1919 in architecture

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List of years in architecture (table)

Buildings and structures

The year 1919 in architecture involved some significant architectural events and new buildings.

Contents

Events

Bauhaus school in Germany that combined crafts and the fine arts

The Staatliches Bauhaus, commonly known as the Bauhaus, was a German art school operational from 1919 to 1933 that combined crafts and the fine arts, and was famous for the approach to design that it publicized and taught.

Weimar Place in Thuringia, Germany

Weimar is a city in the federal state of Thuringia, Germany. It is located in Central Germany between Erfurt in the west and Jena in the east, approximately 80 kilometres southwest of Leipzig, 170 kilometres north of Nuremberg and 170 kilometres west of Dresden. Together with the neighbour-cities Erfurt and Jena it forms the central metropolitan area of Thuringia with approximately 500,000 inhabitants, whereas the city itself counts a population of 65,000. Weimar is well known because of its large cultural heritage and its importance in German history.

Walter Gropius German architect (1883-1969)

Walter Adolph Georg Gropius was a German architect and founder of the Bauhaus School, who, along with Alvar Aalto, Ludwig Mies van der Rohe, Le Corbusier and Frank Lloyd Wright, is widely regarded as one of the pioneering masters of modernist architecture. Gropius was also a leading architect of the International Style.

Helsinki station Helsinki Railway Station 20050604.jpg
Helsinki station

Buildings opened

Eliel Saarinen Finnish-American architect

Gottlieb Eliel Saarinen was a Finnish architect known for his work with art nouveau buildings in the early years of the 20th century. He was the father of Eero Saarinen.

First Congregational Church of Albany

The First Congregational Church of Albany, also known as The Ray Palmer Memorial, is located on Quail Street in the Woodlawn section of Albany, New York, United States. It is a brick building in the Colonial Revival architectural style built in the 1910s and expanded half a century later. In 2014 it was listed on the National Register of Historic Places.

Albert W. Fuller American architect

Albert W. Fuller (1854-1934) was an American architect practicing in Albany, New York.

Buildings completed

Het Schip museum in Amsterdam, Netherlands

Het Schip is an apartment building in the Spaarndammerbuurt district of Amsterdam, built in the architectural style of the Amsterdam School of Expressionist architecture. It is the single most important example of this style of architecture, using the Brick Expressionism version.

Michel de Klerk Dutch architect

Michel de Klerk was a Dutch architect. Born to a Jewish family, he was one of the founding architects of the movement Amsterdam School. Early in his career he worked for other architects, including Eduard Cuypers. For a while, he also employed the Indonesian-born Liem Bwan Tjie, who would later become his country's pioneering proponent of the Amsterdam School and modern architecture. Of his many outstanding designs, very few have actually been built. One of his finest completed buildings is 'Het Schip' in the Amsterdam district of Spaarndammerbuurt.

Goetheanum world center for the anthroposophical movement, including performance halls, in Dornach, Switzerland

The Goetheanum, located in Dornach, Switzerland, is the world center for the anthroposophical movement. The building was designed by Rudolf Steiner and named after Johann Wolfgang von Goethe. It includes two performance halls, gallery and lecture spaces, a library, a bookstore, and administrative spaces for the Anthroposophical Society; neighboring buildings house the society's research and educational facilities. Conferences focusing on themes of general interest or directed toward teachers, farmers, doctors, therapists, and other professionals are held at the center throughout the year.

Awards

Royal Gold Medal Royal Institute of British Architects award

The Royal Gold Medal for architecture is awarded annually by the Royal Institute of British Architects on behalf of the British monarch, in recognition of an individual's or group's substantial contribution to international architecture. It is given for a distinguished body of work rather than for one building, and is therefore not awarded for merely being currently fashionable.

Leonard Stokes British architect

Leonard Aloysius Scott Stokes was an English architect.

Jacques Carlu French architect

Jacques Carlu was a French architect and designer, working mostly in Art Deco style, active in France, Canada, and in the United States.

Births

Robin Boyd (architect) Australian architect (1919-1971)

Robin Gerard Penleigh Boyd was an Australian architect, writer, teacher and social commentator. He, along with Harry Seidler, stands as one of the foremost proponents for the International Modern Movement in Australian architecture. Boyd is the author of the influential book The Australian Ugliness (1960), a critique on Australian architecture, particularly the state of Australian suburbia and its lack of a uniform architectural goal.

Architect person trained to plan and design buildings, and oversee their construction

An architect is a person who plans, designs and reviews the construction of buildings. To practice architecture means to provide services in connection with the design of buildings and the space within the site surrounding the buildings that have human occupancy or use as their principal purpose. Etymologically, architect derives from the Latin architectus, which derives from the Greek, i.e., chief builder.

The year 1971 in architecture involved some significant architectural events and new buildings.

Deaths

Paul Due Norwegian architect

Paul Due was a Norwegian architect and significant contributor to the stations built by the Norwegian State Railways.

The year 1835 in architecture involved some significant architectural events and new buildings.

Ernest Gimson British architect

Ernest William Gimson was an English furniture designer and architect. Gimson was described by the art critic Nikolaus Pevsner as "the greatest of the English architect-designers". Today his reputation is securely established as one of the most influential designers of the English Arts and Crafts movement in the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries.

Related Research Articles

Eero Saarinen Finnish American architect (1910–1961)

Eero Saarinen was a Finnish American architect and industrial designer noted for his neo-futuristic style. Saarinen is known for designing the Washington Dulles International Airport outside Washington, D.C., the TWA Flight Center in New York City, and the Gateway Arch in St. Louis, Missouri. He was the son of noted Finnish architect Eliel Saarinen.

The year 1965 in architecture involved some significant architectural events and new buildings.

The year 1950 in architecture involved some significant architectural events and new buildings.

1910 in architecture

The year 1910 in architecture involved some significant architectural events and new buildings.

The year 1873 in architecture involved some significant architectural events and new buildings.

The year 1947 in architecture involved some significant events.

The year 1850 in architecture involved some significant architectural events and new buildings.

The year 1912 in architecture involved some significant architectural events and new buildings.

Helsinki Central Station railway station in Helsinki, Finland

Helsinki Central Station HEC is the main station for commuter rail and long-distance trains departing from Helsinki, Finland. The station is used by approximately 400,000 people per day, of which about 200,000 are passengers. It serves as the terminus for all trains in the Helsinki commuter rail network, as well as for all Helsinki-bound long-distance trains in Finland. The Central Railway Station metro station is located in the same building.

Christ Church Lutheran (Minneapolis, Minnesota) church

Christ Church Lutheran is a congregation of the Evangelical Lutheran Church in America (ELCA) located at 3244 34th Avenue South, Minneapolis, Minnesota. Its buildings, a sanctuary with chapel (1949) and an education wing (1962) designed by Finnish-American architects Eliel Saarinen and Eero Saarinen, have been internationally recognized, most recently in 2009 as National Historic Landmark by the U.S Department of the Interior.

Architecture of Finland

The architecture of Finland has a history spanning over 800 years, and while up until the modern era the architecture was strongly influenced by currents from Finland's two respective neighbouring ruling nations, Sweden and Russia, from the early 19th century onwards influences came directly from further afield; first when itinerant foreign architects took up positions in the country and then when the Finnish architect profession became established. Also, Finnish architecture in turn has contributed significantly to several styles internationally, such as Jugendstil, Nordic Classicism and Functionalism. In particular, the works of the country's most noted early modernist architect Eliel Saarinen have had significant worldwide influence. But even more renowned than Saarinen has been modernist architect Alvar Aalto, who is regarded as one of the major figures in the world history of modern architecture. In an article from 1922 titled “Motifs from past ages”, Aalto discussed national and international influences in Finland, and as he saw it;

"Seeing how people in the past were able to be international and unprejudiced and yet remain true to themselves, we may accept impulses from old Italy, from Spain, and from the new America with open eyes. Our Finnish forefathers are still our masters."

Leppävaara District of Espoo in Uusimaa, Finland

Leppävaara is a district of Espoo, a city in Finland. The Rantarata rail line and the Ring Road I, the busiest road in Finland, cross in Leppävaara, thus making it a major traffic hub in the Greater Helsinki region. The Sello Shopping Centre is also located in Leppävaara.

Vyborg railway station

Vyborg is a railway station, located in the town of Vyborg in Leningrad Oblast, Russia.

Armas Lindgren Finnish architect

Armas Eliel Lindgren was Finnish architect, professor and painter.

Herman Gesellius Finnish architect (1874-1916)

Herman Ernst Henrik Gesellius was a Finnish architect.

Pauli E. Blomstedt Finnish architect (1900–1935)

Pauli Ernesti Blomstedt, more commonly known as P. E. Blomstedt, was a Finnish architect and designer, who worked first in the Nordic Classicism style and then turned to Functionalism. Both his father, Yrjö Blomstedt, and younger brother, Aulis Blomstedt, were also well-known architects.

Loja Saarinen (1879-1968) was a Finnish-American textile artist and sculptor who founded the weaving department at the Cranbrook Academy of Art in Michigan. She also led her own studio, the Studio Loja Saarinen, which designed many of the textiles used in buildings designed by her husband, the architect Eliel Saarinen.

References

  1. Whyte, Iain Boyd, ed. (1985). Crystal Chain Letters: Architectural Fantasies by Bruno Taut and His Circle. The MIT Press. ISBN   0-262-23121-2.
  2. Högström, Hilkka (1996). Helsingin rautatieasema / Helsinki railway station. Helsinki. ISBN   951-53-0533-0.
  3. Jokinen, Teppo (1998). "Eliel Saarinen – Main Station". In Thiel-Siling, Sabine. Icons of Architecture – the 20th century (2nd ed.). Munich: Prestel. pp. 24–5. ISBN   3-7913-1949-3.
  4. Church of Notre-Dame-de-la-Défense National Historic Site of Canada . Canadian Register of Historic Places .
  5. Carroll Wilson (March 27, 2001). "How Easily We Seem To Forget Our History Lessons". Wichita Falls Times Record News . Wichita Falls, Texas: E. W. Scripps Company. p. B1. ISSN   0895-6138 . Retrieved 2010-10-09. (Subscription required (help)).