987–88 season, USM Alger is competing in the National for the 17th time, as well as the Algerian Cup. They will be competing in National 1 and the Algerian Cup.
The COVID-19 pandemic in Algeria is part of the worldwide pandemic of coronavirus disease 2019 caused by severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2. The virus was confirmed to have spread to Algeria in February 2020.