Wednesday Morning, 3 A.M.

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Wednesday Morning, 3 A.M.
Simon & Garfunkel, Wednesday Morning, 3 A.M. (1964).png
Studio album by
ReleasedOctober 19, 1964
RecordedMarch 10–31, 1964
StudioColumbia Studios, New York City
Genre Folk [1] [2]
Length31:38
Label Columbia
Producer Tom Wilson
Simon & Garfunkel chronology
Wednesday Morning, 3 A.M.
(1964)
Sounds of Silence
(1966)

Wednesday Morning, 3 A.M. is the debut studio album by American folk rock duo Simon & Garfunkel. Following their early gig as "Tom and Jerry", Columbia Records signed the two in late 1963. It was produced by Tom Wilson and engineered by Roy Halee. The cover and the label include the subtitle exciting new sounds in the folk tradition. Recorded in March 1964, the album was released on October 19.

Contents

The album was initially unsuccessful, so Paul Simon moved to London, England and finished his first solo album The Paul Simon Songbook . Art Garfunkel continued his studies at Columbia University in his native New York City, before reuniting with Simon in late 1965. Wednesday Morning, 3 A.M. was re-released in January 1966 (to capitalize on their newly found radio success because of the overdubbing of the song "The Sound of Silence" in June 1965, adding electric guitars, bass guitar and a drum kit), and reached No. 30 on the Billboard 200. It was belatedly released in the UK two years later (in 1968) in both mono and stereo formats.

The song "He Was My Brother" was dedicated to Andrew Goodman, who was their friend and a classmate of Simon at Queens College. Andrew Goodman volunteered in Freedom Summer during 1964 and was abducted and killed in the murders of Chaney, Goodman, and Schwerner.

The album is included in its entirety as part of the Simon & Garfunkel box sets Collected Works and The Columbia Studio Recordings (1964–1970) .

Production

The album was produced by Tom Wilson and engineered by Roy Halee between March 10–31, 1964.

“Benedictus" was arranged and adapted from Orlando di Lasso's Missa Octavi toni, a Renaissance setting of the ordinary of the mass. The text, in Latin, is benedictus qui venit in nomine Domini (KJV: Blessed be he that cometh in the name of the Lord). The song is arranged for two voices with cello and sparse guitar accompaniment.

Artwork

The album's cover photo was shot at the Fifth Avenue / 53rd Street subway station in New York City. In several concerts, Art Garfunkel related that during the photo session, several hundred pictures were taken that were unusable due to the "old familiar suggestion" on the wall in the background, which inspired Paul Simon to write the song "A Poem on the Underground Wall" for the duo's later Parsley, Sage, Rosemary and Thyme album. [3]

Reception

The album was initially unsuccessful, having been released in the shadow of the British Invasion. This resulted in Paul Simon moving to England and Art Garfunkel continuing his studies at Columbia University in New York City, [4] However it reached No. 24 on the UK Album Charts. [5] Following the success of "The Sound of Silence," the album peaked at No. 30 on the Billboard album chart in 1966. [6]

Track listing

All tracks are written by Paul Simon, except where noted.

Side one
No.TitleWriter(s)RecordedLength
1."You Can Tell the World"March 31, 19642:47
2."Last Night I Had the Strangest Dream" Ed McCurdy March 17, 19642:11
3."Bleecker Street" March 10, 19642:44
4."Sparrow" March 31, 19642:49
5."Benedictus" arr by. Paul SimonMarch 31, 19642:38
6."The Sounds of Silence" March 10, 19643:08
Side two
No.TitleWriter(s)RecordedLength
1."He Was My Brother" Paul Kane (Paul Simon)March 17, 19642:48
2."Peggy-O"Traditional arr by. Paul SimonMarch 31, 19642:26
3."Go Tell It on the Mountain"Traditional arr by. Paul SimonMarch 31, 19642:06
4."The Sun Is Burning" Ian Campbell March 17, 19642:49
5."The Times They Are a-Changin'" Bob Dylan March 10, 19642:52
6."Wednesday Morning, 3 A.M." March 17, 19642:13
Total length:31:38
Bonus tracks (2001 CD reissue)
No.TitleWriter(s)RecordedLength
13."Bleecker Street" (demo)Paul SimonMarch 10, 19642:46
14."He Was My Brother" (alt. take 1, previously unreleased)Paul KaneMarch 17, 19642:52
15."The Sun Is Burning" (alt. take 12, previously unreleased)Ian CampbellMarch 17, 19642:47

Personnel

Charts

Chart (1964 and 1966)Peak
position
UK Albums Chart 24
US Top LPs (Billboard)30

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References

  1. Willis, Ellen (2011). Out of the Vinyl Deeps: Ellen Willis on Rock Music . University of Minnesota Press. p.  103. ISBN   978-0816672837.
  2. DeBolt, Abbe Allen (2011). Encyclopedia of the Sixties: A Decade of Culture and Counterculture. Greenwood Publishing Group. p. 604. ISBN   978-0313329449.
  3. "A Poem On The Underground Wall (4:45)", Simon and Garfunkel Lyrics Archive, April 1, 2003
  4. Simons, David (2004). Studio Stories – How the Great New York Records Were Made . San Francisco: Backbeat Books. Cf. pp.94–97.
  5. "wednesday morning, 3am | full Official Chart History | Official Charts Company". www.officialcharts.com. Retrieved May 27, 2021.
  6. "Simon & Garfunkel". Billboard. Retrieved May 27, 2021.