|Regions of Somalia|
Gobollada Soomaaliya (Somali)
|Location||Federal Republic of Somalia|
|Number||18 Regions (as of 1984)|
|Populations||362,921 (Middle Juba) — 1,650,227 (Banaadir)|
Somalia is officially divided into thirteen administrative regions (gobollo, singular gobol) and five claimed but uncontrolled regions in Somaliland.These are in turn subdivided into seventy-two districts (plural degmooyin; singular degmo) and eighteen claimed but uncontrolled districts in Somaliland.
On a de facto basis, northern Somalia is now divided up among the autonomous region of Puntland (which considers itself an autonomous state) and Somaliland (a self-declared but unrecognized sovereign state). In central Somalia, Galmudug is another regional entity that emerged south of Puntland.For these civil war divisions, see States and regions of Somalia .
|Banaadir Region||1,650,227||Central|| Abdiaziz District |
Hamar Jajab District
Hamar Weyne District
Hawle Wadag District
|Galguduud Region||569,434||Central|| Abudwaq District |
Dhusa Mareb District
El Buur District
El Dher District
|Hiiraan Region||520,685||Central|| Beledweyne District |
Buq Aqable District
|Shabeellaha Dhexe Region||516,036||Central|| Adale District |
Adan Yabal District
|Shabeellaha Hoose Region||1,202,219||Central|| Afgooye District |
|Bari Region||719,512||North Eastern|| Waiye District |
|Mudug Region||717,863||North Eastern|| Galkayo District |
|Nugaal Region||392,698||North Eastern|| Garowe District |
|Bakool Region||367,226||Southern|| El Barde District |
|Bay Region||792,182||Southern|| Baidoa District |
|Gedo Region||508,405||Southern|| Bardhere District |
Beled Hawo District
El Wak District
|Jubbada Dhexe Region||362,921||Southern|| Bu'ale District |
|Jubbada Hoose Region||489,307||Southern|| Afmadow District |
|Claimed Location||Claimed Districts|
|Awdal Region||673,263||Northern|| Baki District |
|Sanaag Region||544,123||Northern|| Las Khorey District |
El Afweyn District
|Sool Region||327,428||Northern|| Aynabo District |
Las Anod District
|Togdheer Region||721,363||Northern|| Burao District |
|Woqooyi Galbeed Region||1,242,003||Northern|| Berbera District |
In 1931, Italian Somaliland consisted of seven commissariats.
Following the 1935–36 Second Italo-Abyssinian War, Italian Somaliland became part of Italian East Africa with Abyssinia (Ethiopia) and Eritrea. Italian Somaliland was one of six governorates of the new colony, the Somalia Governorate, and incorporated Somali-inhabited parts of the former Abyssinia. The governorate was subdivided into 10 commissariats, which were themselves divided into residencies.
Following World War II, the Italian-administered Trust Territory of Somalia consisted of six Regions.
The British Somaliland protectorate also consisted of two Regions.
Upon independence in 1960, the Somali Republic maintained the 12 districts of the former Italian Somaliland and British Somaliland that merged to form the new country.In 1964, a new Northeastern (Burao) Province was established by merging Burao, Erigavo, and Las Anod and a Northwestern (Hargeisa) Province was formed from Berbera, Borama, and Hargeisa districts. In 1968, the capital of Basso Giuba was moved from Kismayo to Jamame. The 8 provinces at this time were:
|Bosaso||90,744||Bosaso (Bender Cassim)|
In 1982, Somalia reorganized from eight provinces into 16 regions.In June 1984, Awdal was split from Woqooyi Galbeed and Sool was split from Nugaal to form the current 18 regions.
Somaliland, officially the Republic of Somaliland, is an unrecognised sovereign state in the Horn of Africa, internationally considered to be part of Somalia. Somaliland lies in the Horn of Africa, on the southern coast of the Gulf of Aden. It is bordered by Djibouti to the northwest, Ethiopia to the south and west, and Somalia to the east. Its claimed territory has an area of 176,120 square kilometres (68,000 sq mi), with approximately 5.7 million residents in 2021. The capital and largest city is Hargeisa. The government of Somaliland regards itself as the successor state to British Somaliland, which, as the briefly independent State of Somaliland, united in 1960 with the Trust Territory of Somaliland to form the Somali Republic.
Banaadir is an administrative region (gobol) in southeastern Somalia. It covers the same area as the city of Mogadishu, which serves as the capital. It is bordered to the northwest by the Shabelle river, and to the southeast by the Indian Ocean. Although by far the smallest administrative region in Somalia, it has the largest population, estimated at 1,650,227 in 2014.
Somalia is a federal republic consisting of five federal states as well as the Banadir Regional Administration (BRA) and the claimed territory of Somaliland. Somalia is further subdivided into thirteen administrative regions, and five claimed regions which are in turn subdivided into districts.
Greater Somalia is a concept to unite all ethnic Somalis comprising the regions in or near the Horn of Africa in which ethnic Somalis live and have historically inhabited. The territory historically encompassed British Somaliland, Italian Somaliland, French Somaliland, the Somali Region in Ethiopia and the Northern Frontier District in Kenya. At the present, it encompasses Somalia, Somaliland, southern Djibouti, the Somali Region and Dire Dawa in Ethiopia, and the Garissa, Wajir and Mandera Counties in Kenya.
The Dhulbahante is a Somali clan family, part of the Harti clan which itself belongs to the largest Somali clan-family — the Darod. In Somaliland, the Dhulbahante primarily settle in the regions of Sool, Sanaag, and Cayn whilst they have a significant presences in Jubbaland, Somalia, particularly in the city of Kismayo. In Ethiopia, they settle in the Dollo Zone specifically in the woredas of Boh, Danot and Werder.
The regions of Somaliland are the primary geographical divisions through which Somaliland is administered. Regions of Somaliland is divided into six regions, Awdal, Sahil, Maroodi-Jeeh, Togdheer, Sanaag and Sool. A distinction is made between districts of grades A, B, C and D, with the classification being based on population, area, economy and production.
The following is an index of Somalia-related articles.
Following the civil war and the ensuing societal chaos, some factions managed to exert a degree of authority over certain regions of Somalia where they maintained broad, clan-based support. This allowed these factions to establish working administrations and eventually coherent states, and restored order to their regions. This occurred first in Puntland, Southwestern Somalia, Galmudug, Jubaland and finally Banadir.
Dubat(Arabic: العمائم البيضاء ; ḍubbāṭ: English: White turban) was the designation given to members of and the armed irregular bands employed by the Italian "Royal Corps of Colonial Troops" in Italian Somaliland from 1924 to 1941. The word dubat was derived from a Somali phrase meaning "white turban".
Over the course of the Somali Civil War, there have been many revolutionary movements and militia groups run by competing rebel leaders which have held de facto control over vast areas within Somalia
Jibrell Ali Salaad was born 1939 in Laasqoray in Sanaag, British Somaliland. His full name is Jibrell Ali Salaad Aadan Garad Awl. He is a member of the Warsangeli Royal family, one of the oldest royal dynasties in Somalia which dates back to the 13th century.
Education in Somalia refers to the academic system within Somalia. The Ministry of Education is officially responsible for education in Somalia, with about 15% of the nation's budget allocated to scholastic instruction. The breakaway republic of Somaliland maintain its own advanced Ministry of Education.
The following outline is provided as an overview and topical guide to Somaliland:
Buuhoodle, also known as Bohotle, is a city in the Togdheer region of Somaliland. It is a prominent border town for movements of goods to and from Somaliland and the Somali Region of Ethiopia. The surrounding district is rich in both livestock and fledgeling agriculture.
Italian Somalis are Somali descendants from Italian colonists, as well as long-term Italian residents in Somalia.
The administrative division of Somaliland consists of 6 regions and 18 districts / prefectures that are subdivisions thereof. In addition, the capital Hargeisa has its own law that is different from the law that defines administrative divisions. The administrative-territorial division of the country is established by the Law of Somaliland No. 23/2002, which was finally approved in 2007.
Healthcare in Somalia is largely in the private sector. It is regulated by the Ministry of Health of the Federal Government of Somalia. In March 2013, the central authorities launched the Health Sector Strategic Plans (HSSPs), a new national health system that aims to provide universal basic healthcare to all citizens by 2016. Somalia has the highest prevalence of mental illness in the world, according to the World Health organization. Some polls have ranked Somalis as the happiest people in Sub-Saharan Africa.
The Issa Musa or ‘Isa Musa is a northern Somali clan. Its members form a part of the Habr Awal clan of the Isaaq clan family. The Issa Musse are divided into four major sub-clans: Mohammed Issa, Adam Issa, Abokor Issa and Idarais Issa. The Issa Musse traditionally consists of coastal, nomadic pastoralist and merchants. This clan are primarily settled in Somaliland, including Maroodi Jeex, Togdheer, Sahil as well as Kenya. The Issa Musse have produced many prominent Somali figures with the Undersecretary General of the United Nations Abdulrahim Abby Farah, the first Somali Prime Minister & second President of Somaliland Muhammad Haji Ibrahim Egal, and the second tallest man in the world Hussein Bisad.
Ciid or 'Iid is an archaic native geographic name for the land between the region of Mudug and the Nugaal Valley, roughly congruous with the northern Bookh district in Ethiopia. As such, Ciid constitutes the tripoint of the former three colonial powers Abyssinia, Britain and Italy, thus situating Mudug immediately southeast of Ciid, the Nugaal Valley immediately north of Ciid, and Haud to the west of Ciid. One historian referred to it as the syrup-colored land and it is today embodied by Ciid towns such as Xamxam, Magacley, Qoriley, Biriqodey, Beerdhiga and Gumburka Cagaare. Ciid constitutes the northernmost parts of the disputed Somali-Ethiopian territory outlined in the 16 May 1908 Italo-Ethiopian border agreement also called the 1908 Convention. A 2001 Journal from Indiana University describes Ciid as partially overlapping with Boocame District by referring to Ciid as north of the Mudug region and the west of the Garowe region.
The Farah Garad or Garad Farah is a Somali clan. Its part of the Dhulbahante clan-family, a sub-division of the larger Harti/Darod clan. The Farah Garad are divided into three major sub-clans — Ahmed Garad, Baharsame and Barkad. Numerically, the largest of these three subclans is the Ahmed Garad, which itself subdivides into Ararsame and Reer Khayr.