Provinces of Algeria

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Algeria

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Algeria since December 18, 2019, is divided into 58 wilayas (provinces). Prior to December 18, 2019, there were 48 provinces. The 58 provinces are divided into 1541 baladiyahs (municipalities, in French: commune). The capital city of a baladiyah, daïra, or province, always gives those entities their name, even Algiers, the capital of the country gave it its name (El Djazayar, the Arabic name for both the city and the country).

According to the Algerian constitution, a wilaya is a territorial collectivity enjoying economic and diplomatic freedom, the APW, or "Popular Provincial Parliament/Provincial Popular Parliament" (the Assemblée Populaire Wilayale, in French) is the political entity governing a province, directed by the "Wali" (Governor), who is chosen by the Algerian President to handle the APW's decisions, the APW has also a president, who is elected by the members of the APW, which is elected by Algerians.

List

DZ-16 (2019) DZ-16 (2019).svg
DZ-16 (2019)

Act Number 84-09 of 4 February 1984 relative to the organisation of the Algerian territory and as updated and complemented by Act Number JO of 7 February 1984 fixed the number of Algerian Provinces at 48 and established the list of municipalities or "communes" attached to each Province. In 2019 10 new provinces were added.

The Province numbers are the first 31 provinces (see the second section) in Arabic alphabetical order, after the adding of 17 more provinces in 1983 and 10 more in 2019, the old numbering was kept and the 27 provinces created since 1984 have been assigned codes from 32-58, in Arabic alphabetical order.

The following table presents the list of provinces, showing for each province, its numerical code, its name (which is in all times the same as the name of the capital city of the province), the number of districts "daira"s in each province, the number of municipalities as well as the province area and its population.

CodeProvinceArabic nameNumber of
districts
Number of
municipalities
AreaPopulation
(2008 [1] )
Density (2008)
km2sq miper km2per sq mi
01 Adrar أدرار616254,47198,252261,2581.032.7
02 Chlef الشلف13354,7951,8511,002,088209540
03 Laghouat الأغواط102425,0579,675455,6021847
04 Oum El Bouaghi أم البواقي12296,7832,619621,61281210
05 Batna باتنة216112,1924,7071,119,79192240
06 Béjaïa بجاية19523,2681,262912,577279720
07 Biskra بسكرة10279,5763,697547,1375,71414,800
08 Béchar بشار61160,85023,490219,8983.619.3
09 Blida البليدة10251,5756081,002,9375911,530
10 Bouïra البويرة12454,4391,714695,583157410
11 Tamanrasset تمنراست35336,839130,054115,0430.340.88
12 Tébessa تبسة122814,2275,493648,70346120
13 Tlemcen تلمسان20539,0613,498949,135105270
14 Tiaret تيارت144220,6737,982846,82341110
15 Tizi Ouzou تيزي وزو21672,9561,1411,127,608316820
16 Alger الجزائر13571,1904602,988,1452,5116,500
17 Djelfa الجلفة123666,41525,6431,092,18446120
18 Jijel جيجل11282,577995636,948247640
19 Sétif سطيف20606,5042,5111,489,979229590
20 Saïda سعيدة6166,7642,612330,64149130
21 Skikda سكيكدة13384,0261,554898,680223580
22 Sidi Bel Abbès سيدي بلعباس15529,0963,512604,74466170
23 Annaba عنابة6121,439556609,4994241,100
24 Guelma قالمة10344,1011,583482,430118310
25 Constantine قسنطينة6122,187844938,4754271,110
26 Médéa المدية19648,8663,423819,93292240
27 Mostaganem مستغانم10322,175840737,118325840
28 M'Sila المسيلة154718,7187,227990,59153140
29 Mascara معسكر16475,9412,294784,073132340
30 Ouargla ورقلة610194,55275,117311,3371.64.1
31 Oran وهران9262,1218191,454,0786881,780
32 El Bayadh البيض82278,87030,450228,6243.28.3
33 Illizi اليزي24198,81576,76334,7150.170.44
34 Bordj Bou Arréridj برج بوعريريج10344,1151,589628,475160410
35 Boumerdès بومرداس9321,356524802,0835041,310
36 El Tarf الطارف7243,3391,289408,414122320
37 Tindouf تندوف12159,00061,00049,1490.310.80
38 Tissemsilt تسمسيلت8223,1521,217294,47693240
39 El Oued الوادي102245,73817,660485,2811,0612,750
40 Khenchela خنشلة8219,8113,788386,68340100
41 Souk Ahras سوق أهراس10264,5411,753438,12795250
42 Tipaza تيبازة10281,605620591,010273710
43 Mila ميلة13323,4071,315766,886220570
44 Aïn Defla عين الدفلى14364,8911,888766,013156400
45 Naâma النعامة71229,95011,560192,8916.517
46 Aïn Témouchent عين تموشنت8282,379919371,239156400
47 Ghardaïa غرداية7923,8909,220306,32212.8233.2
48 Relizane غليزان13384,8701,880726,180152390
49 El M'ghair المغير288,8353,411162,2670.942.4
50 El Menia المنيعة2462,21524,02157,2760.922.4
51 Ouled Djellal أولاد جلال2611,4104,410174,2191539
52 Bordj Baji Mokhtar برج باجي مختار12120,02646,34216,43701436
53 Béni Abbès بني عباس610101,35039,13050,163049130
54 Timimoun تيميمون41065,20325,175122,0191949
55 Touggourt تقرت41117,4286,729247,2211436
56 Djanet جانت1286,18533,27617,618025.2
57 In Salah عين صالح23131,22050,66050,39203898
58 In Guezzam عين قزّام2288,12634,02611,20201334
Total54715412,381,741919,59534,080,0301436

Since 2019

On 26 November 2019, the Cabinet of Algeria passed a bill to add 10 more provinces, by splitting some of the larger provinces in the South of Algeria into smaller provinces. [2] Thus, the following provinces have been added on December 18, 2019:

1984-2019

Map of the provinces of Algeria numbered according to the official order. Algeria, administrative divisions (+northern) - Nmbrs (geosort) - monochrome.svg
Map of the provinces of Algeria numbered according to the official order.

In 1984 17 new provinces were added. These provinces included:

  1. El Bayadh
  2. Illizi
  3. Bordj Bou Arréridj
  4. Boumerdès
  5. El Taref
  6. Tindouf
  7. Tissemsilt
  8. El Oued
  9. Khenchela
  10. Souk Ahras
  11. Tipaza
  12. Mila
  13. Aïn Defla
  14. Naâma
  15. Aïn Témouchent
  16. Ghardaïa
  17. Relizane

1974-1983

Provinces of Algeria (1974-1983).svg

The 15 départments were reorganized to form 31 provinces:

  1. Adrar
  2. Chlef
  3. Laghouat
  4. Oum el-Bouaghi
  5. Batna
  6. Béjaïa
  7. Biskra
  8. Béchar
  9. Blida
  10. Bouira
  11. Tamanghasset
  12. Tébessa
  13. Tlemcen
  14. Tiaret
  15. Tizi Ouzou
  16. Algiers
  17. Djelfa
  18. Jijel
  19. Sétif
  20. Saïda
  21. Skikda
  22. Sidi Bel Abbes
  23. Annaba
  24. Guelma
  25. Constantine
  26. Médéa
  27. Mostaganem
  28. M'sila
  29. Mascara
  30. Ouargla
  31. Oran

1957-1974

Map showing the Departements of Algeria from 1962-1968 and 1968-1974.svg

Immediately after independence, Algeria retained its 15 former French départements, which were renamed wilayas (provinces) in 1968, for the most part, with some name changes:

1954-1962

During the Algerian War of Independence, the FLN adopted an organizational system divided by 6 numbered wilayas:

  1. Aurès
  2. Constantine
  3. Kabylie
  4. Algiers
  5. Oran
  6. Sahara

See also

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References

  1. Office National des Statistiques, Population par sexe, âge et Wilaya. Consulted on 02/02/2016.
  2. "10 New Wilayas - El Khabar" (in Arabic) (26 November 2019). El Khabar. Retrieved 2 December 2019.